2017柚園水生螢火蟲棲地復育工作坊


http://e-info.org.tw/node/203117?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=6941ecf61d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-6941ecf61d-84956681

2017柚園水生螢火蟲棲地復育工作坊

 建立於 2017/02/23

柚園生態農場10年來成功復育了兩種陸生螢火蟲–台灣窗螢和邊褐端黑螢。近幾年,柚園開始協助台積電南科園區、六堆客家文化園區等復育水生螢火蟲族群,打造更多螢火蟲的樂園。今年我們將要迎接水生螢火蟲入住柚園,讓這塊位於南台灣的自然棲地成為更多生物的家。
螢火蟲生態大解密!
夏夜螢光滿天飛舞的環境究竟如何打造的?
水生和陸生螢火蟲又有什麼不同棲地喜好?
你想參與野放螢火蟲,讓小小螢火蟲找到生態新家嗎?
來來來,哩來~哩來~
一起加入【柚園水生螢火蟲棲地復育工作坊】,動動手腳打造螢火蟲的自然棲地,還要教你生態池的景觀維護,柚園邀請你一起動手學生態。

2017柚園水生螢火蟲棲地復育工作坊

【日期】
@螢火蟲復育工作坊第一梯 3月3-4日(五、六) /第二梯3月17-18日(五、六)
@野放螢火蟲+賞螢趣 4月9日(日)
【對象】
對生態工作體驗有興趣的人。工作坊每梯限20人。野放螢火蟲+賞螢趣限50人(參加工作坊者優先)。
【費用】
工作坊1250元/人,野放螢火蟲+賞螢趣600元,全程參與1600元。4歲以下免費。
【報名方式】
1.於活動報名網頁(https://goo.gl/forms/bYn7vTOV8U2ae2bk2)填寫報名表並匯款,匯款後以電話確認完成報名。
2.4月9日野放螢火蟲+賞螢趣活動,以參加工作坊者為優先。
【活動內容】
1.生態解說:認識螢火蟲生態、水生植物、柚園復育螢火蟲案例導覽
2.手作螢火蟲棲地復育、水域植栽環境整理、野炊
3.螢火蟲野放+賞螢趣
4.工作坊提供露營過夜,請自備帳棚、晚餐,租用六人帳每帳450元。
5.活動流程表請見 https://goo.gl/forms/bYn7vTOV8U2ae2bk2
【活動洽詢】柚園生態農場臉書、電話08-7214446

活動日期:
2017-03-03(週五) to 2017-03-04(週六)

 

Advertisements

《 Henry Mancini – Moon River 》


《 Henry Mancini – Moon River 》

Moon river, wider than a mile
I’m crossing you in style some day
Oh, dream maker, you heart breaker
Wherever you’re goin’, I’m goin’ your way
Two drifters, off to see the world
There’s such a lot of world to see
We’re after the same rainbow’s end, waitin’ ’round the bend
My huckleberry friend, moon river, and me
Moon river, wider than a mile
I’m crossin’ you in style some day
Oh, dream maker, you heart breaker
Wherever you’re goin’, I’m goin’ your way
Two drifters, off to see the world
There’s such a lot of world to see
We’re after that same rainbow’s end, waitin’ ’round the Bend
My huckleberry friend, moon river, and me
Songwriters
JOHNNY MERCER, HENRY MANCINI
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

【蠻野講堂】減塑生活系列:那些海洋教我們的塑


http://e-info.org.tw/node/203036?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=6941ecf61d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-6941ecf61d-84956681

【蠻野講堂】減塑生活系列:那些海洋教我們的塑

 建立於 2017/02/20

你知道我們一天製造了多少垃圾嗎?這些我們認為會被處理掉、眼不見為淨的廢棄物,最後的終點是何處呢?透過講者徒步環島的海岸觀察,逐一找到這些問題的答案,一起了解廢棄物的前世今生,並從中反思,我們該怎麼改變生活方式,來減少使用一次性的產品,進而維護環境與自身健康。

主題:減塑生活系列:那些海洋教我們的塑

講師:陳人平 (海湧工作室)

時間:2017/3/3 (五) 晚上7:00 – 8:30

地點:呷米共食廚房3樓(台北市中正區衡陽路9號)

交通:捷運台大醫院站1號出口穿越228公園或捷運西門站4號出口,近懷寧街228公園入口

主辦單位:台灣蠻野心足生態協會

聯絡電話:(02)2382-5789

活動頁面:http://zh.wildatheart.org.tw/story/882/8026
報名網址:https://goo.gl/forms/pbB6453abZJR5tQE2

**若有需要提早至呷米共食廚房用餐的朋友,歡迎來電預約(02)2331-9662。

**我們將為線上報名的朋友保留座位到晚上7點,過後以現場聽眾優先入座。若造成您的不便,敬請見諒,若有其他意見也歡迎指教 (wildatheart@wildatheart.org.tw)。

**免費報名,歡迎捐款支持,講座結束後每人贈送一本《卯上台塑的女人》數量有限,送完為止。

**請自備環保杯/開水、勿攜帶外食

活動日期:
2017-03-03(週五)

 

《 Steppenwolf – Magic Carpet Ride 》


《 Steppenwolf – Magic Carpet Ride 》

I like to dream, yes, yes
Right between the sound machine
On a cloud of sound I drift in the night
Any place it goes is right
Goes far, flies near
To the stars away from here
Well, you don’t know what
We can find
Why don’t you come with me little girl
On a magic carpet ride
Well, you don’t know what
We can see
Why don’t you tell your dreams to me
Fantasy will set you free
Close your eyes now
Look inside now
Let the sound
Take you away
Last night I hold Aladdin’s lamp
So I wished that I could stay
Before the thing could answer me
Well, someone came and took the lamp away
I looked
Around
A lousy candle’s all I found
Well, you don’t know what
We can find
Why don’t you come with me little girl
On a magic carpet ride
Well, you don’t know what
We can see
Why don’t you tell your dreams to me
Fantasy will set you free
Close your eyes now
Look inside now
Let the sound
Take you away
Songwriters
KAY, JOHN / MOREVE, RUSHTON JOHN
Published by
Lyrics © Universal Music Publishing Group

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

燒不掉的垃圾危機 焚化爐反加重台東財政負擔


http://e-info.org.tw/node/203157?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=6941ecf61d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-6941ecf61d-84956681

燒不掉的垃圾危機 焚化爐反加重台東財政負擔

 建立於 2017/02/27

採訪撰稿:陳慶鍾;攝影剪輯:陳慶鍾

建農垃圾掩埋場收納全台東市的廢棄物,容量有33萬5000立方公尺,目前只剩下7.5%的掩埋量,已經接近飽和。台東縣有13座垃圾掩埋場,幾乎都和建農垃圾掩埋場一樣有爆滿危機,尤其是人口較多的鄉鎮,剩餘掩埋量都低於一成。所以過去幾年台東的垃圾都是委託外縣市代為焚化,最早是屏東縣,後來是高雄市。

2016年全國最大的焚化爐底渣再利用處理廠映誠公司,涉嫌濫倒焚化爐底渣,詐領各縣市處理費3億8100多萬,被依違反廢棄物清理法和詐欺罪起訴,爆發焚化爐底渣無法去化的問題。

台東縣13座垃圾掩埋場,幾乎都有爆滿危機。攝影:陳慶鍾。圖片來源:我們的島

高雄市政府為求解套,轉而要求外運垃圾來代燒的縣市政府接受,免費代燒垃圾,但是燒1噸垃圾要運回1.8公噸底渣所處理過再生粒料的互惠方式,才同意繼續代燒垃圾。

違法傾倒底渣污染魚塭的疑慮未除,台東縣民無法接受以代燒垃圾換回更多底渣的互惠辦法,2016年11月以後垃圾就無法往高雄送,變成以全掩埋的方式處理。

高雄市不再協助處理垃圾,台東縣各鄉鎮市的垃圾掩埋場馬上拉起警報,台東縣政府緊急規劃活化工程,將開挖掩埋場,把不可燃和可回收物,篩選分類重新壓縮打包,來延長掩埋場的壽命。

即使加上活化工程,台東市建農垃圾掩埋場大約只能再支撐一年半,面對未來的垃圾危機,台東縣政府拋出考慮啟用垃圾焚化廠這顆震撼彈。

台東縣垃圾焚化廠2005年興建完成,日處理量300公噸,當時因為推動資源回收政策,每日垃圾量從180公噸減到120公噸,垃圾量嚴重不足,縣政府每年要額外貼補1億多元,不符合效益遲遲沒有啟用營運。

最後廠商和台東縣政府對簿公堂,2011年法院仲裁雙方終止合約,台東縣政府以19.6億元買下焚化廠產權,而這筆錢由環保署分16年支付。

台東縣垃圾焚化廠要不要啟用,經過一年的評估,台東縣政府在2017年1月舉行垃圾焚化廠修繕和委外經營可行性評估公聽會。顧問公司表示,廠區經過十年的閒置,和環保法令的逐年加嚴,焚化廠要啟用得先耗資3.5億元修繕升級。

垃圾焚化廠修繕和委外經營可行性評估公聽會。攝影:陳慶鍾。圖片來源:我們的島

經營如果採取ROT模式,交由廠商修繕後營運20年,每天的處理量必須維持在八成五,也就是每日焚燒255公噸的垃圾,才符合成本效益。但是台東一天的垃圾量少於120公噸,連一半都不到,每噸垃圾焚化成本將因此暴增三倍,加上還要支出處理底渣的費用,全部加起來比遠距離送到高雄市處理還要貴很多。

荒野保護協會台東會長林義隆批評,十年前起爐停爐的理由跟現在一模一樣,沒有任何的改變,我們國家都已經賠了20億元停爐,還要再啟用焚化爐,是一件很難以想像的事情。

啟用焚化爐的成本對台東縣來說實在太貴,顧問公司分析,必須靠代燒鄰近縣市的垃圾,或開放廠商焚燒一般事業廢棄物,才能符合成本效益。荒野保護協會台東分會蘇雅婷認為,收屏東或花蓮的垃圾,環保署必須支應代燒補貼和轉運補助,還要跨縣市協調跟宜蘭竸爭搶垃圾,再加上遠距運送的第二次污染,只為要顧及焚化爐營運的利益,其實是擴大台東的環境污染。

別讓焚化爐燒掉台東的未來。攝影:陳慶鍾。圖片來源:我們的島

台東縣每年產生8萬8000多公噸的垃圾,由於發展觀光業,平均每人每日垃圾產生量1.089公斤,高居全國第二。垃圾回收率雖然逐年進步,但仍略低於全國的平均水準,目前位居全國第十一名,所以不論從源頭減少垃圾量,或加強資源回收再利用,都還有努力空間。

從垃圾性質來看,依據環保署2015年的統計資料,台東縣棄置的垃圾當中,以紙類占37.92%最多,其次是廚餘有35.95%和塑膠類占16.77%,這三大類如果都能確實分類回收再利用,將可以減少90%以上的垃圾,零垃圾的目標並非天方夜譚。

台灣環境保護聯盟台東分會會長廖秋娥強調,如果啟用垃圾焚化爐,一年保少估計至少要花一億多元,又貴又會產生污染危害縣民健康,和傷害在地產業。如果推動零垃圾政策加強資源回收,可以讓台東的垃圾降到最低,另外再新闢垃圾掩埋場,即可解決垃圾危機。

目前家戶垃圾的焚化量,只占全國24座焚化爐的六成五,其他餘裕量都被拿來處理一般事業廢棄物。荒野保護協會台東分會蘇雅婷認為,不論垃圾焚化的區域整合,或再生粒料去化的問題,環保署都應負起職責,避免垃圾大戰再度上演。

※ 本文轉載自 公視 我們的島【燒不掉的垃圾危機】
02/27(一) 22:00首播
03/04(六) 11:00重播

 

《 The Rascals – A Beautiful Morning 》


《 The Rascals – A Beautiful Morning 》

It’s a beautiful mornin’, ah
I think I’ll go outside a while
And just smile
Just take in some clean fresh air, boy!
Ain’t no sense in stayin’ inside
If the weather’s fine, and you got the time
It’s your chance to wake up and plan another brand new day
Either way
It’s a beautiful mornin’, ah
Each bird keeps singin’ his own song
So long!
I’ve got to be on my way now
Ain’t no fun just hangin’ around
I’ve got to cover ground; you couldn’t keep me down
It just ain’t no good if the sun shines
When you’re still inside
Shouldn’t hide, still inside, shouldn’t hide
Ah, oh! (Shouldn’t hide) Ah, ah, oh

(Doo, doo-wa) (Doo, doo-wa)

There will be children with robins and flowers
Sunshine caresses each new waking hour
Seems to me that the people keep seeing
More and more each day; gotta say, lead the way
It’s okay, Wednesday, Thursday, it’s okay
(Ah) Monday, Wednesday, Friday, weekday, ah, ah, oh

(Doo, doo-wa)

Songwriters
BRIGATI, EDWARD J/CAVALIERE, FELIX
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

大武部落好雞會 種回部落傳統食物


http://e-info.org.tw/node/203159?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=6941ecf61d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-6941ecf61d-84956681

大武部落好雞會 種回部落傳統食物

 建立於 2017/02/27

採訪撰稿:郭志榮;攝影:陳忠峰;剪輯:陳忠峰

2009年八八風災後,經過漫長的時光,許多部落面臨重創,不斷找尋新生機會。屏東縣霧台鄉的大武部落,在堅守原鄉的信念下,重回部落土地,回歸傳統生活,種出原生作物,養出優良好雞,一步步走出部落新希望。

八年前,一場驚人大雨,重創南台灣許多部落,造成家園毀損,遷居永久屋。但是大武部落在魯凱族人一致共識下,重回原鄉居住。八八風災後,彭玉花是當時的大武部落村長,帶著族人一起回鄉,最初幾年交通不便,出入需走河床路,時常面臨道路中斷,食物缺乏,於是開始種植小米,種回部落傳統食物。

八八風災後,魯凱族大武部落重回原鄉居住。攝影:陳忠峰。圖片來源:我們的島

漸漸的,種出多樣的小米,提供應急時的糧食,接著在屏東科技大學工作團隊的協助下,嘗試種植山當歸,開創部落農業經濟。山當歸過去以野生採集為主,現在規劃田區,試驗不同的種植環境,種出品質最好的山當歸。

部落婦女是耕作主力,像紅藜等許多傳統作物,曾經中斷種植,一旦恢復種植,部落婦女個個都是植物高手。恢復種植有助地力改善,部落中許多百年梯田,壘石田埂具有護坡功能,需要不斷種植、維護,才能保持梯田的完好。

回鄉八年,彭玉花不敢說部落已經重建完成,但是看著老人家在故鄉開心過生活,就是心中最大的成就。於是在部落齊力下,田地面積越來越大,作物種類越來越多,讓大武部落像是山中糧倉。

屏東科技大學陳美惠副教授,八八風災後就帶著團隊,幫助部落重建。在大武部落種出多樣作物後,協助引入優良種雞,讓部落進行雞隻飼養。雞場建立在森林裡,環境相當自然,更重要的是大武雞養殖時間長,雞隻相當健康。

大武雞以低密度養殖,並且使用有機飼料,提供覓食自然食物,幾年來雞隻健康,大武雞有了口碑,常常供不應求。攝影:陳忠峰。圖片來源:我們的島

大武雞以低密度養殖,並且使用有機飼料,提供覓食自然食物,幾年來雞隻健康,主要致死原因,就是小雞被老鷹抓走。漸漸地,大武雞有了口碑,常常供不應求,但是部落堅持低密度養殖,不願貿然增加數量。

災後,大武部落有如桃花源般,與世無爭隱居在山谷中,來訪遊客並不多見。陳美惠和部落族人討論後,決定引入生態旅遊,舉辦修建步道的工作假期,讓外界認識大武部落。陳美惠思考,部落生態旅遊不是新造景點,而是修復文化,找回部落曾有的美麗,通往舊部落的古道,就是生態的所在。

部落邀請千里步道協會協助,舉辦步道修復工作假期,步道專家徐銘謙指導參與學員,如何修築手作步道。徐銘謙表示,步道保有許多部落智慧,從修築的石材、工法到工具,都可以看見世界各地不同部落的傳統智慧。三天二夜的工作假期,學員在體驗部落風光和品嚐部落美食後,歡喜為大武部落修復一段自然步道。

千里步道協會協助大武部落修復步道。攝影:陳忠峰。圖片來源:我們的島

八年來,從種植到養殖,再進入生態旅遊,大武部落以緩慢的腳步,穩健走出部落希望。目前許多受災部落,在重建之後,交通便利,增加景點,反而帶來人潮湧入的情形,造成居民困擾,部落希望推動劃定自然人文生態景觀區,維護部落的生活與旅遊品質。

在霧台的山谷裡,一群魯凱族人災後重回家園,修復土地,恢復生計,修築古道,一步步創造屬於大武部落的好機會。

※ 本文轉載自 公視 我們的島【大武部落好雞會】
02/27(一) 22:00首播
03/04(六) 11:00重播

 

《 Melanie – Beautiful People 》


《 Melanie – Beautiful People 》

Beautiful people
You live in the same world as I do
But somehow I never noticed
You before today
I’m ashamed to say
Beautiful people
We share the same back door
And it isn’t right
We never met before
But then
We may never meet again
If I weren’t afraid you’d laugh at me
I would run and take all your hands
And I’d gather everyone together for a day
And when we gather’d
I’ll pass buttons out that say
Beautiful people
Then you’d never have to be alone
‘Cause there’ll always be someone
With the same button on as you
Include him in everything you do
Beautiful people
You ride the same subway
As I do ev’ry morning
That’s got to tell you something
We’ve got so much in common
I go the same direction that you do
So if you take care of me
Maybe I’ll take care of you
Beautiful people
You look like friends of mine
And it’s about time
That someone said it here and now
I make a vow that some time, somehow
I’ll have a meeting
Invite ev’ryone you know
I’ll pass out buttons to
The ones who come to show
Beautiful people
Never have to be alone
‘Cause there’ll always be someone
With the same button on as you
Include him in ev’rything you do
He may be sitting right next to you
He may be beautiful people too
And if you take care of him
Maybe I’ll take care of you
‘Cause all of the beautiful people do
And you’re all beautiful people too
Songwriters
MELANIE SAFKA
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC, Warner/Chappell Music, Inc., MUSIC SALES CORPORATION

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

元宵的省思 昨夜天燈今日垃圾


http://e-info.org.tw/node/203158?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=6941ecf61d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-6941ecf61d-84956681

元宵的省思 昨夜天燈今日垃圾

元宵的省思
建立於 2017/02/27
採訪撰稿:陳寧 ;攝影:張光宗、許中熹;剪輯:張光宗

承載著人們心願冉冉升空的天燈,造型精緻可愛的小花燈,一夜絢爛過後,卻逃不了成為垃圾的命運,在歡慶元宵的同時,應該如何減輕環境的負擔?

載滿大批遊客的火車,駛入這個位於新北市的山城,施放天燈的遊客,把十分老街,還有鐵軌擠得水洩不通,平溪放天燈的習俗究竟起為何,有許多不同說法。有人說是過去山區居民遭遇盜匪來襲時,互相報平安的信號,也有人說天燈的閩南語發音跟「添丁」相近,有祈求平安好運的意涵。

浪漫的天燈,落下後成為令人困擾的垃圾。攝影:張光宗、許中熹。圖片來源:我們的島

1999年,當時的台北縣政府開始大力舉辦「平溪天燈節」,施放天燈漸漸從地方的民間習俗,成為全台知名的觀光活動。近幾年更躍上國際舞台。天燈雖美,卻也造成了環境問題。元宵過後的平溪山區,再度恢復平靜,沒有完全燃燒掉的天燈,有些高高掛在樹梢、電線桿上,有些則掉在溪底。

2011年,新北市政府頒布天燈施放管理辦法,只有平溪區特定地點、時段,可以施放天燈。部分商家也主動發起回收天燈底座的機制,用一個八塊的價格購買民眾撿回來的竹筐,讓平溪在地居民加入清潔環境的行列。

新北市環保局提出回收機制,讓平溪居民參與清理天燈的工作。攝影:張光宗、許中熹。圖片來源:我們的島

只有天燈底座,有賣給天燈業者再次利用的價值,有些人撿走底座,卻把天燈紙棄置原地。新北市環保局實施用天燈紙兌換專用垃圾袋的方案,希望提高回收率。

天燈的回收機制,創造了新的經濟模式。但平溪居民多半年事已高,不是每個人都有辦法深入山區冒險撿天燈。有沒有可能讓每個來這裡的遊客,都加入淨山行列呢?帶領民眾進行淨山活動的作家劉克襄呼籲,遊客放完天燈之後,也該有一份責任,可以多走入平溪周邊山徑,加入淨山撿天燈的行列。

民眾參與淨山行動移除落在山徑上的天燈。攝影:張光宗、許中熹。圖片來源:我們的島

靠著人力撿拾天燈,很難百分之百清除,至少有一群人已經開始透過實際行動,試著讓山林恢復原貌。撿不回來的天燈,雖然棉紙、竹子和鐵絲都可以自然分解,但完全分解需要好幾年時間,施放數量太多,還是可能對野生動物造成傷害。有一群年輕人,試著動手改良天燈結構,想找出解方。

經過半年試驗,他們製作出環保天燈,實際施放後也得到了成功的實驗結果,儘管安全性和穩定性,還必須經過更詳細的測試,未來是否有機會取代傳統天燈,需要更多人集思廣益。

正在實驗中的環保天燈。攝影:張光宗、許中熹。圖片來源:我們的島

每年元宵燈會都不缺席的,還有各式各樣造型可愛精巧的免費小提燈,吸引民眾爭相排隊領取。輕便的LED燈,讓小提燈散發出彩色燈光,根據環保署統計,2016年全台各地就發放出126萬盞小提燈,總共用掉3.7噸的鈕扣型電池,如何妥善回收?成為難題。

鈕扣型電池的汞含量,比一般電池還要高,卻因為體積小,隱藏在玩具內部拆除不易,很容易不小心就未經回收丟進一般垃圾桶中。目前回收率只有34%,比整體廢乾電池的回收率47%還要低。即使是妥善回收後的鈕扣型電池,還是有一半的數量,必須遠渡重洋,出口委託國外業者處理。

每年元宵節政府發放的小提燈,當中的LED電池回收率極低。攝影:張光宗、許中熹。圖片來源:我們的島

一盞盞飛入夜空的天燈,一顆顆小小的鈕扣型電池,在元宵佳節過後,要付出的回收代價,可能遠超過我們的想像。需要更多人一起動手,改變現況。

※ 本文轉載自 公視 我們的島【元宵的省思】
02/27(一) 22:00首播
03/04(六) 11:00重播

 

《 The Monkees – Daydream Believer 》


《 The Monkees – Daydream Believer 》

7-A
What number is this to?
7-A
Okay, don’t get excited man, it’s ’cause I’m short, I know
Oh, I could hide ‘neath the wings
Of the bluebird as she sings
The six-o’clock alarm would never ring
But six rings and I rise
Wipe the sleep out of my eyes
The shaving razor’s cold and it stings
Cheer up sleepy Jean
Oh, what can it mean to a
Daydream believer and a
Homecoming queen?
You once thought of me
As a white knight on his steed
Now you know how happy I can be
Oh, our good time starts and ends
Without all I want to spend
But how much, baby, do we really need?
Cheer up sleepy Jean
Oh, what can it mean to a
Daydream believer and a
Homecoming queen?
Cheer up sleepy Jean
Oh, what can it mean to a
Daydream believer and a
Homecoming queen?
Cheer up sleepy Jean
Oh, what can it mean to a
Daydream believer and a
Homecoming queen?
Cheer up sleepy Jean
Oh, what can it mean to a
Daydream believer and a
Homecoming queen?

Cheer up, sleepy Jean

Songwriters
Stewart, John C
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

In the Wild, Goldfish Turn From Pet to Pest


Photo

A goldfish caught by researchers in the Vasse River in Australia. Some fish in the river grow as long as 16 inches and weigh up to four pounds. CreditStephen Beatty

Two decades ago, someone dropped a handful of unwanted pet goldfish into a creek in southwestern Australia. Those goldfish grew, swam downstream, mucked up waters wherever they went and spawned like mad. Before long, they took over the whole river.

Researchers from Murdoch University believe this scenario, or something like it, is the cause of a feral goldfish invasion in Australia’s Vasse River. Since 2003, they have been running a goldfish tracking and control program that involves catching fish along the length of the river, freezing them to death and studying them in the lab. Despite this program, goldfish in the Vasse are thriving, with some fish growing as long as 16 inches and weighing up to four pounds — the size of a two-liter soda bottle.

Goldfish are one of the world’s worst invasive aquatic species, with outbreaks also having been reported in Nevada, Colorado and Alberta, Canada, in the last several years. Goldfish in the Vasse River, though, “have the fastest known growth rate of goldfish in the world,” said Stephen Beatty, a researcher at Murdoch University who helps lead the control program. If his team gets the Vasse’s goldfish problem in order, its work could inform goldfish management efforts far beyond Australia.

Goldfish invasions start with a disconnect between how people view goldfish and what goldfish are like in the wild, Dr. Beatty said. “Once you introduce something into a new environment — even if it’s a cute, cuddly aquarium fish — it can have quite unexpected, serious biological consequences.”

Continue reading the main story

The goldfish is a domesticated carp, first bred in ancient China for ornamental gardens. For centuries, goldfish were prized symbols of luck and fortune. Shortly after they made their way to the United States in the mid-1800s, however, they transitioned from the exotic to the mundane.

The United States government played a large role in this, according to Katrina Gulliver, a historian who has chronicled the goldfish. For decades in the late 1800s, the newly established Commission on Fisheries gave goldfish to Washington, D.C., residents as a publicity stunt, handing out as many as 20,000 fish in some years.

In a New York Times article from 1894, a reporter jested, “The business of distributing free goldfish to the people of the District of Columbia has become such a tax on the Fish Commission that it appears they must choose between running a goldfish bureau for Washington exclusively and conducting the legitimate work of the bureau.”

This, and the later practice of giving out goldfish at carnivals, spawned the harmful notion that goldfish are disposable and inconsequential. In fact, when tossed into waterways — particularly warm, nutrient-rich and relatively stagnant ones like the Vasse — goldfish behave in unexpected ways.

For one, they look different. Freed from the constraints of a tank, goldfish balloon to the size of footballs. Within a few generations, they revert to natural yellow and brown colors, in place of the bright orange that breeders try to achieve.

They are also an ecological nightmare. Goldfish swim along the bottom of lakes and rivers, uprooting vegetation, disturbing sediment and releasing nutrients that trigger excess algal growth. They feed broadly, eating algae, small invertebrates and fish eggs. To add insult to injury, they transmit exotic diseases and parasites.

Females produce up to 40,000 eggs each year — much more than most freshwater fish species — and are capable of interbreeding with other species of wild carp. With no natural predators, a large portion of goldfish offspring survive to reproductive age, continuing a cycle of rampant overpopulation.

So how do you get rid of them in a lasting way? Once they’re established somewhere, eradicating goldfish is a notoriously difficult undertaking — which is why Murdoch scientists recently spent a year tracking the movement of the fish in the Vasse. Their study, published last month in The Ecology of Freshwater Fish, yielded some unexpected findings.

For starters, goldfish are long-distance swimmers — Dr. Beatty’s team saw goldfish routinely travel the length of multiple football fields in a day, and even observed one fish that traveled more than 140 miles in a year.

For another, goldfish migrate to spawn. That’s right, the same fish that are often kept in tiny bowls, swimming in circles, navigate in droves to an off-channel wetland during breeding season.

It is perhaps a surprising finding for a domesticated species, but the behavior seems to be innate, Dr. Beatty said, and points to goldfish having complex cognitive abilities.

“We think of goldfish as not being very intelligent — more like furniture or home accessories than sentient creatures,” said Dean Pomerleau, an engineer from Pittsburgh. But his family has trained pet goldfish to perform complicated tricks, such as nosing a tiny soccer ball into a net, and researchers have shown that goldfish can discriminate between music by Bach and Stravinsky. (Yes, goldfish can hear — they have evolved a bone structure that translates changes in pressure from sound waves from their swim bladder to their inner ear.)

A better understanding of goldfish behavior can inform management strategies, Dr. Beatty said, such as trapping fish en masse after they have migrated to their breeding grounds.

Meanwhile, to ensure goldfish invasions don’t get worse, it is crucial that pet owners get rid of unwanted fish responsibly, said Linda Walters, a biology professor at the University of Central Florida who has helped produce two children’s books on the dangers of emptying home aquariums into local waterways.

The best strategy is to give healthy fish away, to a responsible aquarium, pet store or hobbyist, Dr. Walters said. In Florida, the Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission takes unwanted exotic pets off people’s hands on regularly scheduled amnesty days.

If your fish is sick, the most humane way to kill it is probably to put it in an ice slurry. As for whether you should flush your fish down the toilet, experts recommend against it. Not only is there a slight chance your fish could survive a journey through the septic system and end up in the wild, but, in general, it’s just not a very pleasant way to say goodbye to Bubbles.

Continue reading the main story

 

澳學者追蹤13年 探究寵物金魚如何佔領河川


http://e-info.org.tw/node/202930?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=6941ecf61d-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-6941ecf61d-84956681

澳學者追蹤13年 探究寵物金魚如何佔領河川

 建立於 2017/02/27

本報2017年2月27日綜合外電報導,鍾友珊編譯;蘇瑋佳審校

20年前,有個人把一缸不要的金魚倒入西南澳的一條河流,這些金魚繼續長大,將所到的水域搞的烏煙瘴氣,並卯足全力產卵。沒多久,整條河都是金魚的天下了。

澳洲梅鐸大學(Murdoch University)的學者相信,寵物金魚大概就是在這樣的情況下佔領了澳洲的瓦瑟河(Vasse River)。

該研究團隊從2003年開始一項金魚的追蹤及管控計畫。他們在瓦瑟河的所有河段採集金魚,將其冷凍保存,然後帶到實驗室進行研究。然而,金魚至今仍在瓦瑟河樂悠游;有些甚至長達40公分、重達2公斤,相當於一瓶2公升裝的汽水。

「即使是圓嘟嘟可愛的寵物魚,一旦進入到野外,也可能造成無法預料的生態浩劫。」
即使是圓嘟嘟可愛的寵物魚,金魚一旦進入到野外,也可能造成無法預料的生態浩劫。圖片來源:Murdoch University(CC BY-NC 2.0)

金魚是惡名昭彰的入侵物種。以北美而言,最近幾年美國的內華達州、科羅拉多州,及加拿大的亞伯達州都曾金魚為患。但根據帶領這項管控計畫的梅鐸大學研究員比提博士(Stephen Beatty)的說法,瓦瑟河的金魚「是全世界繁殖最快的」。如果比提的團隊能有效控制瓦瑟河的金魚數量,成功經驗或可複製到澳洲以外的地方。

比提博士解釋,金魚會大舉入侵,導因於牠們在野外扮演的角色與人類心目中的形象有落差。他補充道:「即使是圓嘟嘟可愛的寵物魚,一旦進入到野外,也可能造成無法預料的生態浩劫。」

帶頭錯誤示範  美政府難辭其咎

金魚的祖先是野生的鯽魚,中國人最早把它眷養在花園裡供人欣賞。幾百年來,金魚因被視為是福氣及財富的象徵而備受珍視。然而,金魚在19世紀中引進美國後,很快從稀奇變成平凡無奇。

根據研究金魚歷史的學者格列芙(Katrina Gulliver)的說法,美國政府在這方面難辭其咎。19世紀末那幾10年,剛成立的漁業局發送金魚給華盛頓特區居民,作為一種宣傳的手法,有時甚至一年送出兩萬隻。紐約時報1894年有篇文章開玩笑的寫道:「贈送免費金魚給哥倫比亞區居民已造成漁業局沉重的業務負擔,該署恐怕得思考:是要專門為華盛頓特區居民成立一個金魚處呢,還是回歸原本的業務。」

此舉以及之後在嘉年華會時發送免費金魚的活動誤導了民眾,讓他們以為金魚可以隨意丟棄。事實上,金魚一旦進入到水域,特別是像瓦瑟河這種溫暖、養分充足,流速緩慢的水域,就會產生出人意料的變化。

促藻類增生、傳播疾病、攝食廣泛  堪稱生態殺手

首先,它們的外貌會改變。脫離了魚缸的束縛,金魚可長到足球的大小;繁衍幾代後,牠們會恢復成與自然環境相容的黃色及棕色系,而不是人類刻意培養出的亮橘色。

牠們也會造成生態浩劫。金魚會沿著河湖的底部游,把植物連根拔起、揚起沈積物,導致營養流出,造成藻類過度繁殖。它們的攝食範圍很廣;藻類、小型無脊椎動物、魚卵無所不包;更糟的是,它們還會傳布外來疾病及寄生蟲。

母金魚每年可以產下4萬顆卵,遠遠超出大多數魚類,且能和其他品種的野生鯽魚交配。因為沒有天敵,大部分的金魚可以活到繁殖的年齡,繼續大肆繁衍。

善游泳  智力高  請神容易送神難

那麼,要如何才能徹底的擺脫金魚的糾纏呢?金魚是請神容易送神難的最佳寫照。梅鐸大學的研究者去年一整年追蹤金魚在瓦瑟河的遷徙情形,有了出乎意料的發現,刊登於2016年8月號的《淡水魚生態》(The Ecology of Freshwater Fish)。

首先,比堤博士的研究團隊發現,金魚能游很長的距離;平均一天可以游過幾個足球場的長度,有條魚一年甚至游了超過324公里。

其次,金魚會到其他地方產卵,沒錯,這種小魚缸裡轉圈圈的魚會在交配季節成群游離河道,進入濕地繁衍。這聽起來不太像是一個被圈養的動物會有的行為,但比堤博士認為,這似乎是金魚的天性;代表牠們的智力還滿高的。

巴摩婁是一位匹茲堡的工程師,他說:「我們心目中的金魚類似於家具或日用品,很難想像它們很聰明。」但巴摩婁的家族曾成功訓練寵物金魚從事一些高難度的表演,像是用鼻子把小球頂進網子;研究者甚至發現金魚能分辨巴哈和史特拉汶斯基之間的不同(是的,金魚是能聽見聲音的;牠們演化出一種特化的骨頭構造,能將魚鰾所感受到由聲波造成的壓力變化傳送到內耳)。

深入研究習性  有助訂出有效對策

比堤博士說,深入瞭解金魚的習性,有助於管理金魚的數量。例如,可以在集體游往繁殖地時將牠們一網打盡。

另一方面,中央佛羅里達大學(University of Central Florida)的瓦特絲教授(Linda Walters)表示,為減緩金魚的入侵,需加強宣導,呼籲飼主妥善處理不要的金魚。瓦特絲曾寫過兩本童書,教導孩子隨意棄置水族箱動物所造成的危害。

瓦特絲教授說,如果是健康的金魚,最好的處置方式是交給一個負責任的水族館、寵物店,或養魚專家。佛羅里達州的魚類及野生動物保護委員會(Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission)會定期收集人們不要的寵物,施以安樂死。

要是魚已奄奄一息,最人道的處理方式是把它放進碎冰。專家不建議將它丟進馬桶沖掉;姑且不說牠有極微的可能會通過下水道的考驗,存活下來並流到野外,這實在也不是個愉快的道別方式。

參考資料

 

《 B.J. Thomas – Hooked On A Feeling 》


【妖言惑眾】

『金錢、地位、名譽,都是好東西。』

賺錢,是為了生活,是為了掙脫貧窮

(是指欠缺金錢的狀態)。

如果出人頭地是好事,
也是為了想從曾經自認為沒有出息的那種扭曲心態中,

獲得釋放。

越是對自己有自信的人,

越不會趾高氣昂,或是耀武揚威的,

如此,人才能真正活得自由自在。

對人而言,名譽卻意外地讓人感受到真正的空虛無比,

如果,認為獲得了名譽是件好事,
那也是為了想從中找回做人謙沖的本質而已。

※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※※

《 B.J. Thomas – Hooked On A Feeling 》

I can’t stop this feelin’
Deep inside of me
Girl you just don’t realize
What you do to me
When you hold me
In your arms so tight
You let me know
Everything’s alright
I’m…
Hooked on a feelin’
I’m high on believin’
That you’re in love with me
Lips are sweet as candy
The taste stays on my mind
Girl, you keep me thirsty
For another cup of wine
I got it bad for you, girl
But I don’t need a cure
I’ll just stay addicted
And hope I can endure
All the good love
When we’re all alone
Keep it up, girl
Yeah you turn me on
I’m…
Hooked on a feelin’
I’m high on believin’
That you’re in love with me
All the good love
When we’re all alone,
Keep it up, girl,
Yeah you turn me on.
I’m…
Hooked on a feelin’
I’m high on believin’
That you’re in love with me
I’m hooked on a feelin’
And I’m high on believin’
That you’re in love with me
I said I’m hooked on a feelin’
I’m high on believin’
That you’re in love with me
Songwriters
James, Mark
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

【◎心靈研磨坊 - 曼陀羅藏◎】

《心靈研磨坊 ─ 身心體能極限的突破,放慢步調,邁開腳步,輕鬆地悠遊著....》

%d bloggers like this: