Healing Foods: How to Treat Colds with Ayurveda


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/healing-with-food

Healing Foods: How to Treat Colds with Ayurveda

Ease cold and flu symptoms and restore your body’s balance with natural Ayurvedic recipes.
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More than 5,000 years ago, the great seers of ancient India studied the fundamentals of life and organized them into a healing system called Ayurveda. This system—which in Sanskrit means “science of life"—is essentially an operating manual for the body, mind, and spirit, says Cynthia Copple, an Ayurvedic practitioner and president of Lotus Herbs and the Lotus Ayurvedic Center in Capitola, California. This operating manual shows how the body, mind, and spirit are interconnected by providing a map of their characteristics. According to the Ayurvedic system, people are born with a particular constitution (or prakruti) that defines their baseline of health. An individual’s constitution is made up of a delicate balance of three vital energies, or doshas, known as vata (air), pitta (fire), and kapha(water). These doshas govern all the psychological, physiological, and patho-physiological functions of mind and body and are the basis for diagnosing illness.

The three doshas are really three processes," explains Copple. “Vata is the process of movement, and its catabolic energy breaks down matter. Pitta is a process of metabolism that creates heat and energy in much the same way that fire breaks down a log. Kapha is dense, heavy matter that stores energy, like the fat and padding in our bodies."

Why is the Ayurvedic Diet Healing?

Foods are also classified as vata, pitta, and kappa, and they either decrease or aggravate a person’s doshas. The aggravation of the doshas goes along with ill health, as either cause or result. The healing properties of an Ayurvedic diet can be summarized in three basic principles:

1. Food should have a neutralizing effect on the doshas and not aggravate them.

2. Food affects the body differently depending on when it is eaten.

3. How you eat food is just as important as what you eat.

See also Doshas Decoded: Learn About Your Unique Mind & Body Type

“If you are late for work, driving in traffic, worrying about getting back on time while you are eating a sandwich, your body is not going to respond the same way to the food as if you were sitting in the backyard looking at the flowers while you were eating," says Copple.

Eating foods that complement your constitution helps to maintain the body’s balance. An illness, whether a common cold or a serious disease, indicates that the doshas are out of balance, a condition that is exacerbated by eating foods that clash with your dosha.

According to Ayurveda, you are ingesting more than just food when you eat. Judith H. Morrison, author of The Book of Ayurveda: A Holistic Approach to Health and Longevity, explains it this way: “As you eat, you take into yourself the subtle influences attached to the food and prana as well as the physical form of the food. Even the stages of production to which food is subjected affect its qualities. Food is part of the dynamic dance of life, and its qualities, both obvious and subtle, affect your well-being."

The basic Ayurvedic diet consists of whole, fresh foods in season, with vegetables forming between 20 and 40 percent of the diet. Usually only a quarter of the foods are eaten raw; the rest are cooked. An ideal Ayurvedic diet is different for each person, based on the individual’s own blend of vata, pitta, and kapha. The process of constructing a personalized diet is best done under the guidance of a qualified Ayurvedic physician.

“But Ayurveda is not intellectual," stresses Copple. “It is a practice that uses your intuition, the creative aspect of your mind, your own body knowledge. The bottom line in Ayurveda is relying on what your body tells you, not what a theory or a book or a practitioner tells you. Ayurveda is just a framework for understanding your own body."

When a person is cold and has congestion in the chest, that congestion is kapha, explains Copple. In order to reduce the kapha, pitta needs to be increased. Pitta is heat, so eating hot foods, like ginger, will reduce the congestion. Continuing to eat kapha foods, like ice cream, will increase the congestion.

Amadea Morningstar, a nutritionist who teaches polarity nutrition at the New Mexico Academy of Healing Arts in Santa Fe, New Mexico, considers the Ayurveda diet a constant source of inspiration. She recommends the following Ayurvedic recipes for cold symptoms.

See also Know Your Stress Type + How to Balance It

3 Healing Ayurvedic Recipes

1. Tea for Colds

1 tablespoon grated fresh ginger root

1 tablespoon dried hibiscus flowers (from a health food or herb store)

1 to 2 sticks of cinnamon

Put ginger, hibiscus flowers, and cinnamon sticks in 3 cups of boiling water. Simmer for several minutes, then turn off heat and cover. Sweeten with fresh orange juice or honey.

2. Sore Throat Gargle

This very traditional remedy is less palatable and more antiseptic than the tea, but it strengthens throat tissue.

1 teaspoon of turmeric powder

Dissolve turmeric in hot water. Gargle with it, then swallow.

3. Kitchari

Cynthia Copple says kitchari is the best food for those recovering from illness, as it is very healing and easy to digest.

1 tablespoon ghee
6 ounces basmati rice
3 teaspoons cumin
3 teaspoons coriander
3 teaspoons fennel seeds
1/2 teaspoon turmeric
3 ounces split yellow mung beans (dal)
vegetables appropriate to your doshas

Wash rice and beans together under cold water. Melt ghee in a pan, then add fennel seeds. Cook for one minute. Add cumin, coriander, and turmeric, and the rice and beans. Stir so the mixture is coated with ghee. Then cover the mixture with hot water by about two inches. Bring to a boil, then lower the heat and simmer, stirring occasionally. Add more water as needed—you don’t want the pan to dry out.

Add diced vegetables, starting with root vegetables. Leafy vegetables, like spinach, should be added toward the end of cooking time. The dish is cooked when most of the water has evaporated and the grains are soft and slightly mushy.

See also The Ultimate Guide to Energy Healing

 

Brick and wood work of art of the Shatura House locate near Moscow


https://www.caandesign.com/brick-wood-work-art-shatura-house-locate-near-moscow/

Brick and wood work of art of the Shatura House locate near Moscow

Architects: Le Atelier
Location: Shatura, Moscow Oblast, Russia
Year: 2016
Area: 2.357 ft²/ 219 m²
Photo courtesy: Ilya Ivanov
Description:

“The house located in a 30 000 populated town 150 km from Moscow. The private houses in such places are highly diversified. There are no rules or limitations. Surroundings full of “architecture without architects”, everything is always in process: if you need new room you construct it, without any project and with the materials that you have for in that moment.

The square one-storey house was constructed in the basement where the client made it without any project and only after building it, he decided to find an architect. One-storey square block divided into 3 parts to make the scale closer to environment. In the central “house” we placed a living room. The block which is closest to the entrance contain master-bedroom, hall and maintenance spaces. The block with kid’s rooms situated deeply inside the plot. The Ventilation and other maintenance we placed in the side blocks above the bedrooms. The living room has nearly 2-storey height to make you feel spatial experience.”

Thank you for reading this article!

 

What Your Asana Practice Can Tell You About Your Life


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/what-your-asana-practice-can-tell-you-about-your-life

What Your Asana Practice Can Tell You About Your Life

Need a New Year’s resolution—or a fresh intention any day of the year? YJ Influencer and psychologist Lauren Taus suggests looking to your practice to identify personalized goals that are also applicable to the rest of life.
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However you usually prepare (or don’t) for January first, there is an energy of renewal in the air that you can leverage into authentic empowerment and purpose. While you likely have a great deal of clarity around the personal spaces and places that require refinement or improvement in your life, you may not realize that your asana practice is full of hidden direction and deep wisdom. While I realize that no body is the same, in more than a decade of teaching yoga, I have noticed some general movement types. And as a clinical therapist, I’ve also noticed that they tend to correlate with certain personalities. Read on to see if you identify with one or more of them below and which simple changes to your patterns might open up more joy and fullness in your life.

See also 10 Things Burning Man Taught This Yogini About Life

Want to practice with YJ Influencer Lauren Taus? Direct message her @lauren.taus to secure your spot to #BendinBliss February 15–19 @habitastulum.

 

38 Newbury St by Touloukian Touloukian


https://www.caandesign.com/38-newbury-st-by-touloukian-touloukian/

38 Newbury St by Touloukian Touloukian

Architects: Touloukian Touloukian
Location: BostonMassachusettsUSA
Year: 2013
Area: 3000 sqft
Photo courtesy: Anton Grassl
Description:

Previously an existing storage space for a tailor, an open office plan on the third floor of a historical building along Newbury Street in Boston was designed for a real estate development company. The inspiration for this renovated office suite was discovered when the existing ceiling was removed and a panel formed vaulted concrete structure was revealed. This moment of realization focused the ceiling as a main design feature and evoked an architecture of connectivity between spaces.

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At any point within the office suite, one remains visually connected to the design feature as well as the individuals utilizing the space. Both clerestory glass partitions and select glass openings between floating casework walls allow for visual awareness of the entire interior while still preserving necessary scales of programmatic and acoustic privacy. The overall composition results in an arrangement of surfaces and materials in which a contemporary office may remain visually connected to its user, context, and architectural features.

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The planning builds on the idea of connectivity setting itself around common spaces in which co-workers may easily convene and interact. “Social” spaces flow off one another in such a way to create links between the entire office while avoiding a typical office layout of simple public and private zones. The architectural decisions behind wall type, material, and transparency support these planning efforts in order to enhance the experience in which the user is able to see, hear, and access the social and private spaces and the people using them.

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LED up-lighting highlighted the unexpected ceiling design feature. Additional acoustic treatments such as fabric wall panels, painted wood casework, painted gypsum board, and carpeting were used to address acoustic issues of the hard concrete ceiling surfaces and glass walls. A simple monochromatic material palette of glass, steel, light woods and finishes compliment the concrete to create a unified space.

38-newbury-st-home-touloukian-touloukian-0438-newbury-st-home-touloukian-touloukian-0538-newbury-st-home-touloukian-touloukian-0638-newbury-st-home-touloukian-touloukian-0738-newbury-st-home-touloukian-touloukian-0838-newbury-st-home-touloukian-touloukian-0938-newbury-st-home-touloukian-touloukian-10

Thank you for reading this article!

 

【書摘】《新時代的台灣》:辜汪會談|


但是,中共之所以同意舉行「辜汪會談」,其企圖在於,先由民間團體海基會與海協會協商解決若干事務性議題,再儘速推動兩岸高層接觸和談判。事務性協商因多次未能解決文書查證、掛號信件等問題時,終須由兩岸兩會負責人協商解決,方有所進展。這個動機是很清楚的。

【書摘】《新時代的台灣》:辜汪會談|

http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6911

【書摘】《新時代的台灣》:辜汪會談

友善列印版本

書名:新時代的台灣──邁向正常國家之路
作者:黃昆輝、鄒景雯
出版社:玉山社出版公司
出版日期:2018年4月17日

《新時代的台灣》書封


1990年李登輝總統經國民大會投票當選總統後,決定推動兩岸關係,雙方透過不斷的人員接觸試探後,當時的中國國家主席楊尚昆,透過新加坡資政李光耀帶話給李總統,表達了兩岸領導人會面的提議。

李總統收到信函後,認為兩岸領導人對談的時機尚未成熟,應該由民間先進行商談,在兩會的系統下處理事務性問題,因此才有1993年的辜汪會談,這是辜汪會談的源起。

兩岸初次破冰,政府高度謹慎,行政院為此組成專案研究小組,由副院長徐立德召集陸委會主委、副主委、海基會董事長、秘書長為基本成員,加上與討論議題相關的部會,國安會與國安局也一同參加,經共同研究後,提出文書驗證、掛號信件等討論方案。

記得,當年反對黨的監督非常嚴格,陳水扁委員對這次會談就盯得很緊,在辜董事長等人出發之前,有天他在立法院質詢時,特別把我請到行政院各部會首長備詢席後面的休息室,表達民進黨希望派人參加這次會談,能夠在場旁聽的意願。他特別詢問我:是誰阻止他們一同前往的期待?我回答他:任何一個準備要談判的團隊,誰會希望有人在旁邊監督他們?而且也不符合組建談判隊伍的常軌。民進黨大概因而認為是辜董事長不同意他們隨行。後來,民進黨組團專程前往會場大門口示威,李總統事後曾經私下向李光耀表示:「當時如果換成本人,將是不得了的事情。」

1993年4月27日到29日,海基會董事長辜振甫與中國海協會會長汪道涵,在新加坡正式舉行兩會成立後的首次會談,雙方並簽署了兩岸公證書使用查證等4項協議。

海基會董事長辜振甫(左)與海協會會長汪道涵(右)在新加坡海皇大廈握手(圖片來源:聯合知識庫,合理使用)

這次會談的主要目的是為了解決兩岸交流所衍生的問題,兩會4月上旬在北京舉行預備性磋商時,達成會談是民間性、事務性、經濟性、功能性的共識。因此雙方在會談中既未準備討論政治性議題,陸委會也從未考慮授權海基會與對方商談政治性問題。

辜汪會談的目標是為了建立兩會制度化協商管道;掃除民間交流中的障礙,以確保台灣民眾的福祉與安全;並為兩岸間理性、和平、對等、互惠的交流原則,開創先例。這三方面,都在會中達成了建設性的成果。

兩會雙方同意今後建立授權民間中介團體制度化聯繫管道,定期商談,其目的在解決事務性、經濟性的問題,並不表示政府當時要加快大陸政策的步伐,也不表示即將進入國統綱領的中程階段。當然更不表示中共對台灣的敵意已消,或是對台灣已具誠意與善意,政府此後的大陸政策仍要以前瞻、務實、主動、穩健的原則來推展。

但是,中共之所以同意舉行「辜汪會談」,其企圖在於,先由民間團體海基會與海協會協商解決若干事務性議題,再儘速推動兩岸高層接觸和談判。事務性協商因多次未能解決文書查證、掛號信件等問題時,終須由兩岸兩會負責人協商解決,方有所進展。這個動機是很清楚的。

在新加坡會談期間,汪道涵不但頻頻進行兩岸應儘早「三通」等政治性放話,會後,又寫信給國內若干人士感謝他們對會談的關切,希望加強對台灣內部的宣傳效果,而且我們得到情報,汪道涵計畫在五月下旬要前往美國、加拿大等華人較多的地方,說明中國大陸對這次會談的觀點。

所謂先講先贏,第一印象最持久。為了避免國外僑學界受其引導,連戰院長乃於5月10日,在行政院召集黨政相關首長,對提前海外宣導一事交換意見。這次會議中,決定由我率同邱進益等前往美、加、日三國辦理說明會,以掌握詮釋主導權。

辜汪會談若是第一戰場,會後的宣達就是第二戰場。

宣講團於5月20日啟程,6月4日返國,兩週期間,一共舉行了28場次的說明會。其中我參加了25場次,包括大型說明會8次,每次約4百人,正式記者會8次,非正式記者會多次,小型說明會9次,參與的僑學界人士達4000人次。

在華府期間,我特別與柯林頓總統的特別助理兼國家安全會議亞洲處處長魏德曼(Kent Wiedmann),以及國務院東亞事務首席副助理國務卿湯森(Peter Tomsen)等人會面,將政府的大陸政策及辜汪會談的定位,以及未來兩岸關係的看法,向他們做明確的說明。美方認為,兩岸雙方以務實的做法處理實際的問題,這就是「對台灣在國際環境中漸現的權利,予以政治上的承認。」

此外,在東京日本記者俱樂部舉行的演講會,出席者都是日本各界具影響力的人士,包括國會議員16人,各重要傳播界、研究中國問題的學界,都派代表出席,這在當時是首次有政府首長利用這裡辦理演講會。就在同樣這個地點,2天前中國外長錢其琛才在這裡演說:「中華民國『竊取』中國在聯合國的席位」。

針對辜汪會談,他們當時最關注的問題,記得包括:
走向國統綱領中程階段的條件與時機為何?
民進黨在大陸政策制定過程中可扮演何種角色?
台商在中國大陸間接投資保障問題何以未能達成協議?
台商赴中國大陸間接投資是否會造成「以民逼官」的效果?
會談中,我方如何展現對等的地位?
如何培養談判的人才?
中共如不遵守協議,我方如何處置?
我方未來談判的籌碼為何?
四項協議對何方較有利?等等。

這個過程讓我觀察到,當時台灣的駐外單位動員能力非常強,由組團到成行短短10天,就完成了安排;美日兩國很重視台灣的政策走向,海外的中國大陸人士也關切兩岸關係的發展,對辜汪會談一再提問。本人就回答了195人所提的2百多個問題。可見辜汪會談的重要定位。

然辜汪會談只是開始,之後兩岸與新加坡之間還有一連串的後續發展。

 

 

《Katie Melua – Fields Of Gold (04:55) 》


《Katie Melua – Fields Of Gold (04:55) 》

What You Need to Know About Fascia


https://www.yogajournal.com/teach/what-you-need-to-know-about-fascia

What You Need to Know About Fascia

Deepening your anatomical perspective refines your kinesthetic sense by helping you feel into your entire body—which is greater than the sum of its anatomical parts. The connective-tissue net, known popularly as fascia, weaves those parts into one integrated whole.
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If I asked you what a heart is like, chances are you’d say it’s like a pump. The lungs are often described as “bellows,” the kidneys “a filter,” the brain “a computer.” We tend to view the body in mechanical terms because we live in an industrial age—and because the body has been described as a “soft machine” ever since the scientist René Descartes coined the term in the early 17th century.

So it comes as no surprise that most anatomy books show you body parts—this muscle, that ligament—as if we’re assembled part by part like a car or an iPhone. But instead of timing belts and motherboards, we have hamstrings and biceps. An anatomy atlas is a helpful tool for learning, but the error comes when we start thinking that humans are actually built that way. What is actually going on under your skin is so different from what’s in those pictures.

Your body is much more like a plant than a machine. We are grown from a tiny seed—a single cell, or fertilized ovum, about the size of a pin prick—not glued together in parts. This seed contains sufficient instructions (given the proper nourishment) to create a helpless, squalling baby, who turns into an energetic toddler, a feckless teenager, and then finally a mature adult.

By the time we’re adults, we consist of approximately 70 trillion cells, all surrounded by a fluid fascial network—a kind of sticky yet greasy fabric that both holds us firmly together, yet constantly and miraculously adjusts to accommodate our every movement.

The traditional biomechanical theory of the musculoskeletal system says that muscles attach to bones via tendons that cross the joints and pull bones toward each other, restricted by other “machine parts” called ligaments. But all these anatomical terms, and the separations they imply, are false. No ligaments exist on their own; instead they blend into the periosteum—vascular connective tissue that serves as cling-wrap around the bones—and the surrounding muscles and fascial sheets. What this means is that you weren’t assembled in different places and glued together—rather, all your parts grew up together within the glue.

For example, the triceps are wedded by fascial fabric to their neighboring muscles north, south, east, and west, as well as to the ligaments deep in both the shoulder and elbow. If you contract the triceps in Plank Pose, all these other structures will have an effect and be affected. Your whole body engages in the action—not just your triceps, pectoral, and abdominal muscles.

The takeaway for yoga? When you do poses, it is useful to put your attention anywhere and everywhere in your body—not just the obviously stretched and singing bits. A release in your foot can help your hip; a change of your hand position can ease your neck.

See also Fascia: The Flexibility Factor You’re Probably Missing on the Mat

Fascial Function

The fluid fascial network that lives between each cell in your body consists of bungee cord–like fibers made mostly from collagen, including reticulin, and elastin. These fibers run everywhere—denser in certain areas such as tendons and cartilage, and looser in others like breasts or the pancreas.

The other half of the fascial network is a gel-like web of variable mucopolysaccharides, or mucus. Basically, your cells are glued together with snot, which is everywhere, and is more or less watery (hydrated) depending on where it is in the body and what condition it’s in.

All the circulation in your body has to pass through these fibrous and mucousy webs. Generally speaking, the denser the fibers and the drier the mucous, the less the fascial web allows molecules to flow through it—nourishment in one direction and waste in the other. Yoga helps both stretch and ease the fiber webbing, as well as hydrate the gel, making it more permeable.

New research shows that this web of proteins runs down through the membranes of each cell and connects both aspects of the connective-tissue web through the cytoskeleton to the cell nucleus. This means that when you’re doing yoga stretches, you are actually pulling on your cells’ DNA and changing how it expresses itself. Thus, the mechanical environment around your cells can alter the way your genes function.

We’ve known for a while that the chemical environment (hormones, diet, stress catecholamines, and more) can do this, but these new connections explain some of the deeper changes we see when people start practicing regularly.

More on that mechanical environment: Cells are never more than four deep from your capillaries, which excrete food, oxygen, messenger molecules (neuropeptides like endorphins), and more. Tension in your body—slumping your shoulders forward, for example—prompts the fibroblasts (the most common cells found in connective tissue) to make more fibers that will arrange themselves along the line of stress. These bulked-up fascial fibers will form a barrier that will slow or stop capillary-sourced food from reaching your cells. You’ll get enough to survive, but function will slow down. In addition to a thicker barrier of fascial-tissue fibers, the mucus that completes your fluid fascial network will also become thicker and more turgid, which contributes to stopping the flow to your cells.

And because the exchange of goods from capillaries to cells is a two-way street, with cells delivering messenger molecules and CO2 and other waste products back into the bloodstream, a hardened fascial network can trap unprocessed cell products (toxins or metabolites) like a stream eddy traps leaves.

The fix: deep strengthening and stretching squeezes your fascial network the way you would squeeze a sponge. Those metabolites that were trapped in the mucousy bits rush in hoards to the capillaries and your bloodstream. Many of us may feel out of sorts after we release deeply held tension—that’s your liver dealing with the metabolites you squeezed from the tissues. Try an Epsom salts bath, or go back for more movement to keep the process going.

Over yoga time, fascial fibers will slowly thin out and unadhere over weeks, sometimes months, but the mucus can change to a more liquid state in as quickly as a minute, allowing more sliding, less pain, more feeling, and less resistance. Use your yoga—it’s a great tool to get fluids and information flowing to their maximum sensitivity and adaptability.

See also The Anatomy of Fascia—& What It Can Tell Us About How to Practice

anatomy-fascia-2

Body of Knowledge: Fascia 101

Fascia is the biological fabric that holds us together—the connective-tissue network. This collagenous network of gel and fiber is made up in part by an “extra-cellular matrix,” manufactured inside a connective-tissue cell and then extruded out into intercellular space. The fiber-gel matrix remains an immediate part of the environment of every cell, similar to how cellulose helps provide structure to plant cells. (Remember, we are more like a plant than a machine.)

The Anatomy Trains body map shows our myofascial, or muscle-fascia, anatomy. These 12 whole-body myofascial meridians are more evident in dissection. While most anatomy textbooks show the muscles with the filmy fascia removed, this map illustrates fascia’s deeper function—as global lines of tension, proprioception, and interoception that embed the body’s neuromuscular network, acting to keep your skeleton in shape, guide movement, and coordinate postural patterns. Understanding how these lines function can help unlock a deeper understanding of anatomy for your yoga practice. For example, in Urdhva Mukha Svanasana (Upward-Facing Dog Pose), you are stretching the entire superficial front lines of fascia—the green lines—from the tops of your feet all the way up to the sides of your neck to the back of your skull. You are also challenging all four arm lines. When you strike the right balance in this pose, you can feel your fascial web helping you realize tension and stability, effort and ease.

Feel Your Fascia

Anatomy_downdog

Rick Cummings

The benefits of thinking of the body as a whole organism, instead of in parts, are profound. When we truly comprehend and feel this in our own bodies and see it in our students, we can move and teach with more integrity. That said, as yoga becomes physiotherapized, or made into a practice resembling physical therapy that helps people restore movement and function (a necessary and positive process in general), asana are often reduced to which muscles are stretched—think “Downward Dog is good for your hamstrings.” In reality, while tight hamstrings may be a common experience, your edge in this pose may be deep in your calves or butt, or along the fronts of your shoulders. It depends on your patterns—the way you were grown and what you took on.

Try this exercise to help you feel that your anatomy is more like a plant than
a machine, and to help you move away from separating yourself into parts:

INSTRUCTION

Move into Down Dog. It is easy to feel your back body in this pose as you lift your hips, drop your heels from the middle of your legs, and lengthen your spine. But take time to spread your awareness and attention throughout your entire body in order to find points that lack awareness and are unique to your experience of this pose. Here are some points to ponder:

  1. Track the front of your spine in this pose, as if you were rolling a warm red ball up the front of your spine from your tailbone, up the front of your sacrum and the lumbar and thoracic vertebrae, then behind your guts and heart.
  2. Relax your voice box, then your tongue, then your jaw. Let your head dangle. Let yourself be stupid for a moment, then re-establish the length in your cervical spine without the tension.
  3. Move your breath into the back of your ribs, which can be frozen in your early work in this pose. Can you feel the ribs moving under your shoulder blades? Are you moving your lower ribs behind your kidneys?
  4. Move your weight around your feet while in the pose. This can be subtle but powerful. If your heels are off the ground, move slowly, medially then laterally, on the balls of your feet. Feel how that changes the way you feel the rest of your body. If your heels are down, move slowly all around your feet like a clock: At what position do you lock up? Work there.
  5. Because the deep lateral rotators are often limiting in this pose, can you let the area between your sits bones bloom? Try rotating your knees inward in the pose to help find your limitation, and keep working your hips upward. Remember, you are whole. Someone may describe you as a machine, but that is not the scientific truth­—wholeness is.

Join Tom Myers for a seven-week online introduction to anatomy for yoga students and teachers. You’ll learn how to think of movement in holistic, relational, and practical ways, and how to identify common postural patterns, as well as strategies for cueing to awaken parts of the body that may need work. Sign up now.

About Our Pro
Writer Tom Myers is the author of Anatomy Trains and the co-author of
Fascial Release for Structural Balance. He has also produced more than 35 DVDs and numerous webinars on visual assessment, Fascial Release Technique, and the applications of fascial research. Myers, an integrative manual therapist with 40 years of experience, is a member of the International Association of Structural Integrators and the Health Advisory Board for Equinox. Learn more at anatomytrains.com.

 

《Katie Melua – The Closest Thing To Crazy (04:11) 》


《Katie Melua – The Closest Thing To Crazy (04:11) 》

Transformation of a bakery into a two floor house in the old part of the city of Porto, Portugal


https://www.caandesign.com/transformation-bakery-two-floor-house-old-part-city-porto-portugal/

Transformation of a bakery into a two floor house in the old part of the city of Porto, Portugal

Architects: Guilherme Machado Vaz
Location: Porto, Portugal
Year: 2017
Area: 1.926 ft²/ 179 m²
Photo courtesy: Luís Ferreira Alves
Description:

“João’s House is a renovation project for a small house located in the old part of the city of Porto, close to the Douro River. It is a traditional XIX century ground floor building with walls made with stone, and a wooden roof structure covered with tiles. It was once used as a bakery that served the local population who were mostly fishermen.

The project transforms the bakery into a two floor house distributing the social spaces on the groundfloor and the private spaces on the upperfloor. There is a mid level between the two floors to open a small pátio that brings light to the client’s musical studio.

The social space on the ground floor – living room and kitchen – is fisically divided, and visually United, by a piece of furniture that works simultaneously as a Bookshelf and a cupboard, as it can be accessed through it’s glass sliding frames from both sides. So you can have books in one shelf and ktichen stuff in another. It also filters light in a very subtle way.

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The kitchen is a very extroverted space, and it can extend outdoors to the street, letting you enjoy the neighbourhood spirit and popular life with a glaass of wine in hand while dinner is being cooked.

The living room is a more introverted space iluminated by the skylight that gives very different kinds of white due to the reflection of natural light in the various wall textures. The upperfloor has two unleveled rooms that share one bathroom with two separate entrance doors. There is also a very nice and quiet varanda that the sun likes to visit. It opens to the neighbours backyards and takes you to a very confortable place. A place about identity, culture and the history of Porto.”

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《Katie Melua – Piece By Piece (03:25) 》


《Katie Melua – Piece By Piece (03:25) 》

【印度想想】嘴巴說不要,身體很誠實──禁酒令下的印度飲酒文化|吳秉霖


檯面上的政客對飲酒的撻伐持續,檯面下的人民則想盡各種方法追尋自由;在可預見的將來,印度的飲酒文化仍會像是那輛跟在華麗的婚禮馬車之後的廂型車一樣:無人提起、在陰影裡鬼鬼祟祟,但卻證據確鑿、貨真價實。

【印度想想】嘴巴說不要,身體很誠實──禁酒令下的印度飲酒文化|吳秉霖

http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6912

【印度想想】嘴巴說不要,身體很誠實──禁酒令下的印度飲酒文化

友善列印版本

安奇‧馬許瓦里(Ankit Maheshwari)的祖父氣沖沖地衝進新娘休息室裡:身形修長,龐眉皓髮的他插著腰、大聲點名一個又一個安奇狐群狗黨們的名字,下令他們趕快拿著藏在背包和桌底的格蘭立威(Glenlivet)和傑克丹尼(Jack Daniel’s)威士忌滾出他孫子的婚禮。約莫一坪大的休息室裡原本塞著五、六個彪形大漢,正在用透明塑膠杯輪流啜飲著套著可口可樂的瓊漿玉液;人贓俱獲的他們這下只好揣著瓶子與杯子,一邊竊笑一邊魚貫溜出房門。坐在沙發上,美艷動人的新娘妮哈莉卡‧鐵支(Niharika Tyagi)放開安奇的手,抿著笑,用眼神示意他跟上他的朋友們。安奇隨後加入了我們在對街停車場舉辦的第二場飲酒會,手上拿著的杯子杯緣上還淡淡地沾著新娘的唇印。

在印度,將飲酒視為負面行為是政治正確的顯學;在喝酒這件事上,兒女會避開父母、丈夫會避開妻子,而政治人物則是對其在電視上大加撻伐。在某些特定的區域與時空裡是禁酒的:購買、流通、銷售、飲用含酒精飲料是政府公告的犯罪行為。

印度西邊的古吉拉特邦(State of Gujarat)自1949年禁酒至今。這或許與古吉拉特邦是國父甘地(Mahatma Gandhi)故鄉有關──甘地一直都以其對飲酒的深痛惡絕聞名。甘地曾經將飲酒描述為「比竊盜與賣淫更可惡的行為(“…hold drink to be more damnable than thieving and perhaps even prostitution” – Young India, 8-6-‘21)」,並甚至說出了「我寧願印度永遠窮困…我寧願印度沒有教育,若這是禁酒的代價的話(“I would rather have India reduced to a state of pauperism than have thousands of drunkards in our midst. I would rather have India without education if that is the price to be paid for making it dry.” – Young India, 15-9-‘27)」這樣保守激進、充滿爭議的敘述。話說回來,聖雄甘地對於「純潔」這件事有近乎潔癖的執著──除了飲酒之外,他還反對吃肉、抽菸,和性行為。

甘地的思想並沒有隨著時光消散,反而在令人意想不到的時候襲捲而來。2015年東印度貧困落後的比哈邦(State of Bihar)首長尼特許‧庫瑪(Nitesh Kumar)宣布比哈邦(在66年之後)跟進古吉拉特邦全邦禁酒,他直指此則飲酒禁令是在向聖雄甘地致敬,並要那些「少數說英文的人」認知到飲酒並不屬於基本人權。

在印度的29個邦中,古吉拉特邦、比哈邦和東北的那葛蘭邦(Nagaland)有禁酒令,在其他的26個邦平日飲酒目前仍是合法的;但因飲酒普遍被認為是社會動盪與犯罪的淵藪,各地各自在特定日期規定有禁酒日(Dry Day),這些日子包含甘地的生日、選舉投票日、獨立紀念日等。在公開場合飲酒亦被普遍視為是冒犯的行為,路人會對手拿酒瓶的人側目且議論紛紛,飲酒變成在陰影裡 – 拉下窗簾的酒吧或夜色掩蓋的野外 – 才能從事的行為。

對大部份的印度人而言,飲酒是不折不扣的「戶外運動」。為了避人耳目,德拉敦(Dehradun)夜歸的男人會在路上攔下一台嘟嘟車(Auto-rickshaw),坐進後座,拉下靠人行道側的防水油布,在妻子頻頻打來的電話鈴聲裡與識與不識的人用塑膠杯乾盡不知名的烈酒。人們在古爾岡(Gurugram)的酒店(Liquor Shop)櫃台前摩肩擦踵、揪著錢,用激動與期待與店主討要快樂與歡愉;有些酒店為了控制人潮,會在櫃台上加裝鐵窗,遠遠一看那個場面甚像是飢荒時期的政府公發糧食處(Ration Stall);買到酒之後,顧客可以走進旁邊店家特地為有家但因酒歸不得的人所準備的「飲酒席」──基本上就是個用帆布、木板,稍微講究一點的會有磚牆與雨遮,配上震耳欲聾的音樂,將審視與批判的目光阻絕於外,讓飲酒的人能自成一方天地的場所。

在五光十色的印度婚禮中,會有不認識的中年男性,半是炫耀、半是好意地拉著手問你「要不要去找點樂子」;他所謂的「樂子」是一台停在場外停車場裡遮遮掩掩的廂型車,一拉開車門即酒氣衝鼻,小小的廂型車裡坐滿把酒笙歌的男人;一批又一批的男人就這樣輪流從婚裡開溜,喝完酒再回到會場。無怪乎一個寫明「不供酒」的婚禮卻滿場都是東倒西歪的醉漢。酒店與旁邊的飲酒處(標示”Machan”處即是。)(圖片攝影:吳秉霖)

毫不意外地,大張旗鼓的道貌岸然與慾望蠢動的燈紅酒綠就如此交織出檯面上與檯面下兩個同時存在但好像互不干擾的世界。都市的年輕白領在下班的時候站在塵土飛揚的停車處上將手上的印度製廉價威士忌一飲而盡,住在高級社區的自由派夫婦則忙著在爸媽來訪之前把酒瓶藏起來。無論政府或保守人士如何將飲酒視為不潔的行為,印度仍是全世界成長最快的飲酒市場之一。印度整體酒類市場平均年增率為8.8%,並預計在2022年達到年飲用量170億公升的水準;其中,紅酒市場的年增率為21.8%,威士忌市場的年增率為22.8% – 而印度已是全世界大的威士忌飲用國。

檯面上的政客對飲酒的撻伐持續,檯面下的人民則想盡各種方法追尋自由;在可預見的將來,印度的飲酒文化仍會像是那輛跟在華麗的婚禮馬車之後的廂型車一樣:無人提起、在陰影裡鬼鬼祟祟,但卻證據確鑿、貨真價實。

 

《Katie Melua – Dreams On Fire (04:07) 》


《Katie Melua – Dreams On Fire (04:07) 》

【我們的島】能源轉型的允諾與失落 供電穩定的未來如何走


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211298?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=63e4541e62-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-63e4541e62-84956681

【我們的島】能源轉型的允諾與失落 供電穩定的未來如何走

發表日期 2018/04/30
公視記者:胡慕情 陳添寶

四月,台灣西部已經艷陽高照,柏油路瀰漫熱氣,民眾換上輕便服裝,但台電人員心情並不輕鬆,因為夏季還沒來臨,用電量已經突破三千萬瓩。為了因應即將到來的用電高峰,台電提出讓停擺六百多天的核二二號機再轉請求,獲得行政院支持,卻引發爭議。即將屆齡除役的核二二號機,是不是真的有重啟必要?當核二重啟,遇上深澳電廠通過後的政治敏感尖銳衝突,台灣社會究竟該如何面對?

2014年起,核一二號機、核二二號機,陸續在大修後發生事故。立法院杯葛這兩部機組重啟運轉;加上部分老舊電廠除役,2016年的備用容量率,不但低於10%,用電量還同時創下歷史新高,比前一年增加2.16%。

屋漏偏逢連夜雨,2017年8月15日,大潭電廠因為中油承包商誤關氣閥,導致天然氣輸氣中斷,台灣17個縣市,突然遭遇措手不及的大停電。這起事件,讓中油董事長因此下台。

供電穩定,涉及高度政治敏感。行政院在815大停電後,結合非核家園方向,提出政策方。行政院長賴清德要求,必須在2025年達到非核家園目標,同時提供穩定供電基礎。2019年起,要求台電把備用容量率維持在15%、備轉容量率維持在10%,同時還要減煤以達到空污改善目標。

952-1-23s行政院長賴清德要求,必須在2025年達到非核家園目標,同時提供穩定供電基礎。
行政院長賴清德要求,必須在2025年達到非核家園目標,同時提供穩定供電基礎。

為了達成政策目標,台電規劃讓核一、二如期除役。台電發言人徐造華計算,扣除核一、二廠的發電,台灣將少掉9%的備用容量,「但台電會加入新的機組,包括林口三部機,還有大潭、協和、深澳等新機組,都會陸續加入供電行列,彌補供電的不足。」

新機組中的深澳電廠,是台電規劃中唯一一座燃煤電廠,由於民眾對空污的接受度越來越低,爭議很大。但經濟部長沈榮津強調,2025年全國的備用容量率,預定為16.3%,如果少了深澳電廠就會影響備用容量率,不足法定標準。

952-1-11s新機組中的深澳電廠,是台電規劃中唯一一座燃煤電廠,由於民眾對空污的接受度越來越低,爭議很大。
新機組中的深澳電廠,是台電規劃中唯一一座燃煤電廠,由於民眾對空污的接受度越來越低,爭議很大。

3月14日,深澳電廠環境差異分析在環評大會闖關成功,但爭議沒有停止。

環保團體在深澳電廠闖關後,來到行政院抗議,他們引用台大風險中心,針對用電需求高低情境的分析指出,沒有深澳電廠的缺電風險,只有在2025年,用電需求情境維持最高的情況下,備用容量率才會不足。

經濟部針對環保團體的說法,提出回應,深澳電廠的作用,不僅是維持法定備用容量率,同時還肩負區域供電穩定的任務。「北部電力使用量跟它的供應量有缺口,大概差5%,占全台用電39%點多,現在只能供應34%。」經濟部次長龔明鑫指出,隨著核一、核二如期除役,北部其他電廠,如果核四不運轉,這個缺口會更擴大,「所以北部一定要思考有新的電源過來。」

「北部會新增加的電廠,不是只有深澳而已。」台大風險政策中心博士後研究員趙家緯指出,根據台電資料,未來北部還會新增國光燃氣電廠和在地的再生能源設置等,就算扣除深澳電廠,北部接下來增加的發電容量,都可以充分抵消掉核一二除役後,減少的發電量。

缺電問題,似乎不是癥結所在。台電為何要在爭議風頭,力推深澳電廠?台電發言人徐造華強調,供電穩定,是台電的天職。根據行政院規劃,2025年時,燃氣的占比要提高到50%,這讓經濟部規劃以大潭電廠做為提升燃氣比例的主力。但目前大潭電廠第三天然氣接收站環評,還卡在藻礁保育爭議,無法過關,加上815大停電的前車之鑑,讓台電希望能盡可能確保更多備用容量率。

952-1-14s2025年時,燃氣的占比要提高到50%,這讓經濟部規劃以大潭電廠做為提升燃氣比例的主力。
2025年時,燃氣的占比要提高到50%,這讓經濟部規劃以大潭電廠做為提升燃氣比例的主力。

然而供電壓力,是不是只能交由台電單方面來解決?在能源轉型的過渡期,地方政府其實也有可以著力之處。

汐止一家做設備檢測的業者,長年受到雨滴打在鐵皮屋頂的噪音干擾,對廠房出租的業主,提出設置太陽能板的建議。由於新北市過去推動太陽能板設置,常常遇到公寓所有權人難以整合的問題,陽光工廠的概念,讓新北市的創能,有了新方向。目前這座陽光工廠,一共設置1412坪的太陽能板,一年可發206.7萬度電,是目前北北基宜最大的陽光工廠。新北市府認為,推動小型分散的再生能源,並鼓勵自發自用,才是未來能源轉型該走的路。

952-1-26s陽光工廠的概念,讓新北市的創能,有了新方向。
陽光工廠的概念,讓新北市的創能,有了新方向。

根據台電預估,未來十年,台灣平均每年用電量仍會成長1.5%,其中住宅與工業用電,是近兩年成長最多的部門。趙家緯認為,在轉型的過渡期間,比起電源開發,政府應該著重的是節能與產業轉型。

除了創能,新北市也為能源轉型,大力投入節電運動、強化抑制尖峰用電。市府大樓利用台電晚上供電量充足時儲冰,在白天融冰釋放冷能給空調使用,有效轉移尖峰時刻的空調用電量,節省了不少電費。

今年度新北市更希望透過汰換耗電產品等手段,在夏天達到節電2%到3%的目標。新北市府表示,目前中央政府在2015到2017年,大概投入了10億元的經費做節電,再加上2018到2020年,預估台灣會投入到60億到70億經費在節電上。相對深澳電廠的投資經費,只不到10%,希望中央政府能評估,拿出一千億來做節能減碳的效益後,再考慮說是不是真的有必要興建電廠。

節電、創能,可以是深澳電廠的替代方案。這讓環保團體與在地居民,在深澳電廠通過後,依舊不斷反對電廠興建。反深澳燃煤自救會還發動里長連署,一個月收集了四百多份反對名單,打算扣連年底選戰,要求政治人物表態。

同時,核二二號機的重啓爭議也開始蔓延。

環保團體呼籲政府停止重啟不斷出包的核二,不過3月15日,台電還是把核二重啟報告,送入立法院審查。在不斷攻防下,最後當天晚上,通過再轉決議。但24小時後,核二二號機因為安全問題,再度跳機,觸發政治風暴。環保團體感嘆,主事者如果不改變思維,將會陷入爭議輪迴,讓能源轉型空轉。

目前核二二號機仍在維修,何時再啟?經濟部不敢把話說死。無法加入供電的核二二號機,將一下子短少約3%的電力。台電預估未來兩個月,將在電力吃緊與供電警戒的狀態中徘徊。提心吊膽看燈號的日子,能不能不要再來?端看政府願不願意在能源轉型十字路口,讓心態、思維與行動,一起堅定轉向。

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本文轉載自:【公視《我們的島》節目—能源轉型的允諾與失落】
04/30(一) 22:00首播
05/05(六) 11:00重播

 

《Katie Melua – Wonderful Life (04:05) 》


《Katie Melua – Wonderful Life (04:05) 》

【我們的島】能源轉型的深澳路口 環境爭議延燒成政治風暴


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211299?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=63e4541e62-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-63e4541e62-84956681

【我們的島】能源轉型的深澳路口 環境爭議延燒成政治風暴

發表日期 2018/04/30
公視記者:胡慕情 陳添寶 葉鎮中 張光宗

高度爭議的深澳燃煤電廠更新擴建計畫環境差異分析,歷經三次專案小組審查,在3月14日的環評大會中通過。但新北市強調,絕對不會核發生煤許可,給台電使用。一座通過開發的電廠,卻將面臨無煤可燒的窘境,這是為何拉鋸?它的通過,又將掀起什麼波瀾?

深澳電廠通過審查前一天,潛水教練王銘祥帶著我們出海。這片番子澳灣西側海域,是基隆市目前碩果僅存的天然海灣,和臨側位於新北市瑞芳區的深澳灣,共同孕育海底的珊瑚礁資源。早年這片海灣,曾因為一旁的山坡被當成垃圾掩埋場而奄奄一息。

這座垃圾掩埋場後來改設為潮境公園,目前由基隆市政府與國立海洋科技博物館協同復育,希望結合現有眾多遊客參訪的海科館,轉型成為集觀光、保育為主的基地。

以海洋意象為建築概念設計的海科館,將「海洋永續發展」當作使命。不過很少人知道,海科館場區前身,其實是北部火力發電廠。這座電廠源自於台灣總督府為了執行大日本帝國南進政策而興建,當時是亞洲最新式的火力發電廠,也是唯一填海造陸的火力發電廠。

海科館場區前身,其實是北部火力發電廠。現在轉型成為集觀光、保育為主的基地。
海科館場區前身,其實是北部火力發電廠。現在轉型成為集觀光、保育為主的基地。

北部火力發電廠從1939年開始發電,一共有四萬瓩的裝置容量,是台灣以農養工的重要推手。隨著經濟發展需求越來越高,台電在1960年,又在深澳興建了深澳電廠。不僅如此,為了減緩深澳、協和、林口電廠接收油料的壅塞情況,中油於1974年,在深澳灣興建油港。這兩座灣澳,形同北部能源的重要支撐基地。但海洋生態因此巨變,當地居民也深受煤灰污染。

1983年,北火除役;1987年,提供深澳電廠燃料的建基煤礦收坑。居民正等待深澳電廠除役,迎來藍天。台電卻在2006年,以北部供電能力不足為由,提出深澳電廠擴建更新案。不僅如此,還要在北火所在的番子澳灣西側海域,新建卸煤碼頭。王銘祥潛水發現,這片海灣水下有豐富珊瑚礁生態,他近年和潛水志工在這邊置放細竹,打造軟絲產房。目前已經復育超過百萬尾軟絲。海科館站在保育立場,也反對深澳電廠興建。

北火所在的番子澳灣西側海域,新建卸煤碼頭。
北火所在的番子澳灣西側海域,新建卸煤碼頭。

居民與基隆市府對地方轉型的想像,讓台電停止深澳電廠的工程。也使這座人口外流的小鎮,開始吸引新移民入住。

台大歷史系教授衣若蘭,從小在台北市信義區和南港邊界長大。但她兒時,住家不是繁華商業中心,而是後有四獸山、前有水田的景致。童年經驗形塑她的價值觀,更培養她日後跟丈夫移居到深澳的動力。

為了給孩子有大自然的童年,衣若蘭舉家搬遷。儘管必須通勤一小時多上班,她也甘之如飴。豈料2017年,台電以核一、二廠即將除役、北部供電不足的理由,再度提出深澳電廠更新擴建案。這次,台電把原本要蓋在番子澳灣西側的卸煤碼頭,移到深澳灣內,也把電廠裝置容量,從160萬瓩,降低至120萬瓩,希望以此通過環差。

環保署審查深澳電廠更新擴建環差案時,環保團體和當地居民,到環保署前呼籲行政部門停止開發。審查場內,另一派居民,輪番上陣表達支持。

土生土長的深澳里長曾素貞說,居民當然知道燃煤電廠會帶來污染,但他們不是盲目支持,而是看見台電的努力。「本來我們也是都反對,後來台電一直溝通,說在林口已經用最新機組,完全看不到污染,里民就到林口去參觀,結果確實跟早期電廠完全不一樣。」自從深澳電廠除役、建基煤礦關閉,深澳的空氣變好,但人口也逐漸流失。曾素貞認為,既然電廠承諾新建後會改善污染,說不定能帶動地方繁榮。

這富麗漁村的夢想,是不是真的能夠實現?

深澳里長曾素貞說,居民當然知道燃煤電廠會帶來污染,但他們不是盲目支持,而是看見台電的努力。
深澳里長曾素貞說,居民當然知道燃煤電廠會帶來污染,但他們不是盲目支持,而是看見台電的努力。

縱然不是假日,深澳漁港依然有著絡繹不絕的遊客,他們的目的,都是為了一窺罕見的象鼻岩地景。此外,這裡的蕈狀岩也非常完整,連結著單面山結構與海景,有豐富的觀光潛力。長期在此進行生態調查的梁珆碩認為,未來卸煤碼頭的建設,不僅會破壞整體景觀,也將衝擊漁業資源。

「蓋了防波堤後,因應大型船隻進入,漁船也會改道。改道位置會從這個緩坡的岩石海岸環境走過去。問題是船隻要通行,水深就要夠,這邊水下很多礁石,水深不足五公尺,要維持航道通行,勢必要抽砂挖深。一旦抽砂或挖深,直接衝擊珊瑚礁和季節性出現的海藻分布棲地,將對地方漁業資源影響很大。」梁珆碩說。

未來台電將在此興建兩道堤防,分別長490公尺與390公尺,其中電廠的溫排水,將從490公尺堤防下排出,也讓漁民相當擔心。

未來台電將在此興建兩道堤防,分別長490公尺與390公尺

跟著王銘祥從深澳灣向西行駛,海面矗立著被腰斬成片段的堤防遺跡。環評委員認為,十年過去,自然環境已有巨大變化,擔心河海工程抵擋不了氣候變遷衝擊。

隨時空變遷的不只自然環境因素。近年民眾對空污的忍受度越來越低,新北市府主張台電應選擇更乾淨的能源。環保團體也主張,除了生態與空污衝擊,深澳電廠的設立,也將影響減碳成效與能源轉型,希望環保署退回此案

空污疑慮、生態爭議,加上能源轉型目標衝突,讓環評委員在三次專案小組審查後,做出重做環評與修正後通過兩案並陳決議,要求台電釐清爭議提送大會討論。台電強調,為了預防北部缺電風險,興建深澳電廠來提升備用容量,有其必要。但關於必要性與環境衝擊的爭議,環評委員認為台電的答覆,都不夠清楚。

多數環委都對台電回覆不滿,但閉門會議卻沒有共識。最後以主席詹順貴投下贊成票,獲得修正後通過結論。詹順貴強調:「這不是一個新的開發案,它只是一個環境影響差異分析,那就是比較前後差異,後面變更有沒有更好,有才能接受。投票前我已經說明,比較前案跟後案,環差變更確實有比較好一點。所以我們也做了上位政策建議,要求要把能源配比路徑盤點出來。」

然而,環差案通過將近一個月,能源配比路徑依然相當模糊。爭議沒有因此冷卻,反而延燒成政治風暴。當這場爭議,又遇上核二二號機重啟,能源轉型,是否可以安然過關?

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本文轉載自:【公視《我們的島》節目—能源轉型的深澳路口】
04/30(一) 22:00首播
05/05(六) 11:00重播

 

《Katie Melua – I Will Be There (06:15) 》


《Katie Melua – I Will Be There (06:15) 》

環團凱道排字「SOS」籲小英實現「藻礁永存」承諾


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211284?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=63e4541e62-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-63e4541e62-84956681

環團凱道排字「SOS」籲小英實現「藻礁永存」承諾

發表日期 2018/04/30
本報2018年4月30日台北訊,賴品瑀報導

「藻礁永存!」「藻礁永存!」數千名民眾為了保存大潭藻礁齊聲吶喊,用身體合力排出「SOS」大字。

大潭藻礁生態專家會議27日才在調查不足的狀況下暫告一段落,28日下午搶救大潭藻礁行動聯盟等環團在凱道舉辦「藻礁永存音樂會」,向總統蔡英文發出邀請函,邀請他一起守護藻礁生態,也更要實現「藻礁永存」他當時競選時許下的政治承諾。

DSC04335
28日下午環團凱道舉辦「藻礁永存音樂會」,排字「SOS」。照片提供:桃園在地聯盟

為了興建中油天然氣第三接收站,觀塘工業區、工業港的環境現況差異分析審查案正在進行初審,27日才完成專家會議,不過其生態調查不足的狀況,遭民間持續抨擊,專家會議中也有學者直言這樣很難評斷藻礁生態。

搶救大潭藻礁行動聯盟召集人潘忠政表示,在2013年的4月20日,蔡英文曾經前往桃園,盛讚藻礁珍奇獨特,應該留給下一代,並親手寫下藻礁永存。如今藻礁面臨活埋命運,需要蔡英文實現政治承諾。

潘忠政在給蔡英文的陳情書上,擔憂大潭藻礁有可能步上深澳電廠的後塵,遭不公正的環評制度犧牲,不但犧牲了國寶級地景,民進黨政府的誠信更可能因此雪上加霜,更不受民眾信任。

學者肯定藻礁生態 盼政府保存並支持研究

「還沒開始研究它,就要消失掉了。」柴山多杯孔珊瑚發現者中研院學者陳昭倫不捨藻礁在7500年前開始生長,學界還沒有開始揭開生態的秘密,他指出,28日蔡英文正在高雄參與海洋委員會的掛牌成立,更顯怎能忽視了重要的藻礁?「藻礁一片黑壓壓,像是一個黑盒子,我們還不瞭解它。」中研院生物多樣性中心主任趙淑妙認為,政府不但要保存大潭藻礁,更應該投資研究,現在正要走向生物經濟的時代,電子經濟已經要過去了,生物經濟最重海洋、農業、食物三大課題和永續利用生態資源。

在音樂會現場,有音樂人林生祥、羅思容、王俊傑、巴奈、陳明章、董事長樂團主唱阿吉等獻唱,中研院院士廖運範與生態學者林惠真、劉少倫、劉烘昌、劉靜榆等現身登台短講,小朋友也演出行動劇來強調藻礁生態的可貴。環團更推出學習走廊、巨幅藻礁生態模型、太陽能發電舞台等,讓民眾瞭解藻礁生態,與能源政策的其他可能。

DSC04321
志工以闖關互動遊戲向民眾介紹藻礁生態。賴品瑀攝。

志工講解生態系 孩童行動劇替藻礁媽媽發聲

「桃園藻礁有多長?」「27公里!」、「藻礁幾年能長高1公分?」「20年!」荒野保護協會出動20多位志工,設置一個學習走廊,吸引民眾、親子前往互動、闖關拿小禮物,負責這個攤位的「永平親子團」成員含羞草表示,由志工講解藻礁生態、當地地景地貌,及面臨的開發危機等6個主題,再以問題搶答來互動。

「她的孩子都不見了,藻礁媽媽會很難過…」親子共學團的兒童演出行動劇,展現生物在藻礁覓食、棲息的狀況,當開發危機來臨,小朋友替不會說話的藻礁媽媽發言。「親愛的小英總統,台灣未來會是怎麼樣子呢?」他們問著,想知道大人要留下的會是什麼環境。

DSC04328
親子共學團小朋友扮演藻礁生態系的各種生物。賴品瑀攝。

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新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

《Katie Melua – Best Of Katie Melua (53:19) 》


《Katie Melua – Best Of Katie Melua (53:19) 》

‘Wake-up call’: microplastics found in Great Australian Bight sediment


https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/apr/24/wake-up-call-microplastics-found-in-great-australian-bight-sediment

‘Wake-up call’: microplastics found in Great Australian Bight sediment

Exclusive: Scientists say governments and corporations need to ‘legislate and incentivise’ to tackle ocean plastics

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Microplastics have been found in the sediment of the Great Australian Bight marine park
 The Great Australian Bight marine park, a so-called ‘pristine’ biodiversity hotspot where microplastics have been found below the surface. Photograph: Sarah Hanson-Young

Plastic has been found in ocean-floor sediments 2km below the surface in one of Australia’s most precious and isolated marine environments.

CSIRO scientists discovered the microplastic pieces while analysing samples taken hundreds of kilometres offshore at the bottom of the Great Australian Bight– a so-called “pristine” biodiversity hotspot and marine treasure.

Conservationists and scientists said the discovery off the South Australian coast should act as a “wake-up call” for governments and corporations to cut unnecessary use of plastics and to “legislate and incentivise” to tackle the growing ocean plastics problem.

Dr Denise Hardesty, a principal research scientist at CSIRO and a member of the team analysing the sediments, said: “This points to just how ubiquitous plastics are in our environment. Even in deep sea sediments around Australia, that’s a developed country, we still find plastic – anthropogenic waste – from the bottom of the sea to the surface.

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“Wherever you are, the organisms passing through those areas will have come in contact with it – whether it was a fishing line or a plastic bag that’s broken down into thousands of tiny pieces.

“This is hundreds of kilometres offshore at a couple of kilometres of depth – that’s pretty confronting that, even there, we find it. This stuff is everywhere.”

The sediments were analysed using a red dye that causes any plastics to fluoresce under special light. The pieces detected were at least 10 micrometres wide – about the same width as very fine wool.

An image of microplastics found in the Great Australian Bight
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 An image of microplastics found in the Great Australian Bight. Photograph: CSIRO

CSIRO scientists are doing further analysis and a scientific paper is being prepared for submission to a journal.

Microplastics have been found in several less remote seabed areas around Australia and other parts of the world.

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In 2017, CSIRO researchers reported they had found plastic pieces in sediments taken from Derwent river in Tasmania. The same team has found plastic fibres in the digestive tract of mussels from the same river.

Dr Jennifer Lavers, of the Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies at the University of Tasmania, said she was not surprised that plastic had been found in the bight “because there are multiple studies from around the world finding microplastics and even nano plastics in sediments throughout the bottom of the world’s oceans”.

“Should it worry us? Absolutely,” she said. “The smaller the pieces, the more species there are to consume it.

“Everything that is tiny is at the base of the food web so it’s not an issue of just an albatross swallowing a cigarette lighter or a sperm whale swallowing big chunk of net, you now literally have microplastics being eaten by corals, sea cucumbers, clams and muscles, and zooplankton at the very base of the food web. You have all levels of the food web infiltrated with this stuff. It’s everywhere and where the plastic goes, the chemicals follow.”

Microplastics and microfibers are now so ubiquitous in our air and water that the CSIRO researchers had to go to extreme lengths to reduce any contamination of their sediment samples from outside sources.

Equipment had to be pre-rinsed with deionized water, laboratory solutions had to be filtered, analysis took place in a fume hood and personnel wore clothes made from natural fibres. Air monitoring was also carried out to find laboratory areas with the least amount of airborne plastics.

A $20m four-year government and oil industry-backed research program into the bight ended in 2017 and revealed a rich and previously unknown habitat on the deep seabed.

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Associate professor Jason Tanner is a marine biologist specialising in the ocean floor at the South Australia research and development institute. He helped lead the research into the biodiversity in the bight.

“There’s quite a diverse fauna down there – filter feeders, soft corals, sponges and lots of more mobile organisms – starfish, sea cucumbers, urchins and, of course, fish. We found almost 300 new species from our sampling.”

Tanner said because plastics tend to sink in the ocean, it was logical that it would eventually settle in deep ocean sediments.

He said that during sampling of the bight seabed 3km down, they used a 4m trawl and “pretty much every time” they would bring up “human debris” to the surface.

“We brought up Coke cans and bits of clothing,” he added.

Tanner said the animals on the seabed used feeding methods that would likely cause them to eat any plastic that might be there “but what the impact of that would be, I couldn’t say.”

James Cordwell, the Australian Marine Conservation Society’s marine campaigner, said: “It’s gutting to know that plastic pollution has been found in one of the wildest parts of our oceans. It is further evidence that few parts of our oceans are left untouched by plastic. We should be very concerned.”

Cordwell said the cool temperate waters of the Great Australian Bight “are some of the wildest and most amazing parts of our big blue planet”, where species such as southern right whales, bottlenose dolphins, Australian sea lions, great white sharks and little penguins lived.

“This is is yet further proof that the world needs to cut our plastic addiction and do much more to stop plastic pollution. Plastic pollution is flowing into our oceans at an alarming rate. Marine life gets entangled in it and mistakes it for food. Once ingested, it sticks in their stomachs and guts and can ultimately lead to their slow starvation.

“We need to lift our game in our response to plastic pollution. We’ve got the world’s third-largest ocean territory and we’re a rich, educated country who trades on our spectacular wild places.

“Cleaning up this mess at the bottom of the sea would be a monumental task and almost impossible. We’ve got to stop plastic reaching our oceans and entering our food chains.”

He said governments needed to “legislate and incentivise”, adding: “The longer we wait, the worse it gets. Australia must lead by example and change our domestic plastic consumption and help our neighbours do the same.”

Plastic fibres found in digestive tract of a mussel in the Derwent river in Tasmania
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 Plastic fibres found in digestive tract of a mussel in the Derwent river in Tasmania. Photograph: CSIRO

Nathaniel Pelle, an oceans campaigner at Greenpeace Australia Pacific, said it was “incredibly troubling” that plastics had penetrated to Great Australian Bight seabed.

“The communities of the bight are home to thriving tourism industries and fishing towns whose occupants cherish and depend on the health of this environment. The waters are so productive that fully 25% of the value of Australian seafood catch comes from the bight.

“Corporations like Nestle, Unilever and Procter & Gamble are still pushing incredible quantities of plastic on to the global market and governments in Australia, and the world, have been incredibly slow to act on controlling the avalanche.

“We cannot afford to continue our inaction to this problem as plastic permeates every single part of the environment from our drinking water and the food we eat to microplastic particles in the Antarctic and Great Australian Bight.

“Corporations and governments must move to not only limit the use and consumption of single-use plastics but to also measure and address the impact of what is already in the environment.”

The Wilderness Society South Australia director, Peter Owen, said the Great Australian Bight was a “marine treasure” and governments around the world now needed to act on plastics.

“That microplastics have been found in the deep remote waters of the Great Australian Bight is a wake-up call for better protection of our oceans and that includes protecting them from deep-sea oil and gas drilling that Norwegian oil giant Statoil wants to pursue in the Great Australian Bight.”

In 1977, South Australia was the first state to introduce legislation that provides cash for returning recyclable plastics and introduced a plastic bag ban in 2009. Other states are only now introducing schemes to roll out this year and next year.Tasmania and Victoria have no plans to introduce a scheme.

A South Australian government spokesperson said the state was “years ahead” of other areas in banning plastic bags and introducing its container deposit scheme.

“South Australia’s waterways and oceans have long been considered an asset that is important to protect and preserve. Container deposit schemes and plastic bag bans are recognised internationally as two of the most important ways we can do this and both these strategies are part of our behaviour in South Australia.”

The spokesperson added the state had a “longstanding culture of recycling and waste diversion”.

https://interactive.guim.co.uk/embed/2018/this-wide-brown-land/thanks/epic.html

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 Welcome to Australia’s plastic beach – video

Members of the public could help by avoiding plastic wrapping “wherever practical and possible” and could also cut the plastics they buy, reuse plastic containers and use recycling schemes.

In a statement, the assistant federal environment minister, Melissa Price, said the government “takes the problem of marine debris and its impacts on the environment and wildlife seriously” and pointed to her department’s threat abatement plan for the impacts of marine debris on vertebrate marine life.

The plan has been in revision since early 2017, with a public comment period ending in April 2017. According to a Department of the Environment and Energy spokesperson, the plan is still being revised with an expected release “in the second half of 2018”.

Price said responsibility for waste and litter management largely fell to the states but said the government would “continue to work with” state governments and businesses on the issue.

She added the public played an important role in cutting plastic waste on beaches by reducing their use of plastics by “choosing not to buy plastic products or choosing to buy products with less plastic packaging.”

She said: “[The public] can also support businesses that use products made of alternative materials to plastics and always take their waste away following visits to beaches and waterways.”

 

塑膠污染入侵深海又一例 南澳洲原始海域 海床檢出塑膠微粒


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塑膠污染入侵深海又一例 南澳洲原始海域 海床檢出塑膠微粒

發表日期 2018/04/30
本報2018年4月30日綜合外電報導,姜唯編譯;林大利審校

大澳洲灣(Great Australian Bight)是澳洲最珍貴、最遺世獨立的海域之一,科學家最近卻在這片海域海面下2公里的海底沉積物中,發現了塑膠微粒。

根據英國衛報報導,大澳洲灣是一片原始未開發的生物多樣性熱點跟海洋寶藏,但聯邦科學與工業研究組織(CSIRO)科學家分析採集自此地離岸數百公里的海床樣本時,竟檢出塑膠微粒。

位於澳洲南部的大澳洲灣。John Englart攝(CC BY-SA 2.0)

環保人士和科學家呼籲,政府和企業應視此發現為嚴重的警訊,戮力減少不必要的塑膠使用,並透過立法和激勵的方式來應對日益嚴重的海洋塑膠問題。

CSIRO首席研究科學家、沉積物分析團隊成員之一哈德斯蒂(Denise Hardesty)博士說,「這顯示塑膠在我們的環境中是多麼的普遍。連在澳洲這個已開發國家,從從海面到海底,都有這種人造廢棄物。」

「無論在哪裡,經過這些區域的生物都會接觸到它,無論是釣魚線還是塑膠袋,都被分解成數千個小碎片。離岸幾百公里、深度幾公里,這麼不可能有塑膠的地方都能找得到。塑膠真的無處不在。」

利用一種可以讓任何塑膠在特殊光線下發出螢光的紅色染劑,科學家得以分析出沉積物樣本中的塑膠成分。這次研究檢測到的塑膠碎片至少10微米寬,與非常細的羊毛寬度相同(10微米=0.001公分)。CSIRO科學家正在進一步分析和撰寫論文,準備發表至科學期刊上。

目前,在澳洲和世界其他幾個沒那麼偏遠的海底,已經發現微塑膠。

2017年,CSIRO研究人員在塔斯馬尼亞德文特河的沉積物中發現了塑膠。這個團隊也在同一條河流的貽貝消化道中發現了塑膠纖維。

由於現在塑膠微粒和微塑膠纖維在我們的空氣和水中無處不在,CSIRO的研究人員必須竭盡全力減少污染沉積物樣本的外來污染源。

研究設備必須用去離子水預先沖洗,實驗室溶液必須過濾,分析要在通風櫥中進行,人員必須穿著由天然纖維製成的衣服。還進行了空氣監測,以找出空氣中懸浮塑膠最少的實驗室區域。

2017年,一個耗資2000萬美元、由政府和石油業資助的四年期研究計劃結束,揭露深海海床上有個過去未知的豐富棲地。

協助主持此研究的副教授坦納(Jason Tanner)是南澳研發中心(South Australia research and development institute)海洋生物學家及海床專家。他指出,「該處動物相的多樣性相當高,濾食動物、軟珊瑚、海綿和許多移動型生物,像是海星、海參、海膽,當然還有魚。我們從樣區中發現了近300種新物種。」

坦納說明,在深達3公里的海底採樣過程中,他們使用了4公尺長的拖網,幾乎每一次都會撈到一些人造廢棄物。海床上的濾食動物可能會吃到塑膠,但「不確定這會造成什麼影響」。

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作者

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

林大利

於特有生物研究保育中心服務,小鳥和棲地是主要的研究對象。是龜毛的讀者,認為龜毛是探索世界的美德。

 

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