Calming Postnatal Yoga Sequence for the ‘Fourth Trimester’


https://www.yogajournal.com/yoga-101/calming-postpartum-yoga-sequence-for-the-fourth-trimester

Calming Postnatal Yoga Sequence for the ‘Fourth Trimester’

This relaxing “fourth trimester" yoga sequence can help you reconnect with your body and calm your mind in those early months with a new baby.
Allie Geer

Allie Geer

I had my two babies in two different countries, Switzerland and the United States, respectively. People often ask me, “What was the biggest difference having your first baby while living abroad?" Although there were many differences, the quality of postpartum care remains the most significant. In Switzerland, a midwife came to see me at home five times, and the visits were all pre-arranged for me before I left the hospital. Everything changes when you’re a new mother, and the midwife supported me in ways I will never forget. She gave me confidence in my ability to take care of my infant. When I had my second baby in the States, what became very clear to me is that outside of family, there is not enough support for postpartum mamas, especially during the “fourth trimester."

See also Prenatal Yoga Practice to Relieve Pain, Enhance Mobility, and Restructure Fascia

The “fourth trimester" is a term used to refer to the first three months after giving birth. The nights are long and the days are just as exhausting. The world as you know it revolves around caring for a tiny human. Their needs are endless and we as mothers give all that we know to give, often putting ourselves and sometimes our most basic needs last (like when 2 p.m. rolls around and you ask yourself, “Did I even brush my teeth today?").

The following calming postnatal sequence is dedicated to the fourth trimester mama. I’m here for you, I believe in you, and I support you. One of the nice things about the early months of infancy is that babies this age (usually) love to sleep. This can be a great time to take a few moments to give back to your body and calm your mind. If your baby is struggling with naps or prefers to be held, I strongly encourage you to ask for help, whether it’s from your partner, family, friends, or a postpartum doula. Taking time for yourself is not only healthy for you, it also benefits everyone around you, including your beautiful baby.

Calming Postnatal Yoga Sequence for the ‘Fourth Trimester’

About Our Writer

Allie Geer began her practice of yoga in 2006, after she was involved in a traumatic car accident. She found that alternative medicine, yoga, and meditation helped her handle pain both physically and emotionally. In 2012, she completed a 200-hour intensive teacher training program at Samahita Retreat Center in Koh Samui, Thailand, with Stephen Thomas. Allie became pregnant in early 2013, at which point she began looking for complementary practices. She completed an 85-hour prenatal training with Sue Elkind. The journey through pregnancy and birth brought her the closest to her practice. Allie is currently enrolled in 1,000-hour advanced teacher training with Tiffany Cruikshank, founder of Yoga Medicine. Allie specializes in one-on-one private therapeutic sessions, myofascial release, and prenatal/postnatal yoga. Allie currently teaches in Colorado. For more information you can visit her website: www.alliegeeryoga.com.

 

Why You Should Consider Going Gluten-Free (and 3 Ways to Make It Easier & Delicious)


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/-why-you-should-consider-going-gluten-free-and-3-ways-to-make-it-easier-delicious

Why You Should Consider Going Gluten-Free (and 3 Ways to Make It Easier & Delicious)

Interested in trying a gluten-free diet, and seeing if it makes a difference in your well-being? Here are 3 ways to make the transition easier (and more delicious).
gluten-free-cookies

This article was written in paid partnership with Sundown Naturals.

Sure, you have a regular yoga practice, but a big part of a balanced yoga lifestyle is making mindful choices about everything you put in your body. Which is why so many yogis are choosing to go gluten-free.

Gluten-free diets are associated with Celiac disease, an autoimmune disorder caused by a reaction to gluten, which is found in wheat and other grains. But even those who don’t have Celiac can be sensitive to gluten; some experience a stuffed-up, foggy feeling, others suffer from ailments like chronic abdominal pain, arthritis, chronic fatigue, migraine attacks, and sinus infections, according to Karen Kelly’s 2009 Yoga Journal article. In fact, gluten sensitivity/intolerance is on the rise, and some simply feel that cutting gluten can make them feel better. Stephen Wangen, director of the IBS Treatment Center and the Center for Food Allergies in Seattle and the author of Healthier Without Wheat, estimates that 10 percent of the U.S. population (30 million people) are intolerant, and most don’t know it, Kelly reports.

3 Ways to Go Gluten-Free

Interested in trying a gluten-free diet, and seeing if it makes a difference in your well-being? Here are 3 ways to make the transition easier (and more delicious).

 

Yin Yoga 101: Does Alignment Matter in Yin Poses?


https://www.yogajournal.com/yoga-101/yin-yoga-101-does-alignment-matter-in-yin-poses

Yin Yoga 101: Does Alignment Matter in Yin Poses?

Every yogi in a Yin class looks different in the postures, so it’s a good question. Josh Summers explains the difference between aesthetic vs. functional alignment.
Yin Meditation with Josh Summers

Want to learn a style of yoga that’s focused on bringing balance—physically, energetically, and mentally? Join Josh Summers, founder of the Summers School of Yin Yoga, for our new online course Yin Yoga 101—a six-week journey through the foundations and principles of Yin Yoga, along with asana practice and meditation. Click here to sign up!

“In Yin Yoga, alignment doesn’t matter.” That’s one of the most common myths about Yin Yoga. It’s also easy to dispel. Often, people unfamiliar with the practice notice everyone in a Yin class doing the same pose with slightly different alignment and then conclude that anything goes. Or they take a Yin class and don’t hear the teacher give exact instructions on how to place the body and then conclude that the teacher doesn’t understand or care about alignment. Neither is true.

In Yin Yoga, as in all intelligent forms of physical yoga, alignment matters. But alignment in Yin Yoga has little to do with whether your foot is pointed in the “right” direction, or whether your knee is at a precise 90-degree angle. Focusing on how a pose looks is an approach referred to as aesthetic alignment. However, what is aesthetically pretty may not be functionally beneficial.

Yin Yoga instead looks for functional alignment. Thanks largely to Yin Yoga pioneer Paul Grilley, the practice recognizes that our anatomy varies, especially at the skeletal level. The angles and curves of your bones differ from those of the person on the mat next to you. So in a Yin class—and increasingly, in other styles of yoga, too—the same pose looks different on everyone. That means each person can align his or her body to serve the pose’s functional intention, which is the specific way the pose is meant to stress, stimulate, or stretch the body.

In Yin Yoga, the functional intention is the only reason to do the pose. It is tied to a pose’s target areas, the main areas of the body that the pose is intended to gently stress and the places you want to feel mild-to-moderate sensation. Sometimes you will stress all the target areas, sometimes a few, or sometimes just one.

Exploring Functional Alignment in Dragon Pose

If you pursue aesthetic alignment in Dragon, also known as Anjaneyasana (Low Lunge)the intention is to align the body to “look” correct. Your front knee is directly ahead of its corresponding hip and directly over your front heel. Your front thigh is parallel to the long edges of the mat. Your hips are squared to the front of the mat. Your torso and arms stack over your hips.

Now, shifting to functional alignment, the intention is to align the body in a way that is functionally beneficial. Before you even get into the pose, ask yourself, “Why am I doing this pose?” Your alignment will be based on your intention, your target areas. Dragon has two target areas: the back leg’s hip flexors and the front leg’s outer hip, adductors, and inner hamstrings. Your alignment will also depend on the variation because Yin poses, such as Dragon, sometimes have many. Here, you’ll explore two different target areas. (Keep in mind that your alignment may not look like mine because our bodies have unique shapes.)

hip-flexors

Target Area: Hip flexors of the back leg
I align my body in a way that increases hip extension of my back leg. To do that, I place one hand on my front thigh and the other hand on a block, raising my torso. That way both my hips and spine extend more, which will likely increase the tensional stress on my back leg’s hip flexors. Once in position, I try to relax my hips down to the floor, softening the hip flexors to bring a gentle Yin stress to the dense connective tissue in that area. This works for me. It may not work for you; it may generate excessive stress on your hip flexors. Instead, placing your hands on the floor may be a better way to successfully target your hip flexors. Another alternative is to rest both hands on the front knee or simply to cross your forearms on your forward thigh. Remember your intention, and adjust accordingly.

inner-groin

Target Area: Adductors and outer hip of the front leg
I align my body in a way that gently stresses the tissues of my front leg’s inner groin. To do that, I move my front foot farther out from my midline and lower my torso. Taking my front foot to the side increases the abduction of the front femur, and bringing my torso down increases the flexion of the front hip and spine; both actions tend to increase tensile stress on the adductors and possibly the hamstrings of the front leg. Once in position, I try to relax my front leg out to the side. Again, this works for me. It may not for you; it may create intense stress on your adductors. If that’s the case, bringing your forearms or your hands to blocks may create the mild-to-moderate sensation the pose intends to generate.

Target Area Takeaway
Yin Yoga is an ideal practice for focusing on functional alignment because you hold the poses for several minutes, giving you time to feel and observe the results of the alignment choices you make.

Want to learn more about the fundamentals of Yin Yoga with Josh? Click here to sign up for his six-week online course!

 

18 Reasons to Practice Self-Care


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/18-reasons-to-practice-self-care

18 Reasons to Practice Self-Care

Asana, pranayama, and meditation are key tools for combatting everyday stressors. Learn how taking care of yourself can create a ripple effect of positivity in your mind and body.
rolling out yoga mat

As our lives become more hectic and frenetic—with jammed-full calendars and a seemingly constant stream of messages pinging our phones and computers—self-care practices become paramount. “When people can use simple tools to relax, they feel better about themselves and more in charge,” explains Martin Rossman, MD, a clinical faculty member at the University of California, San Francisco Medical Center, and author of The Worry Solution: Using Your Healing Mind to Turn Stress and Anxiety into Better Health and Happiness.

As Rossman and other experts will tell you: self-care practices can relieve mental stress, melt muscle tension, and help you feel confident that, yes, you can tackle your lengthy to-do list and handle whatever else may come.

The Self-Care Benefits of Yoga

Yoga is hands down one of the best self-care tools. Spending time on your mat can benefit your brain, heart, and bones, and even change the expression of your genes. Better yet, “yoga does all these things simultaneously,” says Timothy McCall, MD, co-author of Principles and Practice of Yoga in Health Care, a medical textbook of yoga therapy. “It’s synergistic. The transformation helps with more than one symptom—lives can change—which is something we don’t see much in modern medicine.”

See also 3 Self-Care Tips to Steal from Esalen

Scientists continue to put research behind the long-touted health benefits of yoga in addition to constantly uncovering new ways this ancient practice creates healthier lives. “The amount of research is just taking off,” says McCall, adding that if you plotted out the research on yoga from 1950 to 2000, there would be a slight upward slope. The curve would escalate dramatically starting in 2000 and even more so after 2010.

To get the most out of yoga, McCall says it’s best to keep a daily practice, even on your busiest days. “Even 10 to 15 minutes a day is valuable in re-patterning dysfunction in your body. It’s about personal practice. That’s where transformation happens,” he says.

Whether you need some inspiration in order to commit to your yoga practice, or simply want to know where the current research stands, read on for 18 of the most groundbreaking recent discoveries on yoga’s healing powers.

See also Yoga Philosophy 101: How Yoga Philosophy Can Revolutionize Your Approach to Self-Care

See also 10 Yoga Poses and Self-Care Practices to Do Right After You Catch a Cold

 

What You Need to Know About Your IT Band


https://www.yogajournal.com/teach/what-you-need-to-know-about-your-it-band

What You Need to Know About Your IT Band

The trendy go-to remedy for a tight IT band—foam rolling—can actually do more harm than good. Here’s why, plus the yoga poses that’ll help you keep your IT band healthy.
IT_band_anatomy

The iliotibial (IT) band may not be top of mind for most yogis. After all, the thick fascial tissue (similar to a tendon) isn’t typically aggravated by yoga alone. But if you love jump backs, or if you practice yoga to help balance a fitness regimen filled with high-impact or explosive activities (think running, hiking, dancing, or high-intensity interval training) you likely have an embodied sense of this fibrous structure, and you might say it feels “tight.” And you’re right: The tendinous fibers of the IT band have a firmness that serve as a natural protector of your outer thigh. Yet before you use yoga to help “stretch” or heal your IT band, it’s important to know the basics about how this tissue can become irritated and what to do to help it feel better.

If you feel pain on the outside of your knee, particularly when bending it, this may be a sign that you’re dealing with IT Band Syndrome. For example, pain may occur when you walk up or down stairs or move into yoga poses that require a deep bend in one knee, such as Virabhadrasana II (Warrior Pose II). The source? IT band tension caused by imbalances in your tensor fasciae latae or gluteus maximus muscles—the two hip-based connection points for your IT band. When these muscles pull on your IT band, which connects into your knee’s joint capsule and the outside of your shin bone, it can lead to pain in your outer knee.

The good news? IT band issues are usually not very serious and respond well to strengthening and releasing tension in the muscles surrounding the tendon—especially your gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae, as well as the neighboring quadriceps, hamstrings, hip flexors, and hip rotators.

See also Explore Your Hamstrings: Yoga Poses for All Three Muscles

4 Common Causes of IT Band Syndrome

When any tendon is put under repeated stress from overworking or overstretching, little tears or traumas can occur, leading to injury and pain. When this happens in the IT band, it’s called IT Band Syndrome—and because tendinous tissue doesn’t get as much healing blood flow as a muscle, it can be harder to repair. What’s more, the IT band is packed with nerve endings, which is why foam rolling it can be very painful. Here, four common causes of IT Band Syndrome:

1. Excessive running, jumping, or cycling, particularly when knee and hip alignment is off. Keep in mind that any movement with poor alignment can lead to problems. That’s because part of the IT band’s purpose is to keep your knee optimally tracking as you move, so if your joints are consistently out of alignment (say, if your feet pronate when you walk or turn out when you ride your bike), it can irritate your IT band.

2. Overstretching or over-tensing your buttock muscles from exercise or poor habits (for example, sitting cross-legged or frequently wearing high heels).

3. Excessive sitting, which chronically shortens the tensor fasciae latae while overly lengthening the glutes, weakening your hips, hamstrings, and gluteal muscles and aggravating your IT band.

4. Leg length discrepancies, which can place excessive strain on one hip, leading to IT band issues on the longer leg.

See also Anatomy 101: Understanding Your Sacroiliac Joint

Also known as the iliotibial tract, the IT band is a multipurpose tendon that runs down the length of the outer thigh, from the top of the pelvis (ilium) to the shin bone (tibia). It connects the tensor fasciae latae muscle (a hip flexor) and gluteus maximus (the largest butt muscle, a hip extensor, and external rotator) to the outside of the tibia. The IT band is responsible for keeping your hips and knees stable, particularly during rapid, explosive moves like running and jumping. Think of the thick fascia of the IT band like a well-tensioned bridge that links the pelvis and knee. That fascia also envelops your quadriceps muscles and tapers into the knee joint capsule. When the two muscles that attach at the top section of the IT band—the tensor fasciae latae and gluteus maximus—contract, it adds tension to the IT band, which helps to stabilize your knee-to-hip relationship. But too much use (or underuse) from one of these muscles can overstress your IT band and tug on your outer knee, leading to pain.

anatomy-it-band

Ilium

This is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone; it’s a wide, flat bone that provides many attachment points for muscles of the hip and trunk.

Tensor Fasciae Latae

This small muscle lies in front of the hip joint and is one of the connection points for the IT band.

Iliotibial Band

This thick, fascial tissue serves as the tendinous insertion for the gluteus maximus and tensor fascia latae. It is the outer border of the vastus lateralis (outer quadriceps) muscle and acts as a fascial envelope for the quadriceps group.

Tibia

Also known as the shinbone, it is the larger and stronger of the two bones below the knee.

Gluteus Maximus

The largest and most superficial of the three gluteal muscles, this is the main extensor muscle of the hip and the other connection point for the IT band.

See also What You Need to Know About Fascia

Why Foam Rolling Isn’t a Cure

It seems logical that if you’re dealing with IT Band Syndrome, massaging the tendon with a foam roller might help. And while it will likely provide temporary relief afterward (there’s a good chance it’ll also hurt like heck while you’re rolling!), it’s my firm belief that arbitrary foam rolling of your IT band can do more harm than good. Here’s why:

For starters, excessive rolling can further irritate an aggravated IT band tendon, worsening existing micro-tears. Plus, some of the relief that comes after a foam-rolling session may be the result of stimulated stretch receptors in the vastus lateralis, the lateral quadriceps muscle that lies beneath your IT band. While this quad-tension relief can slightly relieve IT band pain, it doesn’t negate the potential additional damage caused by the foam roller. Finally, if you foam roll your IT band while ignoring the all-important gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae, you’re not addressing the underlying cause of pain.

Instead of foam rolling, try Ball Plow

First, use therapy balls on your gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae. Place the balls between your muscles and the floor, then ease the weight of your body onto the balls, taking deep breaths as the balls sink deep into your tissue. Stay here for 2 minutes per muscle group. As you lie on the balls, try tensing and releasing these muscles a few times to further relax the muscles and their connections to the IT band. Then, use therapy balls on the outside of your thigh, which will help to improve hip mechanics and ultimately restore proper IT band function—without risking additional damage.

It’s important to avoid trying to “roll out” or “loosen” your IT band, as it could worsen its condition. Instead, use the therapy balls to target the mobility of the muscles underneath the IT band: the quadriceps. In the following release exercise (“Ball Plow,” below), moving the therapy balls in super-slow motion helps to coax mobility into these deeper muscles. The balls will likely come in contact with your IT band at times, so limit your pressure at highly sensitive points. Attempt to apply pressure that helps to create a relaxation response in the deep thigh muscles below the IT band.

See also Releasing Tight Hips

The practice below will help you to home in on the right spots. If rolling feels painful, back off. This should feel like a tolerable stretch, leaving the area feeling warm and refreshed.

1. Rest on your side and place a pair of Yoga Tune Up Therapy Balls (or other small, pliable balls) on the outside of your thigh, toward the junction between your quads and hamstrings, nestling the balls into a region that is directly below your IT band.

2. Let the balls sink in for 10 breaths. Imagine that they’re docking themselves between your quads and hamstrings.

3. Moving slowly, use the weight of your thigh to guide the balls forward (across the thigh, not lengthwise). You’ll use the deeply docked therapy balls to move your quads around your femur, mobilizing the lateral (outside) quad away from the hamstrings and creating a stretch between the bone and your quads. If done correctly, it will feel like a large hand is pivoting your thigh muscle around the bone.

4. Therapy balls will naturally roll (they are spheres, after all). Try to minimize rolling by using them to plow the entire section of muscle, which will cause your thigh to internally rotate.

5. Repeat for up to 10 minutes, moving slowly from the outside of your thigh toward the middle, then switch legs.

See also Why Inflexibility May Not Be What’s Stopping You From Doing That Pose

3 Poses for a Healthy IT Band

When it comes to your IT band, not all yoga poses are created equal. Some lengthen the IT band’s muscular attachments, and others will reinforce their strength and stability. The following poses will help you get to know your IT band—and help heal and prevent problems.

About Our Pros

Writer Jill Miller is the creator of Yoga Tune Up and The Roll Model Method, and author of The Roll Model: A Step-by-Step Guide to Erase Pain, Improve Mobility, and Live Better in Your Body. She has presented case studies at the Fascia Research Congress and the International Association of Yoga Therapists Symposium on Yoga Therapy and Research. Learn more at yogatuneup.com. Model Kat Fowler, E-RYT 500, is a yoga and meditation teacher and a Yoga Alliance Continuing Education Provider in New York City. Learn more at katfowleryoga.com.

 

Why Inflexibility May Not Be What’s Stopping You From Doing That Pose


https://www.yogajournal.com/teach/why-inflexibility-may-not-be-whats-stopping-you-from-doing-that-pose

Why Inflexibility May Not Be What’s Stopping You From Doing That Pose

When an asana is out of reach, yogis frequently blame their flexibility. But Bernie Clark explains that one pose simply doesn’t fit all. So he’s laid out a road map for getting to know your own unique anatomy and determining what actually is stopping you from doing a given pose.
king dancer yjlive

In the era of compulsive selfies, celebrating our individuality has entered an unnatural and distorted dimension. Technology constantly provides us with new widgets to cheat on our appearance and to hide our true self behind a filter of pixels. So when you throw yourself into the most sublime Dancer Pose and your toe doesn’t touch the crown of your head, reality hits you in the shape of your tissues and bones. Your body just can’t do this.

This doesn’t make you unfit or unyogic, it makes you human. It is the sobering reminder that we are all different. “You are unique, and that uniqueness is what makes the difference between what ‘everyone’ seems to be able to do and what you can do. There is no pose in yoga that everybody can do, and no one can do every pose,” explains Bernie Clark in Your Body, Your YogaWhen it comes to yoga practice, one pose simply doesn’t fit all.

See also “Why I Don’t ‘Stretch’ Anymore”

Your Anatomy Is Unique—Study It

Integrating difference and uniqueness, represents a complexity that not all societies are ready to accommodate. In a yoga class of five students, it is easy for the teacher to cater to everyone’s needs but that proves more challenging as the number increases. Thus the generalizations that leads them to make are potentially damaging if not taken with a pinch of salt. Insecurities can kick in in a yoga class, though. You may find yourself longing for a more compliant body and fearing that if you don’t perform the “real pose,” you will stand out and be deemed deficient.

“Differences aren’t deficits,” Clark writes quoting geneticist Theodosius Dobzhansky encouraging us to embrace uniqueness and to be less harsh toward our quirks. “Why think that because someone else can’t do something, you will fail? There are things you can do right now, there are things that you will be able to do in time, and there things that you will never be able to do.”

If you are curious enough, you can gradually become the best equipped person to understand the unique mechanics of your body. Most teachers don’t actually know you, and they will never understand you as well as you will be able to.

The odd overzealous teacher may even make erroneous assumptions that can harm you. It is essential to take charge of your own practice both on your mat at home and in classes. This involves taking the time to investigate your strengths, weaknesses, limitations, and skills.

See also Not ALL Hips Need Opening: 3 Moves for Hip Stability

Bernie Clark tension and compression

What Stops You?

Clark suggests an efficient way of mapping your own physical limitations comes by systematically registering your sensations in various yoga poses. He leads this exploration with the interrogation: “What Stops You?’ In other words: what limits your mobility?

Two things can stop you, he explains. One is tension, which is resistance of the tissues to being stretched (muscles, ligaments, fascia), and the other is compression, which is created by contact: bone to bone (hard compression), flesh to flesh (soft compression), bone to flesh (medium compression).

So by paying heed to sensations of tension or compression in your yoga practice you can explore your body’s unique anatomy and limitations. That in turn enables you to work with your body, rather than against it in a given pose. To assist this process Clark searched the nooks and crannies of anatomy to observe where tension or compression surge and described the sensations that correspond to each type of resistance in his book. In this excerpt from Your Body, Your Yoga, Clark explores three poses yogis commonly get “stopped" in and why.

See also 8 Keys to Take Your Yoga Teaching Beyond Standardized Alignment Cues

Adapted from Your Body, Your Yoga by Bernie Clark. Published by Wild Strawberry Publications, April 2016.

 

《 Adam Hawley – Anytime At All (04:13) 》


《 Adam Hawley – Anytime At All (04:13) 》

Mantras 101: The Science Behind Finding Your Mantra and How to Practice It


https://www.yogajournal.com/yoga-101/mantras-101-the-science-behind-finding-your-mantra-and-how-to-practice-it

Mantras 101: The Science Behind Finding Your Mantra and How to Practice It

Ever wonder what you’re chanting during yoga class that always seems to instill a profound sense of calm? Take a look at the neuroscience behind how mantras make potent additions to your yogic practices, and find one that works best for you.

Looking for a spiritually satisfying life after college, musician Tina Malia moved to Fairfax, California, an artsy city north of San Francisco, and began attending sacred music concerts. Something in the ritual and the chanting moved her to tears and kept her going back again and again. Eventually, she started experimenting with the music on her own. One day, friend and fellow musician Jai Uttal invited her to sing backup in his band, the Pagan Love Orchestra, which combined chanting mantra with rock, reggae, jazz, and African music. Malia jumped at the chance to play and sing these sacred sounds and words—believed by practitioners to change states of mind and elevate consciousness.

“I loved the syllables and the way they rolled in my mouth, but I didn’t yet know how much I would grow to need them,” says Malia. Even though she was gaining success as a musician and was surrounded by loving friends, Malia was silently sinking into depression—an ailment she had struggled with on and off since she was a teenager. As a twenty-something, feeling lost and lonely in the world again, she was ensnared by negative thoughts and even contemplated taking her own life. “It was like I was falling down this pit,” says Malia, now 40 years old. Nothing she grasped for to ease her pain—food, sex, movies, alcohol, even spiritual books—gave her anything more than a quick and fleeting fix.

Uttal, witnessing her struggle, offered her a tool that he thought would help her deal with depression—a practice called japa, in which a mantra is repeated, silently or out loud, as the practitioner moves a string of beads (or mala) through their fingers. The mantra Uttal suggested was Ram, which can be interpreted as “the inner fire that burns away impurities and bad karma.” At the time, Malia says, she did not fully understand the meaning of the mantra. She just wanted relief from her despair, and she was willing to try anything.

See also 13 Major Yoga Mantras to Memorize

Mantra_tina

Kristin Anderson

After nearly two weeks of silently reciting Ram for several minutes (and sometimes hours) each day, Malia started experiencing a shift in how she was feeling.

“What appeared like a small speck of light—a little spot of relief—grew and grew with every recitation of that mantra,” she says. As she began to detach her true, deeper self from her thoughts, she slowly stopped acting on negative ones. “All these feelings of being unworthy, lonely, and lacking a purpose on earth were just thoughts,” she says. “When I gave my mind something to focus on, something besides my thoughts, it gave me relief.” After six months of daily japa practice, Malia says she was able to access true joy deep inside her. “In short, mantra gave me the will to live again,” she says.

See also Lead With Your Heart: How to Practice Bhakti Yoga

The Neurological Effects of Mantra on Your Brain

Malia had tapped what yogis have known for several thousand years: mantra, whether chanted, whispered, or silently recited, is a powerful meditation and therapy tool. Western science is only now starting to catch up.

Neuroscientists, equipped with advanced brain-imaging tools, are beginning to quantify and confirm some of the health benefits of this ancient practice, such as its ability to help free your mind of background chatter and calm your nervous system. In one study recently published in the Journal of Cognitive Enhancement, researchers from Linköping University, in Sweden, measured activity in a region of the brain called the default mode network—the area that’s active during self-reflection and mind wandering—to determine how practicing mantra meditation affects the brain. From a mental health perspective, an overactive default mode network can mean that the brain is distracted—not calmed or centered.

Researchers behind the Linköping University study asked a group of subjects to take part in a two-week Kundalini Yoga course that included six 90-minute sessions over the course of two weeks. Each session started with yoga exercises (asana and breathing) and finished with 11 minutes of mantra-based meditation. The subjects recited the Sat nam mantra (roughly translated as “true identity”) while placing their hands over their hearts.

The same group also performed a finger-tapping control condition—in which they were instructed to perform slow-paced button pressing on a four-button keypad.

See also The Beginner’s Guide to Common Yoga Chants

The subjects’ default mode networks were more suppressed during the mantra meditation than during the finger-tapping exercise—and suppression grew as mantra training increased. “The study suggests that mantra training can more effectively reduce [default mode network]–related distractions than something like tapping along to the beat,” says Rozalyn Simon, PhD, who authored the study.

Research findings such as these do not profess to prove that mantra is a life-saving technique. But as Malia knows well, when we are beholden to our discursive mind, we can easily be led down the path to negative headspace—further away from our true, relaxed nature. In fact, research suggests that it doesn’t matter whether you recite an ancient Sanskrit mantra such as Sat nam, or the Lord’s Prayer, or any sound, word, or phrase—as long as you repeat something with focused attention, you’ll get results.

Since the 1970s, Herbert Benson, professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School and founder of the Benson-Henry Institute for Mind Body Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital, has been researching how meditation and prayer can alter mental and physical states. He’s been particularly interested in what brings on a meditative state, which he calls “the relaxation response.” Benson has experimented with subjects repeating Sanskrit mantras as well as nonreligious words, such as “one.” He’s found that regardless of what the practitioner repeats, the word or phrase has nearly the same effects: relaxation and the ability to better cope with life’s unexpected stressors.

More recently, scientists at several universities and institutes have applied modern brain-imaging tools to reach roughly the same conclusions as Benson. A 2015 study from researchers in Israel found that people who silently repeated the word echad(“one” in Hebrew) experienced a quieting of the mind, particularly a deactivation of the typically active default mode network in the brain. “When people said ‘one, one, one,’ everything that had been active during the resting state in the default mode network was shut down,” says Aviva Berkovich-Ohana, a neuroscientist in the Department of Education at the University of Haifa. “Subjects reported that it was relaxing and that they had fewer thoughts.”

See also Intro to Chanting, Mantra, and Japa

The Roots of Mantra: History and Meaning

In understanding how mantra works, it can be helpful to look at its translation. The word mantra is derived from two Sanskrit words—manas (mind) and tra (tool). Mantra literally means “a tool for the mind,” and was designed to help practitioners access a higher power and their true natures. “Mantra is a sound vibration through which we mindfully focus our thoughts, our feelings, and our highest intention,” says music artist Girish, author of Music and Mantras: The Yoga of Mindful Singing for Health, Happiness, Peace & Prosperity. Over time, that vibration sinks deeper and deeper into your consciousness, helping you to eventually feel its presence as shakti—a powerful, if subtle, force working inside each of us that carries us into deeper states of awareness, says Sally Kempton, a meditation teacher and author of Meditation for the Love of It: Enjoying Your Own Deepest Experience.

One of the most universally recited mantras is the sacred Hindu syllable Aum—considered to be the sound of the creation of the universe. Aum (usually spelled Om) is believed to contain every vibration that has ever existed—or will exist in the future. It is also the energetic root of other, longer mantras, including Om namah shivaya (“I bow to Shiva”—Shiva being the inner Self, or true reality), and Om mani padme hum (which essentially mean “jewel of the lotus,” and has been interpreted as, “By practicing a path that unites method and wisdom, you can transform into the pure exalted body, speech, and mind of a Buddha”).

These popular Hindu mantras are in Sanskrit, but mantra has deep roots in every major spiritual tradition and can be found in many languages, including Hindi, Hebrew, Latin, and English. For example, a popular mantra for Christians is simply the name Jesus, while Catholics commonly repeat the Hail Mary prayer or Ave Maria. Many Jews recite Barukh atah Adonai (“Blessed art thou, oh Lord”); while Muslims repeat the name Allah like a mantra.

See also 5 Self-Awakening and Empowering Mudras and Mantras

How to Start a Mantra Practice

So, how do you get started finding a mantra? In some practices, such as Transcendental Meditation, students hire and study with a trained mantra and meditation leader to learn and receive specific, personalized mantras. But there are plenty of ways to practice mantra independently and free of charge.

See also The Beginner’s Guide to Common Mantras

Consistency is key, says Kempton, regardless of your chosen mantra. “You enliven a mantra through regular practice over a period of time—months or even years.” she says. “It’s a bit like rubbing a flint against a stone to strike fire. The friction of the syllables inside your consciousness, the focus of bringing yourself back to the mantra again and again, and especially the attention you give to the felt sense of the mantra’s resonance inside your awareness will eventually open the energy in the mantra, and it will stop being just words and become a living energy that you’ll feel shifting your inner state.”

If you’re interested in incorporating mantra-based practices into your yoga and meditation routines, start by asking a teacher to suggest a mantra for you to try.

See also 13 Major Yoga Mantras to Memorize

Mantra and meditation teachers recommend to begin by lying down or sitting in a comfortable position and silently repeat the mantra, once on the inhalation, once on the exhalation. Don’t fixate on it (you’ll know if your brow starts furrowing). When thoughts or feelings enter your mind, try to simply notice them, and then return to silently reciting the mantra. See if you can set aside 10 to 20 minutes a day to practice. Several traditions suggest staying with one mantra for several months before switching to another, in order to deepen your practice and cultivate a sense of ease, presence, and peace.

“As a beginner or intermediate practitioner, it’s important not to assume that you have the power to enliven a mantra through a thought or awareness,” says Kempton. “You have to practice, often for quite a while, before a mantra really opens for you.”

Years into her spiritual chanting practice, Malia, who credits the Sanskrit mantra Ram with saving her life, has experienced deeper connection with the mantra. “It’s almost as if these mantras start to feel like your friends—even lovers,” she says. As she tours the globe performing in sacred-music and yoga festivals, she shares her love of mantra and its healing effects. “Sometimes I wish I could stand on the top of a building and shout it out to the world: Mantra is free! It has no side effects! It’s simple and so easy!”

See also Chanting 101: 6 Things To Know If You Don’t “Get” Kirtan

 

《 Adam Hawley – Love Song (03:54) 》


《 Adam Hawley – Love Song (03:54) 》

【想想影評】「縮小人生」之後,你還想要追求什麼?


你會怎麼在這個錢非萬能,但沒錢卻是萬萬不能的社會現實面上找到自身的定位呢?是說服自己「對快樂自私」而一起夜夜笙歌、買醉度日?還是運用自己有限的資源來發揮愛心呢?

#電影 #影評 #縮小人生
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6962

【想想影評】「縮小人生」之後,你還想要追求什麼?

友善列印版本

致終將長大成人的「追夢人」,望你們面對現實仍能保持一顆溫暖的赤子之心。

就像童書『愛麗絲夢遊仙境』中的小女孩,追逐著象徵著命運之鑰的白兔,卻一腳跌入了一場天馬行空、怪誕奇趣的奇幻樂園,這當中她的身形不斷的縮小及放大,也不斷的經歷及見證了不同視野及困境,但也因為有了成長的冒險,才會有改變的勇氣,懂得平心靜氣聆聽自己內在的聲音,重新塑造自我認同。

《縮小人生》是一部反烏托邦式的現代寓言,反思大部份的人面對著現實與慾望的雙重考驗下,一方面放大自身的需求,並用連自己都不清楚的遠大理想來逃避與忽視身邊更珍貴的一切,那種價值錯亂的荒謬。

曾經執導過《內布拉斯加》、《繼承人生》、《尋找新方向》,獲得兩次奧斯卡最佳改編劇本獎的導演Alexander Payne,再次發揮了他略帶黑色幽默的敍事風格,讓觀眾隨著電影男主角Paul ( Matt Damon飾)一起經歷一段「小小小人」的奇幻心靈之旅。

《縮小人生》電影海報(圖片來源:維基共享資源)

電影一開場,一位挪威的科學家在一場國際發表會上,大力宣揚這個世代普遍的「人口爆炸」焦慮,因為環境被過度開發導致的污染、資源短缺,故研發了一種可以將人體縮小至5吋 (12.7公分)來降低物質的需求量,繼而減少能源消耗,做到節能減碳救地球。表面上看來,這項全新的科技的確可以暫緩生態的消耗,此外,花費不多就能過幸福的縮小人生,也吸引一些有經濟壓力的族群加入已經開發一陣子的「小人國樂園」。顧名思義,這些微型社區有著上流社會所必備的標準配備:豪宅、泳池、及數不盡的購物商場,及可供休憩的球場和娛樂設施。

比起平凡壓抑、仰人鼻息的上班族生涯,Paul和妻子Audrey 也著實對這樣的華麗文宣產生了嚮往,可以用一小筆錢,便在迷你社區過上一輩子不愁吃穿的富足人生,還可以用「救地球」的名號來美化自身的動機,何樂不為?(事實上,身邊朋友一個個加入縮小手術的行列,而且看起來自此就吃香喝辣、無憂無慮??)

但弔詭的事總是,一方面計劃趕不上變化,妻子Audrey在面對縮小手術的前一刻竟臨陣脫逃了。不但如此,現實的世界總是藏著眼睛看不見的另一隻手,Paul一個人孤伶伶的坐在偌大的迷你「豪宅」內,看著新聞報導著,多位動了「縮小手術」後的人因為器官機能未為調節好而病死的案例,還有不少「正常人」對「縮小人」進行抨擊,認為「縮小人」不用工作,且減少消費,是造成國家稅收減少、經濟萎縮的元兇。更甚者,不少極權國家將所謂的「反政府」社會運動者抓起來,用縮小手術進行人身迫害,而這些人為了生存,總會千方百計的偷渡到先進國家的「微型社區」來討生活。

除此之外,Paul也認清了即便住在了生活機能良好,不愁吃穿的社區,真正的理想世界其實並不存在。同樣是住在好環境中,人性的貪婪與自私卻仍赤裸裸的一再上演,比如閒的發慌的年輕人,想用毒品及夜夜笙歌來打發時間;已經不缺錢的富商仍對外走私違禁品來進行更豪奢的金錢博弈、富裕人士刻意的區隔勞動階層(通常是從第三世界偷渡闖關者),讓人與人之間總充滿著「朱門酒肉臭,路有凍死骨」的生活感慨。

問題的重心來了,如果你是Paul,你會怎麼在這個錢非萬能,但沒錢卻是萬萬不能的社會現實面上找到自身的定位呢?是說服自己「對快樂自私」而一起夜夜笙歌、買醉度日?還是運用自己有限的資源來發揮愛心呢?

當然,人非聖賢,每個人面對著物慾與道德的尺度皆不同,更何況每個人都有追求幸福生活的權利,一如Paul從來就只想安穩度日,雖然已不缺錢,但總想維持著每天工作的步調來讓生活更有意義。當他在富商朋友家中遇見來自越南的人權份子周洪時,兩人不同的成長背景激盪出更多人生省思。所謂的理想不只是口號,不是那種虛無飄渺的逃避藉口,而是想想該如何用行動對身邊的人付出關懷。即便周遭環境不完美,即便人人都在尋找一艘通往理想世界的「諾亞方舟」,能夠安身立命的要訣,其實還是在內心的純良與正直。

另外,雖然這部電影在普遍的評價上皆不算上乘,但在某種程度上的確反映了現實人生中的五味百態,就好比「科技始終源自於人性」,任何所謂的發明與創造,若用在正途,是促進人類文明進步的利器;但反之,若被邪惡操控濫用,最終只會反撲於人類,好比近代史上各國對核能、抗生素、網際網路與人工智能的發展與抗衡,總是讓世界為之關注與捏把冷汗。

繁華世界、普通世界、或是遵循宗教引言的世界,主角Paul選擇了一條他認為該走的路。透過人與人相處,從心開始,去感受這世界帶給我們的美好與不美好。除此之外,平凡如普羅大眾的你我,如果剛好遇上了轉折或危機時,換個角度去思考,該如何在心靈上找到初心,讓自己重新面對人生挑戰的勇氣吧!

 

 

關鍵字: 影評電影日常生活

 

《 Adam Hawley – Cruisin’ (04:21) 》


《 Adam Hawley – Cruisin’ (04:21) 》

Why Sun Salutations Are So Much More Than Just a Warm-Up


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/why-sun-salutations-are-more-than-a-warm-up

Why Sun Salutations Are So Much More Than Just a Warm-Up

You deserve to reap the profound rewards of the humble (yet powerful) Namaskar.
Shiva Rea performs Jaya Mudra.

Yoga Journal’s new online Master Class program brings the wisdom of world-renowned teachers to your fingertips through a new online workshop and live webinar every six weeks. This month, Shiva Rea presents ancient and unique Sun and Moon Salutation variations. If you’re ready to get a deeper perspective on Namaskars and maybe even meet a lifelong yoga mentor, sign up now for YJ’s year-long membership.

When was the last time you savored Sun Salutations rather than performed them on autopilot? No shame, we get it: As one of the most common vinyasa sequences, it’s easy to take for granted their ability to open and prepare your body for deeper practice. But mentally detaching until later in your flow may mean you’re losing out on some major feel-good components.

The Deeper Meaning of Namaskar

In fact, it’s worth considering that the Sanskrit name Namaskar was slightly short-changed when it was translated to Salutation. The root of nama, meaning “to bow” and in some cases “not me,” tells a more meaningful story about the sequence’s original purpose. “Of course it is a beautiful greeting, but it was also meant to be a transformative experience to release the burden of our personal obsessions and just come back to essence,” says Shiva Rea, founder of Prana Vinyasa Yoga and Master Class teacher.

“I think the warm-up aspect of it is the part where we miss the deeper nutrition, and that’s why I try to engage more soulfulness and meditation in Namaskars from the very beginning. The power of a Namaskar is in its refined simplicity; the combination of movements creates a physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual syncopation,” she adds.

The Power of the Sun Salutation

As physical exercise, Sun Salutation is a contained, all-in-one practice in itself. As you progress through its steady sequence of opposing actions—front-body offerings followed by the surrender of forward folds—a Namaskar integrates all the counter-asanas necessary to feel balanced in your body by the time you complete it, Rea says.

From there, it lives up to its original definition, paving a path to the receptive state of meditation. “One characteristic of our time is being ahead of the moment. A Namaskar is a pause, a return to center, a new relationship to breath that’s so extraordinary you can begin feeling a deeper rhythm taking you into this whole-body movement meditation,” says Rea. “Then it begins to stimulate our awakening and devotion. It’s not the outer shell of the movement, but the inner flow, particularly the movement meditation, that brings on the state of transformation. “

See also Shiva Rea’s Prostration Practice for Summer Solstice

Shifting into rasa, an embodied communication with that within and around us, isn’t as easy as speeding though a bunch of Sun Salutes. “We can’t just come into a state of compassion and peace if we were perhaps right before that in an administrative mode or you were just attending to the ten thousand things on your list," Rea says. But when you approach Namaskars with more attention and reverence, you can more easily experience the feeling state called bhava, which Rea calls “a chance to cultivate the soil from which movement meditation [and rasa] will grow.”

Simple yet deliberate actions can guide you into this profound state, even before you begin circling your arms overhead. Rea suggests simply turning your mat and body to face the sun or moon during practice can shift consciousness, as well as placing your hands at the heart and parting the knuckles slightly to create an inner altar.

Inspired to learn more?
Experience this transformative practice and integrate the inner and outer benefits of meditation into your Sun Salutations through Shiva Rea’s six-week Master ClassSign up now.

 

《 Adam Hawley – Detroit (04:48) 》


《 Adam Hawley – Detroit (04:48) 》

Two Angle House by Megowan Architectural is all about contrast and contemporary design


https://www.caandesign.com/two-angle-house-by-megowan-architectural-is-all-about-contrast-and-contemporary-design/

Two Angle House by Megowan Architectural is all about contrast and contemporary design

Architects: Megowan Architectural
Location: Mount ElizaVictoriaAustralia
Year: 2018
Photo courtesy: Tom Blachford
Description:

“The Two Angle house, located in the seaside town of Mount Eliza in Victoria, Australia, is about contrast. The interior and exterior are a play on the contrast between two angles of internal organization, the contrast between warm and cold materials and a considered contrast between architecture and landscape.

The two angles within the layout of the design are immediately expressed upon entry into the house. A large concrete blade wall extends due west out to frame a double height view of the bay while the prevailing angle of the surrounding subdivision is expressed through a spotted gum timber lined ceiling which leads to the main living area of the house.

Joinery volumes, the direction of decking and soffits, the board forming in the concrete, custom elongated strip lighting and large cantilevered decks all extend westward reinforcing and framing the principal western view. In angling off the suburban grid, the house was able to stretch from east to west across the site allowing for optimal passive solar design to every habitable room.

The house presents to the street as a modest single family home in scale with many of the older post war homes which exist in the area. It is only upon entry that the true scale of the house is revealed.

The principle areas of the house are designed on the top (second) floor allowing the two clients to live predominantly on one level despite the hillside nature of the site. The master bedroom was oriented to the north and east to allow for the clients to wake up with the sun and take in spectacular views across the bay to the Melbourne CBD. The kitchen living and outdoor terrace was oriented to the west and north to maximize the views and dramatically frame sunsets.

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Extensive concrete in floors and walls acts as thermal mass while in slab hydronic heating further helps regulate interior temperatures. Water tanks, solar panels and solar hot water (both domestic and for pool) are some of the many sustainable initiatives.”

Thank you for reading this article!

 

《 Adam Hawley – While You Were Dreaming(Just The Beginning) (05:06) 》


《 Adam Hawley – While You Were Dreaming(Just The Beginning) (05:06) 》

【日本想想】攝影OK?攝影NG?當逛展覽也開始「曬Instagram」


再多的「記錄」,仍舊不敵當下的親身感受,翻拍的畫面永遠不及親眼所見,感動必然是在臨場時被觸發,所以人們才必須抵達現場,汲取一次次和作品的面對面相遇。
#看展新禮貌運動 #京都国際写真祭 #蜷川實花
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6961

【日本想想】攝影OK?攝影NG?當逛展覽也開始「曬Instagram」

友善列印版本

「請問可以拍照嗎?」

「沒問題的。啊,不如我幫您拍吧?」

親切的工作人員接過我的相機,為我拍下紀念照,甚至還多拍了直式橫式任我挑選,實在太貼心,讓人一時忘了自己其實是在逛攝影展。是的,當時我正在參觀KYOTOGRAPHIE京都國際攝影祭(京都国際写真祭,以下簡稱為「KYOTOGRAPHIE」)裡,新銳攝影師宮崎いず美的展場。「逛展」與「拍照」似乎是兩種很衝突的概念,KYOTOGRAPHIE抱持著開放的態度來面對,讓人對展覽空間與看展禮節發想出更多討論。

KYOTOGRAPHIE京都國際攝影祭2018年的其中一座展場ASPHODEL。攝影:陳怡秀

感受美的經驗、碰上珍貴瞬間時,很多人一定都有想按下快門的衝動,近年來,日本越來越流行使用Instagram,甚至「曬Instagram」(インスタ映え,インスタ為Instagram的日文簡寫,映え可解釋做「映える」,指的是映照、照耀的意思,也可延伸作好看、閃耀之意)一詞還獲得了2017年流行語大賞。舉辦攝影祭的人自然也很懂這份心情與趨勢,因此除了限制一些作品禁止拍攝之外,大部分的展場都能拍照,比如說開頭提到的宮崎いず美展覽,就在門口放置了攝影師於自己作品裡也用到的「巨大飯糰山」模型,供參觀者拍照留念,3樓展覽空間也架設了一個拍攝空間,只要把頭伸進挖空的洞中,就能讓自己進入到「雲朵空間」裡,輕鬆拍出超適合「曬Instagram」、洋溢著宮崎いず美奇想風格的照片。

宮崎いず美展覽的會場門口所放置的「巨大飯糰山」模型。(攝影:陳怡秀)

宮崎いず美展覽的3樓會場門口的自拍區。(攝影:陳怡秀)

同樣吸引許多參觀者自拍熱潮的,還有攝影師蜷川實花的展場。蜷川實花的作品色彩鮮豔、華麗絢爛,不只照片本身,展覽空間也延續這樣的風格,繽紛的大型背板前,自然也吸引許多人駐足自拍。

蜷川實花展覽的會場,左方的紙傘花卉背板是最受歡迎的自拍背景之一。(攝影:陳怡秀)

KYOTOGRAPHIE於2013年開始舉辦,選在每年春季於京都展出古今和洋的風格迥異卻各顯精采的攝影作品,今天也於4月14日至5月13日舉行,其展場不僅限於美術館或藝廊,也設於古民家甚至是寺院,因此除了欣賞作品本身,觀察作品與空間激起何種化學變化、營造出什麼樣的氛圍,也成為參加攝影祭的一大樂趣之一,照片與美景的組合透過參觀者的相機記錄下來,成為「有圖有真相」的觀後感,自然地透過SNS管道成為口碑宣傳。參展人們對於自己的作品會被翻拍這件事,自然也有所意識,比如在堀川御池Gallery辦展的攝影師小野規,就在展區中貼上了告示,告知參觀者若要把展場裡的照片上傳至網路上時,請註明KYOTOGRAPHIE與作者姓名的字樣。

小野規展覽會場中放置的告示,指出「攝影的照片若要上傳至SNS時,請務必寫上以下說明:『KYOTOGRAPHIE 2018 小野規展 “COASTAL MOTIFS" 』」(攝影:陳怡秀)

對於主辦單位與攝影家本人而言,參加者在SNS上的自發性宣傳,無疑有著相當顯著的吸睛效果。不只是KYOTOGRAPHIE,去年東京的國立新美術館舉辦草間彌生展與慕夏展時,都開放了部分可攝影的區域。對現代美術抱持興趣的人,有很大一塊為年輕世代,對這些參觀者而言,美術館不只是鑑賞作品的場地,若能達到「曬Instagram」,自然也會成為看展的附加價值之一,吸引更多人前往,這是國立新美術館館方也意識到的現況,甚至有許多藝術創作者會反過來向館方表示,為了讓自己的作品能夠更為人所知,主動要求開放攝影。但如何讓熱衷於拍照的人不去影響只想安靜看展者的權利,以及如何去拿捏參觀者拍照時與作品之間的安全距離,便成為館方必須面對的課題。

攝影OK或NG的議題,當然也不只發生在日本,台灣過去舉辦蜷川實花展時,也碰到過類似的批評與混亂。究竟展覽、美術館,該不該開放拍照呢?在相對更早開放拍攝的歐美藝文設施裡,這樣的爭論也持續著,他們選擇的對應方式可能是設定某些「禁止拍照時段」,又或者是單獨設立拍照區,讓想拍照、想留念的人「就留在這裡拍」,有點類似於宮崎いず美在展區門口放一座「飯糰山」的概念。不過很多人還是想拋出疑問——「你在美術館裡拍的照片,回去真的還會看嗎?」以及「對你而言,看展的意義到底是什麼呢?」再多的「記錄」,仍舊不敵當下的親身感受,翻拍的畫面永遠不及親眼所見,感動必然是在臨場時被觸發,所以人們才必須抵達現場,汲取一次次和作品的面對面相遇。

(攝影:陳怡秀)

在逛KYOTOGRAPHIE的期間,我也拍攝了非常多照片,因為太想記錄下作品與空間的關係與作品的排列位置,以釐清攝影師欲安排的「故事線」,同時記錄下最被該攝影師所觸動的作品,回去進行更多翻找與查閱。當攝影是被許可時,為了留下美好的一刻、蒐集靈感的素材、記錄視覺的經驗、傳播當下的感動,在美術館按下快門便不該是要被一昧指責的行為,但相反的,拍攝者也不能只沈浸於手機螢幕的方格世界中,留給周遭看展人相對的禮貌空間,同時對作品本身抱持基本的尊重,則是雙方都必須要積極加強的「看展新禮貌運動」了。

 

《 Adam Hawley – I Don’t Mind (04:17) 》


《 Adam Hawley – I Don’t Mind (04:17) 》

新一代設計展 新銳設計師對環境的主張與提案


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211821?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=b072ab15af-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-b072ab15af-84956681

新一代設計展 新銳設計師對環境的主張與提案

2018年05月25日
環境資訊中心記者 賴品瑀報導

國內外大專院校設計相關學系參與的「第37屆新一代設計展」,25日於台北世貿開展,上萬名學生聯手推出3000多件作品,展現創意能量之外,也有不少作品對環境問題提出主張,甚至是解決方法。

本屆新一代設計展展期是25至28日,共有國內64校、137系,合計1萬114名設計師參與,推出了3599件作品,包括了產品、平面、視傳、包裝、公益、空間、時尚、遊戲與多媒體等設計領域。

不少作品在經濟部工業局的產學合作計畫下,已朝向市場化去設計,等待未來有機會量產,但也有部分設計師認為,在畢業後將展開商業設計的生涯,因此打算在這次的機會中展現對社會議題的看法。有不少設計師選擇為環境保護與物種保護發聲,或尋求解決方案。

南台科技大學「STYCUM」設法解決台南漁光島浮棚牡蠣養殖,不停散落保麗龍屑污染海岸的問題,設計了使用風力發電的攔截漂浮垃圾裝置。將裝置設在蚵棚周邊,直接抽吸散落的保麗龍碎屑,一則減少污染、二來漁民可定期去收取,拿去回收還可賺錢。團隊成員沈芊期待市政府能夠看到他們的設計,因為台南正是目前全台蚵棚數量最多的縣市。佛光大學亦有團隊提出「清溝」裝置,運用小巧思,防止垃圾與樹葉進入水溝造成阻塞,也更方便清潔隊員處理。

南台科技大學STYCUM攔截漂浮垃圾裝置
南台科技大學STYCUM攔截漂浮垃圾裝置。賴品瑀攝。

南台科技大學的「人人製作」團隊,將傳統竹編技法結合設計,展出竹製的躺椅、貓屋,小組指出,竹子的韌度、易塑型且生長快速的特點,近年已成綠建材的重要材質之一,這個設計更獲得文化資產的獎項,因為可以協助傳統工藝傳承。

小組表示,目前台灣新竹、台南、南投都還有竹藝的師傅,希望他們的設計可以為竹藝帶來活力。另一組學生則選了目前只有嘉義、台南還有在種植的「貴黍」,發現這種植物除了傳統拿來邊掃把外,其強韌的特性還可以當線、當隔音棉、做編織等等運用。

人人製作竹藝
南台科技大學「人人製作」團隊的竹藝設計獲得文化資產獎項。賴品瑀攝。

台中科大「有種」團隊,展出杯麵、筆記本形式的可食用植物種植組合,要推廣食農教育。成員劉妤瑄解釋,以泡麵形式設計,是想諷刺現代人吃的速成食品,往往有許多其實並不知道是什麼的東西,他們的設計要提醒人們「I know what I eat.」,親手種植自己的食物不但吃得有機健康,也縮短食物里程。

台北教育大學周允蓁設計一款桌遊「農廠大亂鬥」目前正在集資中,講的是違章工廠污染農地的問題,藉此思考台灣農業的價值與未來走向。

有種
台中科大「有種」團隊要推廣食農教育。賴品瑀攝。

台藝大更有多組創作,有志一同的探討了物種保護、塑膠垃圾等環境問題。萬向欣的「under 1.0」是根據IUCN分級,手繪了12張不同地區的野生動物,以視力檢查表的形式,無危等級畫的最大,接著按等級逐漸縮小,「越小越看不到了」,萬向欣以此提醒許多生物面臨滅絕。

「黑色生態」團隊則以黴菌顏料,為多種瀕危動物作畫;隨著時間黴菌會逐漸浮現,越來越清晰,旁邊也講述著每種動物因各種原因而數量減少,團隊成員詹舒評表示,例如露脊鯨與船隻相撞,穿山甲黃胸鵐因人類的口腹之慾、盔犀鳥甚至是因為造型特殊的頭骨而淪槍下亡魂。

台藝大「黑色生態」團隊以黴菌顏料,為多種瀕危動物作畫。賴品瑀攝。

「塑縛」以寶特瓶創作、「海洋革命號」以台灣各地海灘上撿拾的各種塑膠袋創作,不約而同的指出塑膠垃圾對於海洋生態造成的浩劫。

「FOOT PRINT」團隊挑選了台灣最常進出口的13項貨物,翻模後寄往世界各地,利用以覆寫紙包裝這些模型,在運送中碰撞擠壓的痕跡,把「碳足跡」視覺化,展示光鮮亮麗的全球化貿易,其實隱藏了巨大的碳足跡危害。

「海洋革命號」
「海洋革命號」以台灣各地海灘上撿拾的各種塑膠袋創作。賴品瑀攝。
海洋革命號
「海洋革命號」以台灣各地海灘上撿拾的各種塑膠袋創作。賴品瑀攝。

喜歡這篇文章嗎?
快來媒體小農灌溉環境資訊中心吧!

作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

《 Adam Hawley – Can You Feel It? (04:12) 》


《 Adam Hawley – Can You Feel It? (04:12) 》

「非法棄置的天堂」高雄大坪頂遭爆再利用廠變鋼鐵爐渣堆置場


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211808?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=b072ab15af-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-b072ab15af-84956681

「非法棄置的天堂」高雄大坪頂遭爆再利用廠變鋼鐵爐渣堆置場

2018年05月25日
環境資訊中心記者 賴品瑀報導

新竹新豐的非法棄置鋼鐵爐渣、集塵灰才終獲年底完成清除的承諾,25日立委林淑芬、陳曼麗與環保團體又舉行記者會,踢爆高雄大寮大坪頂一處養鴨場旁有非法掩埋爐渣,且疑似混拌了有害集塵灰與其他廢棄物。

這個養鴨場已在當地設立了五年,鴨肉鴨蛋是否遭到戴奧辛等重金屬的污染,政府還正在查驗,而此案更顯示大坪頂地處偏僻,長期是全台棄置最頻繁的地段,早已淪為「非法棄置的天堂」,待中央與地方政府提出更積極的管理。

DSC04720
立委林淑芬、陳曼麗與環保團體踢爆高雄大寮大坪頂一處養鴨場旁有非法掩埋爐渣,且疑似混拌了有害集塵灰與其他廢棄物。賴品瑀攝。

前一日中央與地方皆開始處理此案,雖然25日一早,高市府環保局已表示,經檢測認定只是一般爐石,重金屬及戴奧辛均低於標準,不過環保署督察總隊南區大隊長王世昌表示,戴奧辛的檢測結果至少要一週的時間才能確認。

督察總隊簡任技正蔡蓬培表示,該廠為電弧爐爐渣的再利用廠,目前不屬大坪頂遭土壤地下水污染列管12個場址之一,不過因為曾經發生過非法棄置事件,是南區大隊會定期巡檢的熱區之一。目前南區大隊約是每月一次巡檢大坪頂。

環團呼籲,環保署、農委會、食藥署等相關部會儘速調查此案的環境污染及食安問題,更要再次修正廢清法,再補強廢棄物流向管制漏洞。看守台灣協會秘書長謝和霖認為,特定幾種持續發生非法棄置問題的廢棄物,應該要有特別管理機制。

林淑芬也指出,雖然地處偏遠,但大坪頂目前屬於都市計劃的範圍,土地分區使用是「住宅區」,現在卻是養鴨場、土資場為主,也有農業行為,也是重新檢討的時機了。而日前才要成立全台第一個「國土巡守隊」,希望能改善大坪頂長期遭非法棄置的狀況。而在大坪頂棄置的廢棄物,七成是以上疑似為鋼鐵業的集塵灰,政府應該再加強鋼鐵廢棄物的流向管理,台灣鋼聯更有社會責任與法律責任,要出面解決問題。

「褐色的土」現身再利用廠 相鄰養鴨場恐染戴奧辛

中華醫事科技大學副教授黃煥彰指出,台南社大環境行動小組日前接獲民眾舉報,查到有爐渣再利用場所非法掩埋爐渣,並疑似在混拌有害集塵灰與其他廢棄物,且一旁就有個養鴨場,違法使用爐渣粒料鋪地,嚴重危及環境品質與食品安全。

2018052504
黃煥彰表示,採樣的「褐色的土」,鉛、鋅、銅、鉻含量均超出土壤污染管制標準。

展示在當地採樣的「褐色的土」,黃煥彰指出,小組自行以儀器檢測,發現其鉛、鋅、銅、鉻含量均超出土壤污染管制標準,且鋅含量更高達6萬ppm,超出管制標準的2000ppm有30倍之多。黃煥彰表示,他認為與台61線、新豐海岸發現的爐渣相似,因此他懷疑是電弧爐爐渣還原碴與集塵灰相互混和攪拌。

黃煥彰批,該再利用廠多項違反相關法規,除了爐渣堆積成山,廢鐵、電纜線,什麼廢棄物都有,可能因為再利用去化不順利,根本實際上已成堆置場而非再利用廠,甚至有轉為長久堆置的可能。

而相鄰的養鴨場,道路鋪面明顯有使用爐渣鋪路,而鴨子喜歡吃石頭,他相當擔憂鴨子可能吃下戴奧辛等重金屬,可能讓鴨肉與鴨蛋遭污染。由於養鴨場圍籬很高,環團無法取得場內的土壤或是鴨子,因此黃煥彰希望政府仔細檢查。

DSC04721
黃煥彰懷疑,這「褐色的土」是鋼鐵業電弧爐爐渣還原碴與集塵灰相互混和攪拌。賴品瑀攝。

蔡蓬培表示,經調查,養鴨場表示,進駐該魚塭養鴨五年,週邊環境沒有太大變動,堆置已經存在,而隔壁的再利用廠的確持續有在運作,堆置的廢棄物有高有低的變化。

農委會畜牧處簡任技正李宜謙表示,當然不容許養鴨的環境中有戴奧辛,已經派環保局去稽查,若鴨子遭到污染,農委會將協助農民求償。不過,面對如何防範未來其他農牧遭廢棄物污染,李宜謙表示,農委會的政策鼓勵以後養鴨在室內養,遭林淑芬大批「聽不下去」。

圖片來源:黃煥彰臉書。
農委會表示,若鴨子遭到污染,將協助農民求償。圖片來源:黃煥彰臉書。

黃煥彰表示,此養鴨場的情境與他在2009年所檢舉的高雄縣大寮鄉新厝路養鴨場非常相似,也是爐渣鋪地,而那時環保署環檢所測得兩件鴨肉樣品戴奧辛含量分別為4.05及11.2皮克/克脂肪,超過當時《食品中戴奧辛處理規範》中規定標準(2 皮克/克脂肪)的2至5倍。

喜歡這篇文章嗎?
快來媒體小農灌溉環境資訊中心吧!

作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

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