WTF Just Happened with Alo, Cody App, Kino and the Instagram Yoga Community


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/wtf-just-happened-with-alo-cody-app-and-the-yoga-community

WTF Just Happened with Alo, Cody App, Kino and the Instagram Yoga Community

In this Instagram blowout between Alo, Cody App, and teachers Dana Falsetti and Kino MacGregor, the yoga community revealed—in both supportive and damning comments—how complicated yoga business and social media can be.
Dana Falsetti Social Media Instagram Influencer

On December 6, 2017, Dana Falsetti was at home when she was served legal papers by Cody Inc., an online platform that sells video training programs and had just been acquired by Alo, LLC, a yoga apparel company for defamation and trade libel.

You’re probably familiar with this story by now: On December 6, 2017, Dana Falsetti was at home when she was served legal papers by Cody Inc., an online platform that sells video training programs and had just been acquired by Alo, LLC, a yoga apparel company. Cody was suing the 24-year-old yoga teacher, body positive advocate, and (now former) Cody instructor for breach of contract and trade libel, which they claimed Falsetti committed in a short-lived Instagram Story about the then-confidential Cody-Alo merger. On December 8, Alo also filed a lawsuit against Falsetti for defamation and trade libel.

In Falsetti’s Insta Story, she harshly criticized Alo, saying that the brand “lies,” “perpetuates body shame,” and that an Alo executive faced “sexual harassment/assault allegations." The contentious post was triggered by an email Cody had sent its subscription-based customers advertising Alo apparel, which Falsetti claimed “led her students and followers to ‘reasonably’ believe she was affiliated with Alo,” causing them to express “concern and disappointment” about her new relationship with a company that they viewed as “antagonistic to her advocacy for the health and wellness of large-bodied persons.” Falsetti countersued for breach of contract and equitable indemnity, stating that the acquisition violated her Talent License and Release Agreement because it harmed her reputation.

Her counterclaim was dismissed by the court on March 8, 2018, and the Cody/Alo lawsuits were settled out of court on April 12, but what ensued on social—in both supportive and damning posts and comments—continues to ripple through the community and reveal how complicated the marriage of yoga business and social media can be.

Social (Media) Justice?

A few months after Cody and Alo sued Falsetti, Ashtanga yogi, Cody instructor, and Instagram celebrity Kino MacGregor (@kinoyoga)—with 1+ million followers—stepped in to defend Falsetti, and the yoga community broke into unprecedented, sometimes crude and aggressive commentary regarding the true nature of yoga and yoga business. MacGregor posted on her Insta that “If yogis enter business, or even seek to make money off of yoga, the yoga should always come first. Any brand or brand owner that seeks to capture the hearts of yogis would be held up to the moral and ethical standards of the practice itself.” She linked to an opinion piece on Elephant Journal in support of her fellow Cody teacher, and launched a crowdfunding campaign that raised more than $50,000 to assist with Falsetti’s legal fees. While this post received almost 24k likes and some commented that they unfollowed and planned to boycott Alo in response to her message, others said that it’s not Kino’s place to criticize others for not behaving yogically, especially since she, too, has an apparel line and her own business, OMstars—a video platform similar to Cody’s. At the same time, Falsetti (@nolatrees, 330k followers) who had kept lawsuit details and references off social media received thousands of messages supporting her outspokenness and lauding her as an inspiration.

Kino MacGregor Instagram image Alo lawsuit

Kino MacGregor spoke up on Instagram siding with Falsetti, which ignited a myriad of responses—both positive and negative—revealing just how delicate yoga business and social media relationships can be.

MacGregor’s siding with Falsetti stemmed, in part, from her own negotiations with Alo. “For me, personally, it was reaching a stalemate,” Kino told YJ. “The line was drawn when they filed the lawsuit against Dana.” According to Alo, acquisition of OMstars was part of that negotiation. “Kino MacGregor was negotiating the sale of her yoga platform to Alo in late October for more than a million dollars," an Alo spokesperson told YJ. MacGregor, however, says she never intended to sell her company. “I wanted to keep an open mind and hear what Alo and Cody were creating. They made me a multi-million dollar offer and told me they would glorify me and make me their ‘special voice.’ I told Paul [Javid, co-founder of Cody] and Marco [deGeorge, co-founder of Alo] thank you for the offer, but no thanks. I didn’t like the direction they were going and how they think about yoga, and didn’t want to be affiliated with them. I told them that I am running OMstars and their offer didn’t take my channel into account.”

Tension between Alo and MacGregor may have been the catalyst for a blog postshe wrote on her own site in December that discussed subliminal marketing and brand transparency. In the post, MacGregor encouraged consumers to “vote with your dollars and boycott their products” if they see big companies “monopolizing the message of yoga.” The post also mentioned the Instagram accounts @YogaInspiration, @YogaGoals, and @YogaChannel—all of which include images of yogis wearing Alo apparel. Alo does own all three accounts, but only @YogaInspiration’s profile mentioned Alo, and while @YogaGoals had an Apple app store link to the Alo Yoga Poses app, it did not mention Alo explicitly. After MacGregor posted the blog, Alo sent her a cease and desist letter. According to the Alo spokesperson, “Kino had violated the terms of her contract with Cody".

Shortly before Falsetti announced that the lawsuits were settled out of court, MacGregor received a subpoena—served to her after class in Birmingham, Alabama, as she was talking to students—on the grounds of “discoverable information,” or evidence that could be used in the Alo, LLC v. Dana Falsetti case. On our publishing date, MacGregor was still in negotiations with Cody and Alo regarding her contract and content use.

After the lawsuits, the yoga community broke into unprecedented, sometimes crude and aggressive commentary regarding the true nature of yoga and yoga business. 

After the lawsuits, the yoga community broke into unprecedented, sometimes crude and aggressive commentary regarding the true nature of yoga and yoga business.

Yogic Values Scrutinized: The Yoga Community Backlash On Social Media

The dialogues that originated with the lawsuits took a sharp turn when Instagram commentary among yogis started to heat up to dramatic levels—challenging one of the most sacred yogic principles, ahimsa (non-violence, non-harming). People, many of whom are yogis themselves, condemned those with an opposing point of view. It wasn’t just Falsetti and MacGregor who receive insensitive feedback; several prominent Alo ambassadors (who were listed in the Elephant Journal piece) were shamed for their partnerships with the clothing company. Even more troubling was the competitive back-and-forth among strangers. “People are encouraged by social media and are soapboxing each other on comment platforms and stories,” says Waylon Lewis, editor-in-chief of Elephant Journal who published MacGregor’s opinion piece. “They split into sides and no longer view the opposing side as a good human being. Everything gets rancorous. It’s the fake news-isation of yoga.”

While this type of behavior may be surprising given that it’s happening in the yoga community, it shouldn’t be. Social media thrives on extreme behaviors, amplifying conversations with incredible speed. The juxtaposition between spiritual agendas and commodification—after all, we spend time and money on yoga mats, teachers, malas—can breed strong feelings if a conflict questions one’s investment in a yoga practice. “Yoga is many things to many people,” says Andrea Jain, associate professor of religious studies at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis and author of Selling Yoga: From Counterculture to Pop Culture. “One of the upsides [of social media] is that yoga can be tailored to fit the needs of individual audiences so they can see themselves in the yoga world. The downside is that it provides a forum for people to claim authenticity and ownership [of yoga] and to verbally abuse those who they think are straying from the right path.”

Briohny Smyth (@yogawithbriohny), an Alo ambassador with over 100k Instagram followers and one of Cody’s top coaches, felt the effects of the community split first-hand. Days after MacGregor’s Elephant Journal article, the numerous DM requests for her opinion prompted Smyth to address the story. She wrote: “I have no personal issue with anyone in this drama, in fact, I have a lot of love for them all…Business is business. After reviewing the facts, I believe that an amicable settlement could’ve been reached if people were being sensible and not reactive.” This unleashed a flood of commentary—many applauded her thoughts, and just as many threw out insults, calling her “stupid,” and “money-hungry.” “It’s time for us to reexamine what yoga has become instead of sit there and hate it,” Smyth tells YJ in response to reactions on her posts. “We want to cultivate community, not create community through hate.”

When MacGregor started the conversation regarding the Falsetti lawsuits, her hope was that if people chose to speak out, her call to action would be handled with maturity and responsibility, she tells YJ. “Anger does not equal hate,” she adds. “I never ever, ever, directed anyone to hate or send hate messages to anyone. I am utterly heartbroken how it has all turned out.”

The lesson we can all learn here is that trying to align the message of yoga with a single entity is counterproductive. “I would encourage yoga practitioners to think of yoga as a large system,” says Jain. “We are driven to respond impulsively [on social media]. When you see something that angers you, sit back and reflect and think critically before forming an opinion or stance. It’s not necessarily about this figure or that corporation, it’s about the system in which they are functioning—capitalism.”

‘Amicable Resolution’ Between Alo, Cody App and Dana Falsetti

After Falsetti reached her own resolution with Cody and Alo, she posted a public statement via her Instagram account, admitting that she made some mistakes. “If I could go back and do it all again, I would do more fact-checking and seek a non-reactive path to expressing my concerns…” she wrote. “I failed to completely understand a contract that I signed, and that is my own fault…I spoke out of a desire to be transparent to my community and true to my work.”

While the details of the resolution were not made public, the issue of Falsetti’s content has been addressed. “Members of Cody who paid for Dana’s content are still able to access it,” says the Alo spokesperson. “However, her content has been delisted from the Cody platform. We are pleased that we came to a resolution with Dana and wish her the very best.”

As for Falsetti, she feels that at least her lawsuits sparked dialogue about important issues (like body image and how stereotypes are reflected) relevant to the yoga community now. “The foundation of a yoga practice is that we need to be listening to the experiences other people are having,” she told YJ. “People are mad about the disconnect that exists between the yoga and wellness microcosms [on Instagram].” Her hope is that these comments are parlayed into actual in-person conversations that reach people on a deeper level, bringing awareness to stereotypes and biases, she said.

“For me, yoga is social justice,” says Falsetti. “My yoga practice is not just asana, but uplifting marginalized communities, having tough and often controversial conversations, and expanding awareness. If anything positive has come from the publicity of this situation, it seems to be the dynamic conversations communities are engaging in. The topics at hand: commodified yoga and wellness, diversity in marketing, transparent advertising, freedom of speech, ethical practices, the intersection of capitalism and spiritual practices, ableism, fat bias, and so many others, are important. They matter. Let’s not shut them down.”

 

Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects


https://www.caandesign.com/leschi-dearborn-house-in-seattle-by-jw-architects/

Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects

Architects: JW Architects
Location: SeattleWashingtonUSA
Year: 2015
Area: 3,127 sqft / 291 sqm
Photo courtesy: Lara Swimmer
Description:

This house is intended to express northwest local cedar proceeding from the back to front. The structure of the living region additionally streams easily from the outside to the inside. The substantial kitchen with far reaching island is perfect for exciting. This home components ageless materials to guarantee that it ages nimbly. The deck reaches out over the whole of the rooftop and gives clearing perspectives of Lake Washington and both Mount Rainier and Mount Baker.

Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-01Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-02Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-03Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-04Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-05Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-06Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-07Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-08Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-09Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-10Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-11Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-12

Thank you for reading this article!

 

【日本想想】讓你的名字成為世界遺產?奈良藥師寺的寫經瓦體驗


「想讓自己的名字成為世界遺產的一部份嗎?請別錯過這個難得的機會喲!」——這句重量級的推銷詞,想必會吸引很多人的注意吧?最特別的是,還出自一位出家人之口呢。出家人不打誑語,那麼要怎麼做才能真正名留世界遺產呢?奈良縣藥師寺的「東塔一文字寫經瓦體驗」,讓觀光客也能輕巧實踐。
#藥師寺 #藥師如來 #古都奈良的文化財 #定格的音樂
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6930

【日本想想】讓你的名字成為世界遺產?奈良藥師寺的寫經瓦體驗

友善列印版本

「想讓自己的名字成為世界遺產的一部份嗎?請別錯過這個難得的機會喲!」——這句重量級的推銷詞,想必會吸引很多人的注意吧?最特別的是,還出自一位出家人之口呢。出家人不打誑語,那麼要怎麼做才能真正名留世界遺產呢?奈良縣藥師寺的「東塔一文字寫經瓦體驗」,讓觀光客也能輕巧實踐。

奈良縣藥師寺的「東塔一文字寫經瓦體驗」,讓觀光客有機會將自己的名字成為世界遺產一部份。(攝影:陳怡秀)

藥師寺是一座位於奈良市西之京町的千年古寺,於西元680年時創建,供奉著藥師如來,自古以來作為重要的宗教中心,亦名列南都七大寺、西國藥師四十九靈場之列,並於1998年和東大寺、春日大社、平城宮跡等建物以「古都奈良的文化財」之名義,登錄為世界遺產。千年歲月間,藥師寺遭受多次天災、人禍、戰事的考驗,因此不斷地復原再煥新,1971年開始的一系列工程,讓金堂、西塔、中門、回廊等部份都呈現出嶄新風貌。西元730年建成的「東塔」,多年來倖免於重重紛亂,始終是古韻盎然、沉靜矗立著,成為藥師寺境內最具代表性的建築,但時光的侵蝕仍是最大考驗。

藥師寺的金堂。(攝影:陳怡秀)

藥師寺的西塔,和東塔的風格完全不同。(攝影:陳怡秀)

這座1300年前的建築,無論外觀與構造上,皆充滿著各種巧思與設計。東塔看似是六層塔,但其實為三重結構,其中三層規格較小的被稱為「裳層」,不僅是用來裝飾,也能分散強風吹拂的力道,而塔頂相輪上部的水煙由4片銅板鑲合而成,上頭雕塑24座飛天天女,展現出靈動活潑的線條,被鑽研東洋美術史的美國學者Ernest Fenollosa譽為是「定格的音樂」。而東塔最重要的部分為貫串整座塔中心的「心柱」,它具有良好的防震效果,讓東塔屹立不搖於千年,但心柱受白蟻侵蝕,導致嚴重空洞化,修復工程刻不容緩——說刻不容緩可能也不準確,因為比起時間的迫切性,更要著重於維持「原貌」。

東塔目前正在修建工程中,外頭用灰白相間的帆布罩起來看不見內部,但在體驗行程中可進去參觀。(攝影:陳怡秀)

工程必須盡可能將修理範圍控制在10%至20%,修復團隊保留下原本心柱的外輪,清理蛀蝕的部分再插入新的支撐,而整座東塔80%至90%的原有建材中,其實又有80%至90%是自東塔建成時便保留下來的,如此高比例,顯示了一磚一瓦皆為無價之寶,修復工程一步步都得精巧細緻。東塔於2011年開啟大規模拆卸工程,預計2020年6月才會完工。過去到藥師寺參拜時,西塔、金堂、東塔的完美構圖,如今因為這項勢在必行的修復工程,讓東塔被套上一層灰白相間的防風罩,不過藝術的保存,本就值得人們耐心等待。

那如果等不及,或者是想要盡一份心力的人要如何是好呢?我無意間發現奈良市觀光協會於5月初特別舉辦了「藥師寺・東塔一文字寫經瓦體驗」活動,便決定報名參加。

「這位先生,請問奈良縣最有名的寺廟是哪一間呢?」

「東大寺。」

「哎呀,您說得沒有錯,但實在是希望您可以看看自己身處何處,回答『是藥師寺』呢。」

以上對話,語出藥師寺的僧侶與某位參加者之口。參加者坦率的正確答案與僧侶有趣的吐槽,惹得在場人一陣哄堂大笑,除了讚嘆關西人幽默的性格體現於各種角落之外,也不禁放鬆了心情,雖是寺廟中的體驗活動,卻不感到嚴肅緊繃。將歷史與由來化繁為簡,再透過「藥師寺所供奉的藥師如來,各位可以把祂想像成是醫生,而在祂兩旁的日光菩薩與月光菩薩,就像是護士的角色」這類淺顯易懂的說明,讓參觀者很快地進入狀況。

而在說明東塔的修建工程時,除了解說工程的作法外,僧侶也稍微收斂起笑容,闡述了東塔不只是「好大!」或「好古老!」的普通建築,而是一座獨特存在的情感,「當100年過後,我們會都成為沒有名字的『祖先』,但東塔將會一直被留存下來」。聽完情理並陳的說明後,一行人再到修復中的東塔內部參觀,去親眼見證剛才的各種介紹,仔細地觀察飛檐的精緻雕刻、歲月留下來的斑駁痕跡與隱身在最核心部分的心柱,一連串的流程走下來,不禁也對這座歷史建築漾生出一種特殊的情懷。

寫經瓦體驗的會場。(攝影:陳怡秀)

體驗行程的壓軸為「寫一文字經瓦」,參加者可自己選擇摩訶般若波羅蜜多心經中的一個字,寫在瓦片的正中間,然後再在瓦片的右上方寫下自己的出生地,左下方寫下名字,未來這些瓦片將會被安置在東塔上——是的,師父沒有騙人,這就是讓自己的名字成為世界遺產一部份的方式,同時也呼應了百年之後當我們被後代所遺忘時東塔仍會存在的那番話,過去多年來的參加者恐怕有成千上萬,就算寫了經瓦,恐怕也不知道最後會被擺在哪個角落,但想著自己的名字與心意化為某種形式被堆築起來,成為「世界遺產」,不禁就覺得踏實、心安又浪漫。

參加寫經瓦的人會獲得一串由僧侶親手交付的佛珠。(攝影:陳怡秀)

僧侶的「叫賣」、幽默的應答,以及工程休息期間配合觀光協會舉辦體驗行程,不僅以充滿參與感的方式成功推薦勸募活動,而也讓人對藥師寺與東塔投注入獨一無二的「特殊情懷」,這座千年古寺「搏感情」的方式與柔軟的身段,實在令人不傾心都難呢。

 

《 Alan Walker – All Falls Down (03:41) 》


《 Alan Walker – All Falls Down (03:41) 》

Anatomy 101: Can You Safely Jump Back to Plank?


https://www.yogajournal.com/teach/anatomy-101-can-you-safely-jump-back-to-plank

Anatomy 101: Can You Safely Jump Back to Plank?

Learn what muscles are activated when you jump back to Chaturanga or Plank Pose, and how to do it safely.
Biomechanics_301_COMPOSITE_bjk

Rick Cummings

At some point, most yogis will be cautioned during Sun Salutations or vinyasas to “never jump back to Plank Pose—only to Chaturanga Dandasana (Four-Limbed Staff Pose). But this warning doesn’t exist in the fitness world, where jumping back to Plank is part of one of the most popular bodyweight exercises: the burpee.

This basic exercise is simple— start standing; jump straight up; bend forward, and place your hands on the ground; jump back to Plank, then hop your feet to your hands, and repeat. Sound familiar? Eliminate the initial vertical jump, add a backbend (Cobra or Upward-Facing Dog) and Down Dog, and you have a classic Sun Salutation.

According to Mark Singleton’s book Yoga Body, it was Tirumalai Krishnamacharya—the grandfather of Western yoga—who borrowed the jumpback to Chaturanga from Western gymnastics in the 1930s while he was developing the system that became Ashtanga Yoga. With most modern forms of vinyasa and Power Yogaspringing from the Ashtanga lineage, jumping back to Chaturanga became widespread and is now included in most vigorous yoga classes in the West. But given the shoulder and wrist injuries that are emerging lately, it seems like a good idea to revisit a few commonly circulated misconceptions about the biomechanics of the transition.

See also Why You May Want to Start Cross-Training for Chaturanga

First, let’s look at one myth you’ve likely heard: Jumping to Plank is jarring on your joints, forcing your wrists, elbows, and shoulders to absorb shock that would otherwise be dispersed by bending the elbows into Chaturanga. This misconception seems to be based on the false premise that because Plank Pose is a bone-stacked position, the ligaments and tendons within your wrists, elbows, and shoulders must absorb more impact on the landing than they would in Chaturanga.

However, a 2011 study in the Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies showed that the muscles around your wrists, elbows, and shoulders have to produce more torque (a rotational force) in the Chaturanga position (with bent arms) than in Plank Pose (with straight arms). This finding also holds true for jumping back to these poses. Think about it: When you jump back to Plank, your shoulders stay stacked above your wrists, and your elbows stay relatively extended or straight, which means the muscles around your elbows don’t need to produce as much torque as they would for a Chaturanga landing. Instead, the larger (and in most bodies, stronger)muscles around your shoulders and back control the movement, which makes you less susceptible to injury in your shoulders, elbows, and wrists.

See also Building Strength for Chaturanga

Another misconception about landing in Plank Pose is that the bone-stacked position leads to ligament strain. Strain is simply a change in length from an original state—a.k.a. a stretch. So, when you stretch your body, you experience strain, which means strain itself is not synonymous with injury.

Injury occurs when you stretch your tissues beyond their capacity to bounce back. For example, when you bend your elbows into Chaturanga, the ligaments and tendons crossing the joint have to stretch. Ligaments and tendons only undergo strain when a joint is flexed or hyperextended—not when bones are stacked. In Plank Pose, the ligaments and tendons crossing the elbow joint don’t change lengths—which means they aren’t strained.

Finally, you’ve also likely heard the myth that jumping back to Plank Pose is harder on your lower back than landing in Chaturanga. It’s true that if your core isn’t engaged when jumping back to either Plank or Chaturanga, your lower back can sag. This, in turn, can compress the facet joints—the points of articulation between the vertebrae that allow your spine to flex and extend—and lead to bone degeneration if done repeatedly over time.

On the flip side, if your back is over-rounded on either landing, your abdominal muscles can create too much torque on your vertebrae, which can lead to compression in the discs, resulting in injury. Prevent either scenario by jumping back to either pose with an engaged core, which will keep your spine neutral.

See also Strengthen Your Shoulder Muscles + Improve Shoulderstand

Enter the Biomechanics Lab

When we weren’t able to find scientific research examining the biomechanical differences between both transitions, we headed to the Applied Biomechanics Lab at the University of Colorado, Boulder, to investigate. The lab has a 10-camera motion-capture system and special plates that record ground reaction force—the force the ground exerts onto the body in reaction to body weight exerting force onto the ground.

We placed sensors on a yogi’s hands and lower back as reference points to determine where the center of gravity moved during these two transitions. The verdict: Peak vertical ground reaction force—the highest ground reaction force in the vertical direction—was equal for both transitions (about 1.5 times body weight). That means neither landing can actually be classified as more jarring.

In fact, the peak vertical ground reaction force in both jumpbacks was closer to that of walking (1.3 times body weight) than running (2.5 times body weight). That means that with the required strength and proper form, jumping back to either Plank Pose or Chaturanga produces only a slightly higher impact on the body than walking.

See also Anatomy 101: Why Anatomy Training is Essential for Yoga Teachers

Next, we did some follow-up testing to measure the ground reaction forces on the subject’s hands and feet separately during both transitions. As it turns out, jumping back to Chaturanga resulted in a ground reaction force at the upper body that was 10 pounds more than jumping back to Plank (7 percent of the model’s body weight). Yet the reverse was true when jumping back to Plank: It was easier on the shoulders and wrists, but slightly harder on the feet—about additional eight pounds of ground reaction force (5 percent of the model’s body weight).

Perhaps our most important finding was that the center of gravity stayed closer to the hips in the jumpback to Plank and moved about four inches closer to the head in the jumpback to Chaturanga. That means, when combined with ground reaction force, more body weight has to be supported by the arms in the jumpback to Chaturanga, which increases the amount of torque your shoulders, elbows, and wrists must produce in order to land and maintain safe joint positioning in Chaturanga. The more muscular force required, the more opportunity for injury—particularly at the joints if the muscles around them can’t produce enough force to land or hold Chaturanga.

Anatomy of a Jumpback

Wondering what muscles are activated when you jump back to Chaturanga or Plank Pose? Here they are.

Anatomy_Biomechanics_301

See also A Yogi’s Guide to the Shoulder Girdle + Its Actions

The Jumpback to Chaturanga vs. Plank

We tested the ground force reaction—the force the ground exerts on a body in contact with it—of both jumping back to Plank Pose and Chaturanga. Our key findings below indicate that there is not much difference between jumping back to Plank Pose or Chaturanga when you look at the combination of ground reaction force and center of gravity.

Jumping back to Chaturanga resulted in a ground reaction force at the upper body that was 10 pounds more than that of jumping back to Plank (which amounts to 7 percent of the model’s body weight).

Though jumping back to Plank was easier on the shoulders and wrists, it was slightly harder on the feet by about 8 additional pounds of ground reaction force— 5 percent of the model’s body weight.

See also Dolphin Plank Pose

Jumpback_Biomechanics_302

So Which Jumpbacks Should You Practice?

Now that you understand the biomechanics of both jumpbacks, you can make informed choices about the best transition for addressing your needs and goals—and, if you’re a teacher, those of your students. Here are some recommended guidelines:

Step back to Plank and lower through Chaturanga to the ground if you’re looking for the option with the least potential for injury. It’s a great choice for beginners and yogis with sensitive wrists, elbows, shoulders, lower backs, or poor foot mobility.

Jump back to Plank if you can hold Plank Pose with good form (upper back muscles engaged and no sagging in your lower back) without pain and you want to introduce an additional challenge. Just be sure to keep this movement safe by jumping back to Plank Pose with your core, arms, and shoulders engaged and your arms relatively straight.

Jump back to Chaturanga if you can hold the pose with good form (with your upper back muscles engaged, no sagging in your low back or belly, and your shoulders in line with your elbows) and can also successfully jump back to Plank and lower from Plank to Chaturanga without pain. When you practice this, keep your core and shoulders engaged—and stop if you feel any pain or discomfort in your joints.

See also DIY Plank Challenge: How Long Can You Hold It?

About Our Pros
Author and model Robyn Capobianco, PhD, is a yogi whose curiosity about the science of yoga led her to a doctoral program in neurophysiology. She brings more than 20 years of yogic study, practice, and teaching to her scientific research on the neural control of movement. Her research aims to fundamentally alter the way yoga teachers teach—and provide the scientific foundation that she feels is missing from the yoga community. Learn more at drrobyncapo.com.

Jana Montgomery, PhD, is a lifelong learner and athlete. Her passion for science and sports led her to pursue her PhD in the biomechanics of human movement. Her research specializes in understanding how external forces or equipment affect the way people move­—specifically adaptive equipment and technology. Learn more at activeinnovationslab.com.

 

《 Alan Walker – Spectre (03:27) 》


《 Alan Walker – Spectre (03:27) 》

Villalagos Chakra 11 by Kallos Turin


https://www.caandesign.com/villalagos-chakra-11-by-kallos-turin/

Villalagos Chakra 11 by Kallos Turin

Architects: Kallos Turin
Location: Uruguay
Year: 2014
Photo courtesy: Juan Hitters

Villalagos-Chakra-11-01Villalagos-Chakra-11-02Villalagos-Chakra-11-03Villalagos-Chakra-11-04Villalagos-Chakra-11-05Villalagos-Chakra-11-06Villalagos-Chakra-11-07Villalagos-Chakra-11-08Villalagos-Chakra-11-09Villalagos-Chakra-11-10Villalagos-Chakra-11-11Villalagos-Chakra-11-12Villalagos-Chakra-11-13Villalagos-Chakra-11-14Villalagos-Chakra-11-15Villalagos-Chakra-11-16Villalagos-Chakra-11-17Villalagos-Chakra-11-18Villalagos-Chakra-11-19Villalagos-Chakra-11-20Villalagos-Chakra-11-21Villalagos-Chakra-11-22Villalagos-Chakra-11-23Villalagos-Chakra-11-24Villalagos-Chakra-11-25Villalagos-Chakra-11-26Villalagos-Chakra-11-27

Thank you for reading this article!

 

《 Alan Walker – Sing Me To Sleep (03:12) 》


《 Alan Walker – Sing Me To Sleep (03:12) 》

【書摘】上班不囧--職場必備法律常識:公司併購,員工去留?


《上班不囧》2018年最新修訂版,以一個剛出社會的年輕人當主角,呈現職場實境,輕鬆帶出涉及的法律條文。律師用白話文講清楚、說明白,釐清大眾誤解或曲解的狀況,同時針對每個實例,請來重量級企業人資主管或法務專家提供建議。當你的公司被國際大廠併購了,原本的年資可以「移轉」到新公司嗎?延續年資較有利,還是結清年資較有利?若拒絕到新公司任職,可以請求資遣費和退休金嗎?還有哪些權利義務該注意?
#上班不囧 #職場必備 #武林秘笈
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6932

【書摘】上班不囧--職場必備法律常識:公司併購,員工去留?

友善列印版本

書名:上班不囧--職場必備法律常識(勞基法新制上路最新修訂版)(link is external)
作者:馬靜如
出版社:貓頭鷹文化
出版日期:2018年3月29日

《上班不囧--職場必備法律常識》書封

第8章 公司併購,員工去留?

布拉沃公司在各方面業務中,手機零件的設計製造特別出色,頻頻獲得大獎。這樣優秀的表現,被台灣數一數二的國際大廠優尼克(Unique)公司注意到,積極與布拉沃公司協商,雙方一拍即合,決定由優尼克公司收購布拉沃公司的手機零件製造部門,並要求移轉研發部門的相關業務員工,而留下非手機的業務及員工。大維一方面高興有機會成為國際大廠的員工,另一方面又擔心自己原有權益會不會受到影響,而且,大維覺得他所發明的專利是公司手機成功的命脈,於是要求新公司加薪留用他。

布拉沃公司有一百名員工,總經理錢柏恩(錢總)提了一份建議名單,將留下四十名非手機業務的員工,其他六十名則讓優尼克公司挑選。至於優尼克公司方面,在精挑細選後只想留用其中的五十名員工,對另外十名員工則無意僱用。而這五十名被通知留用的員工中,有五名因為不確定等原因,不想去新公司工作,而拒絕移轉,其中也包括大維,因為他的加薪要求被拒絕了;而因為他的研發也包含非手機業務,布拉沃公司同意繼續僱用他。

錢總要求雅萱妥善處理員工移轉問題,可別搞砸了併購的案子,必須兼顧公司及員工雙方的利益。雅萱深感責任重大,趕緊請教律師相關規定,以做出最好的安排。

相關法規分析

在公司併購的情形(包括合併、分割及收購等類型),依不同的併購態樣而可能產生不同的雇主公司主體變更情形。

在合併案件中,被合併的公司將會消滅,但存續公司的公司主體不受影響。因此對被合併公司的員工來說,可能會發生要移轉至新雇主存續公司的問題;但對存續公司員工來說,則沒有影響。在分割案件中,被分割出去的員工將可能加入新設公司,而有移轉問題。至於在收購案件中,雖然併購雙方的公司都繼續存在(如案例中的布拉沃公司及優尼克公司,以下以「舊公司」稱呼布拉沃公司、「新公司」稱呼優尼克公司),但對於與被併購業務相關的員工來說,因為他們可能隨同被併購的業務一起移轉,將會發生雇主主體變更的問題。

從舊公司的角度來看,要處理的是與員工終止勞動契約的問題;而就新公司的角度來看,則是處理如何接受新員工的問題。新舊公司必須協商好如何銜接這一進一出的關係,而員工有權利決定是否或是在何種條件下加入新公司,就構成了移轉的三方關係(新公司、舊公司及員工)。

有些國家的法令規定,在併購情形下,員工可以「自動移轉」。但依台灣的勞動法令,併購時員工移轉原則上仍必須依照:(1)終止原有僱傭關係;(2)與新公司成立新的僱傭關係的架構來進行。因此,任何一方都可以不同意所謂的「員工移轉」。

假如公司的併購案件屬於企業併購法(簡稱企併法)規定的併購案件,依照該法第 16 條規定,新公司在併購基準日三十天前,應以書面載明勞動條件,通知商定留用的員工。而收到通知的員工,應該在十日內通知新公司是否同意留用。假如受通知的員工沒有在十日內表達是否同意留用,就被視為已經同意留用 (默示同意)。要特別注意的是:企併法規定的通知程序以及默示同意機制,與勞基法第 16 條規定的預告期間(依年資而定,為十日至三十日)並不一致。如果公司的併購案件屬於企併法規定的併購案件,必須適用企併法程序;但如果公司的併購案件不屬於企併法的併購(例如只是少部分業務及人員的移轉,或是兩家外國公司的台灣分公司之間的移轉),那麼仍需依勞基法規定程序進行,並無「默示同意」的適用。

在新公司依企併法上述規定「以書面載明勞動條件」通知移轉員工時,新公司有權決定給移轉員工的僱傭條件(例如薪水、休假及其他福利),不一定要比照舊公司原有的僱傭條件。不過,實務上比較常見的做法是:為了鼓勵員工同意移轉,新公司就移轉員工的基本薪資等條件會盡量比照舊公司的條件;但為了避免以後新公司有「一國兩制」的管理問題,在休假及福利措施方面則要求移轉員工在加入新公司後,就應該適用新公司的規定。

除了員工到新公司後的勞動條件應該以書面載明外,還要處理留用員工在新舊公司的年資問題。一般常見有兩種做法:

1. 新公司承認年資:依企併法第16條第2項規定,留用員工於併購前在舊公司累積的年資,新公司應予以承認。也就是說,留用員工在舊公司累積的年資,將一併帶到新公司去, 如同其僱傭關係沒有中斷過一般。

這條規定,對於留用員工在舊公司有勞基法退休年資(即「舊制」年資)的情形時,特別有實益。依勞工退休金條例的規定,該條例於民國94年7月1日實施後,所有新成立的僱傭關係都要適用該條例規定的退休制度(即「新制」)。 如果沒有企併法第16條第2項的規定,則因勞工退休金條例的原則規定,在員工移轉到新公司時,即必須全部適用新制。但因為企併法第16條第2項有特別規定,如果是適用該 法的併購案件,員工在舊公司為適用舊制者,在移轉至新公司時,還是可以繼續留在舊制。

2. 舊公司結清年資:雖然企併法第16條第2項規定,留用員工於併購前在舊公司累積的年資,原則上應由新公司予以承認。實務上,併購雙方仍可能希望留用員工不要將累積的年資帶過去新公司。如果希望留用員工加入新公司時,其年資能夠「歸零」,可以由舊公司先與留用員工協商,將員工的舊公司年資先行結清,留用員工再依零年資加入新公司。

至於結清方法,原則上舊制年資應依勞工退休金條例第11條第3項規定,用舊制退休金公式計算;新制年資則比照新制資遣費公式(新制年資×0.5個月平均工資)計算。

在併購案件中,新舊雇主可商定留用哪些員工,而被留用者也可選擇是否接受。因此,可能有部分員工因為沒有被留用或拒絕留用,而無法移轉到新公司。對於這些不移轉的員工,依照企業併購法第17條規定,應該由舊公司依照勞基法的規定進行資遣。公司應該要依勞基法規定為預告或給付預告期間工資,並且給付退休金或資遣費後,終止僱傭關係。值得留意的是,依照民國104年7月8日修正、105年1月8日施行之企業併購法第17條第2項,員工同意留用後,如於併購基準日前因個人因素不願留用,雇主亦應依法發給資遣費或退休金。相較於修正前之企業併購法第 17條,現行企業併購法第17條第2項擴大了雇主發放資遣費或退休金之對象。對員工而言,則是放寬其決定是否留任之期限。亦即,如員工原本已同意留用,縱使嗣後(併購基準日前)因個人因素拒絕留用,仍得向雇主請求資遣費或退休金。

律師的叮嚀

在企業併購案件中,依併購雙方的財務需求、員工年資及適用退休金制度的情形,就員工移轉有不同的安排,其影響、利弊各有不同。尤其,針對留用員工在新、舊公司年資如何處理的問題,上述兩種做法皆可行。公司宜綜合考量併購雙方需求,還需 考量員工的意願決定。

簡要來說,從併購雙方的角度來看,承認留用員工年資的好處是:因為員工年資將會移轉到新公司,在移轉的當下,舊公司不必支出結清年資所需的費用,而可以減輕舊公司在併購交易過程中現金支出的負擔。然而,新公司因為承認留用員工的年資,將造成其日後的資遣或退休成本的負擔。而從員工的角度來看,對於適用舊制的員工來說,如果已快要符合退休條件,而且對新公司的財務能力有信心,可能希望移轉後繼續適用舊制,這樣退休時可以依舊制退休金公式領到較高的退金。反過來說,如果員工年資尚淺,或希望「十鳥在林,不如一鳥在手」,就會希望舊公司先將年資結清,現金入袋為安,先拿先贏。

公司挑選留用與否的員工必須有正當理由,例如職務性質或對未來工作的適應潛力等,而不可以性別、年齡等理由來挑選,否則將涉及就業歧視的問題。

專家的建議

國際通商法律事務所資深顧問汪士邁提供

公司併購,在國際法及貿易實務上,通稱為merger and acquisition或簡稱 M&A,在市場上是相當常見的商業模式。而 M&A 依當地法令的不同,也有許多不同的面貌,比如說有上市公司用公開市場上收購的方式(我們會常常看到所謂「惡意收購」就是其中之一),或是非上市公司以現金或其他有價值的財產(例如上市公司股票)來收購特定資產等等。

不管是哪一種 M&A,通常都有一些基本的過程,買方一般都會要求做「實地查核」(Due Diligence),針對賣方所要出售的資產或營運做進一步了解,以做為雙方談判的依據及最後價金的計算。而其中要了解的項目很多,包括公司的財務狀態、重要合約、政府執照、主要資產等。其中很重要的一塊,就是員工。而買方在看員工這一塊時,其實有兩個觀念。一是看看有沒有風 險,比如員工與公司之間有沒有法律糾紛、退休金有沒有足額提撥等等。另一個觀念是把員工視為一個主要的資產,也就是為什麼要進行 M&A 的一個主要原因,這在高科技產業尤其明顯。買方可能會要求賣方在交割之前,能確保與一些重要的員工或經理人簽署較長期較嚴謹的僱用契約,或是有一些其他的安排。

買方在實地查核中,針對勞工議題,還應注意公司與經營團隊的委任,或僱用合約中是否有「黃金降落傘」(Golden Parachute)條款。公司的經營階層為因應併購時發生更換經營階層(change of control),通常會與公司簽有特別補償約定,一般稱為「黃金降落傘」。買方要特別注意是否有該類約定,而從買價扣除。「黃金降落傘」通常也訂有股權激勵計畫(option incentive) 及高額離職金的約定,就算買家願意支付此等優惠,還需注意請該高階經理人簽署離職保密協定、禁言條款、保證條款,以免產生爭議。

 

《 Alan Walker – Sky (01:02:17) 》


《 Alan Walker – Sky (01:02:17) 》

無數生命構出西部大川的色彩 與溪神同行(下)


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211209?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=ad5125d91b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-ad5125d91b-84956681

無數生命構出西部大川的色彩 與溪神同行(下)

2018年05月09日
文、繪圖:李政霖(生態畫家)

島嶼西半部,地形相對廣大而平緩,一條大河同樣源自高山,一路要歷經地勢與林相的變化,流經人類聚落,除了溪流生物,同時餵養人的文明。

長長旅程挾帶的泥沙,從下游開始形成沖積扇平原,也分出了天然與人造的高渠、埤塘,出海時以寬廣的泥灘、濕地、紅樹林緩緩發散、淡出……。

漫長旅程孕育了無數生靈,歷經了太多變化,也默默承受著子民們貪婪的吸吮與撥弄,就像一個蘊含深厚能量的母親,只懂付出,不求回報,最後只是漸漸患病、衰老。

母親的衣妝

母親的裝扮,遠看複雜而無矯飾光彩。分段細究,卻能從每個局部的配色、花飾,看到大地之母各式各樣細膩而深切的情感。

母親之河的髮飾──短吻紅斑吻鰕虎。

上游以綠色為調,在細流山溝裡掛著短吻紅斑吻鰕虎的髮飾、主流激流處有纓口鰍勤奮食藻、緩流與潭區兇悍的馬口魚巡獵著,這裡留存著母親的青春記憶。

中游仍保有一絲風韻,溪釣人熟悉的紅貓(粗首鱲)、石(魚賓)是主角,暗處藏著長相特異的三角姑台灣鮰、爬岩鰍等怪魚。

美麗卻在消失中的掠食者──紅貓(粗首鱲)

下游面對人類農、工業、家用的汲水與排污,只有少數水域還維持著生機,因為中上游四方長程匯集的豐富養分,孕育了烏仔白鰻魚等等碩大豐美的魚種。

產業與族群存續都處於黃昏──白鰻。

人工或自然形成的灌溉溝渠、草澤埤塘,隔離巨大掠食者後,發展出美麗小魚的失樂園,牛屎蓋斑鬥魚泥鰍,印記著母親與人們模糊的彩色童真。

溝渠清流中的小精靈──牛屎鯽(高體鰟鮍)

母親的裙擺,出海口,整座島嶼西半部的營養、能量、好的、壞的,都匯集到此,形成一片深灰,不幸的,被消波塊與工業區圍住,從此非禮勿視,幸運的,還有一點綠色的紅樹林作為蕾絲,水鳥傍著潮水來回飛揚,彈塗魚像墜子在暗灰的裙襬上跳動,招潮蟹揮舞著鮮豔的掌,疾呼:「看呀!這裡還是有生命、這裡還是有顏色!」

母親溪神餵養的對象從水中遍及空中──大杓鷸

然後,一切無辜的、有罪的,都在母親裙襬的潮水搖蕩安撫下,緩緩流入深邃的海峽。

母親在眼前卻患自然缺乏症候群

流淌在母親所蘊出的都會裡,那條流著清水的人工渠道,表面上,總也或多或少把一點點潔淨還給了大地,代表著人們對於大自然的需要與補償的心意;可是,與西部沖積扇平原毫不搭尬的造作砌石岸、幾乎不可能涵養原生生物的環境條件,以及不明所以四處複製的傾向,卻暗示著人們對於過往自然環境的美好輪廓,已經漸漸遺忘,只能依靠著模糊破碎的印象,東拼西湊、縫縫補補。

也許找一天,循著附近溪畔的自然保留區,或國家公園,上溯巡禮,聞一下泥的味道,觸一下卵石的粗糙,看一下溪魚的泳姿,溪神若還記得自己的名字,應該還會願意與我們對話的。

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※ 本文撰寫由人禾環境倫理發展基金會及肯夢AVEDA 支持合作
※ 本文原載於2018年03月30日人禾基金會「從河說起」部落格

 

《 Alan Walker – Hope (04:39) 》


《 Alan Walker – Hope (04:39) 》

不要古蹟再自燃 文資全國會議9月登場 12場分區論壇先開跑


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211434?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=ad5125d91b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-ad5125d91b-84956681

不要古蹟再自燃 文資全國會議9月登場 12場分區論壇先開跑

2018年05月08日
環境資訊中心記者 賴品瑀報導

「希望不會再有古蹟自燃了。」去年9月的全國文化會議中,文化資產保存成為最受重視的議題,當時文化部長鄭麗君承諾會再召開全國文資會議,8日文化部宣布開跑,將在5至8月間,在全國舉辦12場分區論壇,並將在今年9月1日舉行全國文化資產會議,為再次啟動文資法修法做準備。

這也將是文化部第一次對文化資產召開全國會議,從5月19日台中場開始,全台將舉辦北部3場、中部2場、南部2場、東部2場、離島3場合計12場分區論壇。鄭麗君表示,尤其歡迎長期為了文資保存奔走抗議的民間團體參與。

DSC04407
文化部8日宣布,啟動全國文化資產會議。賴品瑀攝。

這一波文資會議,旨在尋從法規、行政、制度上的改革,來建構文資保存體系。包括最受民間關注與焦慮的「被自燃」古蹟凋零問題,如何提升社會共識與更有效的誘因來鼓勵私有文化資產保存,是文化部設法尋求解決方案的課題。

「帶著記憶跟靈魂往前走,」鄭麗君表示,文化資產的意義是連結歷史與傳承價值、智慧,因此文化部希望未來的文資保存,不再只是「保鮮膜式」的保留保存歷史,更希望回到民眾的生活,賦予文資的新的生命,讓當代人可以藉此連結過去跟未來,成為「有記憶的人」。

「如果大家都愛惜,很多問題就迎刃而解。」中研院院士臧振華認為,若政府與民眾對文資保存有共識,就不會有古蹟自燃、古蹟無法獲得指定與保存等問題,否則不只是有形文資,傳統工藝等無形文資也面臨快速凋零。

臧振華舉例,之前文資局對一批沉船該不該公布曾相當躊躇,但是他向英國、澳洲等國諮詢時,對方表示,若在該國當然毫不遲疑地公布,因為已有共識,不會有人會去破壞,大家都會愛惜,甚至願意協助維護。而目前台灣的文資保存仍多屬「化石化」,因此與現代的土地、人民、文化、觀光、經濟等等缺乏連結,有待活化重生。

鄭麗君表示,行政院對文化資產保存相當支持,預計將編列約80億元預算,其中有70億元在前瞻計畫裡的「再造歷史現場」,供地方政府運用。

除了有形文資,無形文資、水下文資也是是全國文資會議討論的範圍。鄭麗君坦言,台灣當前的文資保存政策仍不完整,多靠民間付出。文資法從1982年上路至今,經過兩次大修,雖然去年才修過,37項子法也陸續完成,不過,對於文化資產的保存如何擴大公民參與,私有文資除了補償與獎勵還能有什麼更靈活的機制,還需要找出解決方案。

文資局局長施國隆解釋,私有文資的保存機制,目前有補償及獎助,未來將尋求更對價、等值的誘因,以減少「古蹟自燃」。而文化資產的保存體系,文化部打算從法規、行政、制度上來建構。在法令上,將修法在文資審議中再擴大專業及公民參與、並設法從社會企業、成立基金等途徑尋求文資保存財源,更有加強公私文資保存的誘因。行政面則是加強跨領域整合、培育人才等,走向「局局都是文化局」,合力系統性的保存文資。

鄭麗君表示,目前全台認列的文化資產,6成左右屬於公有,例如糖廠、鐵道等,近期已陸續展開保存規劃,如台電近年增聘文化資產人員、林務局為保存森林鐵路成立專職單位、糖鐵南北線調查展開等案例。

台電董事長楊偉甫表示,台電的電力設備、線路等乘載著百年電業歷史,更是台灣建設的見證與里程碑,這些設備曾讓社會進步,也成為文化資產。台電文資保存的第一階段包括了「竹仔門電廠」、「舊東西輸電線路」、「濁水溪流域水力發電系統」與「大甲溪流域水力發電系統」四場域,預定今年將展出成果。

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作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

《 Alan Walker – Force (04:00) 》


《 Alan Walker – Force (04:00) 》

中市找上中科 為改善后里淹水 綠地擬改造滯洪池


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211435?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=ad5125d91b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-ad5125d91b-84956681

中市找上中科 為改善后里淹水 綠地擬改造滯洪池

2018年05月08日
環境資訊中心記者 賴品瑀報導

環保署8日進行中科后里園區第二次環差報告初審會議,為了改善后里當地的淹水問題,中市府與中科合作,選了中科園區綠地要改設為滯洪池。施工方式是在不改變綠地功能與面積的強況下做降挖,將綠地多目標使用;不過專家小組提醒,此計畫恐怕會有土地使用法規競合、權責劃分的問題,要求釐清後補件再審。

DSC04412面對后里的淹水問題,中科表示,由於后里區的旱溝排水部分兩案緊貼著民宅,因此部分路段曲折、最窄處更只有6.2公尺,反成為通洪瓶頸,造成三豐路186巷的嚴重淹水問題。在水路拓寬用地徵收難度高的狀況下,台中市水利局計畫從在上游的后里園區增建緩坡滯洪池來延遲旱溝排水的洪峰,並另外設置分洪箱涵。

這個滯洪池面積約1.18公頃,約可滯洪13,611立方公尺,中科強調,這次的規劃是「多目標使用」這塊綠地,原本的綠地只是做了緩坡的下挖,將來還是會回復為綠地,面積與功能都不變,民眾在洪水以外的時間也還是可以進入。

中科表示,中科落腳當地後,由於有設置滯洪池,因此從未發生園區的水流出,更改善了當地的淹水問題,這個說法當地里長雖表肯定,但也提出目前極端氣候的現象,洪水恐怕加劇,仍希望此案成行以免水患之苦。

「市政府出錢執行、用中科的地」這樣的合作計畫,當地居民表示期待與樂見,初審小組環委也多表支持,但前環委游繁結提醒,可能有土地使用的相關法規競合問題,與將來中科雨中市府之間的管理權責區分。

游繁結指出,該土地現在是中科基金所擁有,等同私人土地,可能面臨土地使用的規範與限制,因此需要中科再補件釐清,例如水利法的水利用地徵收、洪災權責劃分、科學園區土地使用相關法令等。而中科目前提出,這塊綠地屬於都市計劃的「公共設施用地」,已獲中市府都發局同意變更為滯洪設施使用。

「我怕你給民眾過多的期待。」小組召集人王价巨認為此案目前只是滯洪而非蓄洪,功能與效果的評估與規劃還需說明,劉希平也提醒,防洪應是上游分流、中游滯洪、下游排水都要兼顧,否則遇到更大的雨還是有淹水的可能。因此小組要求中科補充區域防洪規劃及水理分析,說明滯洪功能有效性,及說明滯洪池的設計管理,檢討綠地作為滯洪池的環境改善功能。

DSC04411
環保署8日進行中科后里園區第二次環差報告初審會議

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作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

《 Alan Walker – Faded (03:33) 》


《 Alan Walker – Faded (03:33) 》

Wet wipe pollution ‘changing the shape of British riverbeds’


https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2018/may/02/wet-wipes-boom-is-changing-the-shape-of-british-riverbeds

Wet wipe pollution ‘changing the shape of British riverbeds’

More than 5,000 wet wipes found in an area next to the Thames the size of half a tennis court

The River Thames
 The River Thames. Photograph: Amer Ghazzal/REX/Shutterstock

Wet wipes are changing the shape of British riverbeds, campaigners said after finding more than 5,000 of them alongside the Thames in an area the size of half a tennis court.

Thames 21, a London environmental organisation that cleans up rivers and canals, retrieved 5,453 wet wipes during an operation last month in 116 sq m of the Thames embankment near Hammersmith. The haul was an increase of nearly a thousand over last year’s total (which took place on a larger riverbank area).

“You need to go at low tide to see the mounds forming,” said Thames 21’s Kirsten Downer. “The Thames riverbed is changing. Wet wipes are accumulating on the riverbed and affecting the shape of the riverbed. It looks natural but when you get close you can see that these clumps are composed of wet wipes mixed with twigs and mud.”

Wet wipes are now a booming industry with their own conference and even a “moist towelette” online museum. The sector is busily innovating, and alongside baby wipes you can now buy personal care wipes, household wipes, industrial wipes, pet wipes and speciality anti-malarial wipes. The sector is expected to grow about 6-7% a year, and to expand from a $3bn international market to $4bn by 2021.

But there is growing concern about the environmental impact. The wipes are usually made of a fabric like cotton woven together with plastic resins such as polyester or polypropylene, which are are not biodegradable. “People get confused and don’t realise that you are not supposed to flush wet wipes down the toilet,” said Downer.

A study last year by Water UK, the body representing the UK’s water and sewerage companies, found that wet wipes made up 93% of the material causing blockages.

Thames 21 is working with City to Sea to raise awareness of the scale of the problem and hope to meet with the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs to discuss improving labelling to make people more aware when they are using non-flushable wipes.

“We want people to realise that this is not just happening on the Thames, but on rivers and canals all round the country,” said Downer. “All the time we were working, people kept coming to ask what we were doing. People are far more upset and concerned about the plastics problem than they ever have been.”

 

濕紙巾入侵 泰晤士河床變形


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211424?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=ad5125d91b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-ad5125d91b-84956681

濕紙巾入侵 泰晤士河床變形

2018年05月09日
環境資訊中心綜合外電;姜唯 編譯;林大利 審校

濕紙巾讓英國河床變形了!英國衛報報導,行動組織在與泰晤士河沿岸一處半個網球場大小的區域內拾起超過5000件的濕紙巾垃圾。

Thames 21是倫敦一個專注於清理河流和運河的環保組織。上個月他們清理漢默史密斯附近泰晤士河堤一處116平方公尺的區域時,撿起總計5453件濕紙巾,比去年的總數(當時清理面積還比較大)增加了近千件。

圖片來源:Thames 21

Thames 21成員唐納(Kirsten Downer)說:「退潮時才看得到這些正在形成的小丘。泰晤士河床正在改變,廢棄濕紙巾堆積在河床上,影響河床的形狀。乍看很自然,近看才發現這些團塊是濕紙巾混著樹枝和泥土形成的。」

濕紙巾現在是個蓬勃發展的產業,有專門討論濕紙巾的研討會,還有個「濕紙巾」線上博物館。這個產業忙著創新,除嬰兒用濕紙巾外,還有個人護理用、家用、工業用、寵物用和特殊防瘧濕紙巾,預計每年將增長約6-7%,30億美元的國際市場將在2021年擴大到40億美元。

不過人們也漸漸注意到濕紙巾的環境影響。濕紙巾通常是棉等織物加上聚酯或聚丙烯等不可生物降解的塑膠樹酯製成。「人們常搞錯,或是不知道濕紙巾不可以沖馬桶。」唐納說。

去年英國產業組織Water UK一項研究發現,所有造成堵塞的物料中,濕紙巾佔93%。

志工從英國泰晤士河撿回來的濕紙巾。圖片來源:Thames 21

Thames 21正在與海洋環境組織City to Sea合作,提高民眾對這個問題的影響規模的認識,並希望與環境糧食與農村事務部會面,討論如何改進產品說明,讓人們在使用不可沖馬桶的濕紙巾時更加注意。

「我們希望人們意識到,這不只發生在泰晤士河,而是全國各地的河流和運河。我們工作的時候,人們常常來問我們在做什麼。和以往比起來,人們對塑膠問題顯更為沮喪和擔憂。」唐納說。

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參考資料

作者

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

林大利

於特有生物研究保育中心服務,小鳥和棲地是主要的研究對象。是龜毛的讀者,認為龜毛是探索世界的美德。

 

【妖言惑眾】體悟面對


【妖言惑眾】

當人還未能透視體悟及面對之前,

人大都是不自覺地,

仗著年輕而驕傲自大,

更沒有長遠的眼光,

也沒有寬廣的見識,

更不知道自己的定位,

何處何往,

更不了解人性的複雜性,

多重的心理,

更無法察覺人心動搖的陰影層面。

【◎心靈研磨坊 - 曼陀羅藏◎】

《心靈研磨坊 ─ 身心體能極限的突破,放慢步調,邁開腳步,輕鬆地悠遊著....》

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