Are Questions Your Answer to Happiness?

Are Questions Your Answer to Happiness?

Access Consciousness founder Gary Douglas explains how turning the standard self-help formula on its head could actually be a lot more helpful.

Take a walk through your local bookstore and you will probably find a self-help section. And more than likely, it’s fairly large. The global self-help industry is reportedly worth around $11 billion per year and a quick online search of “the answer to happiness” will reveal nearly 5 million results. People are obviously looking for it. But how many actually find it? Look around. Not much happiness is abounding.

Perhaps that’s because we have it backward. We keep looking for the answers that will create happiness. But what if they don’t exist? What if there is no secret to life? And, what if the willingness to ask questions actually opens the door to the happiness you seek?

3 Top Tips to Finding Happiness

1. Recognize that there is nothing wrong with you.

The reason the self-help industry fails most people is because they start with one subtle-yet-damaging conclusion: that there is something wrong with you. Most programs ask the individual to acknowledge what is wrong about them and then take steps to fix, improve, or neutralize those issues.

What if there is nothing wrong with you? What if buying into the idea that you are damaged and somehow in need of being fixed is what keeps you stuck in unhappiness? Always searching. Never finding.

A healthier and more effective approach to self-help is to give people the awareness that nothing is wrong with them and that they need to stop making themselves wrong. All that is required for positive change is a more open mind.

If you have lived your life believing that you are wrong and that you need to be fixed, start asking this question, “What’s right about me that I’m not getting?” As you ask this question, the negative thoughts and feelings that keep you from happiness start to dissipate and you gain a sense of the gift you are.

See also Feeling Stuck? Try Self-Inquiry for Resistance

2. Curiosity is key.

Research has shown that curious people—those who are constantly asking questions and looking for new possibilities—tend to enjoy higher levels of positive emotions, lower levels of anxiety, more satisfaction with life, and greater psychological well-being.

Take kids as an example. In case you haven’t noticed, they tend to have a higher level of happiness than most. They play. They imagine. They explore. They ask questions. They are curious.

Each one of us has an innate awareness of what decisions will bring us the best of love, life, health, finance, and business. The trick to revealing this unconscious wisdom is to keep your mind open to every possibility—to never seek an answer to anything. To forever and always ask questions.

3. Practice asking questions.

Most of us have spent our entire lives looking for the answer. Not just any answer—the right answer. Recognizing that questions are what catapults us into the life, the joy, and the satisfaction we desire is a start. But, if asking questions is new to you, it might take some practice. Here are a few typical answers or conclusions you may be familiar with and questions you can ask instead:

  • Rather than saying, “This situation is so bad” or “Wow, this situation is amazing,” ask “How does it get any better than this?” This question triggers your unconscious self to make an unpleasant situation better and an uplifting situation even greater.
  • Instead of believing that you are a victim of life and that happiness is given or taken, ask “Do I want to be right, or do I want to be happy?” This question empowers you to realize that happiness is a choice and can be called upon at any time.
  • Instead of saying “I am stuck” or “I quit,” ask “What else is possible that I have never considered?” This question triggers your unconscious awareness to look for the various solutions and possibilities available to you.

Happiness is available to you. Recognize that you are not wrong. Have a sense of curiosity about everything that comes your way. Ask questions rather than seeking answers and coming to conclusions. Happiness is just a choice. What choice can you make today?

See also A Meditation Practice To Let In Joy + Happiness


Gary Douglas is a bestselling author, business innovator, and founder of Access Consciousness®, a set of simple-yet-profound tools currently transforming lives in 176 countries. He has authored or co-authored 17 books including the Barnes and Noble #1 bestselling novel, The Place. An avid investor and entrepreneur, Gary is a vocal advocate of Conscious Capitalism and benevolent leadership. He co-hosts a weekly radio on Voice America and has featured in numerous TV shows, print media, and online publications around the world. He is renowned for his unique insights on love, relationships, money, business, aging, leadership, and emotional freedom. For more information on Gary Douglas, visit

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Answer to Your Prayers

Woman in Savasana and Yoga Nidra

Your Top Questions About Yoga Nidra Answered

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Answering the Call

integrity wisdom walking field

Test Your Integrity in 5 Questions

Tough questions answered.

Tough Questions Answered: Is Everyone But White Privileged Males in Danger?

Enneagram, hands in prayer, namaste

Who Am I? Use The Enneagram With Yoga To Find Your Answer


Do You Seek Others’ Approval More Than Your Own? 10 Questions to Test Your Integrity

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Loving Life’s Questions










書名:逐鹿之海:一六六一台灣之戰(link is external)




























































What You Need to Know About Your IT Band

What You Need to Know About Your IT Band

The trendy go-to remedy for a tight IT band—foam rolling—can actually do more harm than good. Here’s why, plus the yoga poses that’ll help you keep your IT band healthy.

The iliotibial (IT) band may not be top of mind for most yogis. After all, the thick fascial tissue (similar to a tendon) isn’t typically aggravated by yoga alone. But if you love jump backs, or if you practice yoga to help balance a fitness regimen filled with high-impact or explosive activities (think running, hiking, dancing, or high-intensity interval training) you likely have an embodied sense of this fibrous structure, and you might say it feels “tight.” And you’re right: The tendinous fibers of the IT band have a firmness that serve as a natural protector of your outer thigh. Yet before you use yoga to help “stretch” or heal your IT band, it’s important to know the basics about how this tissue can become irritated and what to do to help it feel better.

If you feel pain on the outside of your knee, particularly when bending it, this may be a sign that you’re dealing with IT Band Syndrome. For example, pain may occur when you walk up or down stairs or move into yoga poses that require a deep bend in one knee, such as Virabhadrasana II (Warrior Pose II). The source? IT band tension caused by imbalances in your tensor fasciae latae or gluteus maximus muscles—the two hip-based connection points for your IT band. When these muscles pull on your IT band, which connects into your knee’s joint capsule and the outside of your shin bone, it can lead to pain in your outer knee.

The good news? IT band issues are usually not very serious and respond well to strengthening and releasing tension in the muscles surrounding the tendon—especially your gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae, as well as the neighboring quadriceps, hamstrings, hip flexors, and hip rotators.

See also Explore Your Hamstrings: Yoga Poses for All Three Muscles

4 Common Causes of IT Band Syndrome

When any tendon is put under repeated stress from overworking or overstretching, little tears or traumas can occur, leading to injury and pain. When this happens in the IT band, it’s called IT Band Syndrome—and because tendinous tissue doesn’t get as much healing blood flow as a muscle, it can be harder to repair. What’s more, the IT band is packed with nerve endings, which is why foam rolling it can be very painful. Here, four common causes of IT Band Syndrome:

1. Excessive running, jumping, or cycling, particularly when knee and hip alignment is off. Keep in mind that any movement with poor alignment can lead to problems. That’s because part of the IT band’s purpose is to keep your knee optimally tracking as you move, so if your joints are consistently out of alignment (say, if your feet pronate when you walk or turn out when you ride your bike), it can irritate your IT band.

2. Overstretching or over-tensing your buttock muscles from exercise or poor habits (for example, sitting cross-legged or frequently wearing high heels).

3. Excessive sitting, which chronically shortens the tensor fasciae latae while overly lengthening the glutes, weakening your hips, hamstrings, and gluteal muscles and aggravating your IT band.

4. Leg length discrepancies, which can place excessive strain on one hip, leading to IT band issues on the longer leg.

Also known as the iliotibial tract, the IT band is a multipurpose tendon that runs down the length of the outer thigh, from the top of the pelvis (ilium) to the shin bone (tibia). It connects the tensor fasciae latae muscle (a hip flexor) and gluteus maximus (the largest butt muscle, a hip extensor, and external rotator) to the outside of the tibia. The IT band is responsible for keeping your hips and knees stable, particularly during rapid, explosive moves like running and jumping. Think of the thick fascia of the IT band like a well-tensioned bridge that links the pelvis and knee. That fascia also envelops your quadriceps muscles and tapers into the knee joint capsule. When the two muscles that attach at the top section of the IT band—the tensor fasciae latae and gluteus maximus—contract, it adds tension to the IT band, which helps to stabilize your knee-to-hip relationship. But too much use (or underuse) from one of these muscles can overstress your IT band and tug on your outer knee, leading to pain.



This is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone; it’s a wide, flat bone that provides many attachment points for muscles of the hip and trunk.

Tensor Fasciae Latae

This small muscle lies in front of the hip joint and is one of the connection points for the IT band.

Iliotibial Band

This thick, fascial tissue serves as the tendinous insertion for the gluteus maximus and tensor fascia latae. It is the outer border of the vastus lateralis (outer quadriceps) muscle and acts as a fascial envelope for the quadriceps group.


Also known as the shinbone, it is the larger and stronger of the two bones below the knee.

Gluteus Maximus

The largest and most superficial of the three gluteal muscles, this is the main extensor muscle of the hip and the other connection point for the IT band.

Why Foam Rolling Isn’t a Cure

It seems logical that if you’re dealing with IT Band Syndrome, massaging the tendon with a foam roller might help. And while it will likely provide temporary relief afterward (there’s a good chance it’ll also hurt like heck while you’re rolling!), it’s my firm belief that arbitrary foam rolling of your IT band can do more harm than good. Here’s why:

For starters, excessive rolling can further irritate an aggravated IT band tendon, worsening existing micro-tears. Plus, some of the relief that comes after a foam-rolling session may be the result of stimulated stretch receptors in the vastus lateralis, the lateral quadriceps muscle that lies beneath your IT band. While this quad-tension relief can slightly relieve IT band pain, it doesn’t negate the potential additional damage caused by the foam roller. Finally, if you foam roll your IT band while ignoring the all-important gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae, you’re not addressing the underlying cause of pain.

Instead of foam rolling, try Ball Plow

First, use therapy balls on your gluteus maximus and tensor fasciae latae. Place the balls between your muscles and the floor, then ease the weight of your body onto the balls, taking deep breaths as the balls sink deep into your tissue. Stay here for 2 minutes per muscle group. As you lie on the balls, try tensing and releasing these muscles a few times to further relax the muscles and their connections to the IT band. Then, use therapy balls on the outside of your thigh, which will help to improve hip mechanics and ultimately restore proper IT band function—without risking additional damage.

It’s important to avoid trying to “roll out” or “loosen” your IT band, as it could worsen its condition. Instead, use the therapy balls to target the mobility of the muscles underneath the IT band: the quadriceps. In the following release exercise (“Ball Plow,” below), moving the therapy balls in super-slow motion helps to coax mobility into these deeper muscles. The balls will likely come in contact with your IT band at times, so limit your pressure at highly sensitive points. Attempt to apply pressure that helps to create a relaxation response in the deep thigh muscles below the IT band.

See also Releasing Tight Hips

The practice below will help you to home in on the right spots. If rolling feels painful, back off. This should feel like a tolerable stretch, leaving the area feeling warm and refreshed.

1. Rest on your side and place a pair of Yoga Tune Up Therapy Balls (or other small, pliable balls) on the outside of your thigh, toward the junction between your quads and hamstrings, nestling the balls into a region that is directly below your IT band.

2. Let the balls sink in for 10 breaths. Imagine that they’re docking themselves between your quads and hamstrings.

3. Moving slowly, use the weight of your thigh to guide the balls forward (across the thigh, not lengthwise). You’ll use the deeply docked therapy balls to move your quads around your femur, mobilizing the lateral (outside) quad away from the hamstrings and creating a stretch between the bone and your quads. If done correctly, it will feel like a large hand is pivoting your thigh muscle around the bone.

4. Therapy balls will naturally roll (they are spheres, after all). Try to minimize rolling by using them to plow the entire section of muscle, which will cause your thigh to internally rotate.

5. Repeat for up to 10 minutes, moving slowly from the outside of your thigh toward the middle, then switch legs.

3 Poses for a Healthy IT Band

When it comes to your IT band, not all yoga poses are created equal. Some lengthen the IT band’s muscular attachments, and others will reinforce their strength and stability. The following poses will help you get to know your IT band—and help heal and prevent problems.

About Our Pros

Writer Jill Miller is the creator of Yoga Tune Up and The Roll Model Method, and author of The Roll Model: A Step-by-Step Guide to Erase Pain, Improve Mobility, and Live Better in Your Body. She has presented case studies at the Fascia Research Congress and the International Association of Yoga Therapists Symposium on Yoga Therapy and Research. Learn more at Model Kat Fowler, E-RYT 500, is a yoga and meditation teacher and a Yoga Alliance Continuing Education Provider in New York City. Learn more at


What You Need to Know About Your Thoracic Spine

shoulder anatomy

Yoga Anatomy: What You Need to Know About the Shoulder Girdle

breathe mediate woman

Teaching Prenatal Yoga: What You Need to Know about the First Trimester

Chair Pose (Utkatasana)

Get to Know Your Glutes

warrior ii

Yoga Anatomy 101: Hip Adductor Need-to-Know

Meditation posture

Everything You Need to Know About Meditation Posture


Get to Know Your Hamstrings: Why Both Strength & Length Are Essential

open hips anatomy

Anatomy 101: Balance Mobility + Stability in Your Hip Joints
















Fearless Heart Seal

Fearless Heart Seal

Use this mudra to find the courage to keep your heart open and loving, especially during those difficult times in your life when fear, hate, or anger pull you away
Fearless heart mudra Sianna sherman

abhaya = fearless

hridaya = heart

mudra = seal

sianna sherman fearless heart mudra

Abhaya Hridaya Mudra Step by Step

Step 1

Bring your hands together in Anjali Mudra.

Step 2

Cross your right wrist over your left wrist in front of your sternum, with the palms facing away from each other.

Step 3

Bring the backs of your hands together.

See also The Mudra You Need to Courageously Follow Your Heart

Step 4

Wrap your right index finger around the left index finger, then your right middle finger over your left, skip over the ring finger and wrap your right little finger over your left.

Step 5

Draw the mudra to the root of your heart, at the base of the sternum. Hover the Courageous Heart Mudra in front of and around your heart. Stay here and meditate on having the courage to keep your heart open and loving, especially during those difficult times in your life when fear, hate, or anger pull you away.

See also Powered By Love: 3 Mudras To Open Your Heart

Pose Information

Sanskrit Name

Abhaya Hridaya Mudra

Pose Level



  • Connects you to your heart’s truth
  • Builds courage to follow your heart
  • Rejuvenates one’s vital force
  • Reduces fragmented thoughts
  • Reduces scattered energy
  • Imparts a powerful sense of vitality and calm
Anjali Mudra Sianna sherman

Salutation Seal

Dana Trixie Flynn in Dharma Chakra Mudra

Wheel of Dharma Seal

easy seat with gyan mudra

Consciousness Seal

Prana Mudra

Life Force Seal

Dana Trixie Flynn in Vajrapradama Mudra

Unshakeable Trust Seal

Sianna sherman fearless heart mudra

The Mudra You Need to Courageously Follow Your Heart

Dana Trixie Flynn performs the Abhaya Hridaya mudra.

Powered By Love: 3 Mudras To Open Your Heart

mudra, yjlive

Enhance Your Practice with Mudras From Hand to Heart








提煉數據價值的煉油廠(AI),已有諸多應用於新聞業的例子:日本JX 通訊社對於眾議院選舉結果的精準預測(link is external)、以秒為單位產出的新聞速報等;此外,AI能迅速蒐集社群網站上可能成為新聞的事件,也能應用在財報新聞、運動賽事的報導上。



以「打擊假新聞」為例,路透社與華盛頓郵報在「結合AI與記者專業」的實驗上開闢出具體的方向:路透社的AI程式-「News Tracer」,由多位專業記者鍵入四十項新聞可信度評量指標,如:消息來源的身份、新聞地點與傳播方式,用以分析推特上的新聞貼文,建立新聞可信度評分。華盛頓郵報的「Truth Teller」系統則連結華郵的真實查核專欄(Fact Checker)及其他新聞查核組織的文章,累積資料庫,以即時明辨政治人物公共論述的是與非。


不過,歐盟祭出的「一般資料保護規則」(GDPR)將在2018年生效,對於運用AI、大數據經營新聞媒體的公司來說,將帶來新的變數--使用者有權反對企業使用或買賣其個人資料、網頁瀏覽的相關數據,且企業有責任保護使用者的數據足跡不遭到外洩,否則歐盟將予以重罰。歐盟作為全球第三大經濟體,企業主不敢得罪之外,歐盟的罰則也並非紙老虎:今年科技巨擘Google便因違反歐盟的反托拉斯法,遭罰24 億歐元(約新台幣 826 億元)。在個資暴露、快速流竄且手到擒來的網路平台上,歐盟高聲吹起保護個人隱私權的警哨,意圖驚醒尚未警覺隱私與個人安全正遭受威脅的讀者,及濫用個人隱私、屏蔽多元意見的企業。歐盟的手將介入、阻擋大數據的流動性,以高效率聞名的AI是否失去價值,應如何重整,則是媒體的新考驗。



「一秒寫兩百則新聞!超快手 AI 記者,日本朝日電視台都愛用」(2017年11月1日)。科技報橘,取自: is external)

「30頁財報 機器人二分鐘寫成新聞」(2017年6月29日)。經濟日報,取自: is external)

The making of Reuters News Tracer. Thomson Reuters. Available from: is external)(25 Apr 2017)

Truth Teller Team. Announcing Truth Teller beta, a better way to watch political speech. The Washington Post. Available from: is external) (25 Sep 2013)


A Winter Yin Sequence to Call on the Light Within

A Winter Yin Sequence to Call on the Light Within

The long dark days of winter can lend themselves to physical stagnation, fatigue, and hibernation. In this yin yoga sequence, we honor the pause.

The Winter Solstice marks an auspicious shift in daylight, when we begin to emerge from the darkness back into the light. On the shortest, darkest day of the year, we are urged to call on the divine light from within. The long dark days of winter can lend themselves to physical stagnation, fatigue, and hibernation. In this yin yogasequence, we honor the pause before we are called to expand once again.

About Our Expert
Dani March
 is a Toronto-based Registered Yoga Teacher and Master Lifestyle Coach. She is the visionary behind LivOn Purpose™a modern yoga teacher training that combines the yin and yang aspects of yoga with the underlying current of transformational work. Originally drawn to her own mat by the strong and graceful movements of Vinyasa Yoga, she later fell in love with the stillness and meditative aspects of Yin Yoga. As a devoted and lifelong student of yoga and meditation, Danielle dishes out inspiration, soulful strategies, tangible tactics, resources and a fresh perspective.


Get Unstuck: Yin Yoga to Reverse Winter Stagnation

Story Image 14846

Slow Down with Yin Yoga

double knee supine twist pose, supta matsyendrasana

Stoke the Digestive Fire: A Detoxifying Sequence

kundalini yoga

A Detoxifying Kundalini Yoga Sequence for Radiance

easy supine twist pose, supta matsyendrasana

A Sequence to Beat Restlessness + Prep for Meditation


A Yoga Sequence to Target Sources of Back Pain


A Healing Yoga Sequence to Ease Neck + Shoulder Pain


A Tapas-Building Sequence to Fuel Willpower






沒看過航海王,也聽過天龍人(link is external)


航海王漫畫裡面並沒有天龍國這個稱呼,天龍人住的地方是聖地馬力喬亞,通常名字後面帶了個聖(男性)或是宮(女性),是800年前創立世界政府的20位國王之後裔,為世界貴族中最有權力的階級。特徵是清一色豎起並在髮尾捲起來的頭髮(節錄自維基百科(link is external)ONE PIECE角色列表(link is external)(link is external)),高高在上,壟斷所有資源,除了買賣奴隸,動用世界政府海軍的力量殘暴的對抗反對者,各區域還需要繳納「天上金」供天龍人花用,以反派的形象塑造來說,天龍人就是徹頭徹尾的反派,主角魯夫不畏權勢,痛揍天龍人那一幕,自是大快人心。













5 Rules for Mindful Dating & Relationship-Intention Setting this Holiday Season

5 Rules for Mindful Dating & Relationship-Intention Setting this Holiday Season

Are you in the market to meet someone new, who shares your interest in yoga, meditation, or just being a more evolved human? There’s no better time than now, when you’re setting your heart’s intentions for the new year. Here are MeetMindful CEO Amy Baglan’s five rules for mindful dating online and in real life that she swears by.
romantic couple under blanket in winter love

Amy Baglan wants to change the way you date. The founder and CEO of MeetMindful (and previously, yoga event company YogaDates) was inspired to start a new kind of dating platform after dealing with her own frustrations as a single yogi.

“When I moved to Denver I was taking yoga classes four or five days a week, and everyone was sitting there not talking. I thought, ‘This is so strange, I don’t get it. Why aren’t people connecting?’ It almost feels like it’s taboo to do that."

After gaining valuable insight from YogaDates, which held yoga events for singles, Baglan launched MeetMindful in 2015, a platform for single people who value mindfulness and are looking to find like-minded partners.

“At YogaDates, I got insight into the problems customers were having in the dating space and meeting online. They felt like they kept having these super inauthentic experiences. [People who prioritize] mindful living, living with intention and authenticity, are looking for a connection. When we don’t get it we really crave it—something feels off or gamey."

Baglan says the online dating community as it stood was giving people permission to date with way less integrity than ever before. “People almost felt disposable," she laments. “What a shitty feeling for a human. It’s almost like the human-to-human connection was lost."

The key is to avoiding such depressing interactions is to connect with like-minded people who share your interests, says Baglan, who created MeetMindful to help people do that. “Maybe they’re not into the same practices as you are, but they have some personal growth practice and they are pursuing it."

Are you in the market to meet someone new, who shares your interest in yoga, meditation, or just being a more evolved human? Here are Baglan’s five rules for mindful dating online and in real life, and don’t forget to try out MeetMindful (for free).

Baglan’s 5 Rules for Mindful Dating

1. Have clarity about what you want.

A lot of people date for dating’s sake—they keep something alive because it looks good on paper or they don’t want to feel rejected, Baglan says. Are you dating because you just went through a breakup and your confidence needs a boost? All these reasons are not core reasons to be in relationships with people, she advises. Having clarity about what you want opens up new and existing possibilities.

2. Look for like-minded people.

This step is about really getting clear on what kind of people you want to be around. You’re looking for people not only with like-minded interests, but also like-minded values. People who want to leave the world better than they found it. Try getting involved offline in your community. If you’re really into volunteering and you want to find someone who actively gives back, go to fundraisers for causes you care about. If you’re looking for long-term love with a partner who shares your core values or perhaps just a new friend to practice yoga with, look no further than the MeetMindful community online. After all, MeetMindful is a meeting ground for people who want to live their happiest, healthiest lives—and connect with others who feel the same.

3. Ask great questions.

Once you’ve connected with lots of great matches, it’s a smart idea to ask great questions. Try to figure out what makes this person tick. Ask probing questions that are really generative like, “You just got back from traveling in India—tell me about it." You want to find out what they’re passionate about and what their purpose is. The more you can get a feel for the type of person you’re talking to, the better you can decide if you want to meet up with them in person or not. It’s also useful to reveal key details about yourself, so people get a sense of who you are.

4. Drop into your body.

When meeting dates in real life, try really dropping into your body and seeing what’s there for you and what’s going on. I was recently on a date and my friend happened to be across the bar. I later told him the date was kind of boring, and he said, “I could tell because you weren’t leaning in." I wasn’t super engaged; I didn’t have that excitement. Check in with your body to see how you’re feeling emotionally and if you’re “turned on" mentally and physiologically.

5. Date with integrity. 

The worst thing that’s happening these days is “ghosting," where the person just disappears. We are humans interacting with humans—treat people how you want to be treated. Be honest and straightforward and avoid ghosting. If you’re not interested, come out and say it in a way that’s really true and authentic, like, “I’m looking for the one. In my gut I know it’s not you, but you’re awesome."

Ready to date more mindfully? Click here to start your MeetMindful two day free trial and start making meaningful connections today!

About MeetMindful

MeetMindful revolutionizes the way singles meet and date online by inspiring people to make meaningful connections every day. MeetMindful is not only a dating app, but a meeting ground for people who want to live their happiest, healthiest lives—and connect with others who feel the same.

Date the way you live. Sign up for a free trial to get started!

meet mindful logo header
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5 Ways to Set an Intention

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Setting the Intention for Fun

couple love

5 Pillars of Finding a True Love Connection

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5 Yoga Rules I Love to Break

couple in kitchen

Healing Relationships Through Compassion and Connection

couple, kitchen, morning, questions of love

A Yogi’s Guide to Common Questions of Love

Yoga Hands-on adjustments

YJ Asked: Is It Ever OK for a Yoga Teacher to Date a Student?

woman gets back massage for emotional and physical tension

Set Your Vacation State of Mind




































[3] 引自三毛《夢里花落知多少》


The World’s Oldest Yoga Teacher: Her Secrets to a Long, Active, Happy Life

The World’s Oldest Yoga Teacher: Her Secrets to a Long, Active, Happy Life

If there’s living proof that yoga is the fountain of youth, it’s 96-year-old Guinness-World-Records-holding Tao Porchon-Lynch.
worlds oldest yoga teacher

“I don’t want to know what I can’t do. I’m only interested in what I can do.”

If there’s living proof that yoga is the fountain of youth, it’s Tao Porchon-Lynch. The 96-year-old Guinness World Records-certified oldest yoga teacher in the world still teaches regular classes in Westchester County, New York. That is, when she’s not traveling around the world, coming in first place in ballroom dance contests, writing books, and making videos with Tara Stiles.

Porchon-Lynch’s life story feels like a movie (and it could end up being one, after she finishes writing her autobiography at the end of this year). The former MGM actress and model for brands like Lanvin and Chanel, who was born in French India, crossed paths with Marlene Dietrich, Gene Kelly, and Gandhi. She studied with B. K. S. Iyengar and K. Pattabhi Jois. And yes, you will work up a sweat in her yoga class, and you probably won’t be able to resist hugging her.

“Last weekend I came in first place in a dance contest. My partner was 70 years younger, and all ages were participating. I danced all day for two days then I taught two yoga classes Sunday morning. I wasn’t really tired."

We sat down with the lovely-as-ever Porchon-Lynch last week after taking her Monday night class at the JCC of Mid-Westchester, where despite a recent slip on the dance floor and three hip replacements, she’s still demonstrating most of the asanas in her class. “I don’t believe in calamities,” she explains. “I don’t want to know what I can’t do. I’m only interested in what I can do.”

Most Important Yoga Lessons

Yoga Journal: You’ve been teaching yoga for 56 years and practicing it for 72 years. Are there any particular poses that you credit with helping to keep you young and fit?

Tao Porchon-Lynch:Breathing is more important than anything else—poses that are not done correctly are not going to help. It’s how much you can feel the breath moving throughout your body. If you’re in touch with the breath inside you, there’s nothing you can’t do.

YJ: Is there anything about yoga that you wish you knew as a younger person?

TPL: Not really. As a teacher, the most important thing is to have is compassion. We’re not all made the same—you can’t tell everyone to do it the same way. Sometimes it’s better for students to stop physically and continue mentally, rather than strain. It’s important to watch your students to make sure you can help them.

YJ: You studied with yoga greats like the late B.K.S. Iyengar and K. Pattabhi Jois. What are the biggest lessons you learned from them?

TPL: They were both the greatest yoga masters. I loved Iyengar for one thing—his alignment, which was always perfect, and his principles of alignment. Pattabhi Jois was wonderful, all breathing, which was what I was looking for. I learned so much from Pattabhi that had to do with my inner self.

See alsoA Tribute to B.K.S. Iyengar

World's Oldest Yoga Teacher Tao Porchon-Lynch

The World’s Oldest Yoga Teacher on Aging Gracefully

YJ: Do you meditate?

TPL:I believe in nature. To me meditation is, if I see a flock of geese across the sky, I’ll stop my car. I don’t need to make it regular.

See alsoWhy Meditating in Nature Is Easier

YJ: You’re still ballroom dancing?

TPL:Last weekend I came in first place in a dance contest. My partner was 70 years younger, and all ages were participating. I danced all day for two days then I taught two yoga classes Sunday morning. I wasn’t really tired.

YJ: Do you think being a lifelong vegetarian has helped you live a long, healthy life?

TPL: Maybe. I don’t believe in getting old. In America, look how many beautiful trees are hundreds of years old. They are losing leaves but they are not dying—they are recycling. In a few months, spring will start up again. You can learn so much from nature.

See alsoAging Gracefully

Tao Porchon-Lynch’s 5 Rules for a Long, Happy Life

1. Don’t procrastinate—tomorrow never comes.
2. You can’t believe in something if you only do it halfway.
3. Each day, whatever is in your mind materializes.
4. Never think about what can go wrong. I know my best day is every day.
5. If you wait for something good to happen, it will. Don’t look for tragedy.

See also4 Anti-Aging Tips to Grow Older the Right Way


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楊雅喆的新作《血觀音》(The Bold, the Corrupt, and the Beautiful,2017)確實引領觀眾們重新領略楊逵的至理名言,因此,該片獲得第五十四屆金馬獎最佳劇情片時,上台領獎的他舉起「沒有人是局外人」的標語字樣,相信若已看過該片的人,更可以感受導演此舉的用意。我想,他是鼓勵電影人要勇敢一點,又或者,台灣人,再勇敢一點,打破自己心中的小警總吧。






楊雅喆的新作《血觀音》(The Bold, the Corrupt, and the Beautiful,2017)確實引領觀眾們重新領略楊逵的至理名言,因此,該片獲得第五十四屆金馬獎最佳劇情片時,上台領獎的他舉起「沒有人是局外人」的標語字樣,相信若已看過該片的人,更可以感受導演此舉的用意。我想,他是鼓勵電影人要勇敢一點,又或者,台灣人,再勇敢一點,打破自己心中的小警總吧。













This 12-Minute Yoga Sequence Is Backed by Science to Strengthen Your Bones

This 12-Minute Yoga Sequence Is Backed by Science to Strengthen Your Bones

Want to ensure a healthy, pain-free yoga practice for years (and years) to come? This fun and simple three-part plan is for you.

Ask several yogis what motivates their practice, and you’re sure to get a range of responses, from “stress relief” to “spiritual growth.” What you probably won’t hear: “a strong skeleton.”

But new research shows that yoga is surprisingly protective when it comes to staving off fractures and helping to prevent osteoporosis, a bone-thinning disease that will cause approximately half of women age 50 and older to break a bone. (Men get osteoporosis too, but 80 percent of sufferers are female, likely because women typically have smaller, thinner bones and because production of estrogen—a female hormone that protects against bone loss—drops off sharply at menopause.) The hard truth is that by the time you hit the age when your skeleton becomes more brittle, it’s much more challenging (though not impossible) to build protective bone mass. Which is why the best time to focus on increasing your bone mass reservoir is now, says Loren Fishman, MD, a Columbia University physiatrist specializing in rehabilitative medicine who studied under B.K.S. Iyengar.

Ready to be more proactive about protecting your bones? Our three-part plan reveals which yoga poses may be particularly beneficial, regardless of your age, as well as new thinking behind the role of nutrition and high-impact, weight-bearing exercises on bone health. Read on for the latest research-backed ways to strengthen your lovely bones.

Part 1: Yoga

Great News: As a yogi, you’re already protecting your frame in a few major ways. For starters, each time you practice a pose, you’re potentially building new bone. “When you hold a pose like Supta Padangusthasana (Reclining Hand-to-Big-Toe Pose) or a twist, you’re opposing one group of muscles against another, like the quadriceps against the hamstrings or the gluteal muscles against the shoulder muscles, respectively,” says Fishman. That opposition creates a force that physically stimulates osteoblasts, bone-making cells that initially live on the outside of the bone and turn into osteocytes, which are cells that become embedded within your bone. “You’re actually laying down new bone,” he says.

Yoga may also help reverse or stall the bone-weakening effects that come with age—which is relatively new thinking in the medical world. Doctors used to believe that women’s ability to accrue new bone basically ended once they entered menopause and their levels of bone-protective estrogen and progesterone plummeted. “The new research shows that yoga can outweigh the hormonal effects of age,” Fishman says. His 2015 study, published in Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, found that 80 percent of older participants, most of whom had osteoporosis or its precursor, osteopenia, who practiced 12 yoga poses (often modified) a day showed improved bone density in their spine and femurs (see “Poses to boost bone health” below). These findings apply to younger women with healthy skeletons, too. “There is strong evidence that young osteoblasts do respond pretty vigorously to the forces generated by muscles, which is likely to put off osteopenia and osteoporosis until later in life—if it were to appear at all,” Fishman says.

Finally, there’s the vital role yoga plays in preventing fractures by building stability and agility. “Yoga improves your physical balance and flexibility, which means you’re less likely to fall and break something—and if you do start to fall, your agility may help you catch yourself,” says Lori Rubenstein Fazzio, DPT, C-IAYT, clinical director of the Yoga Therapy Rx Practicum at Loyola Marymount University (LMU) and part-time faculty in LMU’s Master of Arts in Yoga Studies. Equally important, yoga enhances your mental balance, too. “It makes you more present and focused,” Rubenstein Fazzio says, and alert people are less likely to slip on an ice patch or trip on a staircase. More surprisingly, yoga’s calming qualities help lower levels of cortisol, a stress hormone that breaks down bone when it’s chronically elevated, says Lani Simpson, DC, a certified clinical (bone) densitometrist and host of the PBS show Stronger Bones, Longer Life. In this way, even passive poses like Savasana and Sukhasana can play a role in preventing bone loss.

Whatever your physical practice, slow and steady win the race for strength. “Strength builds as you hold each pose, which you should do for as long as you comfortably can,” says Rubenstein Fazzio. Aim to hold each pose between 12 and 72 seconds, when possible, because that’s the range needed to stimulate osteocytes, says Fishman. But don’t do it at the risk of form—good alignment is key. In Vrksasana (Tree Pose), for instance, make sure your pelvis is level and your standing leg’s knee is facing forward. “If your hip is jutting out or your standing knee is collapsing inward, you’re probably just hanging on your ligaments and joints and not using your muscles,” Rubenstein Fazzio notes, and if your muscles aren’t pulling on that hip bone, no meaningful bone-strengthening will occur. “You want to feel your muscles tensing; that’s how you know you’re engaging—and building—them. And when you build muscle, you build bone.”

See also Stand Strong: Yoga for Bone Health

12-Minute Yoga Sequence to Boost Bone Health

Practice poses from Loren Fishman’s bone-health research using the instructions at right from Terry Roth Schaff, C-IAYT, who collaborated with Fishman on the study. The sequence takes at least 12 minutes to complete and can be incorporated into your regular home practice or practiced on its own. Breathe slowly as you hold each pose for about 30 seconds per side.

Bonus Poses for Bone Health

Twists like Parivrtta Trikonasana (Revolved Triangle Pose)Marichyasana III, and —the three remaining poses from Fishman’s study—help stimulate bone growth by gently tugging on your spine and hip bones. But if you have osteoporosis or are new to yoga, start by practicing seated twists in a chair to avoid overdoing it, advises Schaff. Sit in a chair with your heels under your knees and maintain length in your torso as you gently twist to the right, starting from your low back and moving up your spine. Keep both sides of your chest open and twist only to the point where you can maintain length in your spine (don’t round your back). Repeat on other side. Then, practice the same twist with your legs crossed.

Part 2: Why You Need Yoga, Cardio, AND Strength Training for Ultimate Bone Health
Part 3: The Nutrients You Need for Strong Bones & a Sesame-Cabbage Salad with Salmon That Has Them All








川普在12月6日發表談話(link is external)決定,承認耶路撒冷為以色列首都是一件「早就該做的事情」,此舉符合美國的最大利益。川普還要求,美國務院啟動使館搬遷計劃,著手規劃、建造以及施工等事項。




















爾後,1974年聯合國催生出《巴勒斯坦問題的和平處置》(Peaceful settlement of the question of Palestine)提案。該方案主張,「將以色列與巴勒斯坦建立為兩個政府,在雙方都認可的安全邊界上,和平共存」。同時,以聯合國第194號決議為基礎,巴勒斯坦的主權範圍在1967年六日戰爭之前的領土。





















5 Shoulder-Opening Binds to Ground & Cleanse the Body

5 Shoulder-Opening Binds to Ground & Cleanse the Body

Binds are a wonderful way to open the shoulders, create a safe, stable haven in a pose, and build prana in the body. Within these 5 binds, you’ll find some of the most elegant, graceful shapes that ask you to rise to the occasion.

Binds are a wonderful way to open the shoulders, create a safe, stable haven in a pose, and build prana, or energy, in the body. Often after holding a bind, upon release, a flush of blood moves through the body and feels quite cleansing. Binds are also helpful in increasing your flexibility, patience, and resolve because they take practice, determination, and perseverance to achieve. Within these 5 binds, you’ll find some of the most elegant, graceful shapes that ask you to rise to the occasion.

Want to study the anatomy of the shoulder girdle or learn how to teach students with tight bodieswith Ippoliti? Join her at Yoga Journal LIVE New York, April 21–24. Sign up today!

About Our Expert
Amy Ippoliti is the co-author of the new book, The Art and Business of Teaching Yoga. She is known for bringing yoga to modern-day life in a genuine way through her intelligent sequencing, clear instruction, and engaging sense of humor. A teacher on, she is a pioneer of advanced yoga education, co-founding 90 Monkeys, an online school that has enhanced the skills of yoga teachers and studios in 65 countries. Follow her on:

Twitter: @amyippoliti
Instagram: @AmyIppoliti
Facebook: @AmyIppolitiPage


【印度想想】全國逾半人口吃素 胖子卻滿街跑?|吳秉霖


【印度想想】全國逾半人口吃素 胖子卻滿街跑?|吳秉霖

【印度想想】全國逾半人口吃素 胖子卻滿街跑?




印度成年人口中過重的人數約1.8億人,佔印度總人口的五分之一,比法國、西班牙、英國的人口總數加起來還要多。這個比例在過去十年間接近翻倍,從2006年的10.5% 增加至2016年的19.6%。



另一個面向,是社會對於肥胖的態度。在物資匱乏的年代,只有擁有豐厚家底的人才有機會獲得多餘的營養,因此在印度傳統觀念裡,肥胖與社會經濟地位連起了正相關性 – 有道是,印度人的位階高低可以用肚子大小判斷出來──在一群印度人之中,領頭者很有可能就是肚子最大的那位老兄!有位長年留美的印度朋友分享他因美式審美觀開始注重體態後,回印度參加婚禮時被長輩與親戚關心的故事。「你怎麼變得那麼瘦!」甫回歸正常BMI值的他,其實也不過是肚子小了一圈,「你是不是都沒有吃飽喝足?」親戚們用真誠的眼神、憂慮的表情追著他問,而上了年紀的伯叔輩在他四周挺著身板與掛在其上的一顆圓肚,用著孕婦般驕傲的神情撫肚漫步四方。

在二十世紀末,慢性營養不良一直都是印度最大的人口發展議題之一。諷刺的是,當臃腫與肥胖變成街頭隨處可見的景象時,另一個指標 – 代表營養不足的貧血 – 並沒有隨著過重人口比例的上升而有所下降,快速竄升的肥胖率並沒有使得營養不良情形改善。根據2016年的調查指出,印度有53% 的女性有貧血症狀,這個比例在十年前是55.3%;印度男性的貧血比例則是22.7%,亦與十年前的24.2% 相去不遠,使得現代印度社會同時承受著體重過重與慢性營養不良的問題。



Yoga for Inner Peace: 12 Poses to Release Sadness

Yoga for Inner Peace: 12 Poses to Release Sadness

Colleen Saidman Yee, who leads Yoga Journal’s upcoming Yoga for Inner Peace online course, discusses the importance of letting yourself feel sad, and demonstrates a sequence to release grief and other festering emotions.
Colleen Saidman Yee performs Modified Child’s Pose.

In Yoga Journal’s online course, Yoga for Inner Peace, Colleen Saidman Yee—acclaimed yoga teacher, fashion model, and the wife of yogi Rodney Yee—offered 3 yogic practices a week for 12 weeks to transform your body, mind, and heart and support YOU in your personal journey toward inner peace. Here, she discusses the importance of letting yourself feel sad, and demonstrates a sequence to release grief and other festering emotions.

The Importance of Feeling Sad

Roshi Joan Halifax, who has spent the last 45 years working with death and dying, says one of the biggest problems in our society today is unexpressed grief. We are so afraid to feel sad that we cover it up. Soon, we start to believe the masks that we put on, and who we really are gets buried deeper and deeper. The body knows what’s real and what isn’t. So if we continue to live this façade, human-to-human connection gets confusing, and we end up feeling isolated and misunderstood, rather than content and peaceful.

Mr. Iyengar said that if you don’t want your world to change, don’t step on your mat. It becomes so much more difficult to BS yourself and others once the practice is in your bones. You know when you’re lying, and it feels horrible. Again, the body knows more than the brain, and a yoga practice fosters that intimacy and ability to listen to the body. It becomes more and more difficult to ignore or cover up emotions. How many times have you rested in Savasana and cried for seemingly no reason? Maybe it’s relief from a lifetime of feeling the need to shut down.

See also Feel Happier: Poses for Depression & Anxiety

Ramanand Patel (my husband, Rodney Yee’s teacher) was just here teaching at my Yoga Shanti studio in Sag Harbor, New York. He talked about the importance of release, and said that the two main ways to let out festering emotions are laughing and crying. He pointed out that over our four days together, I would make a joke when things got sentimental or sad. On the last day, he looked me in the eyes and said, “You need to cry more." Because I’ve been in front of the camera since I was 19 as a model, I learned how to shut down the tears. My eyes swell when I cry, and that makes my clients unhappy. So Ramanand nailed me and gave me permission to let go of my stoic façade. I took it on, and now I cry pretty much every day. I don’t look for things to cry about, but I no longer shut down the impulse (I’m watching the Olympics with tears streaming down my face as I write this). My tears are tears of sadness, empathy, and joy. My face and shoulder muscles have softened, and I’m better able to sit with not only my sadness, but other people’s sadness. Taking off my mask has given others permission to do the same. From here, real communication and connection can thrive.

When we conceal our emotions, we get stuck in protection mode. The following sequence begins with Sun Salutations to shake up the body in all directions in order to clear out the hardness. I recommend doing these postures without being rigid, even if that means not going all the way into each pose. Match your breath to the movements.

Slideshow: 12 Poses to Release Sadness

YOU WILL NEED A block and a blanket.

See also Yoga for Depression



11月22日,聯合國成立的「前南斯拉夫問題國際刑事法庭」(ICTY),於荷蘭海牙的總部,宣判「波士尼亞屠夫穆拉迪奇」──曾在波赫戰爭期間,犯下種族滅絕、違反人道與戰爭罪的塞族共和國將軍穆拉迪奇(Ratko Mladić)──終身監禁。




11月22日,聯合國成立的「前南斯拉夫問題國際刑事法庭」(ICTY),於荷蘭海牙的總部,宣判「波士尼亞屠夫穆拉迪奇」──曾在波赫戰爭期間,犯下種族滅絕、違反人道與戰爭罪的塞族共和國將軍穆拉迪奇(Ratko Mladić)──終身監禁。


歸根結柢,這場奪走20萬條人命的波赫戰爭,源自於民族和宗教差異。波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納(簡稱波赫,Bosna i Hercegovina)原為南斯拉夫社會主義聯邦共和國六個加盟共和國之一。信仰東正教的塞爾維亞人、信仰天主教的克羅埃西亞人和信仰伊斯蘭教的波士尼亞穆斯林人是境內人數最多的三個民族。由於歷史因素,各民族之間一直存在著民族隔閡、宗教矛盾等衝突。但二次大戰後,在狄托(Josip Broz Tito)領導的南共盟威權統治下,衝突暫時得到了壓抑。但1980年代後,隨著狄托去世,以及接下來的東歐劇變和蘇聯解體的影響下,緊張關係又開始浮現。

特別是當1991年南斯拉夫崩解之際,穆族和克族傾向支持脫離前南聯邦而獨立,塞族則堅決反對。1992年3月,在塞族的抵制下,波赫仍通過獨立公投,稍後也獲得美國和歐洲共同體的承認。但塞族卻自行建立塞族共和國(Republika Srpska),宣布仍留在南斯拉夫內。而後塞族民兵在南國聯邦軍的支援下,迅速佔領波赫各地,釀成全面內戰。由於塞爾維亞和克羅埃西亞在背後各自支持同屬自己民族的派別,使得波赫成為南斯拉夫分裂後的內戰中最複雜的戰場。

交戰中,先是塞、克二族聯合對付穆族,後來穆、克二族同意共組穆克聯邦(Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina),聯手對塞族作戰。期間聯合國和歐洲共同體雖從中斡旋和談,但均未奏效。其後在美國參與並主導北約干預下,才使局勢有利於穆克聯邦。

1995年11月,在美國居間調停下,波赫衝突各方終於在岱頓市(Dayton)達成最後協議,同意終止長達三年八個月的血腥內戰。12月中旬並在巴黎簽署和約。(參見洪茂雄編著,《南斯拉夫史:巴爾幹國家的合與分》、Minton F. Goldman著,楊淑娟譯,《中、東歐的革命與變遷:政治、經濟與社會的挑戰》)


根據《岱頓協定》,波赫成為單一國家,採取「邦聯制」,由控制波赫領土51%的穆克聯邦和佔49%的塞族共和國的政治實體所組成。可以說,《岱頓協定》提供了終結內戰的解決之道,但就長期而言,該協定並沒有真正化解民族之間的不信任,成功建立起族群政治的運作。(參見郭秋慶,〈波士尼亞與赫塞哥維納憲政體制的選擇及其運作── 兼論『戴頓協定』20 周年政局的發展〉,《台灣國際研究季刊》)



而鑒於南斯拉夫內戰中所發生的種種戰爭罪、種族滅絕等重大罪行,聯合國安全理事會也在1993年通過第827號決議(Resolution 827),設立「前南斯拉夫國際刑事法庭」加以處理。截至目前,ICTY一共起訴了161名犯罪嫌疑人,並定罪當中的83人。

第一個被送上國際法庭受審的前國家元首是米洛塞維奇(Slobodan Milošević)。出身塞共盟(南共盟塞爾維亞分支)總書記的他,在擔任塞爾維亞總統時,介入波赫衝突在前,轉任南聯盟總統又挑起科索沃殘酷鎮壓阿爾巴尼亞族反抗事件於後,致使他獲得「大塞爾維亞主義」幕後鼓吹者與迫害人權的獨裁者等惡名。惟於法庭審理過程中,這位西方媒體口中的「巴爾幹屠夫」,卻於2006年死於獄中。(參見王保鍵,〈混合法庭:國際刑法制度中追訴嚴重犯罪的新模式〉,《人文及社會科學集刊》)


除了米洛塞維奇,當時的波赫塞族領袖也躲不過法律制裁。先是有「巴爾幹鐵娘子」之稱的普拉夫希奇(Biljana Plavšić)於2001年主動前往海牙自首,2003年被判處11年監禁(她是承認在波赫戰爭中犯有罪行的最高級別塞族政界人士,2009年獲釋出獄);而後「斯雷布雷尼察大屠殺」的兩大戰犯──前塞族共和國總統卡拉季奇(Radovan Karadžić)與穆拉迪奇──在潛逃多年後也分別於2008年及2011年落網。2016年卡拉季奇獲刑40年。



誠如聯合國人權事務高級專員扎伊德(Zeid Ra’ad al Hussein)說的(link is external),「今天的判決是對犯下這類罪行者的警告,無論他們權勢多大,無論需要多少時間,他們都無法逍遙法外,他們終將被追究責任。」


5 Yoga Moves to Practice Daily for Everyday Core Strength

5 Yoga Moves to Practice Daily for Everyday Core Strength

Incorporate these poses from Nicole Sciacca, Chief Yoga Officer at LA’s Playlist Yoga, into your daily routine to strengthen your core muscles and help you maintain a strong and flexible spine.

While you may think about your core on the mat, how often do you consider the work of the core in everyday life? As a mother of a 70-pound four-year-old (he has a very tall father!), I can attest to the importance of full-body strength and mobility. You use your rotational core every single day for basic movement. Those muscles that make up the front, side, and back of your core allow you to flex, extend, and twist. They play a role in everything from carrying groceries home from the farmer’s market to picking up dog poop. The great news is that incorporating the following five moves into your daily yoga practice will strengthen them to help you maintain a strong and flexible spine.

5 Everyday Strong-Core Yoga Moves

About Our Expert


【山農說書】 台灣是個瀆神之島──談《大佛普拉斯》與《血觀音》|晏山農


【山農說書】 台灣是個瀆神之島──談《大佛普拉斯》與《血觀音》|晏山農

【山農說書】 台灣是個瀆神之島──談《大佛普拉斯》與《血觀音






當代著名的義大利哲學家阿岡本(Giorgio Agamben)就曾這樣描繪:瀆神就意味著打開某種特別形式的玩忽的可能性,而這種玩忽忽視分隔,或者更確切地說,它把分隔置入一種特定的使用之中。阿岡本更強調「從神聖到神聖之外的過渡,也可以借助一種對神聖之物的全然不當的使用(或者,更確切地說,重新使用)來完成:遊戲」。阿岡本還沿引班雅明(Walter Benjamin)之論,針砭資本主義就是一種宗教現象,沒有救贖祇有徹底毀滅一途。














我同意馬欣〈金馬54 「愛國片」再也不用愛得這麼累了!(link is external)〉之論,今年光是《大》與《血》兩片就夠台片揚眉吐氣。但愈是如此風光,就愈擔心台灣電影產業的再生產與分工能否到位,以及諸導演能否從文青/憤青的灰影中走出。畢竟,紊亂政局下唯電影、文學諸藝術可滌人心,否則庶民廣眾在藍綠標簽下分類械鬥,祇會成為徒然送死的走卒而已。


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