上一波金融危機猶存 G20企業峰會:永續經濟才是王道


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上一波金融危機猶存 G20企業峰會:永續經濟才是王道

 建立於 2017/05/11

摘譯自2017年5月5日ENS德國,柏林報導;姜唯編譯;蔡麗伶審校

德國聯邦財務部長蕭伯樂(Wolfgang Schäuble)2日在G20的官方企業論壇(B20)上表示,國家主義和保護主義從來不是正確的政策方向。聯邦環境部長韓德瑞克森(Barbara Hendricks)則強調,永續經濟才是達成全球繁榮的關鍵。

B20是20國集團(G20)的顧問團,成立於2010年。成立於1999年的G20,由全球20大主要經濟體政府和央行領袖組成,旨在討論促進國際金融穩定的相關高階政策議題。今年主辦國輪到德國,主席是賀利氏集團首長Jürgen Heraeus。

德國聯邦財務部長蕭伯樂(Wolfgang Schäuble)。攝影:Gregor Fischer;圖片來源:Bankenverband(CC BY 2.0)
德國聯邦財務部長蕭伯樂(Wolfgang Schäuble)。攝影:Gregor Fischer;圖片來源:Bankenverband(CC BY 2.0)

蕭伯樂強調一味追求「便宜的錢」的政策相當危險,可能引發金融風暴。蕭伯樂說,我們還能感受到上一次金融危機的效應,國家必須增加經濟韌性。央行過度鬆綁財務政策會帶來新的風險。

蕭伯樂警告,貿易保護主義繼續升高可能帶來負面效應。

此外,蕭伯樂也重申雷曼兄弟倒閉後建立的重要規則不能被捨棄。2008年雷曼兄弟宣告破產前,是美國第四大投資銀行。

德國主持的G20將氣候保護列為最優先議題之一。

2017/5/3,德國柏林B20會議上的企業界人士。攝影:Christian Kruppa
2017/5/3,德國柏林B20會議上的企業代表。攝影:Christian Kruppa

韓德瑞克森說,單一國家無法解決全球性的挑戰。永續經濟活動是全球繁榮的關鍵。世界各國透過採納2030永續發展議程和巴黎氣候協定承諾對氣候和環境友善的經濟。背後共同的目標是將暖化限制在2度C以內。

許多產業因此面臨嚴峻挑戰。韓德瑞克森說:「我們必須確保這個結構性的改變成功,而不致造成任何結構性的破壞。」

韓德瑞克森強調,氣候友善投資會有所報酬。企業需要可靠、長期的目標。他們為氣候友善投資的報酬奠定基礎。

環境友善的標準和投資一樣重要。其中一個例子是氣候友善的發電。

「氣候行動和環境保護是現代經濟的重要課題,對競爭力、勞動市場、社會兼容性和政策穩定都有正面助力。」韓德瑞克森強調。

韓德瑞克森表示德國要與G20緊密合作,倡議資源效率議題。「B20的支持和來自G20的正面回應顯示,這是長期以來被忽視的議題,將能源效率放進G20議程是正確的。

今年7月的G20漢堡峰會,G20成員將承諾氣候行動和實施2030年永續發展議程。

G20成員包括阿根廷、澳洲、巴西、加拿大、中國、法國、德國、印度、印尼、義大利、日本、南韓、墨西哥、俄國、沙烏地阿拉伯、南非、土耳其、英國和歐盟。

G20 Business Leaders Reject Protectionism
BERLIN, Germany, May 5, 2017 (ENS)

The clock cannot be rewound and globalization reversed, said Germany’s Federal Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble at the B20 Dialogue Forum in Berlin on Tuesday. Together we can shape it for the better, and the G20 is the most effective format in which to do that, he told his business audience.

“Nationalism and protectionism are never the right answer,” Schäuble said.

Federal Environment Minister Barbara Hendricks stressed at the B20 Dialogue Forum that sustainable economic activity was essential to achieving global prosperity.

The B20 was formed in 2010 as the official forum for business dialogue of the G20, or Group of Twenty, an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. It was founded in 1999 with the aim of promoting high-level discussion of policy issues of international financial stability.

In its capacity as advisory body, the B20 supports the G20 when it comes to solving global challenges. The work of this international network is coordinated by business representatives of whatever country which holds the G20 Presidency, in this year, Germany.

Businessman Jürgen Heraeus is chair of Germany’s B20 Presidency.

Minister Schäuble highlighted the danger in pursuing a policy of extremely cheap money.

Schäuble warned that the possibility of further financial turbulence could not be ruled out. We are still feeling the effects of the last financial crisis, he said, so countries now must boost their economic resilience. He said the central banks’ “exceptionally loose fiscal policies” carry new risks.

Schäuble said that more robust economies are needed, and he warned against the negative consequences of continuing the trend towards more trade protectionism.

Schäuble also stressed in his speech to the B20 Summit that the key rules introduced during the Lehman crisis could not be abandoned. Before declaring bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth-largest investment bank in the United States.

Germany has made climate protection one of the priorities of its G20 Presidency.

“Individual nation states will not be able to solve global challenges,” Federal Environment Minister Barbara Hendricks stressed in her speech at the B20 Dialogue Forum. Sustainable economic activity is essential to achieving global prosperity, she said.

By adopting the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and the Paris Climate Agreement, the nations of the world had committed themselves to climate and environmentally compatible economic activity, Hendricks said. This was driven by the binding common target of limiting global warming to less than two degrees Celsius.

Many sectors of the economy faced huge challenges as a result, she said. “We need to make sure that this structural change is a success without it causing any structural ruptures.”

She emphasized that climate compatible investment pays off. Businesses need reliable, long-term goals, said Hendricks. They lay the foundation for climate compatible investments that pay off.

Environmentally compatible criteria are just as important for new investments, the Environment Minister said. One good example is climate compatible power generation.

“Climate action and environmental protection are a massive programme of modernisation for our economies and will have a positive impact on competitiveness, the labor market, social inclusion and political stability,” Hendricks stressed.

Germany wants to promote the issue of resource efficiency in close collaboration with the G20, said Hendricks, saying, “The strong support of the B20 and the many positive reactions from those in the G20 family show me that it was right, even long-overdue, that we put this topic on the G20 agenda.”

That is why the upcoming G20 Summit in Hamburg under Germany’s Presidency is to send a clear signal of the Group of 20’s strong commitment to climate action and implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

The members of the G20 are Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

作者

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance’s planet.

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

 

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