Q&A: What’s So Sacred About the Number 108?


https://www.yogajournal.com/yoga-101/the-number-108

Q&A: What’s So Sacred About the Number 108?

Shiva Rea explains the significance of the number 108 in yoga and Hinduism
sun salutation

I’ve read of people doing 108 Sun Salutations (Surya Namaskar A) at the time of the spring equinox. What is the significance of the number 108?

—Linda Burkard, Martinez, California

Shiva Rea’s Reply:

The number’s significance is open to interpretation. But 108 has long been considered a sacred number in Hinduism and yoga. Traditionally, malas, or garlands of prayer beads, come as a string of 108 beads (plus one for the “guru bead," around which the other 108 beads turn like the planets around the sun). A mala is used for counting as you repeat a mantra—much like the Catholic rosary.

Renowned mathematicians of Vedic culture viewed 108 as a number of the wholeness of existence. This number also connects the Sun, Moon, and Earth: The average distance of the Sun and the Moon to Earth is 108 times their respective diameters. Such phenomena have given rise to many examples of ritual significance.

According to yogic tradition, there are 108 pithas, or sacred sites, throughout India. And there are also 108 Upanishads and 108 marma points, or sacred places of the body.

And, yes, one can offer a yoga mala of 108 Sun Salutations. Please take a moment to visit www.globalmala.org for more information on the power of 108 and joining the “mala around the earth" to be formed by the worldwide yoga community on September 21 and 22 of 2007.

ABOUT OUR EXPERT
Shiva Rea is a leading teacher of prana vinyasa flow and yoga trance dance who teaches all over the world. She is a lifelong student of Tantra, Ayurveda, bhakti, hatha yoga, kalaripayat, Odissi dance, and yogic arts.

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Why Your Downward Dog Isn’t Necessarily Yoga


https://www.yogajournal.com/yoga-101/why-your-downward-dog-isnt-necessarily-yoga

Why Your Downward Dog Isn’t Necessarily Yoga

Yoga teacher Carola Lovering left YJ LIVE! New York with some existential questions about the practice of asana. Here she breaks down how a modern-day yogi can make sense of what we’re really doing on the mat.
Downward facing dog

So much of the way we think and talk about yoga focuses on the aesthetic. Someone says the word “yoga,” and most people probably envision a fit man or woman contorted into a challenging posture, the physical shape as the thing itself.

The problem with this is that these shapes are not really yoga. I’ve recently come to understand that the distinction between a posture and yoga itself is significant and often overlooked. After practicing yoga for a decade and teaching it for half of one, I’m still grappling with this realization that yoga is not actually the poses.

If Yoga Isn’t the Poses, What Is It?

A collective message from several top instructors at this spring’s Yoga Journal Liveevent in New York City was the importance of seeking transformation through yoga’s internal, more esoteric yogic practices like pranayama and mindfulnessrather than the physical asanas. The takeaway was this: If you want real change, you’ve got to do the inner work—flexibility isn’t yoga.

As Yoga Journal readers know, this idea that yoga extends far beyond the mat isn’t new. The longer I practice, the more this “other” part of yoga seems to matter. I now seek out teachers who are less about bicycle crunches and more about helping me tap into spiritual transformation. Still, I never questioned the necessity of a physical yoga practice. But after spending an entire weekend listening to the wisdom of master teachers, I headed home with my mat tucked under one arm and wondered, for a moment, why I even needed it. A piece of rubber certainly wasn’t going to help me achieve that coveted thing we’re truly after.

And what exactly is that thing? Rod Stryker called it the “limitless manifestation of energy” in his workshop mainly on theory, rooted in principles from traditional hatha yoga texts. Stryker explained that to tap into this limitless energy source we must work to dissolve our identities, attachments, and aversions. Only through mental clarity and learning to understand ourselves—not through asana—will we have the potential to access our limitless energy.

Coby Kozlowski’s workshop about the qualities of consciousness shed light on a similar phenomenon. The conference schedule highlighted Kozlowski’s two-hour class as a mix of lecture and movement, but after 10 minutes of introductory sun salutations, she told us to have a seat. “That’s enough moving for today,” she explained with a radiant smile. “Now we’re going to talk. We’re going to have my favorite conversation in the world.”

Kozlowski went on to describe how yoga is so much more that what we do on the mat, and how she arrived at this transformative understanding. “When I was in my twenties, I got an injury and had to stop my physical yoga practice for a while,” Kozlowski told us. “It turned out to be the greatest gift, because it was when I realized that my yoga was so much more than what I could do with my physical body.”

See also Patanjali Never Said Yoga Is Fancy Poses

According to Krishnamacharya, the father of modern yoga, the purpose of yoga is samadhi, an intense concentration achieved through meditation. He said: “Yoga is an awareness, a type of knowing. Yoga will end in awareness. When the mind is without any movement, maybe for a quarter of an hour, or even quarter of a minute, you will realize that yoga is of the nature of infinite awareness, and infinite knowing.”

Kozlowski takes this idea and breaks it down to make “awareness” more accessible for the modern yogi, who may not have the time or discipline to sit down and meditate at length on a regular basis. Kozlowski’s definition of yoga is relatively simple but strikes a chord: “skillful participation with each moment of life.”

“Yoga is the path on which we come home to what is true and real,” she explained. “It’s learning to see the world clearly—beyond fantasy, fear, and distortion—and it provides infinite inquiries and experiments for each of us to dive into.” The physical practice of yoga is only one of the eight limbs that create the higher definition of yoga. And when Kozlowski was forced to pause her physical practice, her world cracked open. “It was an opportunity for me to discover who I really am, why I’m here and how I want to live,” she said. “I began to see that yoga is about making lifestyle choices to help me see myself and the world more clearly. Yoga is about savoring the rhythm of life—the fluctuation of rest and restlessness and celebrating all of life’s flavors from grief, sorrow, and sadness to bliss, ecstasy, and joy. When I stopped practicing on my mat, I started truly living my yoga.”

See also Daily Practice Challenge: Meaningful Movement & Action

Colby K YJLive

So Why Practice the Poses at All?

Despite the emphasis on asana in many modern yoga classes, movement was not a guiding component of the yoga in ancient India. Renowned yogi and teacher Mark Singleton took an intense look at yoga’s evolution after he discovered what looked like yoga postures outlined in a Danish manual called Primitive Gymnastics. The “yoga poses” were said to be exercises developed by a Scandinavian gymnast in the early 20th century, and Singleton became deeply confused, especially when he learned that Primitive Gymnastics had been one of the most popular forms of exercise in India.

Singleton delved into yoga’s history, scouring ancient texts like Pantanjali’s Yoga Sutras and the Upanishads. “One only has to peruse translations of texts like the Hatha Tattva Kaumudi, the Gheranda Samhita, or the Hatha Ratnavali, to see that much of the yoga that dominates America and Europe today has changed almost beyond recognition from the medieval practices,” Singleton wrote in 2011. “The philosophical and esoteric frameworks of premodern hatha yoga, and the status of asanas as ‘seats’ for meditation and pranayama, have been sidelined in favor of systems that foreground gymnastic movement, health, and fitness, and the spiritual concerns of the modern West.”

See also The Ancient & Modern Roots of Yoga

While it’s true that yoga has morphed into something its forefathers wouldn’t recognize, Singleton and Kozlowski both acknowledge that this evolution, though radical, is only natural and ultimately okay. “There are many doorways to reveal what is true and real,” Kozlowksi explained in our follow-up conversation after the conference. “There is no one path to truth. For some people yoga is doing an asana practice—using the body and breath as a portal into discovering one’s deepest truth.”

Singleton sees yoga as a vast and ancient tree, one with many branches and roots that continues to grow and evolve. And I agree—as long as we remember those roots and come to our mats to practice seeking the truth. Otherwise we’re just doing gymnastics.

See also 10 Things We Didn’t Know About Yoga Until This New Must-Read Dropped

 

《 Laura Pausini – Mix (50:41)》


《 Laura Pausini – Mix (50:41)》

Yogi Sophie Jaffe Shares Her Inner Beauty Secrets


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/yogi-sophie-jaffe-shares-her-inner-beauty-secrets

Yogi Sophie Jaffe Shares Her Inner Beauty Secrets

Sophie Jaffe, yoga teacher, certified raw food chef, superfood entrepreneur, and mom of two boys (with a baby girl due this summer), defines inner beauty as honoring your inner wild woman—all your amazing gifts—and being true to them.
sophiejaffe

“To me, not being perfect is what’s so beautiful,” she says. Below, Sophie shares her secrets for feeling beautiful every day, with the help of yoga, inspiring mantras, and products that make her feel good from the inside out.

My Daily Beauty Rituals

Morning: I oil pull every morning. It offers me a time to relax and ease into my day, and keeps my mouth clean and fresh. I also feel a little extra confident with a bright, healthy smile. Next, I start my cleansing routine with Weleda Gentle Cleansing Milk. It’s pure and nourishing, and never strips my skin or irritates it. I follow with their nourishing Hydrating Day Cream with jojoba oil and witch hazel, which is a beautiful and balancing combination.

Midday: All day long, I use Weleda Wild Rose 24H Deodorant Spray to help me go from meetings to hot yoga to after-school activities without missing a beat. After an intense yoga session (usually while the kids are at school), I love lathering up with Weleda’s Lavender Creamy Body Wash–it instantly hydrates and relaxes my body. I also apply Weleda’s Muscle Massage Oil all over to help my muscles wind down.

Evening: Weleda’s 2in1 Gentle Shampoo + Body Wash helps us save time at bath time, and it’s delicate enough even for a baby’s sensitive skin. I also can’t wait to try their soothing Calendula Diaper Care Cream on my baby girl! Before I get into bed, I use Weleda’s Relaxing Body & Beauty Oil with lavender oil, which helps me calm down and gets me ready for the deepest night’s sleep.

What Makes Me Feel Beautiful (Inside & Out)

My boys and my husband make me feel beautiful in our day-to-day family dynamic: the good, the bad, and the ugly. Yoga allows me to bring it ALL to the mat and greet every part of my true self. To feel all my woman power and light it. I also meditate and set positive affirmations for my day, such as “I am a goddess.” Since I’ve been pregnant, my daily mantra has been, “I am growing life. I am full of love.” Whenever something comes along that throws off my energy or makes me feel negative, anxious, or upset, I return to these affirmations and reflect on them for a bit before moving forward. I’ve also set an intention to look at life through a positive lens. If you go through life with optimism and sincere gratitude, you’ll see that beauty reflected on the outside.

How I Stay Body Positive

Maintaining healthy body positivity is so difficult in this digital age, and the pressures of social media can make us feel “less than.” It look a long time, but I’m finally in a space where I love the body I’m in. It all came down to finding balance. I can also see beyond the physical and know that I’m not just this body—that it’s actually a spiritual experience to be a parent, a woman, a human being. When I feel frustrated that baby girl is making me sick or tired and so unlike myself that I want to cry and scream, I think, “Wow, I’m growing a baby and a healthy baby at that. Some day she is going to take on this world and I’ll be the one to lead her there, and that’s pretty amazing.”

 

《 Laura Pausini – Every Little Thing You Do (04:02)》


《 Laura Pausini – Every Little Thing You Do (04:02)》

Technology for Your Bathroom That Will Change Your Life


https://www.caandesign.com/technology-for-your-bathroom-that-will-change-your-life/

Technology for Your Bathroom That Will Change Your Life

 

We all love our gadgets: but do we need them in the bathroom? Really?

The digital age excludes nothing, and our bathrooms should be no exception. Technology exists to make life easier for us, and there are now plenty of ways that it helps us to better enjoy our showers, make things more hygienic, and speed up the process of washing.

So, if you’re looking to update your bathroom and want to bring in some specially-made, water-safe tech, browse our top ideas to help streamline your showers. A musical showerhead is definitely on our must-have list!

 

Electronic Toilet

Advertisement

Electronic toilets are becoming more and more popular and accessible across the world. Models like the TOTO Neorest range can be found in homes across America, due to the cleanliness and comfort they bring to you and your home!

Here’s just a few features that explains why everyone is after a Neorest:

  • Contains electrolyzed water for self-cleaning – this works basically the same as household bleach, which cleans the toilet and everything in it with effective sanitation. The best part? It’s entirely natural and turns back into ‘normal’ water within about two hours. That equals a sparkling clean commode with no harmful chemicals being flushed into the environment.
  • Spray washer for ultimate freshness (and saving you a ton on toilet roll).
  • Automatic lid, which knows when to close and open without you needing to touch it at all!

 

Whirlpool Bath

After a long, hard day at work, you deserve more than just a quick soak in a normal tub.

Enter the whirlpool bath: a tub pierced with tiny jet nozzles, turning your bath into a luxury jacuzzi at the touch of a button. Some even come with in-built LED lights to light up the water in any arrangement of the rainbow that you wish. They also usually feature a range of settings, so you can go from ‘bubbling brook’ to ‘river rapids’ depending on your mood.

You’ll never settle for still water again after you’ve tried a whirlpool – install one in your home today! These can come in all shapes and sizes, including regular rectangle, corner tubs, and even circular. You can even go all-out and get one the size of a small swimming pool, if you’ve the money and the space! Get yourself a whirlpool bath from brands like Trojan, Snowden and Verona.

 

Smart Taps

 

Smart taps are a great idea not just for convenience and cleanliness, but for conserving water, too. Instead of having to twist a stubborn handle to turn on your taps, you need only wave a hand across it to turn on the stream.

This means no grubby hands need to touch the fixture, meaning less cleaning for you, as it keeps a mess-free sink surface. These are also great for kids, disabled people and the elderly who might struggle with turning on normal taps.

To counteract the problem of the sensor being set off by something other than someone needing to wash their hands, these taps usually have a short timer and automatically shut off, preventing water loss.

They also come with aerated streams – water flow infused with air – making the stream softer to the touch while wasting less water. What are you waiting for? Get a smart tap from brands like Grohe, RAK, Orion and more.

 

Showerhead Speaker

Music fans will know that unless you have a good-quality speaker, it can be hard to hear your favorite tunes when there’s water running – especially if you have a power shower. Luckily, various brands have come up with an ingenious solution to eliminate this pesky problem: in-built showerhead speakers.

These completely waterproof speakers are set into the actual showerhead where the water flows from and can be connected to any music device that has Bluetooth capabilities. Perform your shower karaoke routine in style, without straining to hear the words! Look to companies like Kohler to purchase your very own showerhead speaker.

Thank you for reading this article!

 

《 Laura Pausini – One More Time (04:25)》


《 Laura Pausini – One More Time (04:25)》

【荷事生非】誰是《天堂異鄉人》?聆聽紀錄片裡的他者聲音


《天堂異鄉人》是一幅開展畫,在60分鐘內,把歐洲對難民/移民的觀感和現況一覽無遺的攤開在眾人面前。這部紀錄片由荷蘭導演Guido Hendrikx於2016年拍攝製成,並在今年的台灣國際紀錄片影展的5/6、5/10、5/11 上映。

#歐洲難民 #移民 #荷蘭 #天堂異鄉人
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6946

【荷事生非】誰是《天堂異鄉人》?聆聽紀錄片裡的他者聲音

友善列印版本

當我們扯開人道的遮羞布,用歐洲的眼睛來看移民時⋯⋯

一部紀錄片可能是一小時、一天、一個短暫的時刻或是一段生命的旅程。《天堂異鄉人》是一幅開展畫,在60分鐘內,把歐洲對難民/移民的觀感和現況一覽無遺的攤開在眾人面前。這部紀錄片由荷蘭導演Guido Hendrikx於2016年拍攝製成,並在今年的台灣國際紀錄片影展的5/6、5/10、5/11 上映。


《天堂異鄉人》劇照。(圖片來源:TIDF 官方網站)

聽見另一端的聲音⋯⋯

我在荷蘭讀書時,有過這麼一個小經驗。一日我與一位荷蘭男子兩人在空蕩蕩的大街上等著二十分鐘後將來到的公車,談話緣於打發時間,但一談難民,他整個投入了起來。「就是想來賺錢」、「來了,社會福利都給他們了,荷蘭人要怎麼辦?」、 「帶著自己的宗教和習慣來,卻要我們配合,欠他們的嗎?」、「就是逃避責任的人們」。身為一個極左派的學院出身的我,那個二十分鐘,為了接下來的旅程,勉強地默默聽著。我表面微笑但內心不以為然。然而,那二十分鐘卻是我第一次靜下來聆聽另一端的聲音。聽完了,我也問,難道他說的不對嗎?

*以下文章含雷,請小心服用*

 

誰有說話的權利?

這部紀錄片是以三段章節所組成。每個章節,都是一個歐洲白人向一群準備移動到歐洲的人們以「上課」的方式來進行內容的推動。「上課」本身就是一種上對下的互動關係。在前兩個章節中,不論上課的「老師」是哪一種歐洲人,即使觀點和內容不同,但是這個模式卻是不變的基底。


《天堂異鄉人》劇照。(圖片來源:TIDF 官方網站)

到底移民來歐洲的人是什麼樣貌?他們移民過來的緣由和適當性是如何呢?前面兩個章節,影片中的講師(或者是說「演員」)採用現在歐洲看待移民的兩個角度來向移民們本人講解移民的起源、現況和如何著手改變。

然而,到底是誰說了算? 在這七十分鐘裡,所呈現的中心觀點是一個以歐洲為主宰的完全視角,這部紀錄片從頭到尾是一個歐洲人對於自己的自嘲?還是一個導演想呈現的歐洲視角?我雖只能後設地在文本之上加以詮釋,但不可忽視的是,我們現今從媒體上看到的,都是由移民接收國–歐洲國家們告訴我們的資訊–如同這部電影一般。在過程中,移民們本身面對這些課堂講述,他們言語雖不多,但面部表情的特寫和微微的肢體回應,讓我看到了他們也有很多自己的話想說。但在課堂上,老師是話語權的決定者,不論第一章或第二章節,移民的說與不說都還是在老師的決定之下。


《天堂異鄉人》劇照。(圖片來源:TIDF 官方網站)

我很好奇,我們若是能從移民–或者我們所謂的難民、流亡者、經濟移民等角度來重新思考這個敘事,讓「他們」來當紀錄片裡的「老師」的話,這第三個章節會是什麼故事呢?這是個我很想知道的、而現今社會也不該忽視的主題。

當移民只是移動的人們⋯⋯

「移民的聲音」也是目前在研究移民學上的新觀點。當我們屏棄了以往經濟、人道、政治的觀點,而用發展的角度來看;「移動」是人類自我對於生命解讀而來的選項,移動者本身即是決定者、執行者,是個有自我意識的主體。當這樣審視,為什麼只用悲苦、磨難的濾鏡來看這個特定被區隔的群體呢?新聞、電影、或紀錄片的濾鏡,是否只篩出了當權者想看、並願意施予解讀機會的一面呢?

這個問號也衍伸出我自己對於第三幕的移民身份認定標準的批判。第三章節的內容是成為難民身份的模擬考和及戰教學。到底歐洲國家當局怎麼判斷誰是有資格取得歐盟入場券的人呢?當他們說誰是有用、誰是無用,真的是如此嗎? 值得救助的標準是否真的找得出值得救助的人呢?回國後無生命危險者,真的代表回國後能安身嗎?為了賺錢而來是否比因戰亂而來更不值得協助呢?而,為什麼只要國籍是敘利亞就有優先取得國籍的通行券呢?

當權者的需要和不要之間

以荷蘭為例,相比其他西歐國家,荷蘭算是年輕的移民接受國。荷蘭在一戰前大量招募中國水手和殖民地人民來解決他們缺乏人手的問題。在1950年代後期,因為戰後經濟復甦卻缺乏人力,兼之殖民地獨立因素,也大量的招募從南歐和其他地區的移民;這個時候的移民,不論其原因和身份,都是荷蘭求之不得的人力。在1970-1980 年代荷蘭雖停止了招募移民的政策,但也因上一代的移民生根而開始了家庭團聚的接納政策。在1994和1997 年這兩次移民法規越來越明確和加以限制之前,移民者都算是被接納的族群。若以這脈絡來看,國界的開關其實與當權者在經濟需求上是有直接相關的。當權者的要與不要也決定了一個移動者在過程中能接受到的資源多寡。

「早幾年來就不是這個光景了!」「2000年後啊,太辛苦了,又沒盼頭,很多年輕人來了又回去,現在沒幾個了呦!多慘啊!為了來這邊欠一屁股債,生活苦呦!」、「那個工作苦啊!他們(荷蘭)嬌貴,都是我們接下來做的,要不哪有人要做啊!」在荷蘭的老人家一邊吃飯一邊跟我說著。在荷蘭做移民研究時,我曾無數次的與移民過來的老人家們一起在餐桌前吃飯、喫咖啡。莞爾的是,他們口述給我的人生經驗與書上摘出的歷史回顧是如此的雷同、但又是不一樣的脈絡。簡單的回顧荷蘭的過去,我試問:在這趟移民旅程中任何從旁的協助,究竟是世人對難民的援手、或是對自己國家的投資呢?

前往天堂的人們⋯⋯

我很喜歡最後一次章節轉換之間,影片接入一幕大海的場景。在天空將明之際,昏暗卻又漸明的光線灑在海上浮浮沉沉的人們,一如人們往往對於明天有著明亮的期待,卻又往往需要向未知探尋。這樣流動的畫面,對比最後獲得歐盟身份的入場券的三移民,他們茫然地站在空曠的教室內,老師已缺席,明明是一個拍攝移民「勝利者」的鏡頭,但巨大的留白和長鏡頭卻讓人不覺發慌。這也有力的道出主題:移民,是一群在天堂裡的陌生者。

 

《 Laura Pausini – It’s Not Goodbye (04:42)》


《 Laura Pausini – It’s Not Goodbye (04:42)》

台灣農地違章工廠的風景要被定格了!


http://news.ltn.com.tw/news/politics/breakingnews/2430326

台灣農地違章工廠的風景要被定格了!

台灣農地有難,而且,都不是天災,是人禍!

農地有難之一

農地上有為數不明的中高汙染違章工廠,目前政府納管了332家,都是被民眾檢舉才被列管的。環境資訊協會利用稅籍推估,經營同類工廠的公司可能高達8,400家,政府的列管比例不到百分之5。以金屬表面處理業(電鍍業)居多。

環安公安漏洞大 經濟部只列管5%中高污染性違章工廠? (2018.5.4)

農地有難之二

行政院張景森政委要讓全國違章工廠就地合法。鹿港洋子厝溪一帶違章工廠遍佈,長年污染土地,張景森拍版啟動全區以新訂都市計畫方式開發,讓違章工廠廠區包括周圍農地變更為工業土地!將來其他群聚型違章工廠也可考慮以同樣方式全區變更。

鹿港水五金田園專區 新訂都計啟動 (2018.5.16)

農地有難之三

「臨時登記工廠輔導期」,也就是讓違章工廠繼續以違法狀態在農地上運作的制度,原本在2020年要落日了。政委張景森本週裁示,違章工廠「只要不污染周遭農地」,可以「繼續」「暫時」在農地周圍經營!未來甚至可以透過國土計畫檢討變更為工業土地!

張景森彰化釋利多 4000家工廠可取得臨時身分  (2018.5.16)

 

張景森不要定格農地違章工廠風景。製圖:環境資訊協會

 

只要是工廠,都會產生廢棄物,差別只是在型態和數量的不同。台灣違章工廠多資本低的小廠,廢棄物處理設備不足,或是添購後不使用,來避免器材消耗,直接將廢氣和廢水向外排。這些工廠周圍的農地,每天在生產你我餐桌上的食物,威脅我們的健康。為了全民健康,違章工廠應從農地上移出,在真正的工業土地上集中管理,不該繼續散落在農地上!

 

(ง•̀_•́)ง 我們和其他環團夥伴正在討論下一步的行動。如果你有以下專長,願意貢獻一些時間,為台灣找回健康安全的農地齊努力,歡迎和我們聯絡。

。用文字說故事_撰寫報導、貼文

。用美術感動人心_設計圖表、圖片

。用資料發現真相_數據分析、地理圖資分析

。用創意解決問題_思考制定行動策略

 

為了我們及下一代的食安與健康,公民必須更用力來監督政府的政策及作為,讓政策可以透明,社會充分對話,讓我們一起保護這方土地!

 

張淑貞 守護農地研究員

台灣環境資訊協會 – teia.tw
守護農地行動平台 – farmland.e-info.org.tw

台北市文山區萬隆街38號
02-2933-2233 *223

 

 

《 Laura Pausini – You Are (04:16)》


《 Laura Pausini – You Are (04:16)》

止敬鵬悲劇重演 化學品登錄促業者掌握原料危害性


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211644?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=b9a02ca00b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-b9a02ca00b-84956681

止敬鵬悲劇重演 化學品登錄促業者掌握原料危害性

2018年05月18日
環境資訊中心記者 賴品瑀報導

敬鵬大火燒出了大眾對工廠化學品使用與管理的關注,若業者能更理解自己所持有的化學品特性,才可能做出更好的處置,而國內正在進行的化學品登錄,則是促使業者掌握手中化學物質狀況的機會。

環保署化學局副局長陳淑玲表示,這些化學物質的特性,化學局將不會幫廠商作功課,因此業者必須要去瞭解他所擁有的化學物質的特性與可能的危害。化學局將是站在協助業者的態度,而更盼業界的龍頭老大來當組頭,化學將此視為改善產業體質的革命。

18日下午化學局為化學物質登錄辦法修正草案舉辦研商會,這次的變更,包括了統一窗口,整合相關部會、以發登錄碼取代紙本文件、指定106種國內流通較廣泛、潛在危害性較高與資訊掌握較缺乏等化學物質優先登錄、將展開業者「共同登錄」機制。

DSC04571
化學品標準登錄期程。賴品瑀攝。

「新化學物質及既有化學物質資料登錄辦法」自2014年12月施行,訂定國內各機關管理化學物質所需資料。此辦法去年底就曾提出草案,不過由於後來打算將既有化學物質標準登錄名單納入並提升位階,因此在今年3月底重新預告一次。

今次研商會議中,其他部會與園區代表無太大意見,不過後續公聽會才將面對實際操作的業者。這一波106種優先指定登錄,約會影響1千多家業者。

陳淑玲表示,經實務運作及持續蒐集利害關係人意見,並因應國際化學物質登錄制度趨勢,及國內各機關跨部會合作管理化學物質需求等,因此對本辦法進行修正。

化學局此次拋出「共同登錄」機制,以106種優先指定登錄的既有化學品打頭陣,在此辦法的第17條提出分期、分級距的登錄,持有既有化學物質的規模在100噸以上者,必須在2021年完成登錄,而1到100噸者,則是必須在2022年完成登錄。

這些化學物質的登錄,必須提供化學物質的物理、化學、毒理、生態毒理、危害、暴露等特性的資料。因此規模較大者,由於企業狀況與財力較為健全,遭要求率先完成登錄,負起產業龍頭的責任;而化學局鼓勵規模較小者與規模大者共同登錄,並將為此建立媒合平台,如此一來,小規模持有的業者就只需分擔部分金額,是較為有利的選擇,否則到了2022年以後,小規模業者就得自行負責準備調查資料與登錄行政流程。

相對歐盟從2006年開始推動,目前共同登錄已是強制要求,目前化學局只是提供媒合平台。陳淑玲解釋,共同登錄其實並非這次才提出,先前新化學物登錄時,就已經提出,不過卻只有一例,且是同一供應商與其供應的下游公司一起登錄,狀況並不理想。陳淑玲表示,新化學物的確有的運用數還不高,且業者可能有競爭關係的問題,不過,既有化學物的運用較廣,業者也比較互相知道彼此運用狀況,可能成功的機會將會增加。

目前既有化學物第一批優先指定登錄的有106種,後續還要登錄哪些化學物、下一批可能幾種,化學局表示還在評估。

而業者登錄這些化學品後,資訊將提供相關部會,作為進行管理時的資訊,也將對公眾公開,以保障社區知情權。

業者若有商業機密的顧慮,可以申請保密,不過必需符合三要件,非一般涉及該類資訊之人所知者、因其秘密性而具有實際或潛在之經濟價值者、所有人已採取合理之保密措施者。按狀況給2到5年的保密時間,不過可以申請延長,累計保密期間新化學物質最長為15年、既有化學物質最長10年。

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作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

《 Laura Pausini – Sus Mejores Canciones (01:23:46)》


《 Laura Pausini – Sus Mejores Canciones (01:23:46)》

【你來報報】大型活動減廢 借鏡台灣經驗 港府須更爭氣


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211569?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=b9a02ca00b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-b9a02ca00b-84956681

【你來報報】大型活動減廢 借鏡台灣經驗 港府須更爭氣

2018年05月18日
文:朱漢強(綠惜地球環境倡議總監)

香港一連5日的青衣戲棚日前結束,有民間團體估計,80個小食檔每日消耗即棄餐具,多達4萬份;另一關注團體更在短短一個半小時內,收集過千枝竹籤。綠色朋友都在努力回收,推動「裸買」,但減廢效果真的有如杯水車薪。

青衣戲棚結束 即棄餐具滿山

我無意潑冷水,但可以想像,這個製造海量垃圾的「盛事」,就如滿瀉的大水缸,大家再拼老命拿瓶瓶罐罐接水,也不可能治本吧。何況現場收到的,大部分是用完即棄的刀叉杯盤,即使看來可回收的寶特瓶鋁罐玻璃,不少也因為被污染而變成垃圾,非常無奈。

在民間壓力下,食物環境衞生署這兩年也加入這場「接水」行動,擺放更多、更大的垃圾桶,也加密了清理頻率。市容不錯是改善了,數年前的「垃圾山」不再,但是這些措施,說穿了無助源頭減廢,因為大水缸仍然不斷滿溢,垃圾只是從小垃圾桶,有效率地搬進大垃圾桶,再搬到大家眼不見為淨的特大垃圾桶——掩埋場裡。當然,在政府部門切割的分工下,減廢回收,並非食環署的優先任務。或者該問,負責減廢這一關的環保署,在青衣戲棚有何作為?

香港青衣戲棚的特色是有大量的美食攤進駐,每年也產生數量可觀的垃圾。圖片:青衣島民提供。
香港青衣戲棚的特色是有大量的美食攤進駐,每年也產生數量可觀的垃圾。圖片:青衣島民提供。

台設容器租借 增綠色氛圍

我曾是青衣街坊,知道青衣戲棚是在地的傳統盛事,但就是不忍也不甘心熱鬧背後,為啥總免不了「資源大花筒」的俗?舉行盛事與製造垃圾,彷彿在香港存在隱然的因果關係,害大家身陷尷尬:一邊廂,我們知道塑膠圍城,塑膠微粒處處,會在社交媒體的污染新聞上按「嬲嬲豬(香港用語,表示生氣、憤怒)」;但另一廂,只要步入「乜盛事、物盛事」的會場,每個人都有意或無奈地成為製造即棄塑膠的推手。

筆者最近獲台灣環境資訊協會之邀,考察當地的廢物管理。交流期間,當地環保夥伴提到台灣的兩件盛事。其一是有16年歷史、每天吸引近10萬名樂迷進場的台中爵士音樂節。為了在現場實踐源頭減廢,台中市文化局、低碳城市推動辦公室去年首創「環保容器租借」,5天內吸引近2000名公眾響應,用租來的餐盤在小食檔消費。用租借餐盤可用折扣價買小食,歸還餐具則可退回押金。

自備餐具 無塑兼有購物優惠

相對於參與音樂節的10萬人次,區區2000人租用環保餐具,成效有限。但在我看來,這卻是政府部門在減廢上帶頭走的一步,以創造氛圍。且看今年的音樂節,減廢步伐可以走多遠。

如果說台中音樂節「小兒科」,不如留意近期舉行的宜蘭綠色博覽會。這盛會在3月31日至5月13日間舉行,預計造訪人數超過40萬。活動開宗名義以「實踐・綠行動」為主題,進取地提倡園區「全程無塑」,攤位不提供塑膠袋、即棄餐具、甚至塑膠飲管等,凡自備餐具者都有購物優惠。

宜蘭綠色博覽會在今年承諾園區內無塑,並以身作則,以鐵盒便當的形式供應工作人員及志工午餐。圖片:宜蘭綠色博覽會提供。
宜蘭綠色博覽會在今年承諾園區內無塑,並以身作則,以鐵盒便當的形式供應工作人員及志工午餐。圖片:宜蘭綠色博覽會提供。

這些減廢措施談不上石破天驚,卻是源頭減廢的最佳寫照。由政府率先收緊甚至關掉浪費的「水龍頭」,大家便不必找鍋碗瓢盆忙於接水,還可促進出租餐具的綠色市場。這個主導角色,民間社會無法替代政府擔綱演出。

「事倍功半」與「事半功倍」,同樣用那四個字,但效果大不同。在盛事的減廢工作上,縱使民間再努力,也需要政府爭氣、有承擔地多走幾步、多跨大幾步,才能為盛事添上更多綠色。

註:青衣戲棚是香港傳統大型節慶活動,於每年3、4月舉行,慶祝「真君大帝寶誕」及「天后寶誕」,除了有戲曲表演之外,場內大量的美食攤也是特色之一。

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※ 本文經作者授權轉載,原刊於《香港經濟日報》,原文標題〈盛事源頭減廢 政府須更爭氣

 

《 Laura Pausini – The Best Of (01:10:46)》


《 Laura Pausini – The Best Of (01:10:46)》

你吃的米有毒嗎? 社大學員模擬都市規劃 體驗農地工廠問題


http://e-info.org.tw/node/211646?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=b9a02ca00b-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_04_17&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-b9a02ca00b-84956681

你吃的米有毒嗎? 社大學員模擬都市規劃 體驗農地工廠問題

2018年05月18日
環境資訊中心實習記者 吳容心報導

你知道你吃的米是種植在什麼樣的環境嗎?你知道有可能你吃的米就種在工廠旁邊嗎?日前一群台中市文山社區大學的學員,透過環團「中科汙染搜查線」課程規劃,化身模擬市長,體驗到土地規劃若欠缺通盤、整體考量,農地「種工廠」並不意外;也因此瞭解到,保障食安,不僅和糧食生產有關,也和土地利用管理密切相關。

這次課程是由科技部「科技政策與社會溝通平台」計畫支持,該計畫目的在蒐集民眾對科技或城市的需求或想像,此次合作在各方的因緣際會下,由社區大學提供「公民素養週」平台,舉辦「你吃的米有毒嗎?從農地工廠看食安問題」講座活動。4月30日當天,中科汙染搜查線先對台中當地工廠於農地上遍地開花的情形進行講解,提供當天參加的86名學員都能先對農地工廠議題有充分的瞭解。

負責此科技部計畫的專案經理羅凱凌表示,社區大學是一個非常好的管道,這裡有來自不同背景的學員,可以充分瞭解大眾對於農地工廠議題的想法。以往文山社區大學的公民素養週活動,都只以講座的形式進行,而這次他們希望學員能夠再進一步進行實作與回饋。

學員化身市長 規劃都市初體驗

議題介紹後,每一位學員都被賦予任務,他們成為市長,每一個人都可以規劃自己的都市,在自己管轄的區域「紙上談兵」,於白紙上規劃自己都市的農業區、住宅區、工業區……等等該放置在哪個區域,最後每九張計劃圖會拼接成一個大都市,透過這樣模擬城市的活動,學員們表達對於都市規劃與農地工廠的想法。

攝影:鄒敏惠。
透過活動設計,使學員們分享自己如何規劃都市的想法。圖片來源:中科污染搜查線、台中文山社區大學

學員們藉由自身居住以及生活經驗去發想,都市應該會呈現什麼樣貌,從一張張規劃好的計畫圖,可以看到學員對於嚮往的都市之想像。活動中可以發現,從學員角度思考,民眾的需求是很多元的,每一個人的考量都不太一樣,有的人認為住宅區旁邊應該有商業區,這樣生活機能才方便;有人覺得住宅區要接近農業區,如此一來,才能夠有新鮮的農產食用。

工廠就在農地旁! 從實作帶領學員思考

特別的是,學員往往將工業區放在規劃圖邊緣,希望工業區能夠遠離住宅區,但將一張張的計畫圖合起來之後,卻可能出現工業區位在大都市的正中央,或是出現農地周遭就是工廠的情形生,而這正是文山社區大學與中科汙染搜查線當初設計課程之目的,他們希望學員能夠聯想台中當地工廠包圍農地的特徵,思考會帶來什麼的問題,透過實作、體驗並發現都市規劃需有通盤考量。都市若沒有良好、完整的規劃,容易忽略並產生發展後所帶來的後續負面效果,就像是台中目前的情形。

攝影:鄒敏惠。
將九張不同學員們的計畫圖拼接在一起,思考可能會發生什麼問題。圖片來源:中科污染搜查線、台中文山社區大學

今年五月全國國土計畫已公告實施,接下來縣市國土計畫之規劃也正如火如荼進行中,文山社區大學在公民素養週舉辦農地與工廠的講座,希望參與活動的學員們能夠關注當地發生的社會、環境以及都市規劃議題,而此次協助幫忙的中科汙染搜查線也將舉辦一系列農地與工廠的相關活動,期許讓更多的民眾關注台中市的土地問題。

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【妖言惑眾】過於自信


【妖言惑眾】

對於自己的身體,

千萬不可有自信滿滿的心態。

尤其是在上了年紀之後,

對於養生之道,

切忌自信滿滿的過於自信,

相信自己身強力壯的,

年輕氣盛。

即使是生病了,

也都會認為並不嚴重的,

這些都是不幸的禍源。

過於自信鋒利的刀刃能砍斷硬物,

那麼刀刃必然崩壞無疑的。

過於相信砌牆而濫用的人,

必然會損及其精氣神的。

過於相信脾腎強健,

而放縱於飲食或是色慾,

那麼罹病不遠矣了~~

【◎心靈研磨坊 - 曼陀羅藏◎】

《心靈研磨坊 ─ 身心體能極限的突破,放慢步調,邁開腳步,輕鬆地悠遊著....》

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