Let It All Go: 7 Poses to Release Trauma in the Body


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/colleen-saidman-yees-poses-hidden-trauma

Let It All Go: 7 Poses to Release Trauma in the Body

Colleen Saidman Yee offers poses from her new memoir, Yoga for Life, to release anxiety and trauma from body parts that commonly hold it.
yoga-for-life-colleen-saidman

Colleen Saidman Yee offers poses from her new memoir, Yoga for Life, to release anxiety and trauma from body parts that commonly hold it. Practice with Colleen in person and take her Yoga for Inner Peace half-day workshop at YJ LIVE! in Estes Park, Sept. 24. Spaces are limited, so sign up now!

Colleen Saidman Yee is an acclaimed yoga teacher, former fashion model, and the wife of yogi Rodney Yee. But her journey to becoming “the first lady of yoga" wasn’t all glamorous, she reveals in her new book Yoga for Life: A Journey to Inner Peace and Freedom (Atria Books, June 2, 2015). In the candid, soul-searching memoir (which also offers yoga sequences corresponding to the many chapters of her life), Yee looks back on her hardscrabble roots in Indiana, her addiction to heroin, two divorces, as well as a car accident at age 15 that gave her a broken collarbone, a skull fracture, and brain injuries. It also may have led to the epilepsy she still suffers from today.

“If my accident at age fifteen had any upside, it’s that I have a heightened empathy for the traumas, large and small, that my students have experienced," she writes in her book. “At times, I can see where the trauma is held in their bodies, and I try to figure out sequences that can create relief and release for them. Trauma can show up as tension, anxiety, or illness. Some common places of binding are the pelvis, the diaphragm, the throat, the jaw, the hamstrings, and the shoulders and neck."

Also seeHala Khouri’s Path to Teaching Trauma-Informed Yoga

7 Body Parts That Hold Trauma + Poses for Relief

We asked Yee to recommend poses from her book that release each of these “stuck" areas, as she calls them, helping us gain “freedom from the imprints and obstructions that are held in our bodies."

 

LK contemporary pale colour Loft in Paris designed by Olivier Chabaud Architectes


https://www.caandesign.com/lk-contemporary-pale-colour-loft-paris-designed-olivier-chabaud-architectes/

LK contemporary pale colour Loft in Paris designed by Olivier Chabaud Architectes

Architects: Olivier Chabaud Architectes
Location: ParisFrance
Year: 2015
Area: 1.464 ft²/ 136 m²
Photo courtesy: Philippe Harden
Description:

“Olivier Chabaud and Associates Architects have completed the development of the 5 th floor of this former parking lot of the rue Turgot in Paris in a loft of 136m². Mixing concrete, marble, wood and stainless steel, the architect has turned this vast space an open, uncluttered and bright accommodation.

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The loft is organized around two outdoor areas, a patio and a glazed balcony. In between, a long tunnel of rough concrete. The finesse of the development is the management of the light and in the perspective link between the living room. The smooth, white ground helps reflect light and door consistency of the place. The use of glass partitions allows the separation of spaces while allowing light to circulate.”

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Thank you for reading this article!

 

10 Ways to Get Real About Your Body’s Limitations & Avoid Yoga Injuries


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/10-ways-to-get-real-about-your-bodys-limitations-avoid-yoga-injuries

10 Ways to Get Real About Your Body’s Limitations & Avoid Yoga Injuries

YJ Influencer Laura Burkhart offers the story of her own chronic pain and hip injury as a caution to yogis and encourages you to get honest about your own practice.
lauraburkhart-hanumanasana---NOW---Blink-Inc-

Blink Inc

Yogis, it’s time to get honest with yourselves and start respecting your body’s limitations. We’ve all heard success stories of people who have healed their body, mind, and emotions through yoga. But lately, I’ve been hearing about more and more students and teachers (including myself) who’ve been hurt by their asana practice.

Why is everyone talking about yoga injuries all of a sudden? For one thing, there are more people practicing yoga now and so likely more injuries. But getting injured by yoga, which most of us start doing for its healing benefits, can also be confusing, embarrassing, and counterintuitive. All of that can make it hard to talk about.

My Yoga Injury Story

I started practicing yoga during a time when I was dealing with chronic health problems and a lot of stress. I was originally attracted to it, because it reminded me of the moving meditative quality I used to find in dance. But unlike dance, where I was taught to push past pain and difficulty with a smile on my face, yoga, ironically, encouraged me to respect my body and its limits.

While I thought I was working within my limitations, years into my yoga practice, I made the decision to stop lifting leg weights in order to increase my flexibility to get into Visvamitrasana, which would eventually be photographed for this Master Class article in Yoga Journal. I was happy when my consistent practice “paid off” and I was able to work into “advanced” poses that required a lot of flexibility and arm strength. What I didn’t know was that 14 years of dance, followed by 16 years of yoga, plus 7 years of not counteracting all the stretching with strength training, had led to overuse of my hip joints and strain on my tendons and muscle fibers.

A couple of years ago, my body started telling me it was exhausted and didn’t want to do long practices or extreme poses. Did I listen? No. I had big plans, work to do, classes to film, and bills to pay. One day, while demonstrating Compass Pose, I pulled my left knee into my armpit and immediately felt a deep pain in my left groin. My initial reaction was frustration with my body for not keeping up with me. I pushed past the pain and continued doing everything I’d been doing. A week later, while teaching I demonstrated Side Plank with my top (injured) leg in Tree Pose and heard a “pop.” That was the straw that broke the camel’s back. I was in so much pain that I could barely sleep or walk for 5 months. During that time, to teach I either sat in a chair or hobbled around in pain.

I haven’t talked much about my injury, not so much out of embarrassment or secrecy, but because I made a decision a couple of months into the healing process to focus on the positive and what I could do, rather than what I couldn’t. I find talking about the injury, and focusing on the physical and emotional pain it’s caused, is a depressing road that leads nowhere.

See also Prevent Yoga Injuries: 3 Risky Poses You Can Make Safer

Unfortunately, I’m not the only yogi dealing with serious injury.

It didn’t take long to reach out to a handful of other highly skilled teachers in San Francisco (where I live), Los Angeles, and beyond, who have been injured by yoga. Like myself, Jill Miller and Melanie Salvatore August have suffered from major hip injuries due, in our opinion, to overuse. Jill recently had a hip replacement. Erika Trice healed a back injury using yoga, but ironically feels too much asana created repetitive stress injuries in her shoulders and lower vertebrae. Sarah Ezrin recently had shoulder surgery for an injury that she also believes too many Chaturangasand binds contributed to. Similarly, Kathryn Budig assumes years of repetitive movement, vinyasas, and emotional stress led to the shoulder labrum tear she just recovered from. Jason Bowman had surgery for a knee injury that he attributes partially to the regular practice of poses requiring external rotation paired with deep knee flexion like Lotus Pose. Meagan McCrary thinks it was 10 years of hyperextension and nerve entrapment around her joints in practice that short-circuited her nervous system and caused her severe chronic pain. I also know many teachers who have had to reduce the intensity of their practice or focus more on strength training due to non-yoga-related injuries.

In the classroom, I see shoulder injuries most often. They tend to happen to ambitious newer students who skip learning the basics and push hard the first 6–18 months trying to “advance” their practice. Normally I find students experience shoulder pain when they practice too often, do too many Chaturangas (incorrectly), or try to get into arm balances when their alignment is off. Luckily, most students are grateful for any tips and corrections when it comes to injury prevention while other students don’t think the adjustments or warnings are for them until it’s too late.

See also Study Finds Yoga Injuries Are on the Rise (Plus, 4 Ways to Avoid Them)

What do you do after a yoga injury?

On a brighter note, if you are injured, your life is not over by any means. I have actually “accomplished” more since I’ve been injured by thinking outside the box and stepping beyond the lines of the path I had created. I discovered that I love writing articles and blogs, mentoring teachers, experimenting with yoga props, swimming, and having a simple, yet satisfying yoga practice. I still take yoga photos (some of which have been published in Yoga Journal Italy and Singapore). And I’m currently creating a co-led teacher training with Jason Crandell. My injury has given me an opportunity to step back and create a different life for myself.

These stories are not to scare you, but to encourage you to be careful, listen to your body, and not to push past your God-given limitations! You can have a healthy practice that is extremely beneficial to your body if you can get real with yourself about it. The following questions are a good place to start.

10 Questions to Ask Yourself About Your Yoga Practice

1. Does your practice balance the rest of your life?

If you are already performing high-intensity activities such as running, swimming, cycling, etc., I recommend choosing an asana practice that is less intense in nature, such as Iyengar or restorative practice. That way you can reap the benefits of yoga and avoid overusing your joints, tendons, and muscles. On the flipside, if you lead a sedentary life, then a vinyasa practice might bring your body into balance.

2. Do you practice too much?

As practitioners get serious about asana, some feel the need to do an intense 90-plus-minute practice, 5–7 days a week. Many yogis try to keep up with this “expectation” because they believe it’s what a “true yogi” would do. Unfortunately, for many of us, too intense of a practice too often can also lead to overuse of joints and unnecessary repetitive stress on tendons and muscle fibers. I personally don’t recommend doing long, high-intensity yoga practices more than 3–4 days a week.

3. What motivates you to practice?

Your teacher? Your ego? Social media? Your body? Some of us want to “master” complex asana to win favor and praise from our teachers, fellow practitioners, or social media followers.

This need for approval and recognition can be exacerbated when teachers encourage students to push deeper into poses, or praise students who have the ability to get into difficult asana, rather than applauding students with mastery of alignment and stability. If you always want to go deeper or make a pose “more advanced,” where is that coming from and why?

4. Does what you’re doing hurt?

If it hurts, don’t do it. Period. Regardless of whether your teacher is pushing you to go further, or you see other people going deeper.

We come from culture of “no pain, no gain” and pushing past our limits. Hard work, sacrifice, and going the extra mile get us good grades, promotions, and wins in sports. While this mindset can lead to advancement, it can also lead to imbalance. Your internal drive may be high, but your anatomical structure can only take so much. Too much pushing can lead to impingement, strain, and tears in the joints, tendons, and muscles. Honor your body’s limitations.

If you have existing injuries, tell your teacher. Your teacher should be able to show you how to modify poses, which poses to avoid, and maybe even guide you toward poses to heal what ails you. You might also need to back off your intensity with the practice to avoid making the injury worse.

5. Are you protecting your shoulders?

In Chaturanga, do your shoulders dip below the level of your elbows? Do you jump back every time you vinyasa? Do you land in Chaturanga or Plank? I recommend limiting jumpbacks and landing in Chaturanga when you do. For most of your vinyasas, I recommend lowering your knees to your mat or skipping Chaturanga all together to prevent repetitive stress injuries, such as labrum tears and rotator cuff issues. If you have a pre-existing shoulder issue, avoid Chaturanga and arm balances.

6. Are you protecting your hips?

Are you listening to your body? In poses where you externally rotate your legs and/or go into deep hip flexion (like Compass Pose, Tittibhasana, Visvamitrasana, Krounchasana), observe how far your body naturally wants to go without pushing further. Also consider balancing out hip flexibility with abduction, adduction, and gluteal strength training.

7. Are you protecting your knees?

A few pointers: In standing poses, don’t let your bent knee go past your ankle. In standing poses that require external rotation like Warrior II, rotate the front leg from the hip socket rather than the front foot. Be sure your body is well warmed up for poses that require deep external rotation with knee flexion like Full Lotus Pose before attempting them. If you already have issues with your knees, avoid Pigeon Pose and practice Thread the Needle on your back instead.

8. Are you protecting your lower back?

Do you warm up before going into deep twists? Recently, many senior teachers and physical therapists alike have begun recommending not squaring your hips in twists, especially if you’re hypermobile, to protect the lower back and SI joints. If you already have lower back issues or have tight hip and hamstrings, be careful with forward bends, particularly seated forward bends. In seated forward bends elevate yourself on a block or folded blanket to avoid rounding your lower back.

9. Are you working on mastering alignment and increasing stability?

I view an advanced student as one who knows how to align their body and use appropriate props when needed. Better alignment will also help you avoid injuries.

10. Can you be happy with where you are?

Be in the present moment; focus on what you can do now, not what you used to do, or what you think you should be doing a month from now. Your practice will change over the years. Don’t get too attached to the current season. This doesn’t mean you can’t have goals, but be realistic and see where your goals are coming from, and if it honors your body.

Shift your goals from intensity, strength, flexibility, and complex asana to digging below the physical. Our yoga culture has drifted away from the purpose of asana. The practice was originally intended to prepare the mind and body for meditation, not a career as a contortionist.

See also 4 Poses to Prevent + Heal Shoulder Injuries

My Practice Then & Now

 

《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Well You Needn’t (12:29) 》


《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Well You Needn’t (12:29) 》

House AT by MIRAG Arquitectura i Gestió


https://www.caandesign.com/house-at-by-mirag-arquitectura-i-gestio/

House AT by MIRAG Arquitectura i Gestió

Architects: MIRAG Arquitectura i Gestió
Location: L’Ametlla del Vallès, Spain
Year: 2013
Photo courtesy: Jordi Surroca
Description:

The house is situated in L’Ametlla del Vallès in a slanting plot. Toward the east, there is a road and a gathering of neighboring private houses; toward the west, perspectives to the pinewood. In this environment, the aim of the building is to turn its back to the vehicular activity and to open itself to the environment.

House-AT-01

Benefitting as much as possible from the qualities of the plot, we put the stopping region in the road level keeping in mind the end goal to arrange the tenable spaces in the floor – 1, where there is an immediate access to the patio nursery and a visual association with the pine woodland of L’Ametlla. Since every one of the spaces in this floor are masterminded in parallel, each room appreciates regular light: bathrooms, rooms, kitchen, dinning room and parlor.

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The main space situated in the road floor is the studio, which serves as a kind of cushion territory between the stopping and the parlor. The house has two façades. The road façade is obscure, dull, wave-like.

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Including only a window and an entryway, it detaches the house from the street and the passers-by. The patio nursery façade is the perfect inverse: it has enormous windows and is massively splendid. The broken lines that shape the façade, and also the structure of the openings, all react to the lighting needs of the inward spaces.

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Thank you for reading this article!

 

《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Wanna Be Starting Something (06:18) 》


《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Wanna Be Starting Something (06:18) 》

Take the Word ‘Should’ Out of Your Yoga Practice Forever


 

Take the Word ‘Should’ Out of Your Yoga Practice Forever

A young yoga practitioner injures herself and then learns to listen to her body instead of her head by taking the word ‘should’ out of her practice.
yjlive florida knee to chest

A young yogi injures herself and then learns to listen to her body instead of her head by taking the word “should" out of her practice.

“Should” is a precarious word with even more threatening consequences. I was reminded of this again recently. My yoga practice has increased greatly over the past months, and I want to maintain it. But a few weeks ago, I noticed my knees felt strange. I felt unbalanced on top of them, as if they weren’t quite aligned or in sync with the rest of my body.

I was perplexed. Yoga is supposed to be good for you, supposed to make you strong both physically and mentally, and up until then that’s what I’d experienced. But I knew the day that my knees couldn’t quite support me in Warrior I  that something was wrong.

Did I tweak them in an off moment? Do I just have weak knees and never knew it? I asked around and got some good advice, such as sitting on a blanket in Sukasana (Easy Pose) to elevate my hips, which did alleviate some pressure. But something was still missing. Why could everybody else do these poses without knee pain but me? It didn’t add up; I am a 25-year-old healthy, active woman. I should be able to yoga without incident.

During one class, my knees felt so tender that I grabbed a block instead of straining to stretch into Ardha Chandrasana (Half Moon Pose), and stayed in resting positions when before I would have opted for the more aggressive pose. My knees simply wouldn’t allow it. This troubled me. I shouldn’t be regressing in my yoga practice, I thought. I shouldn’t need to use blocks and blankets and skip more difficult poses. I should push through this, right?

See alsoLove Trikonasana? Learn How to Avoid This Common Knee Injury

As class ended, the instructor, obviously having noticed my struggle, said something to me that completely shifted my experience: “You are probably pushing too hard. Your body needs time to develop the strength.”

Suddenly it became as clear as my mind in Savasana. Should. That word had been driving me to push too hard too soon and ignore my body’s signals. Again. You see, “should" has always confounded me. Like when I wanted to travel abroad, my heart longed to go to India, but I thought I should study a practical language like Spanish, and so went to Argentina instead. Or in school, pushing myself to the point of over-competitiveness in sports, because, I told myself, I should be the best.

Of course, there really are things that I, that we all, should do, like go to the dentist (I do need to do that). But when I start using “should” to compare myself to others—I should look like that, or I should be able to do that pose just like her—is when “should" is no longer my friend.

Since I stopped pushing myself so hard in yoga, my knees feel better. I now use blocks and blankets liberally and without embarrassment. I’m actually proud, because I know that I found the voice of my body, and that I am strong enough to mute the “should” and to actually listen to what’s right for me.

See also A Meditation for Releasing Unhealthy Patterns

About Our Writer
After graduating from Tufts University, Jessica Abelson returned to the San Francisco Bay Area where she grew up and has embarked upon a regular yoga practice.

 

《 Cyrille Aimée’s – One Way Ticket (06:46) 》


《 Cyrille Aimée’s – One Way Ticket (06:46) 》

Holiday House in Vilapol by Padilla Nicás Arquitectos


https://www.caandesign.com/holiday-house-in-vilapol-by-padilla-nicas-arquitectos/

Holiday House in Vilapol by Padilla Nicás Arquitectos

Location: Vilapol, Lugo, Spain
Year: 2013
Area: 2,422 sqft
Photo courtesy: Jose Hevia
Description:

If something definitive the clients said to us was their desire to look towards the sea. The house is placed in a little town near the coast of Lugo, raised and oriented towards the landscape opened to the sea. Arriving Vilapol means leaving back the town of Xove to go through a dense eucalyptus forest until appearing in this peaceful and lonely little town, elevated from the surrounding lush landscape with the sea in its horizon. The feeling is to be alone facing all that.

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The house is placed in a high triangular plot, on the edge of the only street in which every house is relied on. This geometry ends configuring its dynamic floor plan and subsequent volume, that reinforce the will of the house to orient itself to the landscape. Its position in the plot leaves a rear space that is used mainly as a parking, and a front one opposite the big porch in which the house is felt over. The more protected side of the house is the one where you gain access to the house.

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Over time, the trees in the northeast corner will end up protecting the space that the occasional pedestrians could use. Being a vacation house, the open layout proposed facilitates the communication between rooms, placing the main ones in the front of the house that faces the sea. Around that covered space is where the relaxed vacational life will happen. All the rooms fall over it, and by its external stairs and the corresponding internal one, both floors are communicated, creating an easy and funny circular path. The bedrooms, placed in the top floor, enjoy outstanding views over the green landscape until reaching the sea.

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Local natural slate floors with different treatments and orientations, synthesize the proposal and help seeing it as a simple container of vacational activity. The bathrooms and kitchen are covered with the traditional multi color tiles. The access doors to the bedrooms are told apart by using a green color. The bright colors of the interiors are used with the idea of cheering up the life in an environment that usually has the lead colored of the Galician skies.

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In opposition, the external grayish blue color is associated with those skies trying to integrate the house with its context. The scale and layout of the openings try to integrate with the near constructions, without sacrificing the strong desire to open its most exposed facade towards the landscape. With this work we tried to make a cheerful and relaxed vacation home with the best understanding possible with the surroundings, and felt over towards the lush and peaceful coast landscape.

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Thank you for reading this article!

 

《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Love Me Or Leave Me (04:09) 》


《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Love Me Or Leave Me (04:09) 》

【科學絮語】占星學的巫術性與科學性|陳瑞麟


我不是占星學的愛好者,但我很喜歡設想各種「合理的自然因果鏈假設」,在此我想為占星學提出一個。這個假設,更精確地說,應該是「出生時間與天生性格的相關性假設」,也就是說,「相近出生時間的人,大約會有相似的天生性格。」今天占星術的主要內容就是在講相同星座(不同出月份或時段)的人,有相似的性格;不同星座的人,有不同的特別性格。當然,占星術也會預測流年、流月、當週運勢等等,但這不在我的合理假設的範圍內。

【科學絮語】占星學的巫術性與科學性|陳瑞麟

http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6907

【科學絮語】占星學的巫術性與科學性

友善列印版本

前言:最近寫到鍊金術、巫術、占星學和科學等。又昨天和同學談到科學與非科學的區分或劃界問題,在討論這個問題時,占星學常常是被檢視的對象。所以,乾脆把我過去曾在腦中突現、上課口頭講過、但一直沒有凝固成文字的一些「狂野想法」寫下來。

占星學是巫術或科學?或都不是,占星學就是占星學?我這裏講的占星學不只是西洋占星學,中國占星學(紫薇斗數)也包括在內,如果有其它占星學也一樣。不過,我主談西洋占星學,因為我對它較熟。

最近一位網友快閃發言,談到佛雷澤的「金枝」一書中的「巫術」分類。是的,佛雷澤把巫術分成兩大類型,一是「模擬巫術」,利用「相似律」,即模擬主觀欲求的結果以做為原因,透過「原因」和「結果」的相似性以產生作用,例如我紮小人並用針刺它,小人代表我的敵人,結果敵人可能被什麼無形的力量刺到等等。另一是「接觸巫術」,利用「接觸律」,它是這樣的觀念:事物一旦接觸過,彼此間會一直保有某種無形的連繫,即使兩者互相遠離,仍然可以產生作用。所以,如果我有你身上掉落的毛髮,我就可以在毛髮上作法,讓你生病或死掉或愛上我。

我認為佛雷澤漏掉一種很重要的巫術,我稱作「符號巫術」,例如唸咒語、打手印、貼符籙以產生主觀想要的作用(但不一定能達成),咒語、手印、符籙等都是特別的、具神秘力量的符號,被相信可以在目標對象上產生具體的作用。我把占星術、卜卦、算命等都視為「符號巫術」的一種。鍊金術則是實驗科學、符號巫術和宗教的混合物──雖然這三者在今天有明確分界,但在歷史上它們的分界常常曖昧不明。占星術所依據的占星學則是第一個可以被視為科學的符號巫術,不過,今天的占星學當然不能被視為科學。

這聽起來奇怪?是有點奇怪,但有其合理的根據,因為一個東西作為科學或非科學是有其歷史性的,它可能在歷史上某一時期是科學,但是後來卻退出科學的舞台。

占星學的科學性和非科學性

占星學是巴比倫和希臘時代的科學,但今天已不再是科學了。

談到科學和非科學的區分,很多人會訴諸於 Karl Popper 的可否證性判準,「可否證性」乍看之下很有力,卻有很多反例。地球生命的演化假說不可否證就是一個鮮明的例子,所以波普乾脆說演化假設不是科學(注意,演化假說和達爾文的天擇論要區分),但幾乎沒有生物學家會接受這一點。另一方面,占星學當然可以被否證,占星學家可以根據星占的推論規則作了一個人運勢的推測,如果預測的運勢沒有發生,占星家的推測即被否證。占星家可以調整他的理論,例如他對某人的運勢推斷是依據太陽星座,但是可以加入月亮星座、上昇星座等等,過去 Popper 認為占星家這些調整是逃避否證,但是,科學家在面對否證時也一樣會調整輔助假設、甚至使用特置假設。波普認為使用特置假設不誠實,先不管大科學家用不用特置假設,如果占星家坦然接受他的預測被否證呢?那不就可以保住占星學的科學性了?「可否證性」其實沒有辦法把占星學排除在科學之外。

我的觀點是科學起於假設。所以,從假設的性質和形態下手比較有可能提出區分科學與非科學的更好判準,我在此建議一個「科學性」的判準,稱作「合理的自然因果鏈假設」。也就是說,任何涉及因果作用的理論,要能提出合理的自然因果鏈假設,才可以具有科學的「入門」資格。說「入門」是因為它只是一個起點,還必須要有後續的實際研究才成。

相對於今日的知識與社會環境,占星學很難提出一個合理的自然因果鏈假設,因為它很難說明為什麼太陽、月亮和行星在黃道上的位置,會對一個人的命運產生作用?其中的合理的自然因果鏈是什麼?占星家可設想一種超距作用的「占星力」,它會作用在一個人身上,會讓一個人被老闆炒魷魚、被女友拋棄等。問題是,一個人被老闆炒魷魚或和伴侶分手更合理的自然原因是因為他工作不努力、得罪老闆、兩人個性不合、小三介入等等,換言之,我們有更合理的自然原因可以說明一個人的命運,而且可以被檢驗和分析。超距作用的「占星力」無法被檢驗(無法被驗證也無法被否證),這是一種不合理。還有很多其它的不合理:例如「占星力」應該會同時作用在同時出生的人身上,因為同時出生的人太多了,但是這些同時出生的人,每人的運勢卻都不同。如何「合理地」交代這一點?再來,占星學理論是把太陽視為行星,所以太陽、月亮和其它行星在黃道十二宮的位置會影響人的命運,問題是,今天的天文學告訴我們是地球繞太陽轉。如果存在「占星力」使地球在黃道的相對位置會影響人的命運,那麼理論上地球上所有人都會受影響,因為所有人都生活在地球上啊。

建構一個「合理的自然因果鏈假設」,會對主張占星學是科學的人提出一個嚴苛的挑戰。當然,我們不排除也許有人可以對占星學提出一個合理的自然因果鏈假設,若如此,它可以取得科學的入門資格,然後進一步發展。但,我想絕大多數的占星愛好者大概沒興趣去作這種腦力挑戰。

希臘時代的占星學可以建立一個合理的自然因果鏈,所以它在那時是科學。為什麼?第一,在希臘時代,太陽被歸為七大行星之一,人們相信它和其它月亮、火星等一樣繞地球轉動。第二,太陽在黃道上的位置決定了季節和年曆──一年的長度是由春分點到下一次春分點來定義的。今天春分點是每年3月21日,那天太陽從正東方向升起,然後慢慢北移,再南移,約 365 日後回到原點。在巴比倫和希臘時代,春分點時太陽剛好從雙魚座走入白羊座,巴比倫人視春分為一年之始,所以白羊是占星第一宮。當太陽走過雙子座進入巨蟹座時,天氣變熱,夏天到了,如此年復一年地循環。巴比倫人很自然地猜測是太陽的位置控制了季節,而季節影響農耕,如果不能準確預測太陽在黃道上的位置,就無法事先預知哪個季節將來臨──雖然可以依靠冷熱感,但是農耕要依靠冷熱感太不準確了,等到不冷才播種可能太晚了,無法在夏天時收割,會用光存糧。農耕的收穫與否對國家、社會、甚至個人的影響太大了──這就是農業時代人們的「命運」啊。因此,在巴比倫和希臘時代,占星學與命運之間可以有一個合理的自然因果鏈:行星位置-季節與年曆-農耕-社會的命運-個人的命運。

今天,我們已經不是生活在巴比倫和古希臘時代的社會環境中,農耕固然仍會受到季節的影響,但是已不像古代那麼深遠;更重要的是,社會和個人的命運已不再被農耕的收穫所支配。有太多太多其它農耕之外的因素在影響社會和個人的命運,過去占星學假設的星體位置與社會和個人命運間的合理自然因果鏈已被破壞了。如果今天一個人仍然相信占星學的「虛擬位置」會對個人命運有影響的話(今天的春分點不是在白羊座,而是在雙魚座快進入水瓶座的位置上,換言之,三月 21 日太陽在雙魚座而不是在白羊座),大概只能訴諸於「超自然因果」,這種因果當然不再能被視為是科學的。

根據這個合理的自然因果鏈假設之判準,鍊金術在十七世紀之前是科學,十七世紀之後不再是科學,理由類似占星學。佛洛依德的潛意識理論和阿德勒的心理學都可以有合理的自然因果鏈假設,所以是科學;馬克思的歷史唯物論也是科學(社會科學)。特異功能理論不是科學。也許有人會認為「合理的自然因果鏈」中的「合理」可能是沒有客觀標準,其實不然。因為「合理」與否要參考或相較於一個時代的知識背景和其他實際的競爭假設來決定,如果其它競爭的自然因果鏈假設比你更合理,或者其它新的理論發展拆斷了你的因果鏈,你卻不能改良你自己的假設,重建你的因果鏈假設,得以和其它假設持續競爭,你就退出科學的舞台了。這是為什麼在一個時代可能是合理的,另一個時代卻未必合理了,而「相較於一個時代實際的知識背景和競爭假設來判斷」這個意義上是客觀的。

「正在預測天相的占星師」(’An Astrologer Casting a Horoscope’)出自羅伯特·弗拉德著作:《兩個世界的歷史》(Utriusque Cosmi Historia),1617年(圖片來源:由 Robert Fludd,公有領域)

出生時間與性格的合理自然假設

我不是占星學的愛好者,但我很喜歡設想各種「合理的自然因果鏈假設」,在此我想為占星學提出一個。這個假設,更精確地說,應該是「出生時間與天生性格的相關性假設」,也就是說,「相近出生時間的人,大約會有相似的天生性格。」今天占星術的主要內容就是在講相同星座(不同出月份或時段)的人,有相似的性格;不同星座的人,有不同的特別性格。當然,占星術也會預測流年、流月、當週運勢等等,但這不在我的合理假設的範圍內。

如果「相近出生時間的人,大約會有相似的天生性格」這個假設有統計上的證據,那麼我可以為它設想一個「合理的自然因果鏈」:人人都是母親大約懷胎十月生下來的,而在懷胎十月的過程中,母親會經歷不同的季節歷程,這個不同的季節歷程導致母親經歷不同的情緒變化(也許會影響賀爾蒙的分泌,但這可能太複雜),從而對胎兒有不同的性格塑造作用;而相近出生時間的人,母親經歷的季節歷程大致相同,因此有相近的性格塑造作用。例如,二月底出生的人,母親懷孕經歷的季節大致是1/3春季、夏季、秋季、冬季;五月底六月初出生的人,母親懷孕經歷的季節則是1/3夏季、秋季、冬季、春季,如此等等。不同月分出生的人有不同的季節經歷,懷孕過程有不同的一般情緒變化,因此可能對胎兒的天生性格有不同的塑造作用。反過來說,相似的懷孕季節經歷,就可以塑造相似的天生性格。

這個假設是自然的,母親懷孕影響胎兒是自然的,母親懷孕時的情緒對胎兒出生後人格有影響也有經驗依據。但這個假設「合理」嗎?它有一個競爭對手:性格的基因決定論──基因決定人的天生性格。根據我自己對於基因遺傳學的瞭解,我們大概很難找出「性格基因」(但我也不敢講一定沒有),理由很複雜。第一、「基因」的概念其實一直在變動,很難找出「一個基因」;第二,DNA能決定的只是蛋白質的合成,例如眼珠的顏色取決於色素的多或少,色素是一種蛋白質,這比較單純。但人的天生性格如何形成十分複雜。性格大概和大腦相關,大腦腦細胞組成成份的有無或多寡如何影響性格?缺少相關研究。第三,發育過程對於個體的影響十分深遠,發育雖然由基因發動,但受發育環境(母胎環境和成長環境)影響很大。我的小孩有我一半基因,但是他的天生性格和我有很大的差異,有可能他遺傳我太太的性格?但是基因影響論不是基因決定論。最後,即使性格的基因影響為真,也不能排除懷孕環境的影響。

另一個競爭假設是性格的後天教養論,亦即人的性格完全來自後天的教養,如此沒有「天生性格」可言。基本上,我也不贊同這個假設,它和性格的「基因決定論」(即天生論)剛好截然對立。性格決定於先天基因或後天教養?這是一個性格心理學爭議不休的話題,至今沒有一個決定性的結論,大概也不會有決定性的結論。純先天或純後天的兩極假說大概都站不住腳,雖然它們都是合理的、也是科學的,它們都提出了合理的自然因果鏈假說。

我相信人的性格有先天和後天的成分。性格受後天教養的影響很大,但仍有先天的成分。我的理由來自一些個人經驗,在正常狀態下,父母對嬰兒出生到二三歲時的照顧都差不多,這期間主要是照顧它的身體發育與健康,比較少行為模式的塑造,換言之,還沒有後天教養的影響。但有的嬰兒在這段期間已顯現出鮮明的性格──有人極度怕生,非父母擁抱即嚎啕大哭;有人毫不在意,對誰都笑臉盈盈。

由上可知,「懷孕經歷假說」:「人有天生性格而且受母親懷孕時季節經歷的影響和塑造」可以是一個合理假設,可以構成其它假設的競爭對手。它一方面可以說明「天生性格」的因果來源,另方面也為「出生時間和天生性格有相關性」、「相近出生時間有相似性格」這樣的「現象假設」提供一個因果說明。而且,如果這個「懷孕經歷假說」為真的話,那麼它蘊涵「相近出生時間有相似性格」,因為「相近出生時間」指示了「相似的懷孕經歷」。更重要的是(增加它的合理性),這現象假說是可以被檢驗──可以被驗證,當然也可以被否證。

我們可以由統計調查來檢驗「懷孕經歷假說」。我們真正檢驗的是「出生時間與天生性格有相關性」和「相近出生時間有相似性格」這兩個現象假設。這個假設檢驗的邏輯如下:

如果懷孕經歷假說為真,則「相近出生時間有相似性格」為真。

檢驗程序大概如下:

(1) 分類和指認不同類型的「天生性格」(例如「怕生」、「大膽」、「好奇」等等,這應該是程度性的),並作定義。

(2) 把和種類型的性格定義聯結到嬰兒的行為觀察,即進一步作出「操作型定義」。製訂「性格量表」。針對「量表」作信度和效度檢測。

(3) 挑選不同月分出生的二歲嬰幼兒,一年十二月每月每天都要有若干人,最好人數固定。

(4) 根據性格的操作定義和量表,設計嬰幼兒的行為情境,觀察樣本嬰幼兒的行為,決定每一位嬰幼兒的性格量表。

(5) 統計嬰幼兒性格量表和出生時間的相關性。

透過這個統計調查研究,我們可以檢驗「相近出生時間有相似天生性格」這現象假設(因為我們還不知道這個現象是否有統計上的顯著性),如果這假設可以得到統計上的印證,因為它預設「相近的懷孕經歷」,所以「懷孕經歷假設」也就可以得到初步印證,而且它為這個現象假設提供一個「因果說明」。

假定「相近出生時間有相似性格」這現象假設可以得到印證,但是更穩固地「證實」「懷孕經歷假說」就必須進一步研究母親懷孕在不同季節的心理,對於懷孕的生理環境之影響,而懷孕之生理影響又如何影響胎兒大腦發育,大腦發育的型態又如何影響胎兒的天性性格如此等等,這裏有太多太多有待研究的謎。每個環節都有可能否證「懷孕經歷假說」。但即使「懷孕經歷假說」被證明為假,並不會減損、反而是強化它的科學性。 我自己是不會去作這個科學研究啦,我可以提出「科學假設」(合理的自然因果鏈假設),但我不擅長「科學實作」,我也沒有那個實作的耐心和環境。我歡迎科學界(醫界?)有人援用我這假設去做統計調查研究(不過,現在重視CI和成果的學術界,大概不太有人敢冒險)。總之,我在這裏提出一個 research program ,它提供很多「謎題」,可以被用來從事「解謎活動」。

「懷孕經歷假說」與占星學的關係

「懷孕經歷假說」蘊涵了「相近出生時間有相似天生性格」的假設。而傳統占星學就是主張「相近出生時間有相似天生性格」,並使用這個假設來操作占星術(利用性格類型進一步預測一個人的運勢或生活諸事,例如和伴侶、家人、朋友、同事之間的性格配合和工作配合等等)。「懷孕經歷假說」其實破壞了占星學傳統的因果假設(超自然的,星體位置對於人的性格有影響),現在「行星星體位置」不過是一個「出生時間」的指示器而已,剛好因為「出生時間」和「行星星體位置」有一個統計相關性(甚至一一對應關係)。所以,在占星學裏,「行星星體位置」取代了「出生時間」,而被假想為和「天生性格」有某種神秘的因果聯結──但這個假想的因果聯結無法被自然化,可以自然化的是「出生時間」和其背後預設的「懷孕歷程」。


本文原載於「陳瑞麟的科學絮語(link is external)」,經作者授權轉載。

 

《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Love For Sale (09:26) 》


《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Love For Sale (09:26) 》

3 Hip-Openers to Prep for Lotus Pose


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/3-hip-openers-to-prep-for-lotus-pose

3 Hip-Openers to Prep for Lotus Pose

Increase hip flexibility and learn how to keep your knees safe with these prep poses for Padmasana.

Increase hip flexibility and learn how to keep your knees safe with these prep poses for Padmasana.

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《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Nuit Blanche (09:46) 》


《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Nuit Blanche (09:46) 》

Nova Scotia Home by Alexander Gorlin Architects


https://www.caandesign.com/nova-scotia-home-by-alexander-gorlin-architects/

Nova Scotia Home by Alexander Gorlin Architects

Architects: Alexander Gorlin Architects
Location: Ketch Harbour, Nova ScotiaCanada
Year: 2012
Area: 8,000 sqft
Photo courtesy: Peter Aaron
Description:

On a rocky, granite cliff overlooking the Atlantic Ocean in Ketch Harbour, Nova Scotia, this 8,000 square foot house is a series of angled glass and raw concrete pavilions that capture the dramatic landscape in each direction.

Nova-Scotia-Home-01

Crowned by gently curving zinc roofs, each pavilion frames views of a historic lighthouse, the sea-lanes to Halifax and a WWII Allied bunker.

Nova-Scotia-Home-02

Set along a linear entry hallway, the pavilions also define programmatic areas, with the den, living and dining rooms, the kitchen and master bedroom each ensconced in their own space.

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Nova-Scotia-Home-03

Further enhancing the experience of the site, two additional bedrooms on the second level cantilever off the main body of the house.

Nova-Scotia-Home-04

Landscaped terraces provide a platform for lounging areas with long outdoor patios. Wild rocks and crashing waves are as sublime a site as any in the world, and the house is a perfect balance between architecture and nature.

Nova-Scotia-Home-05Nova-Scotia-Home-06Nova-Scotia-Home-07Nova-Scotia-Home-08Nova-Scotia-Home-09Nova-Scotia-Home-10Nova-Scotia-Home-11Nova-Scotia-Home-12Nova-Scotia-Home-13Nova-Scotia-Home-14

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《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Just The Two of Us (05:03) 》


《 Cyrille Aimée’s – Just The Two of Us (05:03) 》

日本「官僚的反叛」:台灣能否擺脫相同的宿命?|陳信仲


近幾年來,不少台灣官員、地方首長前往中國示好,還有退休將領參加中國的紀念活動,加上2014年的服務貿易協定、更早期的國台辦主任陳雲林來台,都很難不被視為明目張膽的叛國與通敵作為,但上述種種,在台灣卻沒有得到廣泛的重視。除了複雜的歷史、政治因素,更因為台灣人對於這些行為背後所代表的意涵與後果並不了解。如果能一覽專長為經濟民族主義理論、《TPP亡國論》一書作者的中野剛志,在2012年出版的《官僚的反叛》,或許我們可以對當下這些「反叛」的現象有更深的警覺與認識。

日本「官僚的反叛」:台灣能否擺脫相同的宿命?|陳信仲

http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6909

日本「官僚的反叛」:台灣能否擺脫相同的宿命?

友善列印版本

近幾年來,不少台灣官員、地方首長前往中國示好,還有退休將領參加中國的紀念活動,加上2014年的服務貿易協定、更早期的國台辦主任陳雲林來台,都很難不被視為明目張膽的叛國與通敵作為,但上述種種,在台灣卻沒有得到廣泛的重視。除了複雜的歷史、政治因素,更因為台灣人對於這些行為背後所代表的意涵與後果並不了解。如果能一覽專長為經濟民族主義理論、《TPP亡國論》一書作者的中野剛志,在2012年出版的《官僚的反叛》,或許我們可以對當下這些「反叛」的現象有更深的警覺與認識。

拚經濟或國民主權?

中野剛志著手寫作《官僚的反叛》,契機在2011年秋天,日本國內爭論是否參與美國的環太平洋經濟夥伴協定(TPP)時,日本前外務審議官田中均,在關於支持TPP的演講的提問環節中,表示「日本這樣的國家,一直都只能藉由外力來改變⋯⋯不就意即,無論怎樣的掌權者、英明的人都與外國的壓力一起打開國家、改變事物嗎」?而關於國家利益,田中均又言「⋯⋯日本國更加富庶、更加安全地存續下去,就是對日本來說的國家利益⋯⋯為了要創造出(國家利益的)成果,活用美國的力量,我完全不覺得有什麼不好」。

中野剛志指出上述發言的兩個問題。其一,田中在公眾場合堂堂斷言利用美國的壓力並不壞,完全否定了日本國民以自己的手來捍衛富庶與安全的國民主權。國民主權者,就中野剛志的定義,是國民以自己的意志決定自己國家未來的民主理想。可以說,國民主權就是從自由民主的理念當中成立的。雖然由於西方列強的壓迫,東亞的弱小國家不得不進行改革。但重點是這樣的改革必須是依據國民自己的意志而發動的。換言之,不是「決定什麼」,而是「由誰決定」。這樣由國民自身來決定的形式,於政治上事關重大,而守住這樣的國民自決權,正是國家官僚最重要的任務。而田中均這樣的前外務省官僚,即背叛了國民主權/自由民主。

另一個問題在於,田中均認為更加富庶、更加安全地生活比起國民主權或者自由民主的理想更加重要。然而,自由民主政治與追求富庶(拚經濟)之間的矛盾,在日常生活中所在多有。例如國家預算的決定,必須經過國會的議論與表決的民主手續。但是結果往往不是國家預算的最佳分配。因為民主手續的過程,常常進行著政治勢力的協商與鬥爭,國家預算演變為政治妥協的產物。因此沒有效率、改革緩慢、與經濟發展相悖是自由民主政治的常態,作為民主國家的官僚,必須將這些困難清楚呈現給國民,以供國民群體抉擇。只有極權或專制王權的國家才會認為有高於自由、民主的其他價值。因此認為富庶、安全高於自由民主的官僚,其實就是踐踏自由民主政治的、失格的官僚。

《官僚的反叛》書封

菁英與大眾

然而,讓中野剛志更感好奇的是,在報導官員失言、失格的資訊會讓電視台創造大量收視率的日本、抨擊這些失言的官員會為政治人物製造大量支持率的日本,竟然對田中均的發言無感甚至不見一點討論。也就是說,這樣的反叛居然被大眾允許了,該如何理解這樣的現象呢?中野剛志引用了哲學家加塞特(José Ortega y Gasset)的著作《大眾的反叛》(The Revolt of the Masses)來加以解釋。加塞特認為所謂的大眾,是「由於特別的理由,無論好壞都不評價自己,自己感到與大家是相同的,並不為此覺得痛苦,反而會為他人與自己相同感到舒適」這樣的人群。也就是說,加塞特所指稱的大眾,並非是特定的階層,而是不表示自己的意見、隨波逐流的人們。也可以說,即使是有錢人或統治者,具有這樣被群體左右的性格,也屬於「大眾」的一員。而與「大眾」相對的「菁英」,則與之相反,是「對自己要求嚴格、背負困難與義務」的人。同樣無關乎身分階級,而是「在自由的原則與法律規定的庇護之下,作為少數派行動與生活」的人。他們擁有古典自由民主的理想,持續為了更高的目標而鍛鍊、常常超越施加義務與要求於自己的現實。對比自我滿足、安於現狀、不加以鍛鍊、過一天算一天的大眾,他們常常備受排擠與攻擊。

加塞特(圖片來源:維基共享資源 Public Domain)

然而,這樣頹廢又自大的大眾,正是發達的近代產業文明之中,保障富有而安全地生活之時代的產物。加塞特將大眾比喻為被寵壞而驕縱自大的小孩,在雙親的庇護下處於沒有任何危險的環境,不知外面世界的嚴苛,因此總是天真地看待一切,不願腳踏實地認真生活。中野剛志將這樣的雙親比喻為國家,多虧國家帶來便利而安全的生活環境,沒有緊張感而安於現狀,因此大眾就不會為了更高的價值與理想──如國民主權或民主價值等──承受風險、持續努力。也正因為如此,日本的大眾就不會對最重視富庶與安全、並且背叛國民主權與自由民主的田中均,作出任何的批判。而這樣的田中均,無論從哪裡看來,都不是應該作為承擔民主政治困難的菁英的官僚,而只是一介「大眾式」的人類罷了。

反思台灣

藉由中野剛志對於日本官僚與大眾的批判,我們或多或少理解,為什麼某些支持「中國就是活路」、「拚經濟」而不惜犧牲主權的政黨及其政策仍有群眾支持,官僚明目張膽地到對岸輸誠為什麼不會受到台灣「大眾」的關注與批判了。只是,如果台灣人要作為自由人而活著、在困難的國際局勢當中仍然保有國民主權,而不受外國左右、支配甚至奴役,我們就該認真看待並且批判這些背叛台灣民主與人民的官僚,並驅策、敦促自己更關心公眾事務、承擔民主生活且追求知識。如此一來,台灣人才不會又成為台灣史中屢見不鮮的、持續允許叛徒同時也背叛自己的「大眾」。

 

【妖言惑眾】理解自己


【妖言惑眾】

真正的知識,

是不會直接發展成有血肉般熱情的東西。

只有在累積貯存後的知識,

雖然,

在經過經驗的啟發,

或許有可能發展成一套思想的。

但是,

信念的建立,

 通常都是來自於具體的累積經驗。

說實在的,

人類也只能理解自己的親身體驗過的事情而已。

3 Secrets for Better Arm Balances


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/hand-balancing-wrong

3 Secrets for Better Arm Balances

Struggling with arm balances? The secret lies in the hands and forearms. Learn how to support your weight throughout your inversion practice.
Jeffrey Posner in Crow Pose, bakasana

Bryant Park Yoga is back in New York City for its 12th season, featuring teachers curated by Yoga Journal. This week’s featured instructor is Jeffrey Posner, who will teach on Tuesday morning, July 28th.

Struggling with arm balances? From Crane (Crow) Pose to an all-out Handstand, the form in the hands and forearms remains the same. Mastering this form will help you build the proper foundation to support your weight throughout your inversionpractice.

WATCH Posner’s 2-minute arm balance tutorial

3 Secrets for Better Arm Balances

1. Use Hands and Wrists the Right Way

When you learn how to properly distribute your weight throughout the hand, specifically in the triad of the hand (metacarpal knuckles of thumb, index, and pointer), the balance will take on a new feeling of lightness. Learning to distribute the weight and find balance in the hands is very similar to how a baby learns to balance and take their first steps. When learning to walk and balance on the feet, the weight must be shifted into the toe mound (the front of the foot) to achieve even weight distribution in the feet. The same rule applies for the hands: As you move the weight of your body forward to enter the pose, the triad of your hand should begin to bear the weight.

Once bearing your weight evenly in your hands, you must use your wrists to resist the weight moving forward in the hands and body. Think of the way your ankles push your feet into the floor when you walk to keep you from falling on your face. Same rule applies here: you flex the wrists to push the hands into the floor so you don’t fall on your face.

READ MORE 5 Tips to Improve Your Arm Balances

2. Find Correct Forearm Placement

When the hands are flat, the forearms should start perpendicular to the floor. The farther the forearms move forward, the more the body is able to open up in a pose. Think of your shins and how they move when you walk: more control is achieved when the shins are moving in a forward angle to keep the weight into the toe mound rather than leaning back into the heels of the feet. When it comes to arm balances, this forward motion keeps the weight in the triad of the hand, so you have something to add wrist flexion against. Keep your gaze 6-8 inches in front of your hands as another way to keep the weight moving in the right direction.

3. Give Yourself Time

If this technique is new to you, then take it slow. Wrist flexion is a big part of arm balances, and unfortunately we rarely do the actions necessary in our daily lives to strengthen the wrists. Over time, you will build this strength, and improve your arm balances.

READ MORE Why Bother With Arm Balances? 

Check the schedule of upcoming Bryant Park Yoga classes, which take place every Tuesday and Thursday through Sept. 23. and join us. Follow the Bryant Park Yoga series at #YJendlessYOGAsummer.

 

Black Cube House by KameleonLab


https://www.caandesign.com/black-cube-house-by-kameleonlab/

Black Cube House by KameleonLab

Architects: Kuba Wozniczka, Rafal Specylak of KameleonLab
Location: Wroclaw, Poland
Collaborator: Marek Wozniczka
Year: 2012
Area: 235 sqm
Photos: Tomasz Zakrzewski
Description:

The venture shows an aggregate makeover of an ordinary clean family house from 70s of XX century. Customers have purchased a site with existing 2 story little building and their fundamental goal was to make this house twice as large, whilst joining the old structure of a building and to totally change the heights.

black-cube-house-kameleonlab_11_bc

Toward the end of a “cosmetic touch up” old white block turned into a “dark 3D square”. Existing house was stretched out in two headings, towards greenery enclosure and west site limit, accomplishing additional space for a family room on the ground floor and unexperienced parents bed room with closet on first floor.

]black-cube-house-kameleonlab_portada

The site is situated in urbanized city zone in local location of high thickness, where accomplishing protection, so imperative for customers, was principle venture issue. Taking after customer wish to minimize conceivable perspectives into the house structure outside, front and side rises have only a base number of openings which was repaid by couple of sky facing windows and 5 meter tallness channel glass divider lightning up stairs and passage. House format was revamped to discrete diferent zones in extremely customary mode. Open arrangement on the ground floor is committed for entire family and their companions, though top floor is entirely private with folks rooms on one side of a house and children in the other.

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One of essential parts of this task was to make smooth move in the middle of house and finished territory. From the greenery enclosure side steel casing has been outlined encompassing porch and supporting anticipated “room box”. This has made another space-by one means or another encased however as of now in the greenery enclosure. Steel edge will serve as a development for timber louvers or material layers to expand protection and make shade in summer months.

black-cube-house-kameleonlab_10_bc
This “in the middle of” zone will serve as a family room expansion, where sliding glass veneer make it conceivable to interface with space mlessly. Amid late spring and spring this will be perfect for BBQ, patio nursery party’s and will serve as children play area.

black-cube-house-kameleonlab_01_bc
In the forthcoming porch region there grew a tree which was proposed to stay on the spot. Shockingly, the tree was harmed amid development works and consequently it must be removed. The house proprietors chose to plant another tree on that spot once the development of the house is finished.

black-cube-house-kameleonlab_09_bc
After precisely reaching for sufficient rise treatment architect shave chose to clad this house with timber painted black,thanks to this achieving extremely solid, just about “realistic” impact and same time utilizing environment inviting materials. To highlight ‘exhaust parts’ of the structure (where strong mass is subtracted)- passage zone and porch zone, hued and white render was utilized rather than timber.

black-cube-house-kameleonlab_05_bcblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_21_bcblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_03_bcblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_07_bcblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_08_bcblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_26_bcblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_24_bcblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_bc_plans_finalblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_bc_sectionblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_bc_siteplan_02_copyblack-cube-house-kameleonlab_00_bc_diagram_01black-cube-house-kameleonlab_00_bc_diagram_02

 

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