9 India Yoga Retreats That Will Change Your Life


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/9-india-yoga-retreats-that-will-change-your-life

9 India Yoga Retreats That Will Change Your Life

Considering a pilgrimage to the birthplace of yoga? These 9 awesome ashrams and retreats in India are ideal spots to deepen your practice.

There’s nothing quite like a journey to India to deepen your practice and help you get closer to the heart of yoga. Yet when it comes to planning a trip to yoga’s motherland, there’s a good chance you will feel overwhelmed. After all, India is big—it’s the seventh largest country in the world and home to about 1.3 billion people.

To help you figure out exactly where to go to see and learn the most about the birthplace of yoga, here are 9 awesome ashrams and retreats to help kick-start your planning.

See also 3 Powerful Lessons Learned from a Deep Dive into India’s Yoga

9 India Yoga Retreats That Will Change Your Life

 

Yoga Anatomy: Use Yoga to Ease Neck Tension from Slouching


https://www.yogajournal.com/teach/yoga-anatomy-yoga-release-neck-tension

Yoga Anatomy: Use Yoga to Ease Neck Tension from Slouching

The vast majority of us tend to adopt this shoulders-hunched, neck-craned-forward posture regularly throughout our day thanks to our desk-bound jobs. Learn how yoga can reverse its effects.
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Take a moment to sit in Dandasana (Staff Pose): Come to a seated position on the floor with your legs extended in front of you; or sit in a chair, with your spine stacked over your hips and your knees bent, feet flat on the floor. Now, place both hands next to your hips, press your palms down into the ground or chair, take a deep inhale, and notice how you feel. Then, let your shoulders cave in toward your chest, and allow your head to come forward and chest to collapse. How do you feel now?

When I ask my patients to do this simple exercise, they report a marked difference in their mood when comparing sitting upright (they use adjectives like “alert,” “happy,” and “bright”) versus hunched over (which prompts reactions like “sad,” “tired,” and “negative”). It’s clear this kind of slumping can lead to energetic problems, but it can also cause biomechanical issues that trigger pain. And the worst part is, the vast majority of us tend to adopt this shoulders-hunched, neck-craned-forward posture regularly throughout our day thanks to our desk-bound jobs and affinity for mobile electronic devices.

See alsoToo Much Desk Time? Here’s How Yoga Helps Muscular Imbalances

The Anatomy Behind Slouched Posture

First, it’s important to look at the muscular imbalances this posture creates. In this position, the muscles that round your shoulders and internally rotate your upper arm bones (subscapularis, teres major, and anterior deltoids) shorten, causing a feeling of tightness. What’s more, the pectoralis major and minor (chest muscles that draw your arms and shoulders forward and together) as well as the levator scapulae, scalenes, sternocleidomastoid, and upper trapezius (muscles in the back and side of your neck that hold your head forward) get overworked, which also leads to tightness. And then there are the muscles that get turned “off” and weaken: the ones that externally rotate the upper arm bones (infraspinatus, teres minor, and posterior deltoids); those that stabilize the shoulder blades and draw them down the back (serratus anterior, rhomboids, middle and lower trapezius); and the cervical or deep neck flexors (longus capitis and longus colli).

This simultaneous over- and under-working of muscle groups leads to imbalances that affect the shoulder girdle. Over time, chronic slumping can cause rotator cuff problems, such as rotator cuff syndrome (in which the muscles and tendons of the shoulder get pinched and inflamed, causing pain), and possibly even a rotator cuff tear thanks to chronic irritation. Neck pain is another common side effect. Think about it: When your head juts forward as you stare at a screen, your neck muscles—
specifically the levator scapulae and upper trapezius—have to contract to hold it up. As a result, the cervical flexors under the neck become tired and weak, causing yet another pain-inducing imbalance.

See alsoThe Yoga of Smartphones: How to Avoid “Tech Neck”

3 Ways to Use Yoga to Release Neck Tension

Whatever the root cause of your slumping, your yoga practice can help alleviate any resulting pain or dips in mood by bringing more balance to the muscles in your chest, upper back, and neck.

1. These poses are a great place to start: 4 Yoga Poses for Better Posture, Less Neck Pain

2. I’m a big fan of holding Staff Pose: Sit upright with your palms pressing into the ground beside your hips. Draw your shoulders toward your midline and then slightly down your back; press your palms firmly into the ground and attempt to drag them away from each other isometrically. By doing so, you engage the weakened lower and middle trapezius and rhomboids, and you stretch the tight pectorals.

3. Here’s one more simple exercise for relaxing neck and chest tightness: Interlace the fingers of both hands and place them palm-down on the top of your head, right in the center. Press your head up into your hands as you gently press your hands down into your head. Hold this dual-pressing action for a few seconds, release for a few seconds, and then repeat once. You should feel a straightening of the spine and a lightness that may make you smile.

As I’ve learned, the best way to find the most brightness and to counter the inevitable muscular imbalances that arise as we move through our lives is to take the time to understand the biomechanics of these imbalances. We do so by using our body and studying the energetic shifts the imbalances cause, which in turn helps us more readily and predictably access the proper corrective yoga postures. It’s my opinion that this is what yoga is really for.

See alsoA Healing Yoga Sequence to Ease Neck + Shoulder Pain

About Our Writer
Teacher Ray Long, MD, is an orthopedic surgeon in Detroit and the founder of Bandha Yoga, a website and book series dedicated to the anatomy and biomechanics of yoga.

 

Check Your Neck: How to Avoid Neck Tension By Releasing the Jaw


https://www.yogajournal.com/poses/stay-safe-avoid-neck-tension-by-releasing-your-jaw

Check Your Neck: How to Avoid Neck Tension By Releasing the Jaw

Help your students safely relax the neck, shoulders, and jaw to release the tension that stores in those areas.
Supported Shoulderstand, salamba sarvangasana

Help your students safely relax the neck, shoulders, and jaw, an area that tends to hold a lot of tension. Here’s how:

Most yoga teachers, and our stressed-out students, agree that a bit of relaxation in every class helps keep them coming back for more yoga. And while relaxation of any body part is pleasant, release of tension in the neck can be key to overall relaxation. You might even visualize that neck tension, and associated jaw tightness, form a tourniquet, or noose, that impedes communication between the brain and the rest of the body, making it impossible for your students to be aware of what’s going on in their bodies and yoga poses.

To facilitate the release of jaw, neck, and shoulder tension, there are many relaxation cues, images, and stretches to choose among. However, as discussed in my article “Forbidden Territory," neck rolls and neck hyperextension (hanging your head backward so the that the back of the neck is compressed) are risky positions for many students. Neck hyperextension can impede blood circulation to the brain and put pressure on the facet joints (the small joints in the back of the neck where each two vertebra overlap), which can cause or contribute to arthritis in these cervical facet joints. The riskiness of these positions increases as any student’s age increases beyond the twenties. We’ll explore some safer alternatives for facilitating relaxation in this muscle group.

See also How to Safely Teach Neck Rolls + Stretches to Your Yoga Students

Release Your Jaw to Relieve Neck Tension

Here are a few neck relaxation ideas that will be safe and useful for students of all ages and abilities. However, if any of your students have preexisting neck problems or injuries, it’s a good idea to have them check in with their health care providers before doing any neck stretches. But it’s safe for virtually anyone to begin with simple awareness that one has been unconsciously holding certain muscles of the head and neck tight. These muscles might include the masseters, our chewing muscles in the cheeks that extend from the cheekbone down to the jawbone. The masseters pull the lower jaw up so the upper and lower teeth make contact. Simply reminding students to release their jaws, allowing the lower teeth to drop down away from the uppers, can be a powerful beginning to relaxation.

We also spend a great deal of time encouraging our students to lengthen up; don’t forget to remind them that, as they lift up their breastbones and lengthen their spines, they must counterbalance by releasing the jaws and the scapula down. The major muscles that lift the shoulder blades up toward the ears are the upper trapezius in the back of the neck, which extend from the base of the skull and the cervical vertebra and ligaments down to top of the scapula and outer clavicle (collarbone). Underneath it lies the levator scapula, which extends from the vertebrae in the upper neck down to the inner upper corner of the scapula. These muscles are notorious for holding unconscious tension: perhaps you’ve experienced having a student respond, after encouraging her to release her shoulders down, that “they are down." Ask these students to hold an object weighing a few pounds in each hand, and let the weight pull the arms and shoulders down, lengthening and releasing the neck muscles, as they continue to lift up with spine and breastbone.

See also Reduce Jaw Pain with Yoga

Pause, Relax, Breath in These Poses for Tension

For an even deeper release of the lower traps, levator scapula, and other side neck muscles, try this gentle neck stretch yourself before sharing it with your students. There are three parts to this exercise, and it’s nice to pause and take several relaxing breaths in each position. First, place your right hand on your left shoulder to hold it down and help keep your shoulders level. Gently hang your head to the right, looking straight ahead, so your right ear approaches your right shoulder, which stretches the left side of your neck. For the second position, keep your head to the right and bring your head forward a little to stretch a slightly different place on the left side of your neck but a little toward the back. Finally, gently turn your head as though you are looking into your right armpit to stretch yet a different place on the left posterior neck. Pause when you lift your head back up and notice the difference between the left and right sides of your neck before proceeding on to the second side.

Classic yoga poses such as Setu Bandha Sarvangasana (Bridge Pose) and Salamba Sarvangasana (Supported Shoulderstand), in which the chin and breastbone move toward each other (neck flexion), also lengthen these and other muscles on the back of the neck. However, for someone with a stiff, tight neck, these positions can put too much stretch too fast on muscles that don’t know how to lengthen, causing neck injury or strain. Instead, give the muscles time to lengthen and relax in a gentle, supported neck flexion position, such as supported Bridge Pose or Viparita Karani (Legs-Up-the-Wall Pose). In both, the torso should be supported by a bolster or stack of firm blankets, with the top edge crossing the midback at about the level of the bottom tip of the scapula. Then just the top of the shoulders should lightly touch the floor, with the back of the neck long. The higher the blankets, the bigger the neck stretch, so start low with students who have tighter neck muscles. The neck and head positions in these restorative poses naturally invite the inner gaze to look down toward the heart, away from the chatter of the busy mind, offering your student the opportunity to relax deeply.

See also A Healing Yoga Sequence to Ease Neck + Shoulder Pain

Learn to Release Tension in the Body

Having learned how to start releasing neck and head tightness in these gentle positions and stretches, your students can, with the help of your gentle reminders, integrate that awareness into more active and challenging poses. Over time, they’ll learn how to practice a variety of poses without holding unnecessary tension in body or mind, keeping a relaxed and open center in the midst of activity.

See also Ease Lower Back and Shoulder Tension with Fascial Work

About Our Author
Julie Gudmestad is a certified Iyengar Yoga teacher and licensed physical therapist who runs a combined yoga studio and physical therapy practice in Portland, Oregon. She enjoys integrating her Western medical knowledge with the healing powers of yoga to help make the wisdom of yoga accessible to all.

 

How Mary Beth LaRue Turned Her Vision Board Into Her Reality


https://www.yogajournal.com/lifestyle/mary-beth-larue-turned-vision-board-reality

How Mary Beth LaRue Turned Her Vision Board Into Her Reality

Mary Beth LaRue’s life 10 years ago couldn’t be more different from what it is today. Here, she shares simple tips for making the transformation.
beach marybethlarue

Los Angeles-based yoga teacher, life design coach and writer Mary Beth LaRue has created the life of her dreams—but she had to overcome her fair share of fear and self-doubt to get there. Steal her secrets to inspired sequencing and a creative life in our upcoming Yoga for Creativity online course. (Sign up now.)

Mary Beth LaRue’s life 10 years ago couldn’t be more different from what it is today. After graduating from journalism school, she had moved to Washington, D.C. to work as an editor for a major news publication. But despite landing a dream job and all the trappings of a successful life, she felt stressed out, unhappy and unfulfilled.

Fast-forward 10 years, and she’s living the life of her dreams in Southern California. The images that were once on her vision board—inspiring spiritual work, a home by the beach, traveling the world—have become the scenes of her everyday life. Here, she shares how to make the transformation.

5 Steps to Make Your Vision Board a Reality

1. Notice what’s not working, and learn to say “no.”

My early 20s were a challenging time. My always-busy life in Washington, D.C., didn’t feel fulfilling, and I wasn’t happy working long hours in a cubicle. My life looked successful and happy from the outside, sure, but I felt like I was just checking items off a list of what adult life “should” be.

I started asking myself, Is this really what I want? Then I was able to identity and begin to say “no” to all the things in my life that made me feel drained rather than inspired.

2. Pay attention to what lights up your soul.

Once we start saying “no” to what we don’t want, we open up the space to say “yes” to positive change. I created a vision of my dream life by paying close attention to what inspired me. Taking notice of what made my soul light up was like following the breadcrumbs back home to who I truly am.

I tapped things that inspired and spoke to me on a deep level, like yoga, writing, living a more bohemian lifestyle on the West Coast and spending lots of time outside.

3. Integrate those things into your life.

Here’s where the real work comes in. When you figure out what lights up your soul, seek out opportunities (both big and small) to bring more of it into your life.

When I discovered my love of yoga, I started taking daily classes and eventually signed up for a teacher training. On a trip to visit a friend in Los Angeles, I found so much of what I had been visualizing for my lifestyle. Within a month, I moved to Venice!

4. Don’t aim at success.

Any success that has come to me is by virtue of the fact that I absolutely love what I do, and I’d do it even if I was never recognized for it. Instead of aiming at success (or at a life that looks good on Instagram), aim to do more of what you truly love, and you’ll likely find happiness along the way.

5. Trust that everything happens for a reason.

Setbacks are a part of the journey. When something doesn’t work out, I’ve learned to recognize that it wasn’t ever for me. It’s not easy to be rejected by a potential employer or romantic partner, but I believe that when something doesn’t happen, that’s because it wasn’t right for me.

ABOUT OUR EXPERT
Mary Beth LaRue is a Los Angeles–based yoga instructor and life-design coach. She loves riding her bike, scribbling ideas over coffee, and taking long road trips with her family (including her English bulldog, Rosy). Inspired by her teachers Schuyler Grant, Elena Brower, and Kia Miller, LaRue has been teaching yoga for more than eight years, helping others connect to their inner bliss. She co-founded Rock Your Bliss, a yoga-inspired coaching company that helps clients “make shift happen.” Learn more at marybethlarue.com.

 

5 Kid-Friendly Animal Poses to Introduce Children to Yoga


https://www.yogajournal.com/poses/5-kid-friendly-animal-poses-to-introduce-children-to-yoga

5 Kid-Friendly Animal Poses to Introduce Children to Yoga

You can count on animals to make yoga fun.
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Looking to introduce yoga to the young people in your life? There’s no better way than by showing them the poses named after animals. Encourage kids to roar in Simhasana (Lion Pose) or surf on their mats in Ardha Pincha Mayurasana (Dolphin Pose). Children will love acting out the postures of creatures they already know and love, which gives you the opportunity to add more poses to their flow.

In Zoo Zen: A Yoga Story for Kids, I integrated 10 animal poses into a rhyming picture book about a girl who learns yoga from creatures at the zoo. The book offers basic instruction and colorful illustrations to get the children moving. But you don’t need a story time to engage children in yoga. Here are five poses that will capture and keep their attention—and hopefully turn them into devoted young yogis. With these skills, children can learn to use yoga when they want to calm down and be strong. Remind them to breathe, using only their nose. Inhale and exhale. Feel calm in each pose.

About the Author
Kristen Fischer is the author (illustrator is Susi Schaefer) of Zoo Zen: A Yoga Story for Kids (Sounds True, July 2017). Connect with her at kristenfischer.com.

 

Sanskrit Top 40: Must-Learn Lingo for Yogis


https://www.yogajournal.com/yoga-101/40-common-sanskrit-words-for-yogis

Sanskrit Top 40: Must-Learn Lingo for Yogis

In honor of YJ’s 40th anniversary, we chose 40 common and important Sanskrit words to know. Share your favorites on social media with #YJ40.

How’s your Sanskrit? Studying up on the language of yoga helps you delve deeper into the practice by making both philosophy and asana more accessible. So we chose 40 of the most common and important Sanskrit words to know to get you started. Share your favorites on social media and tag us @YogaJournal #yogajournal.

Want to deepen your practice? Yoga Journal’s new online Master Class program brings the wisdom of 9 world-renowned teachers—Aadil Palkhivala, Baron Baptiste, Shiva Rea, Dharma Mittra, Rodney Yee, Carrie Owerko, and more—to your fingertips through an online workshop and live webinar every six weeks. If you’re ready to get a deeper perspective on yoga and maybe even meet a lifelong yoga mentor, sign up now for YJ’s year-long membership.

 

Live Be Yoga: 6 Lessons Learned from North Carolina’s Thriving Yoga Communities


https://www.yogajournal.com/livebeyoga/live-be-yoga-6-lessons-from-north-carolina-thriving-yoga-community

Live Be Yoga: 6 Lessons Learned from North Carolina’s Thriving Yoga Communities

The team uses the tools of yoga to dive into difficult conversations on diversity, discovers yogic intentions at the Gaia Herbs farm, and gets salty for self-care.

Live Be Yoga ambassadors Jeremy Falk and Aris Seaberg are on a road trip across the country to share real talk with master teachers, explore innovative classes, and so much more—all to illuminate what’s in store for the future of yoga.

 

《 Cyndi Lauper – When You Were Mine (07:30) 》


《 Cyndi Lauper – When You Were Mine (07:30) 》

《 Cyndi Lauper – Change Of Heart (04:27) 》


《 Cyndi Lauper – Change Of Heart (04:27) 》

【人心人術】永遠的台灣人!呂道南神父:要幫助最需要幫助的人!


「需要我的地方就是家鄉!」呂道南神父一生都堅持實踐他的信念,在台灣最需要幫助的年代,來到台灣這塊土地,在40歲那年又回到義大利學醫,學成後再回台灣,從此不再離開。
#呂道南 #進行性上神經核麻痺症 #付出
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/7011

【人心人術】永遠的台灣人!呂道南神父:要幫助最需要幫助的人!

友善列印版本

他從義大利而來,卻將一輩子青春和歲月都奉獻給台灣。呂道南神父,28歲那年就來到台灣,因為醫療的需求,40歲又回義大利學醫,學成後再回台灣,從此不再離開,他說:「需要我的地方就是家鄉」!晚年因為疾病因素,無法言語,他仍堅持留在最愛的家鄉台灣,直到終老的那一刻,他已是永遠的台灣人……

義大利來的呂道南神父,是一位小兒科醫生,一輩子都奉獻給台灣。(圖片來源:羅東聖母醫院臉書)

6月17日的宜蘭羅東,好多人來送他最後一程。

他是去年12月剛獲得台灣身分證的呂道南神父,6月13日在羅東聖母醫院因多重器官衰竭過世,享壽85歲,一生青春歲月都奉獻給台灣的呂道南神父,安葬在他心中的家鄉宜蘭,成為「永遠的台灣人」。

呂道南是神父,也是醫生,他是羅東聖母醫院創院以來任期最久的院長,擔任院長24年。

28歲那年,呂道南是一位年輕神父,他遠渡重洋,從義大利來到台灣。他一心要到最需要幫助的地方,幫助最需要幫助的人。

呂道南來到澎湖馬公的惠民醫院服務,呂道南「校長兼撞鐘」,他是院長,也是工友,醫院裡大大小小的事,都是呂道南的事。來到澎湖,他努力學台灣話,努力融入在地生活。很快地,他的台灣話講得愈來愈「輪轉」,在繁忙醫院工作之餘,他也幫忙當地民生建設,如鑿井供水、建村、建碼頭等,一心希望地方能夠更好。

呂道南(右五)來台灣的第一站是到澎湖惠民醫院服務,圖為惠民醫院30周年時合影。(圖片來源:羅東聖母醫院臉書)

呂道南神父來澎湖6年後,被派到宜蘭羅東聖母醫院服務,早年不比現在,醫院人手非常欠缺,呂道南從早忙到晚,幫忙煮開水、倒痰盂、搬運病患……他深刻地體會到要真正幫助病患,一定要培育醫療人才。

看見台灣的需要,台灣太缺小兒科醫師了,呂道南在「高齡」40歲那年,再回到義大利!

呂道南,回到義大利,不是返鄉;而是因為台灣缺乏兒科醫師,他再回到義大利巴杜大學醫學院進修,取得小兒科專科醫生資格後,呂道南醫生再回到台灣行醫救人。

行醫,就該去需要的地方才有意思。若只想要過的舒適,那就沒有意思了。」生性樂觀、笑聲爽朗的呂道南曾這麼說。因為在台灣馬公和羅東的歷練,他實際體會到「缺醫少藥」之苦。

呂道南神父是一位小兒科醫生,台語講得超溜。(圖片來源:羅東聖母醫院臉書)

呂道南在1977年接任羅東聖母醫院院長,他是聖母醫院有史以來任期最久的院長,足足當了24年的院長。

要幫助最需要幫助的人。」是他唯一的信念。在他領導之下,醫院就像是個和樂溫馨的大家庭。

在台灣還沒有健保的年代,生重病是會散盡家財的,呂道南陸續成立「早產兒基金」、「腎友基金會」和「一般貧困基金」,幫助這些最需要幫助的「早產兒」、「洗腎患者」和「貧病民眾」。

窮人真的付不出醫藥費,醫院主動免除他們的醫藥診療費。「他們始終在最遠的地方,安靜地做著他們認為該做的事。

因為在台灣的無私奉獻,呂道南獲頒第五屆台灣醫療奉獻獎。領獎那一刻,他謙卑地說:「我只是代表出來領獎而已,一切榮譽歸於天主。

「要幫助最需要幫助的人!」呂道南說。(圖片來源:取自台灣念真情YouTube)

「我們未來的目標,將來還是以照顧老人與重病照顧為主…」多年以前,呂道南曾這麼說。他已預見未來老年化的台灣。

呂道南將一輩子的青春歲月都獻給台灣這塊土地,彷彿一生獻給台灣的天使。呂道南說:「需要我的地方就是家鄉」,他早已把台灣當作自己的家鄉了。

遺憾的是,年老時,呂道南罹患「進行性上神經核麻痺症」病倒了,家人原本要把他帶回義大利,但是熱愛台灣的他,始終沒有離開這片他心愛的土地,他決定要在他奉獻一生的台灣終老。

過去呂道南照顧台灣人,現在換台灣人照顧他了!十四年又六個月來「阿銘」-吳益銘就是呂道南的「支柱」,從神父還能走路、坐輪椅到臥床,都是阿銘用渾身充滿的熱情和愛,悉心照顧著漸漸不能言語,臥病在床的呂道南。

儘管呂道南的身體逐漸走下坡終致不能言語、癱瘓臥床,但每一個握過他的手、聽他的呼吸甚至看過他眼角淚珠的人,都確信,他的熱情始終是一點也不減。

過去呂道南照顧台灣人,現在換台灣人照顧他了!「阿銘」吳益銘用心照顧呂道南神父。(圖片來源:羅東聖母醫院臉書)

很諷刺的是,一生大半輩子都奉獻給台灣的呂道南神父,一直都沒有台灣的身分證。

直到國籍法修正後,2017年年12月,呂道南神父終於獲得台灣身分證,然而當時他因病住在加護病房,已經無法親自領證。

神父的身體逐漸退化,今年6月13日呂道南神父因多重器官衰竭過世於曾經擔任院長24年的羅東聖母醫院,享壽85歲。6月17日在羅東聖母醫院舉辦呂道南神父的「殯葬彌撒」,呂道南神父靈前擺放著當年他行醫時使用的聽診器,好多人專程遠道而來,要謝謝呂道南神父。

呂道南神父曾說:「需要我的地方就是家鄉!」他在台灣最需要幫助的年代,來到台灣這塊土地;因為台灣需要醫療,在40歲那年又回到義大利學醫,學成後再回台灣,從此不再離開。呂道南一生都堅持實踐他的信念:「要幫助最需要幫助的人!

永遠的台灣人!呂道南神父。(圖片來源:羅東聖母醫院臉書)

呂道南神父安葬於宜蘭廣興天主教公墓,他已長眠在心中的家鄉,台灣宜蘭。

儘管再也看不到他的陽光笑容,再也聽不到他的流利台灣話,但是呂道南神父一生醫治的熱情和溫暖的笑顏,將永遠存在台灣人的心中,我們感謝他一輩子對台灣無私付出和永遠的慈愛,謝謝他將一輩子青春與歲月都獻給了台灣,神父已是永遠的台灣人,典範將長存在台灣人的心中,我們也將永遠記得,他說的:「要幫助最需要幫助的人!

 

用新創精神做環保,立委許毓仁的跳tone人生


 

http://www.earthday.org.tw/column/activist/6996

用新創精神做環保,立委許毓仁的跳tone人生

文:鄭伊琇(特約作者),圖:吳宜靜

從高雄夜市人生到美洲壯遊,看見現實與環保之間的可能

「我是在高雄六合夜市長大的孩子,所以對於台灣底層的社會結構與它生猛的活力,感受特別強烈。尤其是關乎『生存』這件事」。

父母是攤商,立法委員許毓仁從小對於「生存」的感受力,有著超越於同儕的敏感。離開高雄到北部唸書,意外讀了切·格瓦拉的《革命前夕的摩托車日記》後,浪漫的年少情懷被啟動,對世界產生好奇,從此展開了跳tone的人生。

大學畢業後,許毓仁到中南美洲壯遊六個月,走訪了瓜地馬拉、宏都拉斯、薩爾瓦多、哥斯大黎加、尼加拉瓜,最後抵達南美洲的秘魯。「這段時間是我人生重要的空白。很多人覺得人生每個階段應該都要被填滿,但我覺得人生更重要是留白。留白,是讓自己有更多的機會去好好思考。」

旅途中,許毓仁看到中南美洲這些「落後」國家在全球化之後,人民的生計被剝削。包括大型的咖啡連鎖集團,蒐購了整個中南美洲的咖啡莊園,以血汗價抑制了咖啡豆的價格,令人愕然。「人,是組成環境生態系統極重要的一部份,全球商業化與全球貿易的運作,其結果竟是對當地環境的破壞與對農民的剝削,傷害如此之大。」

從中南美洲回來後,許毓仁陸續參與環保運動,認識台灣環境資訊協會的陳瑞賓和彰化環境保護聯盟蔡嘉陽,因此促成大城濕地的國際採訪,甚至協助齊柏林募款,完成《看見台灣》的拍攝。

「我們台灣過去30年來的發展,都是在舊經濟的思維下運作。所謂「工廠經濟」的體質下,我們透過自然資源的開採(如:採礦、漁捕……等)去發展經濟,土地早已傷痕累累。」許毓仁意識到,也許我們可以透過更不一樣的方法,讓大家認識「環保」這件事。他認為,結合科技是必然的手段。在這個時代裡,科技將是創造新經濟效益的契機。亦即,環保帶來的創新經濟,值得對它投以無限想像。

島國也能做典範,倡導以區塊鏈來開展綠色金融

「當人類都在用有限的資源,去換取過度鋪張的生活和消費時,處在台灣這塊小小土地上的我們,是否該反思在環境議題上我們,應如何做出新的典範轉移?」許毓仁直指,台灣若想要在國際間力求表現,重點應該不在於能否進入聯合國,或是結交多少邦交國。

與其陷落在競逐大國的遊戲中,何不做出讓國際間尊敬的典範?從環境、人權、保育……等面向切入,才是關鍵的價值選擇。許毓仁認為,思考台灣問題,不能老是拘泥於過去的意識型態。他舉例,台灣一直論戰著廢核與否,代表著某種對立的意識型態,「但我覺得更重要的是,我們對於價值觀的選擇及尋找問題的解決方案,而不是兩陣營對立、拼輸贏或選邊站。」

許毓仁近期致力倡導區塊鏈的概念,認為可透過認購碳幣的方式,有計畫性地去彌補我們曾對環境所做過的傷害。攝影:吳宜靜。

總是突發奇想的許毓仁認為,環境議題的解套,得要有新思維才行。他像個小孩般,創意源源不絕,一有新的想法,就急著想跟大家分享。

「像我現在致力倡導區塊鏈,在區塊鏈上發行碳幣。每個家庭或個人、企業或工廠,甚至公家機關,都可透過認購碳幣的方式,有計畫性地去彌補我們曾對環境所做過的傷害。」區塊鏈是一種數據儲存技術,以其技術生成的數據不可篡改、不可偽造,且安全性高,目前被認為是電子貨幣最佳的儲存方式。他認為可以用區塊鏈的技術來發行碳幣,在全球流通,形成綠色低碳金融市場。

許毓仁提出的碳權交易的蓋概念是,「計算每人、每天的碳排放量有多少,再計算台灣這塊土地所能容忍最大的碳排放量是多少?多出來的碳排放量,就用碳幣做碳權的購買……無論百姓或企業都可利用認購碳權,用來抵稅、購買綠電。」用碳權認購去引導新產業,以減輕對環境的傷害。

即使日常生活裏司空見慣的小動作,徒步、騎單車,每一次低碳生活的行為,都能形成數據被記錄,並轉換成「碳幣」獎勵。用碳幣兌換電影票、折抵公車費等,人人可獲得碳回饋。綠色低碳行動深深融入百姓生活中,就有機會可以把綠意還給地球。

來創業吧!創意+科技帶動綠色經濟起飛

「製造經濟誘因,才能讓所有人永續參與。」許毓仁深信,創意及科技是兩大法門。 對於始終爭執不休的用電問題,他認為,那是我們沒有真正落實能源管理。若是能導入創新創業的模式,是有機會解決的。

「台灣缺電原因各界說法分歧,但我認為,南電北送、未在離峰時間做好能源儲存及分散管理,是兩大問題所在。」人數少的小村落跟人口集中的大都市,送電成本差不多,若將全國以人數多寡做分級,在微型鄉鎮做分散式能源管理,引導民間參與小型能源管理創業,也讓當地居民享有回饋。若能讓能源進行有效地「分散式管理」(decentralize system),落實「小型社區發電」。導入創新創業的模式。這是值得嘗試的作法。屆時,核電存廢與否,就不必再費口水戰了。

採訪尚未結束,許毓仁辦公室就來了一群年輕人,在旁等著要開下一場會議,「他們對環境創新、創業較有想法,值得期待。」引導年輕人投入綠色新創產業,也是他正在搭建的一座橋。許毓仁提起19歲荷蘭青年Boyan Slat,他提出的「海洋吸塵器」構想,吸引許多專家前去助他圓夢。

許毓仁強調,透過「創意和創業」把環境問題轉化成有商業價值的新商業模式,「環保經濟」絕對有推動的可能。

立委許毓仁認為,導入創新創業的模式,是面對環保議題時值得嘗試的作法。攝影:吳宜靜。

舉手之勞一改慣習,環保教育唯此而已

為了支持公共議題,許毓仁擔任「台灣百萬綠行動」發起人。他相信環保團體都肩負著「提供教育機會」的核心價值,尤其是民眾普遍都不太能深入瞭解的環境議題。

「退休族、家庭主婦、學生等族群,並不像專家學者有那麼多的知識,有時也不太清楚能可以過什麼方式來為環境盡一點力。這時,環保團體就能彰顯出它的功能了。」不容諱言,最難以改變的是「習慣」,一旦讓人們覺得環保是一件在日常生活中簡單可執行且有成就感的的事情,那麼它就變得有可能了。

談到跟老百姓生活最密切相關的減塑議題,許毓仁認為,在其中找到經濟價值,減塑禁塑政策才容易成功。「談環保議題,若只站在經濟對立面對幹,勢必破局無解。」在夜市長大的他,完全能理解攤商們的處境。

許毓仁坦白說道,在減塑禁塑的議題上,確實很難和商家們建立對話。回應2030年全面禁用一次性塑膠製品的政策,他建議選幾個示範點,全面啟用自備餐盒、餐具,打造零環境負擔的夜市,並藉此作為行銷、觀光的亮點。甚至鼓勵餐具出租等新創事業,一起打造共享經濟的模式。

怕什麼?人生可以打掉重練

「我是喜歡嘗試新事物的人,對「未知」總是抱持著一種學習的態度。」身為台灣TED創辦人的許毓仁,在擔任立委後,也把這般思維模式與討論方式帶進立法院。「人生可以打掉重練」,他鼓勵年輕人不要一直被框架侷限。

「台灣的時機一步步流失中,無論是環境或人才」他要做的一件事是「造橋」。透過造橋讓台灣延伸出去,幫下一代開路,「我選了很多具有台灣獨特價值的主題,其中像是環境議題,便是可把台灣延伸到國際的好題材。」

自認不做「生涯規劃」的許毓仁認為,「計畫趕不上變化,把每天都當作最後一天在活」。擔任立委只是在延伸他人生的某一價值,「我還是用創業的精神在做政治人物」。無懼、看到問題就想設法解決的創業精神,還在他的氣脈中流動著。

《 Cyndi Lauper – Money Changes Everything (06:52) 》


《 Cyndi Lauper – Money Changes Everything (06:52) 》

墾丁、高美濕地均傳黃狂蟻攻噬陸蟹案例,專家籲民眾協助觀察通報


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212282?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=0e2f5abd51-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-0e2f5abd51-84956681

墾丁、高美濕地均傳黃狂蟻攻噬陸蟹案例,專家籲民眾協助觀察通報

2018年06月19日
轉載自農傳媒;文:洪嘉鎂;圖片提供:台中市農業局

去(2017)年墾丁國家公園發現大量外來種「長足捷蟻」(俗稱黃狂蟻或黃瘋蟻)危害陸蟹,今年台中市高美濕地旁海堤與周遭農田也發現類似情況,台中市農業局已對黃狂蟻防治,呼籲民眾不要觸碰或取走餌劑。

長期研究螞蟻的國立彰化師範大學生物學系教授林宗岐表示,近年黃狂蟻族群逐漸擴大,已在墾丁、高美濕地、花等地發現超級群落,正在尋找數量增加原因。

定居台灣超過百年的外來種螞蟻

黃狂蟻源自於非洲,進入台灣已超過百年,根據文獻資料記載,最早在南部發現,而後遍及全台。黃狂蟻會噴出蟻酸抵抗或攻擊,對人類不會造成影響,但仍有少數人會對蟻酸產生過敏反應,如紅腫等。

林宗岐表示,黃狂蟻只會在人類活動的區域出現,如農村、都市、農地等地,鮮少在自然環境中發現。過去澳洲聖誕島曾發生黃狂蟻攻擊紅地蟹,對紅地蟹族群造成嚴重危害,而2、3年前在墾丁有發生黃狂蟻攻擊陸蟹情況,當時也協助調查及防治。

目前多以藥物防治黃狂蟻族群,抑制族群持續擴大。
目前多以藥物防治黃狂蟻族群,抑制族群持續擴大。

林宗岐解釋,當人類腳步逐漸進入自然環境時,會建設道路、步道、農舍等,黃狂蟻就隨著人類擴張族群居住在路旁。黃狂蟻攻擊陸蟹的原因是陸蟹經過馬路,黃狂蟻就會攻擊,早期會認為陸蟹死亡原因為路殺,後來有發現死亡陸蟹完整個體,才確定黃狂蟻有攻擊陸蟹的行為。

黃狂蟻分泌的蟻酸會讓陸蟹失明,導致陸蟹無法覓食、喪失生存能力步入死亡,黃狂蟻會啃食死亡的陸蟹。今年黃狂蟻被人發現有大族群出現在高美濕地旁海堤與周遭農田,攻擊當地陸蟹族群。

台中市農業局表示,目前僅發現黃狂蟻攻擊陸蟹,對人類及其他生物仍無大規模影響。

黃狂蟻出現超級群落,須靠民眾觀察協助

黃狂蟻會從生活環境獲取食物,除了陸蟹,還有昆蟲、兩棲類、爬蟲類甚至雛鳥都是黃狂蟻攻擊對象。

林宗岐說明,現在黃狂蟻數量比過去多,可能是找到較多食物,族群數量暴增,而出現超級群落,像是在墾丁就發現黃狂蟻單一巢穴範圍長達30公里,比想像中大上許多。

對人類來說,黃狂蟻不會造成太大影響,但數量持續增加會侵擾民宅,民眾更容易發現黃狂蟻。

從墾丁到高美濕地,黃狂蟻的超級群落數量逐漸變多,專家們還在努力尋找擴大的契機。林宗岐拋出一個假設,是不是農藥使用量下降,而讓黃狂蟻趁著藥量減少的空隙而獲取更多食物來源,造成數量增加?

林宗岐指出,農藥量減少是好事,但是不是讓黃狂蟻能吃的食物變多,目前正在研究農藥減少與黃狂蟻數量增加是否有關聯,而民眾常聯想的棄養行為與黃狂蟻族群擴大關聯性較小,黃狂蟻可在台灣抓到,不太需要從外面引進,但會擔心民眾從不正當管道獲得其他外來種螞蟻,若有棄養行為,會很難控制後續情況。

黃狂蟻大爆發的地點除了墾丁、高美濕地外,林宗岐表示,花蓮也有數量變多的情況,可能其他區域也有大爆發狀況,只是有沒有人發現。研究人員無法遍及全台尋找黃狂蟻,需仰賴民眾發現、回報,以便採取措施抑制族群擴大。

餌劑擺放的範圍不僅有路旁,會根據黃狂蟻的活動範圍進行防治。
餌劑擺放的範圍不僅有路旁,會根據黃狂蟻的活動範圍進行防治。

藥物防治降低族群擴散

台中市政府從今年6月起啟動黃狂蟻防治計畫,在黃狂蟻經常出沒處擺放含有硼砂的餌劑,預計將持續執行至12月底,透過防治減少黃瘋蟻族群數量。

由於黃狂蟻適應性強且移動迅速不易移除,今年台中市府已經委託專家學者利用工蟻覓食後會攜回蟻巢互相餵食的特性,調查黃瘋蟻的入侵熱點。

農業局也依調查結果擺放餌劑進行防治,減少黃狂蟻族群數量,降低陸蟹被黃狂蟻侵害,並維護高美濕地在地鳥類、陸蟹及植物等生態資源環境。

農業局表示,餌劑數量會依黃狂蟻族群數量及天候等情況增減,由於餌劑具有微毒性,容器外均有標示實驗用途,民眾若發現餌劑容器,請勿碰觸或取走。

※ 本文經授權轉載自《農傳媒》,不適用CC共創授權條款。

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作者

農傳媒

農傳媒是由財團法人豐年社所成立,以「與農共聲、與食俱進、與環境共享」為宗旨,關注農業各個面向的專業網路資訊平台。

 

 

《 Cyndi Lauper – All Through The Night (04:31) 》


《 Cyndi Lauper – All Through The Night (04:31) 》

發展動物實驗替代是國際趨勢,動社籲台灣應速成立3R中心


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212283?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=0e2f5abd51-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-0e2f5abd51-84956681

發展動物實驗替代是國際趨勢,動社籲台灣應速成立3R中心

2018年06月19日
轉載自農傳媒;文:林宜潔;圖片提供:台灣動物社會研究會
減少用活體動物實驗是近幾十年的國際趨勢,全世界有超過17個國家成立發展替代方案的「3R中心」或類似單位,荷蘭政府更訂下2025年廢除活體動物實驗的目標。台灣除尚未設立3R中心,根據農委會統計,2002年到2016年,台灣用於動物實驗的狗高達6339隻,其中八成在實驗中死亡或被安樂死。民間團體和立委呼籲,台灣應儘速推動3R中心,並立法限制動物實驗。

歷經數十年發展,各國動起來

對動物實驗替代,1959年英國科學家WMS Russell and RL Burch提出「Replacement(替代)、 Reduction(減量)、 Refinement(精緻化)」的「3R」觀念,成為全球科學界的普遍共識。

國際知名的動物實驗替代方案推手、美國人道協會(HSUS)科學總顧問Andrew Rowan博士來台參與「動物實驗替代方案」立法院公聽會時指出,2000年,美國國家衛生研究院(NIH)已正式接受替代方案一詞。美國環保署開始以替代方案Tox21進行化學物質毒理測試,歐盟、德國、美國、日本也都紛紛成立替代方案研究中心,近十年來,替代方案也紛紛在各國發展。

「我預估10年後,新藥的安全性試驗及無數的環境化學物質毒性評估,將大量採用人體晶片進行試驗,而人體晶片也將取代大部分藥物安全性試驗及環境監測試驗,帶給我們更精確、便宜且快速的實驗結果。」Andrew Rowan在公聽會上分享,NIH院長Francis Collins兩年前曾於美國參議院強調,非動物實驗模式將是未來前景。Andrew Rowan建議台灣投資新的生物醫學技術與研究,並成立3R中心,促進與公眾對話。

「過去5年中國的替代方案發展得很快,應該這幾年應該就會成立3R中心。」社團法人台灣動物社會研究會研究員饒心儀強調,鄰近國家不只日本韓國積極發展替代方案,中國國內的替代方案研討大會也已經舉辦八屆,反觀台灣,不僅沒有3R中心的計畫,大眾對於動物實驗替代認知也不高。

饒心儀表示,國際上目前最受歡迎的替代方案,是以器官晶片取代動物實驗。「美國哈佛大學已設立專門研究器官晶片的中心,國際上也有五六間公司開始販售器官晶片。」饒心儀說明,器官晶片是在晶片上放入人體的細胞 ,讓它能像在人體內工作的方式一樣,可以用來試驗藥品或其他物質對人體的影響。饒心儀強調,過去雖曾經看到科技部補助過類似的計畫,目前並沒有台灣廠商使用器官晶片做實驗。

根據農委會統計,從2002到2016年底,台灣被用於動物實驗的狗高達6,339隻,其中八成在實驗中死亡或最後被安樂死,其餘二成可能被轉用於其他實驗、教學訓練等。除了實驗犬外,每年還有上百萬鼠、兔、貓…等受法律保護的脊椎動物被「科學應用」(實驗),15年來累計達2000萬隻生命。

鼠、兔、貓狗等動物都是常見的活體動物實驗對象,減少或廢除活體動物實驗除了人道爭議,也是各國生醫產業未來重要發展方向。
鼠、兔、貓狗等動物都是常見的活體動物實驗對象,減少或廢除活體動物實驗除了人道爭議,也是各國生醫產業未來重要發展方向。

不僅是人道考量,更關乎產業未來

發展動物實驗替代不僅是人道考量,也是生醫產業的未來趨勢。「台灣還沒有發展替代實驗這個產業,都要送到國外去做,成本很高。我們可以想想是否要發展自己的產業。」長期耕耘動物實驗替代研究的國家環境醫學研究所副所長林嬪嬪提醒,目前替代方案報告都來自國外,台灣國內還沒有自己生產出自己的報告。

行政院農業委員會畜牧處動物保護科簡任技正兼科長江文全則表示,無論站在農業、飼料、農藥或醫藥角度,全世界只能做到動物實驗盡量替代,還沒辦法完全取代。「但是全世界是在制定遊戲規則,我們如果不去參加,對我們的未來產業也會有影響。」

江文全強調,農委會去年開始,也已邀請實驗動物專家群一同研究國際替代趨勢,江文全指出,動物替代是一個新的產業,也需要跨部會法規的調適。林嬪嬪則建議,國內如果要發展替代實驗,可能以電腦預測模型會能有較快發展。「發展電腦模型可以應用在預測危害性,比如一個東西他會不會過敏。」

台灣動物社會研究會則指出,替代實驗比動物實驗多出數倍的成本,也是國內發展替代實驗窒礙難行的原因。動社執行長朱增宏說明,產業原則都是以法規為主,當衛福部說動物實驗跟人體實驗都可以,廠商考量成本,當然會以動物實驗優先,呼籲政府應以訂定法規為優先,拉動產業前進。科技部跟衛福部也應趕緊推動3R中心成立。

國際知名的動物實驗替代方案推手、美國人道協會(HSUS)科學總顧問Andrew Rowan博士來臺參與「動物實驗替代方案」立法院公聽會,建議臺灣投入生物醫學技術與研究,並成立3R中心,促進與公眾對話。
國際知名的動物實驗替代方案推手、美國人道協會(HSUS)科學總顧問Andrew Rowan博士來台參與「動物實驗替代方案」立法院公聽會,建議台灣投入生物醫學技術與研究,並成立3R中心,促進與公眾對話。

相關工作需跨部會聯繫,才能進一步成立3R中心

「實驗替代是未來新興的產業,也是台灣科研要投入的方向,才能引領生醫產業向前。」主辦公聽會的立法委員余宛如強調,發展動物實驗替代除了人道考量以外,也有產業思維,應好好擬訂戰略。

「這是一個跨界的新產業,需要跨部會的協調會。」余宛如指出,必須盤點出台灣有哪些科技跟替代方案有關,而且須仔細了解,業者在做實驗過程中,有哪些部分是需要投入科研突破,不能指望提供只是經費,更需要整合。

余宛如表示,希望能在立法院下個會期討論設立跨部會協調的藍圖,確立各相關單位的分工,並且爭取3R中心的設立,確立經費來源。「最好也能接軌國際舉辦會議。」

朱增宏則分享,動社已經連續三屆自主參加「世界生命科學動物利用與替代大會」(The World Congress –Alternatives and Animal Use in the Life Science),期望爭取2023年由台灣主辦。「一方面可以促進產業界跟學術界對替代方案的重視跟研究,也可以讓國際社會知道,台灣在尋找替代方案上並沒有缺席。」

江文全表示,農委會去年已派兩名專家與動社一同到美國西雅圖參加「世界生命科學動物利用與替代大會」,積極了解動物實驗替代的解方。江文全也強調,國內如要成立3R中心,需要跨部會的配合協調,農委會也將積極配合未來的相關推動工作。

※ 本文經授權轉載自《農傳媒》,不適用CC共創授權條款。

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農傳媒

農傳媒是由財團法人豐年社所成立,以「與農共聲、與食俱進、與環境共享」為宗旨,關注農業各個面向的專業網路資訊平台。

 

 

《 Cyndi Lauper – True Colors (04:07) 》


《 Cyndi Lauper – True Colors (04:07) 》

憂衝突旗山斷層 國道七號案再論戰地質鑽探


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212290?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=0e2f5abd51-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-0e2f5abd51-84956681

憂衝突旗山斷層 國道七號案再論戰地質鑽探

2018年06月19日
環境資訊中心記者 賴品瑀報導

國道七號二階環評的範疇界定討論,19日進入第18次延續會議,原本在第16次的會議對地質鑽探的調查已有共識,不過這次會議中開發單位交通部高公局的參採與回覆卻讓民間相當不滿,因此又重回地質部分的討論,台灣水資源保育聯盟陳椒華等人與地質專業的環委李錫堤對於鑽探深度的看法不同調,為此爭論不休。

國道七號二階範疇會議進行第18次延續會議,民間團體對地質調查提出意見。賴品瑀攝。
國道七號二階範疇會議進行第18次延續會議,民間團體對地質調查提出意見。賴品瑀攝。

由於國道七號的計畫路線,一路與旗山斷層平行,讓當地居民相當擔憂安全性,反國七自救會會長簡志強等人為此自行展開調查,挑了地勢高低落差明顯,且最貼近預定路線的點,一共八個剖面,要求高公局納入調查項目中。

民間當時要求這八個剖面,每個剖面應該挖二到三口井,每口150公尺深以上。但高公局這次交出的資料中,卻變成「每剖面佈設二至三口的鑽探調查,深度50至150公尺,並以進行地電阻300公尺及淺層反射調查。」

民間質疑,鑽探的深度下修,且鑽探的方式也從旋轉改為沖鑽,他們並不能接受。

鑽探的範圍改為50至150公尺,高公局表示調查深度需視地層分布狀況來調整,但民間團體擔憂,屆時有可能為了隱瞞下方有斷層通過的事實,刻意只挖到50公尺,他們認為至少要鑽到100公尺以上才讓人信服。

不過,李錫堤則認為,工程上本來就需要有一些彈性與空間,可能一鑽下去就知道應該要換地方了,這就沒有繼續鑽下去的必要;李錫堤反而認為,要求每個剖面的鑽探孔必須要有三孔以上才是重點。環委劉益昌亦表示,其實不必執著要求一定要挖到多深,因為屆時工程就是「一定要做到知道斷層在哪裡為止」。

經過一番爭論之後,改成每個剖面佈設至少三口井鑽探調查,深度雖仍是50至150公尺,但須平均大於100公尺,地電阻300公尺及淺層反射調查還是保留。

而民間團體質疑鑽探方式改為沖鑽法之後,就不能取得岩心樣本以作後續分析,討論後也要求妥善保存鑽孔取樣的結果。

在爭論後,國七案的地質調查條件再次更改。賴品瑀攝。
在爭論後,國七案的地質調查條件再次更改。賴品瑀攝。

此外,在空污的部分,雖然高公局表示國道七號能抒解當地車流,但是否引來更多更多重車也讓民間質疑,在討論後,共識是將對鄰近交通的車流整體做整體評估,且納入附近的林園、前鎮、臨海、大發工業區等的檢測資料。

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賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

《 Cyndi Lauper – Time After Time (04:57) 》


《 Cyndi Lauper – Time After Time (04:57) 》

Israel to top up Sea of Galilee after years of drought


https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/jun/12/israel-to-top-up-sea-of-galiliee-after-years-of-drought

Israel to top up Sea of Galilee after years of drought

Inland lake where Christians believe Jesus walked on water has reached its lowest level in a century

Sea of Galilee
 The Sea of Galilee has been depleted during a series of dry winters. Photograph: Oded Balilty/AP

The shrinking Sea of Galilee, the inland lake where Christians believe Jesus walked on water, is to be topped up with desalinated seawater.

A plan given Israeli cabinet approval will pump 100 million cubic metres of water annually by 2022 into the lake in the Galilee region, said Yechezkel Lifshitz, from the country’s energy and water ministry.

In 2017 Israel’s water authority said the sea, hit by years of drought, had reached its lowest level in a century.

Situated 200 metres (656ft) below sea level and 28 miles (45km) from the coast, the Sea of Galilee is mentioned in the bible as the site of a number of Jesus’s miracles.

Known in Hebrew as Lake Kinneret, it covers an area of roughly 62 square miles (160 sq km). Ten years ago it provided 400m cubic metres a year of fresh water and was the country’s largest freshwater reserve.

But a series of dry winters have reduced its level to such an extent that pumping had to be limited to 30-40m cubic metres a year.

Israel has managed to escape water cuts through the use of five desalination plants built along the Mediterranean coast. Lifshitz said they supplied 670m cubic metres annually – 80% of drinking water consumed by Israeli households.

He said two more plants would be built to serve the new project: one in the Galilee and another south of Jerusalem. The water would then be pumped into the lake’s tributaries in northern Israel.

“We are turning the Kinneret into a reservoir for desalinated water,” said Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister. “This is innovative and important, at least to the extent we are doing this, and has not been done until now.”

Lifshitz said that the long-term goal was to pump 1.1bn cubic metres per year by 2030, rising to 1.2bn when needed – at a “relatively high cost”, equivalent to more than $0.70 cents per cubic metre.

 

湖水創世紀新低 以色列擬淡化海水回填加利利海


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212278?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=0e2f5abd51-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-0e2f5abd51-84956681

湖水創世紀新低 以色列擬淡化海水回填加利利海

2018年06月20日
環境資訊中心綜合外電;姜唯 編譯;林大利 審校

基督徒相信耶穌曾在以色列最大淡水湖加利利海(Sea of Galilee)水面上行走,如今湖面不斷縮水,以色列擬用淡化海水回填。

以色列能源和水利部門Yechezkel Lifshitz說,這個填湖計畫已獲得以色列內閣批准,將在2022年前每年打1億立方公尺的淡水至加利利海。

空拍圖。圖片來源:Itamar Grinberg(CC BY 2.0)
加利利海空拍圖。圖片來源:Itamar Grinberg(CC BY 2.0)

以色列水利部門2017年警告,遭受多年乾旱襲擊的加利利海水量已創下一個世紀以來的新低。

加利利海希伯來語是太巴列湖(Lake Kinneret),海拔200公尺(656英尺),距離海岸28英里(45公里),面積約為62平方英里(160平方公里),聖經稱之為耶穌的神蹟之一。十年前這座湖每年提供4億立方公尺淡水,是以色列最大的淡水庫。

但是一連串乾燥的冬季使其水量大減,每年的抽水量必須限制在3000萬至4000萬立方公尺。

以色列動用其沿地中海岸建造的五座海水淡化廠,設法避免缺水問題。Lifshitz說,這些淡化廠每年供應6.7億立方公尺的水,佔以色列家庭飲用水的80%。

Lifshitz表示後續將再蓋兩座淡化廠——一座在加利利地區,另一座在耶路撒冷以南,完成後將淡水注入以色列北部的加利利海支流。

「我們正在將加利利海轉型成淡化水的水庫,」以色列總理尼坦雅胡(Benjamin Netanyahu)說,「這是具有開創性而且相當重要的工作,至少我們是以創新的方式去做,到目前為止還沒有人這麼做過。」

Lifshitz表示,長遠目標是到2030年每年注入11億立方公尺,視需求可增加到12億立方公尺,只是成本相對較高,相當於每立方公尺超過0.70美分。

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姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

林大利

於特有生物研究保育中心服務,小鳥和棲地是主要的研究對象。是龜毛的讀者,認為龜毛是探索世界的美德。

 

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