What You Need to Know about a “Neutral" Pelvis and Spine


https://www.yogajournal.com/teach/what-you-need-to-know-about-a-neutral-pelvis-and-spine

What You Need to Know about a “Neutral" Pelvis and Spine

Tom Myers explains what it means to practice with a “neutral" pelvis and spine, why it’s important, and how to know when you’re there.
Anatomy_Figure-1A-Tadasana

Illustration: Michele Graham

Join Tom Myers for a seven-week online introduction to anatomy for yoga students and teachers. You’ll learn how to think of movement in holistic, relational, and practical ways, and how to identify common postural patterns, as well as strategies for cueing, to awaken parts of the body that may need work. Sign up for Anatomy 101 here.

The wonderful insights you find in asana practice need to come back to your daily life, right? Finding neutral—or what I call coming home to your body—is a practice of its own. What is your neutral? No matter what part of the body we’re talking about, it’s good to know the answer to this question, so you don’t keep returning to a position that doesn’t serve you or your yoga practice.

There are lots of differing opinions about what constitutes a neutral position. For yogis, Tadasana (Mountain Pose) describes a neutral standing position: easily resting upright, stacked up in gravity, and bearing weight on centered, balanced feet (figure A, in the slideshow below).

A second form of neutral is called “anatomical position”—a term coined in the early 1900s to describe the version of neutral that makes sense for anatomical naming (figure D). This neutral position is expressed in yoga as Savasana (Corpse Pose): lying horizontal, resting out of gravity, and fully supported with your arms open.

My sporty friends argue that there’s a third type of neutral, called “athletic neutral,” which happens when you’re alert: with weight resting slightly on your toes, knees and hips flexed, arms in front of your chest at the ready (figure B). “Athletic neutral” is close in shape, though not in muscle tone, to a fourth possible definition of neutral, called “floating neutral”: the position you’d take if you were totally relaxed under water, like a fetus in the womb or an astronaut in space (figure C).

See also What You Need to Know About Your Thoracic Spine

These four neutrals are common positions from which you move. Right now, take a moment to consider if one of these positions supports your health and helps you find a sense of calm. Can you feel yourself comfortably resting and happy in Tadasana or Savasana? Or are the neutrals you experience in these poses not actually neutral for you—therefore creating anxiety or draining your energy?

Consider Tadasana for a moment. Beginner yogis often believe this is the simplest pose; yet when you really break it down, it’s actually one of the most challenging poses to master. One of the reasons so many of us find Tadasana so challenging is because finding true neutral in this posture is rarer than you may think. Too often, our natural neutral—our birthright of balance—has been disturbed by accident, incident, or attitude, producing a front-back imbalance with hips jutting forward and heart falling back (figure E, on page 56).

Upright standing, as in Tadasana, with your heels on the earth, weight back, and back body lengthened, is a form of coming home to your body. Relaxed standing is calming, centering, and generally a parasympathetic stimulus, meaning it stimulates the repose, restore, renew, and repair part of your autonomic nervous system. Compare this to the athletic neutral position, which stimulates your sympathetic nervous system—commonly called your fight-or-flight system.

See also Kino MacGregor’s 7-Pose Yoga Break for Stress Relief

These days, way too many of us find ourselves halfway between the calming neutral standing position and the active athletic neutral position, which means we are neither fully at rest nor fully ready. For example, if your knees are straight and your pelvis is over your forefoot, you’re neither calm nor ready, neither resting in appreciative standing nor prepared to battle your demons. Either stance—resting neutral, or ready-to-go neutral—is a valid one, depending on the state of your world. However, constantly hanging out somewhere in between is an invitation for anxiety, tension, and backache.

Gravity does not fall cleanly through your skeleton, so the soft-tissues—your ligaments and muscles—have to work to keep you upright. Over time, this pattern creates pain or soft-tissue degeneration.

I see a lot of yogis and yoginis paying attention to what they do in practice, but not to what they’re doing the rest of the time. How do you sit? How do you stand? When you bend down to pick up your kids’ toys at the end of the day, do you return to an easy, upright neutral? Or do you return to something like the pose shown below (figure E)? Understanding your neutral will help you move from a place of structural integration as you practice yoga poses—and as you move off your yoga mat.

See also The Difference Between “Tadasana" and “Samasthiti"

How to find your neutral alignment

Anatomy_tadasana

Jeff Nelson

One key to fully stepping into your true resting neutral, or at-the-ready neutral—rather than something in-between—is learning how to access the balls of your feet.

In Tadasana, allow your toes to rest lightly on the floor, like a piano player’s fingers rest on the keys before playing. When you’re standing upright, your toes may exhibit a slight prehensility, gripping the earth lightly but without grasping.

If your toes habitually lift off the floor in standing poses, this is an indication of malfunction in your feet or lower legs; some tension is pulling up the toes. See if you can let your toes go, or try some ball work on the muscles in your calves, which can help those poor, overworked toes to relax. Keep in mind, however, that when you’re standing with your toes on the ground, they shouldn’t exhibit a white-knuckle grip. Test this: Can you lift all ten toes and one foot without feeling your weight shift backward? If not, your pelvis is likely forward of true neutral, so bring it back until your toes relax and you feel more weight in your heels.

See also 9 Spinal Stretches to Ease Back Pain

Your weight should be distributed between your heels, the balls of your big toes, and the balls of your little toes—a tri-point contact, three-legged stool, or a tetrahedron (if you’re into geometry)–with an arch in between each of these three points. Once you find balance in your feet, come into Adho Mukha Svanasana(Downward-Facing Dog Pose), and notice how the position of your foot is closer to the at-the-ready neutral position.

My hope is that this practice helps you understand this: If you’re standing, really stand. Stay back where your toes are free and your hips are directly over your ankles. If you need to be ready for action, bend your knees and hips, lean into your toes, and embrace being fully prepared to move. Just don’t get caught in no-man’s land, which usually amounts to pretending to be calm while feeling underlying anxiety. After months and years, this creates a pattern of strain that tugs on your muscles and ligaments, leading to pain.

This is why Tadasana is such a deep and worthwhile pose to practice (and practice, and then practice some more). If you can find true neutral in this pose—and you can carry this knowledge off the mat and into how you move and stand throughout your daily life—it will have long-term benefits for your physical and psychological well-being.

See also The Stress-Busting Yoga Sequence to Conquer Tension

 

A Healing Yoga Sequence to Ease Neck + Shoulder Pain


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/healing-yoga-sequence-ease-neck-shoulder-pain

A Healing Yoga Sequence to Ease Neck + Shoulder Pain

We spend hours in front of our computers and phones, and the repetitive movement patterns can cause neck and shoulder strain. This sequence will help.

Gary Kraftsow’s Viniyoga therapy helps you relieve stress and tension in the neck, shoulders and back and shows you how to adapt poses for healing.

Modern technology offers countless benefits—it’s an ever-growing source of information and inspiration; it keeps us easily connected to our loved ones. But the fact remains, many of us spend hours sitting in front of our computers and hunched over our mobile phones and tablets, and the repetitive movement patterns these digital devices demand can cause neck and shoulder strain. Learning to move in ways that realign our posture helps release that tension and promotes more functional movement patterns. The following sequence will help you ease your neck and shoulder pain.

Practice tips

1. Coordinate your breath to the movement. The breath should be a medium to help you create and feel the movement in your spine. This aids neuromuscular reeducation, which enables you to transform dysfunctional movement patterns.
2. Be sure the postures serve you, the practitioner. Rather than master these postures, your goal is to use them as a tool to gain a deeper understanding of what is going on in your body, and then adapt them to create functional change for the better. These poses have value only if they serve you as you’re practicing.

 

The 20-Minute Yoga Sequence to Help You Recharge


https://www.yogajournal.com/poses/the-20-minute-yoga-sequence-to-help-you-recharge

The 20-Minute Yoga Sequence to Help You Recharge

Helping others can be energizing and exhausting all at once. It’s important to practice techniques that help you refuel and take care of yourself.

Whether you serve as a volunteer, teacher, parent, or yoga instructor, helping others can be energizing and exhausting all at once. It’s important to practice techniques that help you refuel and take care of yourself—as well as those you serve. This balancing, restorative sequence encourages you to “drink” as you “pour.” Seated meditative poses support you as you drink in and recharge, and Warrior Poses, inversions, and backbends help you find strength as you pour out offerings to the world.

Prep work
From seated, close your eyes and fold the sides of your tongue inward for Sitali Pranayama (Cooling Breath). Inhale through your curled tongue like a straw. Close your mouth and exhale through your nose, creating a “ha” sound in the back of your throat. If your tongue doesn’t curl, practice with a flat tongue. Repeat this cycle for several minutes.

Do the first pose, then practice poses two through five on the left side, then the right, before moving on to the sixth.

 

A Yoga Sequence to Help You Commit to Daily Practice


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/yoga-sequence-help-commit-daily-practice

A Yoga Sequence to Help You Commit to Daily Practice

Discover how a single sequence, when practiced consistently, can provide grounding, openness, and a greater sense of stability in all aspects of your life with this routine from Sonima.
childs pose

Sometimes relying on a solid structure can help bring a little more ease and happiness into our lives. The trick is to use the benefits of structure as a gateway toward feeling safe in the unknown.

As the poet Rumi writes, “This being human is a Guest House, every day a new arrival.” One never knows what emotions may arise—we cannot control the natural fluctuation of our vibrant heart, the ongoing flow of feelings and thoughts. What we can do, however, is work with our mind by accepting its nature and with our body by strengthening and opening it so that it is both powerful and spacious enough to welcome all sorts of interesting thoughts and sensations. A diligent yoga practice can help cultivate a sense of stability, trust, and ease in dealing with the unexpected.

How does one lay the foundation for a steady practice? A new year is not our only cue: Each new breath is an opportunity for refreshing.

Beginnings can be exciting because they help us find that childlike sense of wonder. Initially one might feel a deep sense of motivation and energy that helps take that first step, but eventually routine might become boring if not properly addressed. Two elements are essential in order to fully achieve your goal: diligence and the energy to stick with it.

With daily practice the physical work will become second nature and the mind will gain the ability to focus, trust, and let go. The repetition of a single routine will also bring changes to the body’s strength and flexibility. The trick is to work with no expectations of what you may achieve, but just with consistency. Humbly acknowledge and invite every emotion in without discrimination—simply observe and accept.

I invite you to practice the sequence below every day for 28 days. Set a start date and write it down, look up an end date, and circle it on your calendar, then every day after practicing, circle the day you are on and notice. Let your fingers touch a pen and paper. Make that little effort to reconnect to the basics. Notice each feeling, the change in your body depending on the circumstances, the day of the week; never judging, just listening. Lastly, try not to talk about it too much. Let this be your personal discovery, a secret you share with you and your body. Let the benefits of it reflect in the way you interact with yourself and others. And then if, and only if, the secret must be shared, you will know and trust who too can benefit.

See also Give Your Meditation Practice Staying Power: Set an Intention

A Yoga Sequence for Building a Daily Practice

The following sequence will wake up the body and activate essential muscles to infuse your day with stability and openness. Pay special attention to the use of the block and the floor when gliding in and through each pose. How is the block helping you create more length and strength? The block acts like a second pair of eyes. Because there is nobody there to check your alignment, you can use the block as a way to realign your posture. Make a mental and physical note of the sensations. If certain feelings arise, just let them in through your inhale and out through your exhale.

Also from our partner The Surprising Things I Learned by Starting a Daily Yoga Practice

 

A Home Yoga Practice to Build a Strong Back


 

A Home Yoga Practice to Build a Strong Back

Practicing this twisting sequence is beneficial for anyone who sits for a good portion of the day, suffers from chronic back pain, or loves activities like running, cycling, and hiking.

You depend on the strength and flexibility of your spine for nearly everything you do, from walking and sitting to coming into Balasana (Child’s Pose) and Handstand. In order to move through the wide range of motion you task your spine with on a regular basis, you need it to be both strong and flexible—and twists are one of the best ways to achieve both goals. That’s because twisting has the potential to help decompress the discs and elongate the spine, opening the spaces between the vertebrae, activating the muscles around the discs, and increasing blood flow to the spinal area to deliver pain-fighting, healing, anti-inflammatory oxygen.

Practicing this twisting sequence is beneficial for anyone who sits for a good portion of the day, suffers from chronic back pain, or loves activities that don’t incorporate a lot of spinal rotation, such as running, cycling, and hiking. Breathe deeply as you wring out your spine, and enjoy the added mobility, strength, and pain relief you experience in your back as a result.

Practice tips
1. Keep your breath long, smooth, and steady. The deeper you breathe, the more length you’ll gain in your spine.
2. To help you rotate when twisting, recruit your core muscles rather than your shoulders and neck. This will protect your spine and help you twist more safely.

About Our Pro
Teacher and model Jamie Elmer is a traveling teacher and teacher trainer whose practice and teaching have been influenced by Max Strom, Saul David Raye, Shiva Rea, Erich Schiffmann, Sherry Brourman, and Annie Carpenter. To learn more, visit jamieelmer.com.

 

Curvy Yoga: A Sequence for Feeling at Home in Every Pose


https://www.yogajournal.com/practice/curvy-yoga-a-sequence-on-how-to-be-at-home-in-every-pose

Curvy Yoga: A Sequence for Feeling at Home in Every Pose

People with bigger bodies are discovering comfort and empowerment in yoga studios around the globe. Use these tips to help support yourself, or your students, on the mat.
AnnaFeat_36083_292_cmyk

Back to Yoga for Every Body

Thank you to Patagonia for your support of our editorial coverage of yoga for every body.

For decades, Anna Guest-Jelley felt disconnected from 
her body. But then, standing in a yoga class sometime in her late 20s, she felt a glimmer of a connection when the teacher cued her to feel what was happening with her right little toe. “After so many years of quashing my body’s signals in favor 
of following the rules of my latest diet, it had become all but impossible for me to notice anything going on with my body,” writes Guest-Jelley in her new book, Curvy Yoga. “But this time, as my inner awareness woke up, I felt the uniquely squishy, yet firm, sensation of the mat underneath my baby toe. And I noticed how the inside of my toe was pressed down more than the outside was, telling me I wasn’t fully engaging my whole foot in the pose.”

Guest-Jelley now brings this acute awareness into every yoga class, whether she’s practicing or teaching. It’s the same awareness that allows her to understand the ebbs and flows of her body and its weight. “The only truth of the body is that it’s going to change,” Guest-Jelley says. “You can accept this body you have now, and that it will change.”

Body acceptance. Body confidence. Body positivity. There 
are abundant ways to refer to the often elusive concept of feeling at home in your own skin. It’s elusive because “we live in 
a culture where there is enormous pressure for people to look 
a certain way in order to feel OK,” explains Linda Bacon, PhD, author of Body Respect and Health at Every Size“At this point, the myth of the thinner body being a healthier, happier one has become culturally well established.”

If you are battling to accept your size, Bacon recommends 
separating functionality from appearance—for example, 
if you can, take a walk and notice how amazing your legs are 
as a means of getting around, rather than thinking about how 
fat your thighs are—and practicing yoga. “If you have a larger body, you may not be able to get into certain poses, but you 
don’t need to,” Bacon says. “There are other poses you can do. 
If the yoga instructor is doing poses that are not supporting, 
or adapted for, larger people in the class, the instructor is the 
problem—not the bodies of the participants.”

Yoga has been shown to be an effective way to help 
people appreciate and enjoy their bodies. And Guest-Jelley 
has noticed more and more larger people in class over the 
past decade. “More teachers are realizing that supporting 
all students in their classes is a win-win for everyone,” 
she says. For a more comfortable practice, try the tips from 
Guest-Jelley, which she designed to 
help bigger bodies find comfort in poses in the moment and, ultimately, create acceptance by affirming the body as it is.

See also Curvy Yoga: 3 Ways to Make Space for Your Belly in Any Pose

Anna Guest-Jelley’s Curvy-Yoga Inspiration

Take this opportunity to converse with your body exactly as it is, inviting your whole self to 
participate. Throughout the following sequence, you’ll be able to experiment with different pose options, finding the versions that work best for you. Then, use what you’ve learned to inform other, similar poses in your practice. Before beginning, come to a seated position and place your hands over your heart. Breathe at your own pace for at least 5 breaths, feeling the connection between your hands and your heartbeat, while also feeling your legs and bottom in contact with the mat. Let these physical sensations invite you into awareness. It is from this place of presence that you can begin the conversation of yoga, getting curious about what your body needs as you go. Use your yoga practice to build a foundation of acceptance—affirming your body by being with it and meeting its needs as they are today.

Patagonia’s mission is to build the best product, cause no unnecessary harm, use business to inspire and implement solutions to the environmental crisis. Learn more at Patagonia.com

Sign up now for Yoga Journal’s new online course Inclusivity Training for Yoga: Building Community with Compassion for an introduction to the skills and tools you need as a teacher and as a student. In this class, you’ll learn how to better identify student needs, make compassionate and inclusive language choices, gracefully offer pose alternatives, give appropriate assists, reach out to neighboring communities, and expand and diversify your classes.

 

Two Fit Moms’ Inversion Preps for Beginners


https://www.yogajournal.com/poses/two-fit-moms-series-inversions-practice

Two Fit Moms’ Inversion Preps for Beginners

Need help getting started with inversions? Try these 6 poses from Two Fit Moms.

 

Lake’s Edge: light, airy holiday home by Chow:Hill Architects Architects: Chow:Hill Arc


https://www.caandesign.com/lakes-edge-light-airy-holiday-home-by-chowhill-architects/

Lake’s Edge: light, airy holiday home by Chow:Hill Architects

Architects: Chow:Hill Architects
Location: New Zealand
Year: 2017
Area: 5.920 ft²/ 550 m²
Photo courtesy: Amanda Aitken Photography
Description:

“These northern New Zealand lakes have been a holiday destination for our client for over twenty years; with family camping holidays on the lake edge, enjoying the natural environment this location offers. Our brief was to create a light, airy holiday home that sits naturally within the landscape, which was initially a farm paddock. The house serves as a second home whilst also catering for an influx of family and friends over the holiday periods. Continuing the camping traditions, a designated space for camping, with independent amenities, has been included in the design.

The concept was based around a series of floating planes that peel from the landscape, allowing the home to nestle into the contour of the gently sloping site. The two pavilion roofs of the main living area and master suite have the appearance of floating above the linear form of the house, which in turn creates an ever-changing play of light internally. The long sleek building form stretches across the back boundary, providing panoramic views to the Lake.

The native environment has been extended into the property with extensive planting in order to screen and frame views of the lake and the surrounding landscape. The material palette and colour selections again were chosen to complement the context.

With a dual driveway and drive through garage, launching the ski boat is made easy. This second entrance also provides for a separate guest parking area that is adjacent to the camping amenities. The seamless connections between the exterior and interior make the home feel larger than it is, ideal for entertaining and taking in the stunning vista.”

Thank you for reading this article!

 

【春風化雨】自然課原來可以這樣上!


以四年級「燈泡亮了」單元為例,主要講串聯、並聯的概念,以往總是先背了再說,這樣才能考高分。但是在岳明國小的自然教室裡,我們先教小朋友如何用剪刀剝電線,接著分組作娃娃屋。
#小學教育 #自然課 #科學知識
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6985

【春風化雨】自然課原來可以這樣上!

友善列印版本

想起小時候上自然課的情景,莫過於一群小朋友圍著實驗桌,看著其中一位又帥又聰明的小男生操作著實驗器材,一位又可愛又聰明的小女生忙著畫表格紀錄實驗數據,順便大聲管教不聽話搗蛋及放空的組員,而我通常就是那位放空的組員,偶而還會搗蛋。三十多年前的回憶彷彿昨日重現,記憶中的自然小老師們各行各業打拼去了,只剩當年在自然課裡放空的小男孩成了自然老師,守著自然教室,希望眼前的這群小朋友喜歡科學,未來能以科學的發展做為人生志業,為人類謀福利。想來可笑,接近四十年來,自然教室裡的風景並沒有多大的改變,依然是我們熟悉的場景。不同的是多了更多的考卷和複習的方法,跟以前比較起來並沒有高明多少,大部分的孩子上了國中一樣放棄了學習科學。

(圖片來源:作者來源)

學習科學是帥哥、美女、資優生的專利嗎?當然不是。每個人都需要科學,只是涉獵的深淺而已。例如喜歡賞鳥的人,對鳥類行為如數家珍;喜歡寶石的人,對礦物分辨與成分構成瞭若指掌;喜歡飛機的人,對艱深的航空動力、流體力學也能侃侃而談,但他們不是我們認知中的生物學家、地質學家或物理學家,只是一個愛好者。科學的範疇包羅萬象,大致概分生物、地球科學、物理、化學四大類,每一類再細分無數多項,越鑽研就越細越單一,研究的人越少。大部分的人只需要能將科學概念、科學方法運用在日常生活中就可以了。所以在岳明國小的自然課中,我開始思考要教導小朋友成為科學家,還是成為科學愛好者。

位於國家級無尾港水鳥保護區旁的岳明國小是一所公辦民營的實驗小學,以海洋教育見長,創校宗旨之一是希望岳明國小成為一所「讓孩子想要學習的學校」。因緣際會來到岳明國小,開放的教學環境,正是提供自然課程反思的契機。

(圖片來源:作者來源)

初來乍到,就被告知沒有課本,老師得自編教材。一個教書十多年的老師,沒有課本還真不知道如何開始,因此思索一面以書商提供的教科書、教學光碟當基礎,確立教學方向後,再根據內容加入科學遊戲作變化。以四年級「燈泡亮了」單元為例,主要講串聯、並聯的概念,電池串並聯會怎樣?燈泡串並聯會怎樣?以往總是先背了再說,這樣才能考高分。但是在岳明國小的自然教室裡,我們先教小朋友如何用剪刀剝電線,天真的小朋友說一直剪一直斷怎麼辦?那就多剪幾次啊!接著分組作娃娃屋。製作娃娃屋的條件是全組只有二個電池盒、五個小燈泡和幾條電線,必須建構至少三個房間,每個房間的燈要能自由開關,房間要暗一點,客廳要亮一點,期限是一個月,看來是個艱難的任務。交件日期漸漸逼近,導師說他們每節下課都在做,在小組分工合作下,娃娃屋從一堆瓦楞紙板中漸漸成形,接著有了家具,有了顏色⋯⋯有了電燈。作品發表日還可以看到小朋友不斷地增建娃娃屋,「這是書房」、「這是更衣間」、「我用瓶蓋做了桌子!」⋯⋯看著孩子們細心的布置著自己親手完成的娃娃屋,興高采烈地介紹自己的作品時,彷彿看見孩子洋溢在臉上的自信。最後的考驗燈泡亮不亮,錯綜複雜的配線,讓人不得不感到驚訝與讚嘆,這是四年級小朋友做的嗎?小朋友說他們試了很多次才成功的,手指頭都起水泡了⋯⋯當自然課不再是考卷上的數字,而是成為帶得走的能力時,不愛上自然課都難。有了這次成功的經驗,其他單元的課程方向也漸漸朝向生活運用,讓孩子們在學習科學知識的同時,也學會運用科學知識,增進學習動機。

(圖片來源:作者來源)

「給孩子的路有多廣,孩子的未來就有多廣。」藉由科學遊戲的導入,從傳統課堂中的「坐中學」,鼓勵「做中學」並邁向「玩中學」,讓小朋友有了重新學習科學原理、享受科學樂趣的機會,在每個孩子的心中種下一顆「科學」的種子,未來或許不可知,但我們衷心期待每一顆種子都能成長茁壯、開花結果,成為一個科學愛好者。

 

《 Earl Klugh – Maybe Tonight (04:10) 》


《 Earl Klugh – Maybe Tonight (04:10) 》

不要用食安換GDP很難嗎?連署要求嚴管違章工廠


https://farmland.e-info.org.tw/

不要用食安換GDP很難嗎?連署要求嚴管違章工廠

您好

台灣從北到南有13萬處農地上有違章工廠,工廠排放的廢水直接就往農田裡去,透過灌溉渠道,進入周遭的農地甚至地下水,污染我們喝的水、吃的糧食,影響你我的健康。

沒有環安,就沒有農安,沒有農安,就沒有食安!請晃加入連署行列,共同要求行政院正視違章工廠嚴重污染農地的問題,不要用食安換GDP,還給你我健康安全的飲食與農業生產環境!

五大訴求

  1. 主張《工廠管理輔導法》對農地上違章工廠不放寬、不展延、不就地合法。
  2. 優先處理中高污染違章工廠,要求限期進入工業區,守護農地、把關食安。
  3. 要求政府落實2016年5月20日以後新增違章工廠要即報即拆。
  4. 公開違章工廠專區(田園化生產聚落、小型產業園區…)開發政策細部規劃,並納入公民參與機制。
  5. 全面清查盤點涉及水污染的違章工廠,並立即以專案監測地下水污染,做好立即性管制措施。

相關報導

  1. 經濟部擬放寬「臨時登記」 違章工廠「即報即拆」淪口號挨批
  2. 違章工廠恐年增5千5百家 政府輔導緩不濟急
  3. 環安公安漏洞大,經濟部只列管5%中高污染性違章工廠

違章工廠越蓋越多,也越蓋越大。照片來源:彰化在地團體。

為了我們及下一代食安健康,請和環境資訊協會一起監督政府作為,要求政策透明,社會充分對話,保護我們自己的土地!

 

張淑貞 守護農地研究員

台灣環境資訊協會 – teia.tw
守護農地行動平台 – farmland.e-info.org.tw

台北市文山區萬隆街38號
02-2933-2233 *223

 

《 Earl Klugh – Forever Girl (05:28) 》


《 Earl Klugh – Forever Girl (05:28) 》

環保觀察與話題創造者 香港綠惜地球朱漢強


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212047?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=d4324b8f96-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-d4324b8f96-84956681

環保觀察與話題創造者 香港綠惜地球朱漢強

2018中國綠色人物交流系列報導
2018年06月07日
環境資訊中心特約記者 言月青報導

香港「綠惜地球」環境倡議總監朱漢強,經來台就讀政大新聞系,隨後回港展開記者生涯。1995年前後,環境議題在香港也開始受到關注,在《蘋果日報》的朱漢強專心投入環保線。當時,朱漢強受到紮實的報導訓練,「在《蘋果》的時候,幾乎就是每天想怎麼讓自己的新聞最吸引人,每天在眾多新聞當中爭取上版面。」

1995年踏足環保線時,朱漢強努力做功課,曾在一個星期中,把相關媒體過去一年的環境報導及脈絡整理出來,讓自己快速上手、將議題訊息清楚傳遞出來。漸漸的,朱漢強與當地環保團體建立相當的熟悉度,也不斷累積自己對環保議題的觀點與見地,1996年從時任香港總督彭定康手上,獲頒「地球獎」,以肯定環保新聞的表現。不但如此,他也曾經花費四、五年時間,追蹤孤兒院男童自殺冤案、轟動一時,被譽為港版《驚爆焦點》。

朱漢強長期追蹤廢棄物議題,2018年4月受台灣環境資訊協會邀請來台,走訪南台灣焚化爐爐渣非法棄置。攝影:陳宣竹。
朱漢強長期追蹤廢棄物議題,2018年4月受台灣環境資訊協會邀請來台,走訪南台灣焚化爐爐渣非法棄置。攝影:陳宣竹。

多年後,朱漢強負笈英國、攻讀環保碩士學位。學成返港後,他決定「投筆從環」:「對我來說做記者或做NGO,都是可以推動社會改革的工具,記者用一支筆,NGO則是另一種切入方式。」對朱漢強而言,媒體或NGO,都只是平台罷了,而他試圖透過這個平台讓社會更好。朱漢強也發現香港媒體環境不如1990年代時期,越來越商業化,而當時的環保團體也需要他的專業背景。考慮過後,2003年加入香港地球之友。

朱漢強靠著多年的媒體訓練與議題觀察,打磨出屬於他自己的觀點,在講座中傳達,並化為撬動議題的支點。他認為,記者的訓練,有助環保團體在議題操作時,更精準地發展溝通策略。他回想道:「我進地球之友時,環保團體還不擅使用主流媒體的操作技巧。」但組織給他相當大的發揮空間,讓當時關注的城市光害、中秋禮品過度包裝等議題,屢屢登上顯著版面。他引用傳播學的「議題設定」來詮釋這個操作過程:「一個議題能否受到關注,不只是關於媒體新鮮感的問題,也包括議題的進程,能夠吸引媒體持續追蹤報導,讓媒體發現,還有後續發展。當媒體願意幫忙報導,影響力就越大、形成一種循環。」

朱漢強在2018年世界地球日受邀來台參加「中國綠色人物臉譜」論壇,以「躲在回收美名下的藏污納垢貿易」作分享主題,展現了他對香港、中國回收產業長期觀察累積的見解。

回收物貿易的推動力來自何處呢?朱漢強引用經濟學家郎咸平的分析,指出在美國處理垃圾的成本,一公噸是2600元人民幣,在中國則是60元人民幣,形成輸出垃圾的推力;對於回收物買家來說,購買一噸洋垃圾的平均貨價是1000元人民幣,而1公噸廢紙,可賣到2000元、1公噸鋁罐,利潤多三倍至4000元;1公噸回收塑膠,甚至可賣到7000元。一推一拉之下,貿易自然產生,中國接收了全球將近五成的回收物,然而,其中的環境和社會成本都沒有被計算。

香港一向是境外廢料進入中國的重要中繼站,當中國緊縮24種回收物的進口後,導致香港回收市場大當機。現象背後的癥結之一,是因為當地的回收業者,始終缺乏基本的處理技術、長期處於轉手貿易的層次。但是當地政府長年任由市場自生自滅、缺乏政策干預協助產業升級,在中國回收物的進口標準提高後,進口香港的回收物無處可去、部分被隨處堆置。

2017年年底中國提出「洋垃圾禁令」,影響香港、台灣第一線收垃圾的拾荒者。擷取自《香港蘋果日報》。
2017年年底中國提出「洋垃圾禁令」,影響香港、台灣第一線收垃圾的拾荒者。擷取自《香港蘋果日報》。

朱漢強也指出了兩岸三地回收產業的微妙關係:中國祭出停收「24味」[註]、積極打擊「洋垃圾」以後,中國許多既有的回收進口原料商過不了環保新門檻。香港轉口廢塑膠、電子廢物的商人,原先要將回收品轉運至中國大陸,卻不得其門而入,間接造成內地回收處理場缺貨、價格上揚,而這些原料的補充來源地,正是鄰近的台灣。台灣有基礎的回收原料處理技術,不像香港受到「24味」這麼大的衝擊。

此行來台,朱漢強跟著主辦單位走訪許多廢棄物處理議題現場,他認為,台灣的廢棄物政策聞名世界,像是由業者繳納回收處理費的四合一基金,就蘊含了相對進步的生產者回收責任精神,但平心而論,與其說是台灣的廢棄物處裡成績相當亮眼,不如說是「台北」的成績。走出台北,南部焚化爐灰渣掩埋場的議題現場,也仍有許多亟待努力及關注之處。而在這個過程裡,絕對不能只期待政府的主動性,民間的監督與草根倡議力量,仍是改變現狀不可或缺的推力。

※ 註:係指中國國務院2017年底收緊進口回收品的政策,將廢塑料、未經分揀的廢紙、廢紡織原料、釩渣等4類24種固體廢物列入《禁止進口固體廢物目錄》。「24味」原意指廣東人常飲的一種涼茶,正宗做法由24種藥材組成,故得名。

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《 Earl Klugh – Wishful Thinking (35:29) 》


《 Earl Klugh – Wishful Thinking (35:29) 》

郵政園區賴神風光動土 場外A7抗爭戶遭警方重摔在地


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212045?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=d4324b8f96-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-d4324b8f96-84956681

郵政園區賴神風光動土 場外A7抗爭戶遭警方重摔在地

2018年06月06日
環境資訊中心記者 賴品瑀報導

「他要找我們麻煩、對付我們是一如反掌,以後一再發生的話,我們怎麼辦?」機場捷運A7站區自救會會長徐玉紅泣訴,5日林口中華郵政物流園區在行政院長賴清德、桃園市長鄭文燦風光動土的場外,卻發生警方執法過當的行為。徐玉紅的先生黃世雄只是拿著相機、陳情書還在口袋裡,就在人行道上遭警方四腳騰空抬起,一陣掙扎後重重摔在地上,經林口長庚驗傷,報告指出其右側肩韌帶扭傷,目前手仍無法舉高、腰部疼痛。

DSC04848
想到昨日遭警方粗暴對待,徐玉紅、黃世雄夫妻倆情緒激動,賴品瑀攝。

「政府就是強盜、政府就是流氓!」6日上午民間團體出面譴責痛批,除了批判警方不成比例的執法,擔心未來更多的陳抗民眾遭粗暴對待,更批區段徵收對人民財產的掠奪。

A7開發案以區段徵收方式,一年半時間就從都市計劃走完土地徵收審議程序,政大地政系教授徐世榮指出,這個史上最快的徵收案,不但牽涉到葉世文收賄弊案,其「預標售」制度更是嚴重侵害人權,也就是說當您在家中安靜坐著,手上還擁有土地及建物所有權,政府卻已經把你的土地標售給建商了。

DSC04840
學者徐世榮、農陣理事長洪箱出面痛批區段徵收、預標售制度侵害人權。賴品瑀攝。

而八年前展開的A7案抗爭,最後僅有徐玉紅一戶獲得保留,其他居民土地全遭徵收。徐世榮批,當時以合宜住宅為名義大舉徵收236公頃,但現在看起來,合宜住宅只蓋了10公頃,且位在邊緣山崖邊,中華郵政物流園區在最平整的精華地帶佔22公頃、另三家財團又買下22公頃,說要引進產業、創造5000個就業機會,但如今只看到蓋起一間大樓等待出租,當初漂亮的開發計畫跟苗栗大埔、中科四期、台北港等一樣也淪為謊言。徐玉紅則表示,其他的100多公頃原是分配原地主的抵配地,但幾乎都遭財團買走,未來將興建為住宅。

徐玉紅與黃世雄的家就在郵政園區正對面。「那是我的土地,我只是要去拍個照,我只是在人行道上,我做錯了什麼嗎?爭取自己權利有錯嗎?」黃世雄指出,當天郵政園區舉辦動土大典,他帶著相機,打算拍照並向賴清德遞上陳情書,但走出家門,見到至少有2到300位警察,而當他越過40米馬路,一達到園區外的人行道,就遭5、6名警察抓起,他一陣掙扎後,就遭重重摔在地上。

「賴清德走了以後,警察就把我放走了。」黃世雄表示,事發約10點多左右,中午賴清德離場後,警方散去也就釋放他,並沒有遭帶進警局,警方只是一再向他表示,是為了「保護他」才限制他的行動。

DSC04851
黃世雄表示,陳情書還放在口袋裡,就遭警方四腳騰空抬離。賴品瑀攝。

「我要去救我先生,但是警察把我團團圍住。」徐玉紅泣訴當時他在門前手舉訴求海報,隔著馬路親眼見證一切,當時的心焦與恐懼,讓他回想起八年來的抗爭情節。當時是從仲介口中才知家園土地將遭政府「預標售」給財團,周遭親人也在抗爭過程中陸續過世。

面對警察這次過當的執法,徐玉紅雖然抗爭後成功守下自己的家園,但也非常擔憂未來若一再遭「找麻煩」怎麼辦。徐玉紅強調,區段徵收、土地預標售不該在台灣繼續發生。

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作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

《 Earl Klugh – Crazy For You (35:34) 》


《 Earl Klugh – Crazy For You (35:34) 》

Hawaii signs law to become carbon neutral by 2045


http://www.climatechangenews.com/2018/06/04/hawaii-signs-law-become-carbon-neutral-2045/

Hawaii signs law to become carbon neutral by 2045

Pacific islands note threat of sea level rise while setting toughest climate target of any US state

Waikiki, Hawaii. Sea level rise could cause $19 billion damage in Hawaii said the bill, signed on Monday (Photo: Edmund Garman)

By 

Hawaii has set the most ambitious climate goal in the US after it signed a bill to become carbon neutral by 2045 on Monday.

The state also signed a bill mandating sea level rise be factored into review processes for building projects, and a bill to restore the states’ forests for carbon offsets.

Hawaii already has some of the most rigorous climate policies in the US, including a mandate to achieve 100% renewable energy by 2045 and a law to uphold the Paris Agreement.

Before the bill signing, Hawaii governor David Ige posted on his Facebook page: “We are well on our way to meeting our [renewable energy] target and we are currently meeting our share of the US emissions goal under the Paris Agreement.

“This bill to go carbon neutral by 2045 will tie together these efforts – clean energy and emissions reductions – into one that focuses on decarbonising our economy and restoring our native habitat through carbon offsets to do reforestation and carbon farming.”

If you like what we do, support us

Become a CHN patron for as little as $5 per month to help us keep bringing you the most in-depth coverage of climate politics and underreported stories from around the world.

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Following president Donald Trump’s withdrawal from the Paris climate agreement just over a year ago, Hawaii became the first state to bring in laws to align with the accord’s goals.

Other states, such as Rhode Island which pledged to cut emissions by 85% of 1990 levels by 2050, have voiced their commitment to continue climate action.

According to the US Energy Information Administration, Hawaii has the ninth smallest carbon emissions of all US states.

The bill to make the archipelago in the Central Pacific carbon neutral by 2045 notes sea level rise could cause $19 billion worth of damage in Hawaii.

Mayors from each county “have pledged to end the State’s dependence on fossil fuels by eliminating fossil fuels from ground transportation by 2045”, the bill said.

Hawaii joins countries such as Sweden in signing into law a commitment to becoming carbon neutral.

Republish this article

 

夏威夷減碳法令 全美最嚴 2045前達到碳中和


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212058?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=d4324b8f96-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-d4324b8f96-84956681

夏威夷減碳法令 全美最嚴 2045前達到碳中和

2018年06月07日
環境資訊中心綜合外電;姜唯 編譯;林大利 審校

夏威夷4日簽署了一項2045年實現碳中和的法案,成為全美最具減碳企圖心的一州。

此外,該州還簽署了一項強制將海平面上升納入建設工程審查流程中的法案,以及一項復育森林以實施碳補償的法案。

Hawaiian Imagery(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
根據夏威夷4日通過的一項法案,海平面上升可能造成當地190億美元的損失。圖為威基基海灘。Hawaiian Imagery(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

夏威夷已制定不少全美最嚴格的氣候政策,其中包括2045年前實現100%再生能源的命令,以及遵循巴黎協定的法律。

法案簽署前,夏威夷州長井下(David Ige)在他的臉書發表動態:「我們正逐步實現我們的(再生能源)目標,也正逐步達成巴黎協定美國排放目標中我們的配額。」

「2045年實現碳中和的法案將結合我們在乾淨能源和減排的努力 ,讓我們的經濟脫離對碳的依賴,並透過碳補償恢復我們的原生棲息地,實現重建森林和碳素栽植。」

https://www.facebook.com/plugins/post.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2FGovernorDavidIge%2Fphotos%2Fa.389461384562593.1073741829.387637784744953%2F1022535487921843%2F%3Ftype%3D3&width=500

法案內文指出,海平面上升可能造成夏威夷190億美元的損失。

該法案稱,夏威夷州各地方首長「已承諾在2045年前淘汰地面運輸用化石燃料,以終止該州對化石燃料的依賴」。

對夏威夷而言,運輸業是主要的減碳挑戰所在。夏威夷正規劃未來要讓所有汽車都使用再生電力,但是它同時也非常依賴飛機和船運,而這兩種交通工具要電動化還要相當長的時間,夏威夷無法直接控制之。

美國總統川普在一年多前宣布退出巴黎氣候協定之後,夏威夷成為第一個將巴黎氣候協定入法,以符合協定目標的州。

其他州也表達了繼續採取氣候行動的承諾,例如羅德島承諾2050年前將排放量減少到1990年的85%。

根據美國能源資訊管理局(Energy Information Administration)的資料,夏威夷州的碳排放量是美國所有州中倒數第九。除了夏威夷以外,將碳中和入法的國家還有瑞典等國。

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姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

林大利

於特有生物研究保育中心服務,小鳥和棲地是主要的研究對象。是龜毛的讀者,認為龜毛是探索世界的美德。

 

《 Earl Klugh – Whispers And Promises (05:35) 》


《 Earl Klugh – Whispers And Promises (05:35) 》

讓消費更安心 還團催生「漁道」永續海鮮標章


http://e-info.org.tw/node/212064?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=d4324b8f96-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2018_06_01_09_54_COPY_01&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-d4324b8f96-84956681

讓消費更安心 還團催生「漁道」永續海鮮標章

響應世界海洋日 從餐桌上就能開始行動
2018年06月07日
環境資訊中心特約記者 廖靜蕙整理報導

台灣無論是農糧生產有機認證,或林業國產材標章,都提供民眾綠色消費參考,在漁業方面卻缺乏一份指引民眾永續利用海洋資源的標章。台灣幾個關注海洋議題的環保團體,選在6月8日世界海洋日前,呼籲政府建立「永續海鮮標章」,讓國內消費市場有機會支持沿近海的漁業永續管理,在超市就能買到具公信力的國產永續海鮮。

環保團體參考國際標章準則,以「君子愛魚、漁之有道」的概念,提出以「漁道」為名的永續海鮮標章方案,提供官方推動參考,盼相關各界加快腳步,就標章內涵展開實質討論與推動。

市場上的海鮮。攝影:陳忠峰。圖片來源:公共電視「我們的島」。

海龍王愛地球協會、台灣海域保護及監測協會、台灣友善米食推廣協會、台灣媽祖魚保育聯盟等環保團體,在今年世界海洋日要求農委會,確立沿近海漁業政策,建立永續海鮮標章,聚焦於沿近海漁業措施,成為未來十年亮點政績。

海龍王愛地球協會執行長林愛龍指出,台灣自稱「海洋國家」卻缺乏專野撈海鮮的生態標章,環保團體與中研院學者十年來向民眾推廣「永續海鮮」概念,就是讓民眾能有所依據的購買在地的環保海鮮,從餐桌上為海洋行動。

林愛龍解釋,漁業署今年陸續成立鯖魚及鎖管等漁業諮詢小組,逐步落實國際永續海鮮標章要求的「有效管理」;這兩種漁獲也有海洋科學研究資料,支撐其動態管理;而民間訴求多年的「海洋保育基金會」也在籌備中,未來理應可以承辦永續海鮮標章計劃。

海域保護及監測協會執行長王幸男指出,無論聯合國或日本,早於十幾年前就陸續提出《海洋捕撈漁業魚和漁產品生態標章準則》、Mel Japan等永續海鮮標章。日本農林水產省更協助Mel Japan取得2020東京奧運會期間的選手餐廳供應環保海鮮的資格了。反觀台灣,卻遠遠跟不上這些思維。

台灣友善米食推廣協會理事長林金保表示,越來越多民眾關心食物生產是否友善環境。從台灣的環保標章及有機農業的發展經驗、衡量台灣的漁業動能,建議應由政府主導成立永續海鮮標章。除了申請國外的環保海鮮認證,費用貴、標準不適用台灣現況外,對吸引漁民參與保育改進工作,成效低;另外,漁業掌握相關漁船資訊,管理上已有基礎,況且海洋科學研究經費不貲,需政府長期投入。

台灣媽祖魚保育聯盟理事長陳秉亨表示,在保育白海豚的過程,環保團體一直在尋求海洋棲地保護與漁業共榮共存,管理良好的漁業更能避免混獲或傷害白海豚,而永續海鮮標章能呈顯漁民在降低混獲跟保護海洋棲地的努力,讓民眾透過購買國產永續海鮮,增加漁民收入,共創雙贏。

環團舉例,以聯合國糧農組織(FAO)漁業年報(The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2016)的案例來看,美國超市已要求台灣水產品須有類似永續海鮮的認證,台東的鬼頭刀漁業便開始摸索改進管理方式。鬼頭刀(又名暑魚)在台灣國內的平均價格每公斤約在82元,經過漁業管理改善計劃後,2016年出口美國的價格大幅上漲,從每公斤227元漲到400元上下。

鬼頭刀。圖片來源:水產試驗所
鬼頭刀國內價格。
鬼頭刀銷往美國價格

以「漁道」為永續海鮮標章命名

環保團體提出以「君子愛魚、漁之有道」的概念,並借鏡FAO《海洋捕撈漁業之魚和漁產品生態標章準則》、國際知名的環保海鮮標章 MSC 、以及「責任漁業指標 RFI」的評分元素,初步草擬了以「漁道」(ProFisher)為名的標章評分準則;並將「海洋生態健康與漁法評估」與「漁業有效管理」的評分配比為3:7,認為這是會讓漁民努力有感的務實設計。

他們建議農委會以「漁道」為藍本,邀請專家學者、環保團體等各界,就公告《海洋漁業永續標章準則》展開實質討論與推動。

環團拿已經實施「三浬禁網」的小琉球海域來試算,若參加「漁道」永續海鮮標章,將有機會拿到進步期(類似有機農業轉型期概念)或永續海鮮的標章。對於這樣的海鮮標章計畫,琉球區漁會幹部李益利表示,「這是走在前端的產業,也是我們期待的」。

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作者

廖靜蕙

環境記者/自由撰稿人。從事社工10餘年,認知到畢竟是人的社會,再弱勢的人都可以為自己發言,決定轉投生態保育,為無法以人類語言發聲的生命與土地寫報導。現居台北市,與貓先生、龜小姐,微曦中閱讀,斗室中寫作。個人粉專「小麻通訊」。

 

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