Kathryn Budig Challenge Pose: Mermaid


http://www.yogajournal.com/advanced/mermaid-pose/

Kathryn Budig Challenge Pose: Mermaid

I love this pose for so many reasons.

My comedic side loves the imagery of being a hot mermaid sitting on a rock getting splashed by waves making the sailors floating by go mad. That sassy image helps to get your chest open and play the part. I even wore my magical Teeki tights to give me an exciting “tail” for the pose:)

My teacher side adores this pose because it’s the perfect confidence booster to get students ready for Eka Pada Raja Kapotasna. I can’t count the times I’ve taught this pose in workshops only to have people declare, “I can’t believe it—I’m in the pose!!” The glow that comes over their face when they realize they can do something they never dreamed possible warms my heart.  Mermaids are no longer a mythical creature but rather a very beautiful reality on your mat.

Just like any Challenge Pose, there are steps. This pose requires space in the hips, psoas, and upper back. Take each step as an individual pose and breathe—your body will open up when it’s ready for the next step and you’ll be singing the sweet mermaid song before you can whistle “Under the Sea.”

Step 1:

This pose does require open hips with a single Pigeon base, but the good news is it doesn’t require the deepest variation of the pose. Start in Downward-Facing Dog and step your right shin to the front of the mat. Bring your right heel in fully to your body (the deepest variation has the shin parallel to the front of the mat) and extend your rear leg straight. Roll the outer edge of your left leg down towards the ground as you spiral your upper inner thigh towards the ceiling. Work on squaring your hips by rolling your left ribs forward and encouraging the left hip to fall towards the mat. Pop up onto fingertips with straight arms and work on lifting the top of your pelvis and heart. Gently roll your shoulder heads back and hold for a good full 8 breaths.

Step 2:

Look over your left shoulder and bend your left knee drawing your foot in. Reach back and grab your foot with your left hand. If simply making contact with the foot is intense, stay here and breath. Otherwise, begin a slow bend in your left elbow to draw the foot in closer towards your body. Continue to roll your left hip down towards the mat and brace yourself by keeping your right fingertips on the ground in-front of your body. Play around with how far you bring the foot in and take as much time here as you need . . . this step is crucial in getting the psoas muscle to release to go into the full backbend.

Step 3:

Keep your left elbow bend and slide your left foot down the inside of your forearm until it lands in the crook of your elbow. Lightly curl your toes so they hold onto your leg as if they were fingers. Engage your core by lifting up through your belly and chest so you can lift your right hand up without rocking forward. Reach the right hand back to clasp the left.

Step 4:

Keeping your hands clasped, drop your chin and take your gaze down. Lift your clasped arms up above your head then lightly let them slide behind your skull so that the right elbow points straight up. Once the arm is behind you, take your gaze forward and renew the effort to square your hips and chest to the front of your mat (don’t obsess here, just encourage the rotation). Pull your heart up as you root down through your hips and keep the right shoulder relaxing in the socket. Take 8 breaths then release your clasp and come back into your single Pigeon and fold to release your back. I’d recommend a vinyasa as well after taking both sides.

 

Kathryn Budig is jet-setting yoga teacher who teaches online at Yogaglo. She is the Contributing Yoga Expert for Women’s Health Magazine, Yogi-Foodie for MindBodyGreen, creator of Gaiam’s Aim True Yoga DVD, co-founder of Poses for Paws and is currently writing Rodale’s The Big Book of Yoga. Follow her on TwitterFacebook; or on her website.


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The Goddess Every Vinyasa Flow Fan MUST Know


http://www.yogajournal.com/slideshow/goddess-yoga-goddess-every-vinyasa-flow-fan-must-know/

The Goddess Every Vinyasa Flow Fan MUST Know

Sianna Sherman DURGA BLOG Visvamitrasana
Sianna Sherman is on a quest to help every woman discover her inner deity. Deepen your physical, mental, and spiritual practice with knowledge of mythic feminine power through this blog series and Sianna’s four-session Goddess Yoga Project online course. Be the first to know when it launches. Sign up now and join @yogajournal and @siannasherman using #YJGoddessProject to create an inspiring female collective, sharing experiences in real time.

Durga means “fortress” and “the one who takes us through difficulties.” The warrior goddess of strength, protection, and courage, she is the revolutionary force within our being that initiates massive change and compels us forward in our own spiritual evolution. Her battle cry unleashes our innermost desire to grow and take responsibility for our lives. No challenge is too big for this blazing goddess, who rides a lion or tiger into battle wielding multiple weapons to slay the demons of self-doubt and unworthiness. No matter how many times the demons shape-shift or try to seduce her with false promises, she never wavers in her commitment to transform every part of the Self.

How to Use Durga’s Teachings

Durga is the force of revolution both inwardly and outwardly. Her key teachings are to never doubt your own power, to stand firmly in your truth, and to call forth your fearless heart. Invoke her in times of difficulty, when you’re struggling to make a decision or to act with the highest integrity. Call on her presence when you want to take a stand for justice and refuse to hide your feminine power. Tap her power and teachings when you need ultimate strength from within during life changes.

READ MORE What Is Goddess Yoga?

3 Ways to Invoke Durga in a Vinyasa Flow

As much as Durga supports you through life changes off the mat, she can also support you on it. She exemplifies pure grace under pressure. Summon her strength, the steady eye in the middle of the storm and the anchor at the center of the flow, to invigorate your vinyasa.

  • 1. Power up your flow with Tiger Paws.

    1. Power up your flow with Tiger Paws.

    Invoke Durga each time you vinyasa. As you jump and float from one pose to the next, come onto your fingertips, clawing them with strength into the Earth, like Tiger Paws.

    See also How Cupcake Hands Saved My Vinyasa

  • 2. Connect to Durga through the steady strength of the breath.

    2. Connect to Durga through the steady strength of the breath.

    Durga’s essence is the breath inside the breath, the unwavering awareness between poses and through the transitions of life. Stay connected to your breath when the flow gets intense and dedicate your practice to personal transformation that serves the greater community.

    Also watch Vinyasa Yoga: Tips on Alignment + Breath

  • 3. Call on Durga in Goddess Pose.

    3. Call on Durga in Goddess Pose.

    1. Come to stand in Goddess Pose.
    2. Call on Durga by saying her name out loud.
    3. Now begin this visualization exercise:
    You are riding a lion into the great victory of your life. Embrace the goddess and ask her to show you the truth of any situation that currently feels confusing to you. Ask her to send you allies to stand by your side and help you through any difficult circumstances. Visualize wild cats walking on each side of you. Ask for unwavering confidence in your own truth and the courage to follow through with actions in the world that reflect your highest knowing. Durga always perseveres and rises within to meet any obstacle with fierce love. Know you are held in the fortress of grace.

    Also see Guided Meditations

  • About Sianna Sherman

    About Sianna Sherman

    Sianna Sherman is creator of the Goddess Yoga Project in partnership with Yoga Journal. She is the founder of Mythic Flow Yoga, a unique style of alignment-focused asana informed by ancient wisdom and myths. She leads teacher trainings and retreats around the world..

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Anatomy 101: Strengthen Your Big Toes to Build Stability


http://www.yogajournal.com/slideshow/anatomy-101-strengthen-big-toes-build-stability/

Anatomy 101: Strengthen Your Big Toes to Build Stability

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Sometimes the smallest adjustment makes all the 
difference in how comfortable and stable you feel 
in a yoga pose. Consider your big toes, for example. 
You may think they function unconsciously, especially during tasks such as balancing on one foot. But paying more attention to, and adjusting, your big toes during asana practice can revolutionize your alignment and balance, instilling a calming sense 
of groundedness. For instance, the next time 
you are in Uttanasana (Standing Forward Bend), notice where the weight in your feet is. Many of us practice with our hips 
back and our weight in our heels. 
This prevents you from stacking 
your bones in a way that allows you to stabilize, and could strain your hamstring attachments at the pelvis. But a simple, mindful big-toe adjustment can create stability in the bones, ligaments, and muscles of the feet, enhancing the mind-body connection and creating a secure foundation for safe and comfortably aligned poses.

So how does the anatomy work? Muscles in your big 
toes support the ligaments 
and bones that make up 
your arches. Healthy arches 
(as opposed to fallen ones) 
act like shock absorbers, transmitting kinetic forces, or the forces of motion, up through the ankles to the knees and up the kinetic chain of the body, potentially causing issues with alignment, joint health, and muscle strength. For example, weak big-toe flexors, the muscles that bend the toe, may change the strength and effectiveness of your largest glute muscle, gluteus maximus. And the glute max is critical in supporting most poses. For the big-toe muscles to do their job well, protecting your body from impact and instability, they need to be dynamically stable, meaning they should respond to shifts in movement, weight, and balance.

The good news is that you can train your big toes. In a pose like Standing Forward Bend, evenly press the fleshy part of the big toes into the mat. Do not grip 
the toes; instead, imagine you are gently pressing a button with them. This button-pressing action can strengthen the big-toe flexors to awaken the kinetic chain of 
muscles on the back of the leg and bring the hips into alignment above the ankles. After you strengthen your big-toe flexors, you’ll want to stretch them using poses like Chaturanga Dandasana (Four-Limbed Staff Pose) and Adho Mukha Svanasana (Downward-
Facing Dog Pose). Both stretching and strengthening exercises are needed to maintain dynamic stability in the toes.

Getting more familiar with the anatomical structures in the soles of the feet, also called the plantar surface, will help refine your awareness of how to engage the big toes. Your big toe is comprised of two joints: The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint connects the long bone (metatarsal) of the front of the foot with the first bone in the big toe (phalanx). It forms the mound at the base of the sole of the big toe. The interphalangeal (IP) joint is the big-toe knuckle. Capsules (ligamentous sacs that enclose joints) and ligaments cover and cross both joints, providing static stability.

Finally, let’s look at how these joints move. Flexing your big toe is governed by two muscles: the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) and the flexor hallucis brevis (FHB). They are assisted by the abductor and adductor hallucis muscles. The FHL originates in the deepest part of the back of the lower leg, under the calf, and connects via tendon around the bottom of the foot to the base of the IP joint. The FHB flexes the MTP joint. All of these muscles support your arches. Lightly pressing down with the big toe maintains stability in the MTP joint and activates the kinetic chain of muscles from the soles of the feet to the hamstrings and glutes. While you can’t change the ligaments, capsules, and bones consciously, you can work on moving the muscles to build strength and stability in standing balance poses.

See also Anatomy 101: Understand Your Quadratus Lumborums (QLs)

4 Poses to Tap Your Toes’ Power

Try the yoga postures below for building strength and mobility in the muscles supporting the big toes, 
then observe the shifts in your perception of feeling rooted and balanced.

  • Standing Forward Bend, variation

    Standing Forward Bend, variation

    Uttanasana

    From Tadasana (Mountain Pose), inhale to lengthen your spine, then exhale to hinge from the hips to fold. When the pelvis drifts back in this pose in yoga class, the teacher often will come by and gently push it forward to align the legs perpendicular to the floor. When the teacher walks away, the pelvis tends to drift back again. Correct this yourself by gently pressing the fleshy part of the big toes into the mat, which can help bring your femurs into a more upright position over your ankles. Then press the outside edges of your feet into the mat to activate your arches. You should feel grounded. Hold for 5 to 10 breaths before returning to Mountain Pose.

    See also Anatomy 101: Understand Your Pectoralis Minor

  • Chair Pose, or Fierce Pose

    Chair Pose, or Fierce Pose

    Utkatasana

    With your big toes together and heels slightly apart, inhale to extend your arms along your ears and bend your knees, lowering your glutes into Chair Pose. Press the fleshy part of the big toes down, then add the outer edges of the feet to balance the arches. Work your way up the body, pressing the knees together (all while holding the action in the feet), then engage the buttocks. Note how this connects the big toes to the core, through the kinetic chain of muscles and fascia, or connective tissue, from the soles of your feet through the back of the legs. Hold for 5 breaths.

    See also Anatomy 101: Understand + Prevent Hamstring Injury

  • Extended Hand-to- Big-Toe Pose

    Extended Hand-to- Big-Toe Pose

    Utthita Hasta
Padangusthasana

    Stand in Mountain Pose. 
Balancing on your left foot, 
elevate your right knee. Wrap your 
right index and middle fingers around the 
right big toe and actively flex your toe against 
your fingers as you slowly work to straighten 
your leg. Bring your awareness to the connection of your right big-toe flexor’s origin on the back of the lower right leg. This pose actively strengthens and stretches your big-toe muscles. Hold for at 
least 5 breaths before switching sides.

    See also Anatomy 101: Understanding Your Sacroiliac Joint

  • Four-Limbed Staff Pose

    Four-Limbed Staff Pose

    Chaturanga Dandasana

    This is a counterpose to stretch the toe flexors, especially the FHB. Come to Plank Pose and slowly lower down, making sure your elbows are over your wrists, your upper arms are parallel to the floor, and that your shoulders don’t dip lower than your elbows. Reach back through the heels and make sure you are stacking them over your toes, and that your toes are curled under. Then press your big toes down to rock forward, loading the stretch. Go slowly, and if you experience pain in the MTP joint, back off a bit. Hold for 5 breaths before releasing.

    See also Anatomy 101: 8 Poses to Strengthen Your Wrists + Prevent Injury

  • About Our Pros

    About Our Pros

    Teacher Ray Long, MD, is an orthopedic surgeon in Detroit and the founder of Bandha Yoga, a website and book series dedicated to the anatomy of yoga. He trained extensively with B.K.S. 
Iyengar.

    Model Nicole Wienholt is a 
Boulder, Colorado–based yoga teacher and the co-founder of Yoga Pod, a national chain of studios.

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Iyengar Yoga 101: Stomach-Turning Pose (aka Can’t-Fail Core Work)


http://www.yogajournal.com/video/advanced-videos/iyengar-yoga-101-stomach-turning-pose-core-work/

Iyengar Yoga 101: Stomach-Turning Pose (aka Can’t-Fail Core Work)

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Senior Intermediate Iyengar teacher Carrie Owerko knows how to find the surprisingly fun angles and elements of Iyengar Yoga. Owerko has partnered with Yoga Journal to bring you a six-week interactive online course in which she’ll share playful ways to use props and apply Iyengar principles and wisdom to your practice and life off the mat. Sign up now for a fun, creative journey that will profoundly deepen and transform your approach to yoga and perspective on BKS Iyengar’s unique method.

One of the secrets to strength in Iyengar Yoga is the principle that we always try to move from the periphery to the core, the core to the periphery. Meaning we are always moving our awareness and effort from the body to the mind, the mind to the body in an effort to find balance and radiance. Try this surprisingly effective—and challenging—Iyengar-inspired core exercise for endurance and stability, physically and mentally.

About Our Expert
Carrie Owerko is a Senior Intermediate Iyengar teacher based in New York City. She continues her studies with the Iyengar family by traveling to India on a regular basis, as well as by continuous in-depth studies with her yoga teacher, Patricia Walden. Before studying yoga, Carrie earned a BFA in dance and theater and became a Certified Movement Analyst. Curiosity, openness, and affection are of utmost importance in her approach to Iyengar Yoga, as is the integration of science, yoga philosophy, and poetic imagination. Most importantly, she loves to explore the relationship of discipline and playfulness and is a firm believer in the power of controlled folly. Learn more at carrieowerko.com

 

8 Myths That May Be Keeping You from Practicing Yoga


http://www.yogajournal.com/beginners/8-myths-may-keeping-practicing-yoga/

8 Myths That May Be Keeping You from Practicing Yoga

As yoga keeps growing, so do the misconceptions about it. Here, YJ LIVE! presenter Stephanie Snyder sets the record straight on 8 myths that may be getting between you and your yoga bliss.

The good news is that yoga has exploded in the US and Europe and more people than ever are dipping into the practice. The bad news is all the misinformation out there that can be at best confusing and at worst a big turnoff for some folks who would otherwise really love and benefit from the practice. Here are a few of my faves.

Myth 1: You’re not flexible enough to do yoga.

This is my all-time favorite myth and as a yoga teacher one that I hear often. Saying you are too stiff to do yoga is like saying you’re too sick to go to the doctor. Stiffness leads to lots of aches and pains. I’m not saying it will be easy, but I can promise that a healthy range of motion throughout the body will reduce your aches and pains today and down the road. Just keep your sense of humor handy.

See also Fascia: The Flexibility Factor You’re Probably Missing on the Mat

Myth 2: You need a certain diet, body type, outfit…

Nope, not at all. Yoga is inclusive and can meet you where you are—there are no prerequisites. A byproduct of yoga may be better physical, mental health and well-being, but I assure you that it is not required to start. I was a train wreck when I began yoga and over 20 years later I’m still at it (and hopefully less of a wreck). The best thing about yoga is that you can come as you are and let the practice tend to you in the most generous way.

Myth 3: Yoga is religious.

Yoga is not a religion. Yoga is a philosophy. Do some people engage in yoga religiously? Yep, but there is no dogma or required belief system in yoga. The philosophy is meant to engage you in asking important questions, gaining insight, and making your own informed choices.

See also Yoga As a Religion?

STEPHANIE SNYDER STANDING BACKBEND

Myth 4: Yoga is just for relaxing.

Yoga is an eight-fold path that actually requires a pretty disciplined effort. Relaxation and stress reduction is a wonderful byproduct of a focused practice whether that is asana (poses), pranayama (breath), or meditation.

Myth 5: Yoga is only for women.

When I first started teaching vinyasa yoga, it was about 20 percent men. These days most of my classes are closer to 40 percent men. I love the guy who comes into his first class a skeptic and leaves a sweaty, blissed-out convert. Yoga creates flexibility, builds strength and refines your ability to focus. Don’t take my word for it look at all of the male superstar athletes like Shaquille O’Neal, LeBron James, Ray Lewis, Victor Cruz and Kevin Love (just to name a few) touting its benefits.

See also Yoga for Men: Why More Guys Should Be Practicing Yoga

Myth 6: I’m too busy to do yoga.

Again the too-sick-to-go-the-doctor analogy applies, except maybe even more here. These days you can get very high-quality yoga online in formats that range from 15–90 minutes. You can do yoga in the comfort of your home through Yoga Journal’s online courses or other sites like YogaGlo.com and Gaia.com. Add in the efficiency of getting to check off all of these boxes: fitness, stress relief, and skillful focus all in one session. Try just 20 minutes a day and observe the return on that investment. I promise you will be pleasantly surprised.

Myth 7: I’m not young or fit enough to do yoga.

I know lots of folks who started practicing at 50 or over 60. It’s not only a great healthy choice but also provides community and positive social benefits that may surprise you. You are only as old as your thoughts—and yoga can positively affect those too, so get yourself into a class with a great teacher and have some fun.

Myth 8: I’m injured—I can’t do yoga.

Au contraire. I have had many students, who come to yoga while they’re recuperating from an injury and displaced from their regular form of exercise. Those who first try yoga as a means of rehab, typically stick with it because it not only helps them heal but can also help prevent future injury.

See also Stephanie Snyder’s Chakra Tune-Up

About our Expert
Snyder_Stephanie_02_4c_370x370Stephanie Snyder combines creative vinyasa sequencing with concise alignment and traditional philosophy. She is the creator of the Yoga Journal DVD Yoga for Strength and Toning and offers classes online, as well as workshops and teacher trainings in San Francisco and around the world. As a founding board member of the national nonprofit organization Headstand, Stephanie is an advocate and community contributor who works to bring yoga and mindfulness to at-risk youth. Featured in many publications worldwide, she is ever grateful for the gifts of the practice.


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Vale das Sobreiras Hotel by Future Architecture Thinking


http://www.caandesign.com/vale-das-sobreiras-hotel-by-future-architecture-thinking/

Vale das Sobreiras Hotel by Future Architecture Thinking

Architects: Future Architecture Thinking
Location: Grândola, Portugal
Year: 2015
Area: 23,412 sqft / 2,175 sqm
Photo courtesy: João Morgado
Description:

Vale das Sobreiras Hotel is a traveler office that values the country setting where it has a place and takes it has a topic. In this way, one of its fundamental concerns is the site’s safeguarding and the endeavor of making the most out of it. Furthermore, it has the target of making, in a basic and contemporary vibe, an agreeable and entirely put for the field’s delight.

 

Vale-das-Sobreiras-Hotel-by-Future-Architecture-Thinking-01

The straightforwardness guided the mediation to be:

– as slightest intrusive as could be allowed. We softened the development up different volumes that are upheld by auxiliary components. These volumes introduction is considered to exploit the most ideal sun presentation and the best perspectives.

Vale-das-Sobreiras-Hotel-by-Future-Architecture-Thinking-02

– the most retentive as could be expected under the circumstances of the surroundings, in this way the inside spaces are opened to the outside and are stretched out to outside territories.

Vale-das-Sobreiras-Hotel-by-Future-Architecture-Thinking-03

The inn contains seven volumes – spread by a just floor, including an open region, a staff zone and the rooms.

Vale-das-Sobreiras-Hotel-by-Future-Architecture-Thinking-04

The volumetric sythesis depended on a blend of a module that looks like the customary picture of a house – a rectangular arrangement with a slanting rooftop – thus spoke to by an unadulterated crystal.

Vale-das-Sobreiras-Hotel-by-Future-Architecture-Thinking-05

This module has different size forms and is joined by an open air way.

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Thank you for reading this article!

 

Blue Ridge Drive Residence in Cedar Hill, Texas by Norman D. Ward architect


http://www.caandesign.com/blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect/

Blue Ridge Drive Residence in Cedar Hill, Texas by Norman D. Ward architect

Architects: Norman D. Ward architect
Location: Cedar Hill, Texas, USA
Year: 2015
Photo courtesy: Charles Davis Smith

blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-01blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-02blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-03blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-04blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-05blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-06blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-07blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-08blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-09blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-10blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-11blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-12blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-13blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-14blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-15blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-16blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-17blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-18blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-19blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-20blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-21blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-22blue-ridge-drive-residence-cedar-hill-texas-norman-d-ward-architect-23

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Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects


http://www.caandesign.com/leschi-dearborn-house-in-seattle-by-jw-architects/

Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects

Architects: JW Architects
Location: Seattle, Washington, USA
Year: 2015
Area: 3,127 sqft / 291 sqm
Photo courtesy: Lara Swimmer
Description:

This house is intended to express northwest local cedar proceeding from the back to front. The structure of the living region additionally streams easily from the outside to the inside. The substantial kitchen with far reaching island is perfect for exciting. This home components ageless materials to guarantee that it ages nimbly. The deck reaches out over the whole of the rooftop and gives clearing perspectives of Lake Washington and both Mount Rainier and Mount Baker.

Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-01Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-02Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-03Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-04Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-05Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-06Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-07Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-08Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-09Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-10Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-11Leschi Dearborn House in Seattle by JW Architects-12

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學測滿級分竟然落榜? | 想想論壇


【昨日想想】2016/7/7

為了「個人申請」、「繁星推薦」等入學考試,高中生必須提早了解各個科系的特色,好因應準備審查資料、口試的需求。雖然,多元入學選才制度已有極大的轉變,然而許多學生,尤其是同學的師長們,準備大學入學的心態,仍停留在「聯考時代」。一致的想法就是把學測分數「衝高」,等到拿到成績單再來決定要填哪些學校和科系,距離報名選填志願不過短短一個月,從決定到準備資料,當然時間緊迫

學測滿級分竟然落榜? | 想想論壇
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/5590

【更多想想】
大學個人申請的弔詭現象,不斷上演中! | 想想論壇
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/4004
【學與業壯遊】 教改潰敗二十年,從未深究檢討大考中心 | 想想論壇
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/4073
對教育體制有感的學測考生 | 想想論壇
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/5708

【大學問想想】學測滿級分竟然落榜?

人氣指數: 9088
友善列印版本

2016年大學招生放榜,一名學測考了65級分的考生,以繁星推薦錄取中國醫藥大學醫學系。然而,這年有八位學測滿級分(註一)的考生,卻沒拿到個人申請的分發入學資格。

許多經歷聯考時代洗禮的「大人們」,看到這份榜單,直覺反應便是「多元入學不公平,分數高的竟然落榜,還是改回聯考公平。」全國12所醫學系,每年招生人數不過1200名左右,錄取率佔全體考生不到1%,考上醫學系的,絕對是成績最頂尖的佼佼者。

64級分以成績表現來說,只能算「中上」,透過繁星錄取醫學系,的確挑戰既有的價值觀。逐一檢視各大醫學系在「個人申請」、「繁星推薦」的學測級分在甄選成績比重的占比,最多僅40%,台大醫學系個人申請錄取的學測級分比例甚至為「0」。如此訂定入學標準的背後思維,即是學測級分代表高中學力達標的基本門檻。

105醫學院個人申請成績(圖片來源:作者提供)

學測只是資格考

學測改採「級分制」,試圖打破聯考時代分分必較的壓力,畢竟選擇題、填充題多對一題,難以區別學生程度差異。加上中學之前,台灣的學校課程包括國、英、數、物理、化學、歷史、地理等等,都是訓練抽象思考的基本學科,多大學科系對高中生而言,都是全新的學習挑戰。因此,透過學測檢定「基本學力」,再來以「面試」、「口試」、「審查資料」,甚至其他「專業筆試」,讓大學篩選出,基本學力在各系設定的學測門檻標準之上的學生,究竟哪些才是最適合入學的人。

為了「個人申請」、「繁星推薦」等入學考試,高中生必須提早了解各個科系的特色,好因應準備審查資料、口試的需求。雖然,多元入學選才制度已有極大的轉變,然而許多學生,尤其是同學的師長們,準備大學入學的心態,仍停留在「聯考時代」。一致的想法就是把學測分數「衝高」,等到拿到成績單再來決定要填哪些學校和科系,距離報名選填志願不過短短一個月,從決定到準備資料,當然時間緊迫。因此,坊間出現許多代為製作「審查資料」,訓練「面試」的補習班。如此一來,多元入學當然成了多錢入學的代名詞。

私中入學人數爆增

在高中輔導課程規劃中,包括學習地圖、生涯探索及大學科系、入學管道介紹等等,都是高中在校期間的必修課程。然而,城鄉差距、輔導師資不足、家長觀念扭轉不易等因素,能夠體會生涯規劃發展重要性的高中生不多。

當個人申請、繁星推薦等管道逐年增加招生名額,同時跟聯考一樣單以考試成績作為錄取標準的指考人數不斷減少之際,社會各界對於多元入學的好感度仍然不足。

大學針對不同管道入學的學生,進行的學習成效分析比較,在在顯示,入學後平均表現較優的學生依序為「繁星」﹥「個人申請」﹥「指考」,雖然數字已經說話,未因此說服所有人,多元入學之於大學選才的優點。

於是,學測放榜後,北中南多家私校滿級分的人數創新高,卻有公立名校滿級分人數掛零,而遭受外界抨擊「辦學不力」。許多家長因而「恐慌」,急著把孩子送進私中,這兩年,也見到私立國中入學考試人數大爆炸。家長擔心,公立學校「不管小孩念書」,只放著學生玩社團。

教育學會生存能力

近年也見到私立高中標榜的「菁英班」、「升學班」,在校時間不斷拉長,晚上6、7點晚自習離校後,又往補習班報到,回到家往往10點之後,造成白天上課精神不濟的惡性循環,只好靠補習加強成績。

台中市的水利大樓,該大樓是台中的補習班集中處之一(圖片來源:由Yoxem,創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0)

賣座電影《那些年,我們一起追的女孩》、《我的少女時代》,描寫的都是導演高中的青春往事,深烙記憶中的美好回憶,多為少年同儕聚在一起探索生命的蠢事。

基本學力養成,當然是未來學習能力的基礎,只有學科成績好,不足應付未來生命挑戰。像是捷運殺人事件的鄭捷,當年學測考了63級分,成績足以考上政大等國立大學,算是優等生,成績好並不保證生命一定是一片坦途。受教育的目的很簡單,就是為了學會「生存能力」,選擇自己適合的路,既然入學管道已經開啟多元選擇方式,何不搞懂遊戲規則,而非留在分分計較的窠臼裡。

註1:學測考試國、英、數、社會、自然等5科,每科滿級分15級分,全部滿分75級分

 

 

【女人想想】性別司法改革路遙迢?|紀惠容


勵馨的社工每每在陪同婦女出席法庭後,氣憤填胸,無法言語,療傷策略就是收集恐龍法官語錄。諸如,對性受害者詢問:「你是處女嗎?」、「妳交過幾個男朋友?」、「你的牛仔褲還真好脫?」、「你和男朋友的照片很親密啊,他怎麼會強暴你?」。對提出離婚訴訟的婦女教訓說,「女人就是在家好好帶孩子」、「你有能力養孩子?」。對受暴婦女說,「你為什麼不逃?」、「你為什麼沒有求救?」,還有更多,以上僅是鳳毛麟角之一。

【女人想想】性別司法改革路遙迢?|紀惠容

http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6041

【女人想想】性別司法改革路遙迢?

人氣指數: 400
友善列印版本

台灣的婦女朋友,尤其是性/別暴力受害者,真的可以在司法中找回正義嗎?

事實上,台灣的婦女朋友經常陷在司法性別盲的黑洞裡。勵馨基金會所服務的受性/別暴力的婦女朋友,在司法焦土戰中,常被性別盲、性別歧視、性別偏見的執法人員羞辱,或拿到啼笑皆非的判決書,真的是氣死驗無傷,甭談司法正義了。

舉個性別盲判例,有法官對夫妻間的性暴力無視刑法第229條之一標舉,即便是夫妻,一旦違反配偶的意願、侵害她/他的性自主權,就是強暴。居然在判決書中大剌剌出現「然食色性也,男子發洩性慾,乃是正常男人生理現象,妻子知之甚詳,若妻故意違背同居義務,拒絕與夫共營性生活,則夫如何發洩性慾?」因而認定,這僅是合法婚姻關係存續中,屬於婚姻內涵的性關係,判定妨害性自主罪不成立,枉顧妻子在婚姻關係中的性傷害與身體自主權。

苗栗地方法院家暴服務處與家事服務中心聯合服務櫃檯(圖片來源:勵馨基金會)

司法改革基金會在服務申訴案件中,也發現民眾反應最多、感覺受到二次傷害的,就是法官或檢察官態度不佳,尤以性別歧視居多。

勵馨的社工每每在陪同婦女出席法庭後,氣憤填胸,無法言語,療傷策略就是收集恐龍法官語錄。諸如,對性受害者詢問:「你是處女嗎?」、「妳交過幾個男朋友?」、「你的牛仔褲還真好脫?」、「你和男朋友的照片很親密啊,他怎麼會強暴你?」。對提出離婚訴訟的婦女教訓說,「女人就是在家好好帶孩子」、「你有能力養孩子?」。對受暴婦女說,「你為什麼不逃?」、「你為什麼沒有求救?」,還有更多,以上僅是鳳毛麟角之一。

面對婦女的各種受暴弱勢處境,尤其是強暴與親密關係性暴力,台灣的執法人員普遍缺乏敏感度與性別意識,一堆性別盲、性別偏見、性別歧視的法官與檢察官,有怎會有司法正義?

苗栗地方法院家事庭(圖片來源:勵馨基金會)

台灣的司法體系看似性別中立,其實是建構於父權結構之上,以男性觀點為中心,忽略女性的經驗與需求。例如,在性侵和家暴受害者中,女性約占八成,但女性受害的陰影與恐懼經驗,卻不易被看到與理解,執法人員也無視造成婦女受害的性別結構因素,以上紀錄的恐龍問話就不令人訝異了,若再進一步檢視執法系統,就會發現它難以提供足夠的協助、或照顧到婦女的安全與感受。

又,台灣的家事法庭每年處理15萬件的法律訴訟案件,案件量極大,卻處於分配審理資源的邊緣、不受重視,未設管考標準。另外,家調官、家事法官、相關專業人員(如調解委員、程序監理人)配置不足,他們對婚姻家庭的平權意識也亟待加強,這也難怪勵馨所服務的婦女朋友,非常害怕進入司法系統,無法信任司任系統,這只是徒增民怨而已。

新北地院家暴服務處十週年活動「家好月圓」(圖片來源:勵馨基金會)此時,適總統府即將舉辦司法改革國是會議,性別司法改革可以被看到嗎?我們認為,司法系統急需推動「性別主流化」,讓性別意識與觀點融入政策思考、制定與執行,將不同性別所關心的事務與經驗同等納入考量,才能確保不同性別同等受益。

1995年聯合國正式以「性別主流化」作為各國達成性別平等之全球性策略,以達成CEDAW中消除對婦女一切形式歧視的目標。我國於十年後,2005年也開始推動性別主流化工作,目前,行政院各部會分階段逐步落實性別主流化政策。然而,司法系統中對於性別主流化進度極其緩慢。

司法改革應該運用性別主流化六大工具,包括性別意識培力、性別平等機制、性別統計、性別分析、性別預算、性別影響評估,來檢視司法系統各個面向,性別司法改革才會有曙光,也才能贏得人民的信任。

 

當國文作文遇上英文|西區老二


題目的規定就是法律,立法者訂出來就意味著大家都要守法,連立法者自己和出題者也不例外,要依照潛規則或想當然爾來做事的話就不需要法律了。而大考中心自己題目不規定清楚,亦即缺乏該科扣分的法源,考生依照你的題意作答憑什麼不給分,應該是要檢討出題漏洞避免再度發生類似情形才對吧?能看出題目破綻的考生,意味著是在可能的文義範圍內,依據合理的邏輯推論結果,尋求最有利或擁有最大自由度的解釋,具備這樣的解讀能力,其實已經證明他的國文能力很好。

當國文作文遇上英文|西區老二

http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6042

當國文作文遇上英文

人氣指數: 169
友善列印版本

甫落幕的「106學年度大學入學學科能力測驗」國文考科作文題,出現有考生全篇以英文作答,引發爭議;先是媒體傳出國文科閱卷召集人、台師大國文系教授顏瑞芳表示,「題目沒有特別要求用中文寫作,但這畢竟是國文科,全篇用英文寫,這麼多年來也是第一次發現。要由大考中心開會討論如何給分,幫忙翻成中文也是可能的選項。」繼而大考中心更正說法,處長黃璀娟指出,國文考科就是考驗考生的國語文能力,而非選擇題也是,考生必須用「國語文」作答,而在今年的大學學科能力測驗簡章中,就名列相關「試場規則及違規處理辦法」,其中第13條就寫明,不得「作任何與答案無關之文字符號」,輕者扣1級分,視情況得加重扣分,甚至扣減該科全部成績。

這兩種做法都不甚妥當。首先,以英文寫符合題意的作文並不構成「試場規則及違規處理辦法」第13條所稱之「作任何與答案無關之文字符號」,大考中心不應對其訂定之規則採取錯誤、扭曲的解釋及適用。第二,經由他人翻譯再予評分的方式也不恰當,基本上如果考生要挑戰題目漏洞,他就要自負改國文科教授不一定看得懂他寫的英文的風險,閱卷老師覺得該給幾分就給幾分。

第三,有鄉民主張如果可以用英文寫國文作文,那他也要用國文寫英文作文,但根據國文及英文作文考題,很明顯英文科有規定要寫「英文作文」,但國文科沒有,其題幹如下:

國文科

三、引導寫作(占27分)

「有經驗」或「沒經驗」其實各有利弊;是利是弊,是阻力是助力,端看事件的性質、事態的發展或當事人如何看待⋯⋯而定;至於「好經驗」或「壞經驗」,或許也存在著不同的意義與影響。請以「關於經驗的N種思考」為題,結合事例與看法,寫一篇完整的文章,文長不限。

英文科

二、英文作文(占20分)

說明︰1.依提示在「答案卷」上寫一篇英文作文。2.文長至少120個單詞(words)。

提示︰請仔細觀察以下三幅連環圖片的內容,並想像第四幅圖片可能的發展,然後寫出一篇涵蓋每張圖片內容且結局完整的故事。

題目的規定就是法律,立法者訂出來就意味著大家都要守法,連立法者自己和出題者也不例外,要依照潛規則或想當然爾來做事的話就不需要法律了。而大考中心自己題目不規定清楚,亦即缺乏該科扣分的法源,考生依照你的題意作答憑什麼不給分,應該是要檢討出題漏洞避免再度發生類似情形才對吧?能看出題目破綻的考生,意味著是在可能的文義範圍內,依據合理的邏輯推論結果,尋求最有利或擁有最大自由度的解釋,具備這樣的解讀能力,其實已經證明他的國文能力很好。

反觀大考中心命題周延性的不足,暴露出思考和表達不夠嚴謹,這才是真正的國文不及格。更重要的是,姑且撇開「國文」指的是「本國語文」在國家認同上的模糊性不談,它本身在語義上就是一個曖昧的概念,即使明年學測在國文作文題明定以繁體中文寫作,也可以寫出台語、客語、粵語等其他漢語文讀系統的文法,或是例如張愛玲的小說也混用上海話或語法,以及蕭麗紅混用台語的小說也全部都是繁體中文,讀起來就跟我們平常所講的「國語」不同。但若考生能如此純熟靈活的表現「國文」,是否代表其破表的寫作能力能在大考中獲得青睞卻不無疑問。

長久以來,作文評分經常遭受恣意性的質疑,一方面是由於過去國文作為國家認同的形塑道具,意識型態掛帥的思想輸誠凌駕於語文邏輯、美感上的追求與想像;另一方面更根深柢固的問題是,我們的教育系統始終缺乏認真思考我們到底想要學生具備什麼樣的語文能力。

語文是思想的載具,而論理邏輯層次嚴密以及在觀點上具有創意的思考是不分語言的。簡單來說,好的論述能力是從破題、正論、反論到結論的架構中,展現對該主題的批判性或創造性的解讀與表達,否則就像英國推理作家Dorothy L. Sayers所言:A facility for quotation covers the absence of original thought,讓「寫作文」一詞淪為鋪陳名言錦句成語以掩飾思考空洞的負面意義。

Dorothy L. Sayers( 圖片來源:維基共享資源)

從這個角度來看,今年學測作文題目「關於經驗的N種思考」其實是相當有意思的題目,試圖引導學生思考經驗的應用性和侷限性,及如何去學習、利用或突破它等等;用英文寫國文作文,某種程度也是對往往被訴諸經驗而不假思索的「常識」的思考上挑戰,是個相當有趣的啟示。

 

【書摘】台日美中多邊角力間諜奇想冒險小說──《原爆001》|潘志遠


此時美國的航母艦隊正在和日本協同演練,在南海巡航,卻成了甦醒後的生化原爆部隊目標。美軍搶先台灣得知狀況,幾次攔截不果,為了確保太平洋艦隊軍力,徹底殲滅威脅,即刻撤離美軍在台觀察部隊,同時派出隱形轟炸機準備向台東投射核彈⋯⋯

【書摘】台日美中多邊角力間諜奇想冒險小說──《原爆001》|潘志遠

http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6044

【書摘】台日美中多邊角力間諜奇想冒險小說──《原爆001》

人氣指數: 163
友善列印版本

書名:原爆001(link is external)
作者:潘志遠
出版社:大塊文化
出版日期:2017/01/23

《原爆001》書封

書籍簡介:

漢光演習在屏東與台東展開,兩名斥候兵無意間發現了日本殖民時期的極機密生化武器基地舊址,兩人進入後無意間啟動了設備,台灣與美國在台東展開聯合軍事演習,兩名演習中的士兵被派出擔任斥候,為了撿拾丟落的水壺,卻在山谷中發現了一座偽裝成山洞的軍事構築。士兵們想起故早傳說的關於日本軍隊撤退時埋藏的寶藏,還曾經引起此地的挖寶熱,因此懷抱著發財夢大膽潛入山洞。進入山洞之後,兩人攜帶的紅外線器材卻無意中啟動了自二戰結束後便關閉的儀器,從二戰時期因意外被中斷的人體生化實驗被重新接續⋯⋯

因應美國派遣軍事觀察團參與台灣的演習,日本派出密探部隊在台灣偵蒐,美國的中央情報局也有所因應。被派來台灣監控演習的中情局探員李歐,本來以為只是監控的閒差,無意中發現演習部隊附近的蜜蜂有不尋常的突變徵象,為了避免在台美軍觀察團被毒性猛烈的蜜蜂螫傷,李歐開始深入調查,卻逐步捲入這個重新啟動的軸心國秘密生化武器的陰謀之中⋯⋯

此時美國的航母艦隊正在和日本協同演練,在南海巡航,卻成了甦醒後的生化原爆部隊目標。美軍搶先台灣得知狀況,幾次攔截不果,為了確保太平洋艦隊軍力,徹底殲滅威脅,即刻撤離美軍在台觀察部隊,同時派出隱形轟炸機準備向台東投射核彈⋯⋯

內文摘錄:

沿著石階而下,穿過幽深的地道,再推開一道厚實大門後,中川看著山洞內的設施,深深吸了一口氣。白花花的水銀燈、嗡嗡作響的發電機,還有著一大堆他所不知道的木箱和機械器材,中川覺得這山洞裡面透露著一股詭異感。

「搞什麼?」

這一路上中川的心裡雖然一直懷疑著,但是他很清楚這次出任務的目的,簡單來說就是要將這幾個長官口中的「頑劣分子」交給這個不知名的單位,拿到收押條之後,再返回新竹航空兵基地,這樣他就有幾天的假可以回家休息一下。

一群人從洞內深處走出,中川拉拉衣服謹慎地看著眼前的這群人。

「新竹航空兵基地保安士官中川報告。」

中川清清喉嚨對著一位身材粗壯、頭髮花白、身穿大校軍服的軍官行舉手禮報告著。

「嗯,人帶來了嗎?」中島大校簡單回禮後問著中川。

「是的,都在後面。」中川指了指後面擔架。

「帶過來。」中島根本連正眼都不看,逕自轉頭往後喊著:「你們幾個把儀器都推過來,快一點!」

中川點頭示意要班兵將幾個人帶上來,立刻有一群穿戴醫學防護衣的醫護兵推著一堆儀器進入,接手的士兵將阿森及清原等人從擔架抬起後綁到病床上,中川站在一旁不明所以地看著這一切。

「你可以走了。」中島大校拿著蓋好章的收押條看著中川,中川略微遲疑地接過收押條。

中島看一看中川,又轉頭看了一下已經被綁在病床上的航空兵,「還是你想留下來看一下?想看的話就站到一旁去,不要妨礙我們工作。」

中島不待中川回話,冷笑一聲後,接過一旁醫護兵遞過來的醫師袍,披上後便向裡面走去,中川退了一步站到門邊注視著接下來的發展。

原本罩在阿森頭上的黑布套一下子被掀開,幾個醫護兵熟練地替他們綁上口布,強光照射之下,阿森用力吸著氣,他邊吸氣邊略微抬起頭,瞇著眼睛張望四周。

「搞什麼?」

阿森看到在他身旁的幾張病床上除了清原和小川外,另外還躺著山下、崎尾。這幾個人也都是被綁著動彈不得,而基地的中川下士則是遠遠站在一旁抿緊了嘴不發一語。

「渾帳⋯⋯這是哪裡?」

阿森轉著頭繼續觀察,發現自己是在一個山洞之中,白色水銀燈照得他相當不舒服,而消毒水刺鼻的味道更是令人作嘔。

「現在是在醫院嗎?」

阿森猜測著,此時幾雙軍靴發出的腳步聲從山洞深處走來,阿森勉力抬起頭往前看去,只見一個大校帶著幾個西方軍人走近他們身邊。

西方軍人對著跟隨的士兵講了幾句話,阿森聽不懂,似乎是要他們拿什麼東西進來,因為隨後就看到士兵抬出一些金屬甲冑放在一個平台之上,而他們身上的灰卡呢絨大衣、大盤帽和臂上的「卐」字臂章,表明出他們的德意志帝國軍人的身分。

「就是這些人嗎?」一個高鼻金髮的西方人上前仔細的看著這些被綁在病床上的航空兵。

「是的。」中島大校透過傳譯解釋後點點頭。

「這些飛行員的體格不錯啊,應該是你們百中選一的人選吧。」德軍軍官嘲謔地問。

中島大校不等翻譯傳話,對著幾個人說「現在可以進行了嗎?」並且比了個動作。

德軍軍官看著中島也比了個「請」的手勢。

「把東西拿出來。」中島語氣冷靜地吩咐。

「是。」一旁的醫護兵拿出幾瓶針劑,用注射筒抽出後一支支整齊擺放在鐵盤上,冰冷的玻璃注射筒反射出藍冷的光芒,阿森驚懼地看著這一切,他猜想將有不可預測的危險就要在自己和幾個同僚身上發生。

「將他們口中的布條取下。」

中島繼續下令,一個醫護兵上前將阿森等人口中的布條拿掉,阿森喘著氣活動著自己痠痛的下顎。

最後一劑的針劑擺入了鐵盤,此時針劑在注射筒之內變成了詭異的赭紅色。

「報告,準備好了。」

醫護兵對著中島大校喊著。

中島大校伸手邀請德國軍官走上觀禮位置就座後,向著德國軍官點點頭轉身走向眾人,阿森看得出中島大校此時的步伐充滿了驕傲與興奮。

他在床邊踱著步,看著被綁在床上的這幾個人,終於停下來緩緩開口。

「我是中島大校,歡迎你們正式加入『原001』極機密計畫。」

阿森心頭一震。

大校停了一下環顧著眾人。

「『原001』這個計畫在軍部中是絕對機密,全日本帝國中能參與這項計畫的人絕對不會超過十個,你們能參與是你們的光榮。現在起,你們這幾個隊員歸我負責。我知道你們本來都是要執行最後一擊的航空兵,但是從今天起,你們將不必再駕駛零式戰機執行『玉碎任務』。」

阿森詫異地轉頭看著其他同僚,每個人的眼中也都充滿了疑惑。

「神風特攻隊在菲律賓首戰取得光榮成績之後,接下來的任務都不是那麼理想,我們一直沒有辦法給美國航空母艦致命性的一擊。在敵人的進逼之下,現在連東京都十分危險了。」大校看著眾人停頓了一下。

一旁的傳譯不斷將中島大校的話低聲翻譯給德國軍官們,整個山洞中除了發電機的持續聲響外,就是這低聲的口語在其中回響著。

「但是現在,我們的盟友,在帝國科學家的努力之下,已經研發出了最新武器,就是這幾件甲冑。」

中島大校除了用手指著桌上的甲冑外,也和觀禮台上的德國軍官點頭,德國軍官們也坐直身子,微微點頭接受中島大校的致意。

「這邊三件甲冑中,有一件是鈾235,有一件是鈽239,另外一件是高性能炸藥,你們知道這三者結合後會變成什麼嗎?」

中島大校賣著關子,遠處的德國軍官輕咳了一聲。

「告訴你們,這三者結合之後就是原子彈,這就是『原001』極機密計畫。」

中島大校指著甲冑解釋,而眾人則以狐疑的神情互相望著。

「原本原子彈計畫是要針對蘇俄地區使用,但是因為研發成功的時間晚了一步,而這種東西又沒有辦法在歐洲戰場上使用,因為原子彈的殺傷力實在太大了。你們知道嗎?這樣的一顆原子彈就可以消滅太平洋中一整個美國航母艦隊,這就是原子彈的厲害之處。」中島大校語氣激昂滔滔不絕。

「中島大校,請問要我們在這計畫裡做什麼?」阿森開口問道,四周一片沉默地看著中島。

中島大校冷笑一聲,將原本握緊的右手攤開舉高,將手中之物展示給眾人,手掌心裡是一隻已經死掉的昆蟲。

「殺人蜂!」中島大校冷笑一聲轉過身指揮著士兵,「準備開始。」

此時阿森看到大校的佩刀上刻著「七三一」的部隊番號,阿森驚訝地大喊:「你們是七三一部隊。」

這聲大喊讓大校停下動作,他冷冷地回過頭來看著阿森,「是的,我們就是七三一部隊。」

「你們想要幹什麼?」阿森望著以驕傲眼神盯著他的中島大校。

中島停了一下看著山洞上方的天皇玉照,隨後轉回看著床上的五個人。

「你們就要替天皇效力,日本能不能打敗米國,就要看你們了。」

「說清楚,你們究竟要幹什麼?」清原此時大聲問著並且想要掙脫。

「混蛋,幹什麼!」幾個醫護兵使勁壓住了清原。

阿森看著清原又看著中島,清原的疑問也正是阿森想要知道的。

中島不講話,只是伸手將鐵盤中的注射針筒拿起在眼前舉直,他手上微微使勁,只見一滴兩滴的紅色液體從針頭流出慢慢沿著針管往下滴到地上,中島低頭看著地上已經暈開的紅色滴液,他的眼光中充滿驕傲。

「告訴你們,這個成品得來不易。我們在滿洲國不知道對多少支那人進行人體實驗才換來這個結晶。這個東西是從漢方藥材『冬蟲夏草』得來的靈感,它的效果⋯⋯你們等一下就會知道了。先把他們嘴巴堵起來,不然咬到舌頭就麻煩了。」

「不要⋯⋯」話還沒講完,醫護兵俐落地把布條重新塞回阿森等人口中。

中島看著一切就緒後,對著醫護兵撇頭示意,一個醫護兵將針筒舉起,另外有一個醫護兵用橡皮帶將阿森手臂紮緊,其他幾個人分別在手臂和大腿處綁上高壓電源的護帶,一切行動都極為熟練有序。

「動手吧。」中島一聲令下,醫護兵將手上的針劑完全注入了阿森血管之中。

「嗯⋯⋯」阿森一個顫抖,只覺得眼前一片絢爛,五彩繽紛的色相不斷出現。

 

此時其他四個航空兵被注射後,四肢都不斷地抖動抽搐著,中島摸著臉滿意地看著整個過程。

「我的天啊⋯⋯」

一旁的德國軍官睜大眼睛驚訝地看著這一切,門邊的中川一臉不解與不忍的神情。

「你們被打入的是『毒蜂菌』,這是七三一部隊多年人體實驗後終於萃取調配出來的配方,可以讓人體發展出數種殺人蜂的能力。注射後你們會開始蛻化成為人蜂蛹,接著透過高壓電流不斷刺激,經過十二小時的蟄伏期之後,你們就會成為史無前例的毒蜂人特攻隊。」

中島得意洋洋,低下頭來看著瀕臨蛻變的阿森。

「體溫已經降到二十五度!」

醫護兵看著指針錶向中島報告。

「是嘛,很完美啊。準備電源開啟。」

中島看看懷錶對著控制人員下令。

通上電源之後,阿森的皮膚開始角質化,原本光滑的皮膚慢慢出現昆蟲類獨有的細微鱗片。在一陣劇烈抖動後停止動作,只見他躺在床上睜大著眼睛,嘴巴一張一合,一些細絲開始從阿森嘴上布條的縫隙之中流出。

「把他們口中的布拿掉,他們開始吐絲了。快!」中島對著醫護人員下令,幾個人迅速將五個航空兵口中的布條扯掉。只見白色的細絲沿著頸部往下蔓延,阿森開始吐絲結繭。

「殺人蜂是優雅的,而且殺人蜂會完全聽從蜂后的指示,所以你們現在得到的指令就是002和003會穿上原子甲冑,001擔任引爆手。當你們往南中國海找到美國航空母艦的時候,002和003你們先衝入航空母艦,之後001會一起跟著衝進去,並且引爆自己身上的高性能炸藥,達到核分裂需要的能量,完成消滅航空母艦的使命。004和005會擔任你們的護衛手。」

中島大校望著瀕臨蛻變的阿森等人,一一指派他們任務。

「如果這項計畫成功了,我們就會製造更多的毒蜂人反攻米國。請你們放心吧,靖國神社已經有你們的名字了,為天皇犧牲是軍人、也是男人真正的榮耀。」中島堅決的聲音充滿著感情與榮耀。

「啊⋯⋯」阿森的聲音已經不能稱為人聲了,而是變成一種類似昆蟲複合的單鳴聲音,隨著細絲不斷吐出,在外觀上這幾個人都已經被白色的薄膜覆蓋,開始慢慢化為蟲蛹,中島大校滿意地點點頭。

「真是完美啊!」中島大校發出讚嘆。

「這實在太驚人了。」德國軍官小心翼翼地走近看著床上的這幾個「人蜂蛹」,也對這實驗露出驚訝與敬佩的表情,中島大校不自覺的露出得意自滿的笑容。

「這邊還有幾瓶,這幾瓶藥物是?」一個德國軍官好奇的指著桌上幾瓶未開封、填充了藥劑的安瓶。

「這幾瓶是另一種昆蟲的實驗用藥,不過這還沒有百分百的完成,但如果有哪一個航空兵對現在的藥物有不良反應的話,那麼我們就會停止原本的實驗,改用其他藥物來進行測試。」

「如果還是不行呢?」

「還是不行?這點我倒是沒想過。」中島大校笑笑地聳聳肩,右手一揮比了個自信的手勢。

「這些航空兵不都是你們最優秀的人才嗎?你們這樣做值得嗎?」一個德軍軍官提出疑問。

「不對!這些其實都是我們皇軍中比較低劣的飛行員,我們不會拿自己最優秀的航空兵來開玩笑。是吧,中川士官?」中島回答後轉頭以嘲謔的神態看著中川。

中川不回答,右手微微緊握。

「蛻變的成功率有多少?」另一個德軍軍官提出問題。

「這個嘛⋯⋯大家過來一下,我替大家說明。」

中島邀大家往前走到實驗台說明,中川趁著德國人和中島講話的機會往前走到實驗台旁,他看著已經儼然成為蟲蛹的清原,蛹中的清原略有意識、氣若遊絲地張著嘴看著中川。

「救救我⋯⋯中川⋯⋯」中川看著蛹中清原變形的臉,不禁憤怒地握起拳頭。

「我知道了。」中川低語。

中川站直身走向一旁站崗的士兵,忽然搶過士兵的衝鋒槍,拉開槍機對著眾人就是一陣掃射。

中川一邊開槍一邊狂吼:「混蛋!你們把我們航空兵當成什麼了?你們都去死吧!」

山洞之中槍聲劇烈回響,眾人走避不及紛紛中槍倒地,幾個站在門口的士兵趁著混亂往樓梯上逃走。

「不要跑。」中川大喊著拿著衝鋒槍往外追去。

洞穴內一片狼藉,而原本裝著放射性同位素的容器也已經破裂,只見缺口不斷冒出氣體,而輻射紅色警示燈也因此一直閃爍鳴叫著。

「砰砰砰」幾聲槍響從外面樓梯傳了進來。

「真是混蛋!」中川端著衝鋒槍走了進來,口中念念有詞說著。

中川平息了一下,看著這一切皺起了眉頭。

「你們不該這樣對待航空兵的⋯⋯」中川喃喃自語地說著,在講這句話的同時,他已經開始後悔自己一時的衝動。這樣一搞,自己必死無疑。

不過先不管這些了,中川放下槍快步走到清原身邊,看著包覆在繭蛹中的清原不知如何是好。

「清原⋯⋯你還好吧?」中川口氣溫柔地喊著清原,清原掙扎著轉頭看向中川。

關鍵字: 戰爭核彈書評書介小說

 

《 Sarah McLachlan – I Love You 》


《 Sarah McLachlan – I Love You 》

I have a smile
Stretched from ear to ear
To see you walking down the road

We meet at the lights
I stare for a while
The world around disappears

Just you and me
On this island of hope
A breath between us could be miles

Let me surround you
My sea to your shore
Let me be the calm you seek

Oh and every time I’m close to you
There’s too much I can’t say
And you just walk away

And I forgot
To tell you
I love you
And the night’s
Too long
And cold here
Without you
I grieve in my condition
For I cannot find the strength to say I need you so

Oh and every time I’m close to you
There’s too much I can’t say
And you just walk away

And I forgot
To tell you
I love you
And the night’s
Too long
And cold here
Without you

這次,我們終於能找出污染環境的兇手!透明足跡募資計畫正式上線 需要捐款支持,並協助轉貼!


https://thaubing.gcaa.org.tw/?#{“latlng”:[23.619361679019544,121.97021484374999],”zoom”:8,”basemap”:”satellite”,”factory”:{“name”:””,”enabled”:1,”type”:”All”,”poltype”:”All”,”fine”:1,”realtime”:1,”overhead”:0},”airquality”:{“enabled”:1}}

這次,我們終於能找出污染環境的兇手!
透明足跡計畫需要你的支持!

我們常常聽到有人批評大家不關心環保。但大家不是不關心環境污染,而是「不知道要從何關心起」,看到污染除了憤怒不知道能有什麼行動,也不覺得能改變什麼⋯

因此,我們發起了「透明足跡」計畫。

我們建置了【透明足跡】網站,把企業污染環境的數據都載入到這個資料庫,今年初,綠盟揭露了台塑六輕2萬5千筆超標數據消失事件 就是從【透明足跡】網站分析出來的資料。【透明足跡】透過視覺化系統使艱澀的數據更好理解,讓全民都有機會掌握環境問題,並參與監督,檢舉找出真正的環境兇手!

三個你一定要支持透明足跡的理由!

現在是網站建置的第一階段,目前現有的經費,只能打造出這個工具,但面對為未來,我們真的很需要大家的支持,讓計畫持續執行!我們需要大家:

一起支持透明足跡,讓臺灣重回清澈透明的環境吧!
贊助與了解更多,請點擊後方連結 ⇨ https://goo.gl/HB8rCu


觀看透明足跡專案短片

觀看【透明足跡網站】

你的力量很重要!為了保持獨立和公正,不收政府企業贊助的綠盟,會堅持著一貫的拼勁和行動力,擔任起監督的力量, 你的捐款代表的不只是經費上支持,你會成為我們要求政府及企業改善丶那份最強而有力的後盾!

2017/02/16

綠色公民行動聯盟
gcaa.official@gmail.com
TEL: 02-2393-0500 | FAX: 02-2393-0512
100 臺北市中正區羅斯福路二段70號8樓之3

 

《 Sarah McLachlan – I Will Remember You 》


《 Sarah McLachlan – I Will Remember You 》

I will remember you, will you remember me?
Don’t let your life pass you by,
Weep not for the memories
Remember the good times that we had?
I let them slip away from us when things got bad.
How clearly I first saw you smilin’ in the sun
Want to feel your warmth upon me
I want to be the one
I will remember you, will you remember me?
Don’t let your life pass you by
Weep not for the memories
I’m so tired but I can’t sleep
Standin’ on the edge of something much to deep
It’s funny how we feel so much but we cannot say a word
We are screaming inside, but we can’t be heard
I will remember you, will you remember me?
Don’t let your life pass you by
Weep not for the memories
I’m so afraid to love you
But more afraid to lose
Clinging to a past that doesn’t let me choose
Once there was a darkness
Deep and endless night
You gave me everything you had, oh you gave me life
I will remember you, will you remember me?
Don’t let your life pass you by
Weep not for the memories
I will remember you, will you remember me?
Don’t let your life pass you by
Weep not for the memories
Songwriters
MCLACHLAN, SARAH / EGAN, SEAMUS / MERENDA, DAVE
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC, FOX MUSIC, INC.

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

熱潮過後 流浪在高原上的藏獒犬


http://e-info.org.tw/node/202956?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=cdd19b538f-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_02_14&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-cdd19b538f-84956681

熱潮過後 流浪在高原上的藏獒犬

 建立於 2017/02/16

作者:王妍(《中國新聞周刊》英文版編輯記者);翻譯:金豔。

張麗芝(音譯)喜歡狗,但去年8月在青海玉樹旅行時被兩隻狗咬的經歷成了這位上海白領的噩夢。 「我的兩條腿上現在還全是傷疤」張麗芝這樣告訴《中國新聞周刊》。

那天傍晚,張女士正在玉樹縣郊區的藏傳佛教寺廟結古寺遊玩,一隻流浪狗突然朝著她吠叫起來。「我很害怕,過一會兒又來了一隻狗,兩隻一起咬我。」她回憶,「傷口縫了十幾針。」

Article image
藏獒市場的畸形繁榮忽然退去後,數量激增的流浪悍犬已成為青藏高原居民的心頭一患。圖為青藏高原上的玉樹毛莊鄉流浪動物基地。圖片來源:王妍

瘋狂的藏獒炒作

生活在中國西部廣袤山地牧場上的藏民和狗有著親密的關係。游牧家庭一直以來都有飼養藏獒的習慣,這種高原特有的牧羊犬是看家護院、保護牲畜的忠實夥伴。藏獒生性兇猛,體型龐大,有的重達70公斤。

藏獒以忠誠著稱,藏人將之視為家庭成員。圖片來源:Dennis Jarvis。CC BY-SA 2.0

根據西藏民間傳說,把第一顆青稞(西藏地區主食)種子帶到這片高原上的正是一隻藏獒。時至今日,每逢藏歷新年,西藏牧民還是會給家裡的狗準備一碗糌粑(青稞炒麵),以表達他們的感謝之情。

「我們一向把狗當成重要的家庭成員,從來不會把狗賣給別人換錢。實際上,在我們的傳統文化裡,是絕對不允許賣狗的。」玉樹當地的藏民扎西貢保(音譯)說,「但自從90年代末藏獒熱席捲全國,情況就徹底變了。」

扎西貢保說的是當時對藏獒的盲目追捧,導致西藏,尤其是玉樹周邊地區瘋狂繁殖和買賣藏獒。這一熱潮直到前幾年剛開始減退。藏獒熱鼎盛時期,在煤老闆等暴發戶的追捧之下,一些優質純種藏獒每隻售價甚至超過百萬。一時間,到處都有人在搞商業繁育藏獒。

2010年我曾去過玉樹,那裡的鬧市區到處可以看到關在籠子裡的藏獒。那時候當地人說,一隻藏獒的平均市場價格超過20萬元人民幣。根據《三聯生活周刊》2016年6月的一篇報導,2005年前後玉樹當地一些繁育者開始用漏斗給犬隻灌食流質的奶渣或類固醇,使培育出來的犬隻更加高大威猛。一些繁育者為了讓藏獒看起來更粗壯,甚至給它們打矽膠或注水,嚴重危害了犬隻的健康。

但和其他投機市場一樣,2012年起藏獒交易就在經濟放緩和全國反腐敗行動的雙重打擊之下逐漸低迷。

2013年左右,泡沫破滅,藏獒售價驟跌。2015年初,《紐約時報》曾報導約20隻藏獒被塞在卡車裡運往東北地區的一個屠宰場,那裡「一頭藏獒大約值35元,宰殺後會製成火鍋食材、人造革和手套裡襯。」

隨著市場由盛走衰,以及越來越多的游牧家庭在城市安頓下來,藏獒的需求量持續下跌。

「2010年之前,幾乎家家戶戶都花了很多錢來飼養和培育藏獒,但成功的只是少數人,大部分人都虧本了。」扎西貢保解釋說,「一些人把純種藏獒和其他犬種雜交,不僅拉低了藏獒的價值,還造成潛在客戶的流失。」

扎西貢保說,一些雜交犬丟失了藏獒最受珍視的忠誠,甚至會攻擊自己的主人。藏獒的形象因此受到了嚴重損害,大批藏獒被主人和飼養者殘忍地拋棄,淪為流浪狗。

隨著購買者的離場,繁育者也很快減少了。2015年年初青海省藏獒協會秘書長周易告訴新華社,西藏約1/3的獒園已經關門大吉,青海省的藏獒年交易額也從2億多人民幣銳減至不到5000萬。

而由於當地缺乏應對措施,流浪狗數量激增,導致流浪狗襲人事件多發。

民間收容所的無奈

一位內部人士稱玉樹當地政府曾考慮捕殺流浪狗。但藏民篤信宣揚慈悲為懷普度眾生的佛教,因此殺狗遭到了公眾的反對。

為了保護流浪狗不被宰殺,一些村莊還建起了收容站。在囊謙縣毛莊鄉,一座寺廟和村委會共同投資建立了一個佔地5萬多平方米的動物收容站。

記者曾在2016年8月下旬前往毛莊採訪,目睹了通往村子的道路旁有一個露天收容站,裡面有超過1000隻流浪狗。

當地村民才仁勇臧(音譯)說,收容站還沒建起來的時候,那裡到處都是流浪狗,老人孩子都不敢獨自出門。流浪狗的糞便和尿液不僅讓村莊臭不可聞,還威脅著村民的身體健康。當地人總是戰戰兢兢的,生怕遭到流浪狗攻擊。

2016年年初,蘇莽寺籌資40萬元(其中一半由政府出資)建立了這座流浪狗收容站,並號召毛莊鄉家家戶戶都行動起來,幫忙捕捉流浪狗並送進收容站。

「我們建了圍欄、三間狗舍和一些基礎設施,包括從山上引水的管道。」寺廟住持扎西說。47歲的紮西也是毛莊人(這裡的紮西和前文的紮西貢保不是同一人),他們留給村民三天時間把流浪狗送到收容站。「時間一到,我們就不再收容新的流浪狗,以免新加入的犬隻遭到圍攻。」

隨後,寺院出錢聘請當地一名獸醫為母狗絕育,並雇了兩位村民給飢腸轆轆的狗群準備食物。流浪狗的主食是青稞混合物,附近的村民也會送來剩飯剩菜。毛莊鄉只有600戶家庭,但村民們還是儘自己所能時不時地給寺院送去青稞、麵條和酸奶用來餵養流浪狗。住持扎西表示,維持收容所運營和照顧流浪狗的日常開銷非常大,每天至少需要1000元。

除了近期捐贈了1萬公斤的麵粉外,玉樹政府後續沒有再為收容站提供財政支持。扎西透露,2016年非政府環境組織青海省雪境生態宣傳教育與研究中心通過群眾籌資為寺廟募集了1萬元。

除此之外,「照顧1000多隻流浪狗的經濟重擔全落在了蘇莽寺的肩上,」毛莊鄉村民永強(音譯)說。

難以為繼的收容

毛莊鄉建立流浪狗收容站的嘗試在該地區並無先例,雖然據說政府已經在玉樹中心城區附近投資設立了流浪狗收容站,但該消息尚未得到證實。

但毛莊的僧人和村民都知道,流浪狗收容站堅持不了多久。食物短缺,狗群的內鬥,還有大量狗群居導致的難以避免的傳染病,都能壓垮收容站。

「我愛狗,也覺得流浪狗很可憐。但現在的情況很危險,流浪狗會成群結隊地攻擊人類,尤其是小孩。」被流浪狗咬傷的受害者張麗芝(音譯)說,「青海省的流浪狗問題非常嚴重,政府有責任採取更好的管理措施。」

毛莊鄉建立流浪狗收容站。圖片來源:王妍

過去十年間,為了保護毛莊鄉所在的青藏高原三江源地區,中國政府已經耗資數十億人民幣。但關於這筆資金是否有效地保護了當地生態、改善了人民生活,學界的爭辯十分激烈。如果這筆資金中的一部分能夠用於建設永久的流浪狗收容機構,並為之配備獸醫,情況將得到一定的改善。

冬季最低溫度達零下20攝氏度的毛莊收容站裡,流浪狗的生存條件非常惡劣。「希望愛狗人士能來領養一些流浪狗,我們會非常感激他們的善良和幫助,」僧人扎西說。

※ 本文轉載自 中外對話,英文原文請見 thethirdpole.net

 

《 Sarah McLachlan – Sweet Surrender 》


《 Sarah McLachlan – Sweet Surrender 》

It doesn’t mean much
It doesn’t mean anything at all
The life I’ve left behind me
Is a cold room
I’ve crossed the last line
From where I can’t return
Where every step I took in faith
Betrayed me
And led me from my home
Sweet surrender
Is all that I have to give
You take me in
No questions asked
You strip away the ugliness
That surrounds me
Are you an angel
Am I already that gone
I only hope
That I won’t disappoint you
When I’m down here
On my knees
Sweet surrender
Is all that I have to give
Sweet surrender
Is all that I have to give
And I don’t understand
By the touch of your hand
I would be the one to fall
I miss the little things
I miss everything, about you
It doesn’t mean much
It doesn’t mean anything at all
The life I’ve left behind me
Is a cold room
Sweet surrender
Is all that I have to give
Sweet surrender
Is all that I have to give
Songwriters
MCLACHLAN, SARAH
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

風力帶頭衝 再生能源再稱霸美國新發電容量


http://e-info.org.tw/node/202931?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=cdd19b538f-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_02_14&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-cdd19b538f-84956681

風力帶頭衝 再生能源再稱霸美國新發電容量

 建立於 2017/02/16

摘譯自2017年2月13日ENS美國,華盛頓特區報導;姜唯編譯;蔡麗伶審校

去(2016)年,再生能源首次成為全球所有新興電廠的大宗,而美國聯邦能源監管機構資料顯示,去年也是再生能源連續第二年稱霸美國新增發電容量,更加強了這個趨勢。

資料指出,再生能源(包括生質、地熱、水力、太陽能、風力)去年新發電容量總計1萬6124百萬瓦特(MW),比化石燃料和核能總和高61.5%。其實,美國的再生能源佔比一直在增加,2014年就有近半(49.6%)的新增發電容量為再生能源,2015年再生能源更增加1萬2400MW發電容量,是該年度的64.8%。

Everybody Solar(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)
美國幾名工人正在架設太陽能板。圖片來源:Everybody Solar(CC BY-NC-ND 2.0)

風力成綠能贏家 太陽能不遑多讓

根據美國聯邦能源管理委員會(Federal Energy Regulatory Commission,FERC)最新一期「能源基礎建設快訊」,去年天然氣新發電容量為8689 MW、核能1270 MW、石油58 MW、煤45 MW。

2016年新增風力發電容量為7865 MW,太陽能也不遑多讓,新增7748 MW。水力新增314 MW,生質新增197 MW。地熱去年則沒有新增。

美國風電協會的高金(Michael Goggin)指出,風力已經成為美國最大的再生能源,「美國風電發電容量現超過82,000 MW,超過水力發電的8萬MW。」

風力現在是美國第四大電力來源,僅次於天然氣、煤和核能,排名在水力和太陽能之前。

再生能源遭低估 川普政策與現況相悖

提倡永續能源的非政府組織Sun Day Campaign執行董事Ken Bossong說,川普政府獨厚化石燃料發展是錯誤的。

「川普政府專注於發展化石燃料不但對環境而言不負責任,就FERC的資料來看,也是完全搞錯方向。時間證明再生能源才是能讓美國再次偉大的能源。」

Bossong補充,發電容量跟實際產電量所有不同。再生能源的每單位額定容量的發電量,也就是容量因數,往往比化石燃料和核能低。根據美國能源資訊管理局(Energy Information Administration,EIA)的資料,2016年再生能源的運作中發電容量占全國19.17%,但實際產電量佔比為15.2%。

Bossong說,這兩項數據都低估了再生能源的貢獻,因為EIA和FERC都沒有計入小規模的、分散的再生能源來源,像是屋頂太陽能板。

儘管如此,再生能源在過去五年間快速發展,在全國發電容量中的比例創下新高,尤其太陽能和風力,兩者容量相加佔總量10.67%,已經高於核能的9%,更是石油3.79%的三倍。

石油、核能減少中 太陽能漲幅大

燃煤佔全美發電量的24.65%。相形之下,石油、核能和燃煤的發電容量過去五年間都在減少。只有天然氣從2011年的41.6%增加到今天的43.23%。

太陽能是美國成長幅度最大的再生能源。其目前2%的市佔是五年前的12倍,2011年只佔0.17%。

此外,太陽能的發展仍在加速。2016年新增發電容量是2015年的兩倍以上,超越了生質和地熱加總。

Renewables Dominate New U.S. Generating Capacity
WASHINGTON, DC, February 13, 2017 (ENS)

In 2016, for the second year in a row, the majority of new generating capacity installed in the United States came from renewable energy sources, according to the latest issue of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s monthly “Energy Infrastructure Update.”

The report shows that combined newly installed capacity from renewables – biomass, geothermal, hydropower, solar and wind – totaled 16,124 megawatts (MW), or 61.5 percent, surpassing that from fossil fuels and nuclear power combined.

Last year the newly installed capacity from natural gas was 8,689 MW; from nuclear power, 1,270 MW; oil, 58 MW; and coal, 45 MW.

In 2015, renewable sources added 12,400 MW of new generating capacity, or 64.8 percent of the total installed during that year.

Almost half of all new U.S. capacity, 49.6 percent, came from renewables in 2014.

During calendar year 2016, new wind generating capacity grew by 7,865 MW and was nearly matched by new solar generating capacity, 7,748 MW.

There was also 314 MW of new hydropower capacity and 197 MW of new biomass capacity. No new geothermal steam generating capacity was added last year.

Wind power has blown into first place as America’s largest renewable resource, says Michael Goggin of the American Wind Energy Association, an industry group.

“U.S. wind capacity now stands at over 82,000 megawatts, surpassing the 80,000 MW at the nation’s hydropower dams,” he wrote.

Wind energy is now the country’s fourth-largest source of electric capacity, behind natural gas, coal and nuclear energy but ahead of hydroelectric and solar.

Ken Bossong, executive director of the nonprofit Sun Day Campaign, which advocates a sustainable energy future, warns that the Trump administration is making a mistake by concentrating solely on fossil fuel development.

“The focus of the new Trump Administration on fossil fuels is not only environmentally irresponsible but totally wrong-headed in light of the latest FERC data,” said Bossong. “Year-after-year, renewables are proving themselves to be the energy sources making America great again.”

Bossong points out that generating capacity is not the same as actual power generation. Electrical production per megawatt of available capacity, called the capacity factor, for renewables is often lower than that for fossil fuels and nuclear power, he explains.

The total installed operating generating capacity provided by renewables in 2016 is now 19.17 percent of the nation’s total, while actual electrical generation from renewables in 2016 is roughly 15.2 percent, according to the latest U.S. Energy Information Administration, EIA, figures.

Bossong says both of these figures understate renewables’ actual contribution because neither EIA nor FERC fully accounts for all electricity generated by smaller-scale, distributed renewable energy sources such as rooftop solar.

Even so, the rapid growth of renewables, particularly solar and wind, has captured an ever-growing share of the nation’s total generating capacity.

Each of the non-hydro renewables has grown during the past five years and their combined capacity, 10.67 percent, is now greater than that of nuclear power at nine percent, and nearly three times that of oil at 3.79 percent.

Coal generates 24.65 percent of the nation’s power.

By comparison, the shares of U.S. energy capacity provided by oil, nuclear power, and coal have all declined over the past five years.

Only natural gas has experienced growth – from 41.60 percent in 2011 to 43.23 percent today.

Solar has enjoyed the greatest percentage increase of any U.S. energy source. Solar power’s share of the nation’s generating capacity, 2.0 percent, is now nearly 12 times greater than it was five years ago in December 2011 when it was just 0.17 percent.

And, the growth in solar capacity is accelerating. New solar capacity in 2016 more than doubled that added in 2015 and now exceeds that of biomass and geothermal combined.

※ 全文及圖片詳見:ENS

作者

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance’s planet.

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

 

《 Sarah McLachlan – Fallen 》


《 Sarah McLachlan – Fallen 》

Heaven bend to take my hand and lead me through the fire
Be the long awaited answer to a long and painful fight
Truth be told I tried my best
But somewhere along the way, I got caught up in all there was to offer
But the cost was so much more than I could bear

Though I’ve tried,

I’ve fallen
I have sunk so low
I messed up
Better I should know
So don’t come ’round here and
Tell me I told you so
We all begin with good intent
When love was raw and young
We believe that we can change ourselves
The past can be undone
But we carry on our back the burdens time always reveals
In the lonely light of morning
In the wound that would not heal
It’s the bitter taste of losing everything
I’ve held so dear
I’ve fallen
I have sunk so low
I messed up
Better I should know
So don’t come ’round here and
Tell me I told you so

Oh,

Heaven bend to take my hand
I’ve nowhere left to turn
I’m lost to those I thought were friends
To everyone I know
Oh they turn their heads, embarrassed
Pretend that they don’t see
That it’s one miss step, one slip, before you know it
And there doesn’t seem a way to be redeemed

Though I’ve tried,

I’ve fallen
I have sunk so low
I messed up
Better I should know
So don’t come ’round here and
Tell me I told you so
Oh,
I’ve messed up
Better I should know
Don’t come ’round here and
Tell me I told you so
Songwriters
MCLACHLAN, SARAH
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

促汰換烏賊車 空污罰鍰將加重 貨車累犯最高六萬


http://e-info.org.tw/node/202925?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=cdd19b538f-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_02_14&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-cdd19b538f-84956681

促汰換烏賊車 空污罰鍰將加重 貨車累犯最高六萬

 建立於 2017/02/15

本報2017年2月15日台北訊,陳文姿報導

219中南部反空污遊行即將上場,佔移動汙染源大宗的老舊烏賊車汰換不能再等,環保署擬對排放空污超標與累犯的車輛加重罰鍰。今(15)環署召開修正公聽會聽取各方意見。貨車業者表示願意配合,但希望環保署在輔導業者汰舊換新的補助配套實施前,不宜罰的過重、也能給予緩衝期。

目前一、二期的老舊柴油車(1999年7月以前出廠)還有八萬多輛,這些車輛常是空污排放超標的累犯。環保署空保處簡任視察胡明輝表示,環保署預計今年淘汰一萬輛一、二期的老舊柴油車,這項罰鍰標準在聽取大眾意見並檢討修正後將盡快實施,至少年中以前上路。

老舊柴油貨車示意圖,照片來源:網路截圖,拍攝者不詳。

污染愈多罰愈多 且加重累犯罰鍰

環保署今辦理「交通工具排放空氣污染物罰鍰標準」修正草案公聽會,多位汽車貨運公會、貨櫃貨運公會代表均與會出席。

跟以前相比,這次修正主要是增加罰鍰級距,亦即污染排放值如果超過排放標準,則依級距開罰,污染愈多罰得愈多。此外,也增加累犯條款,舉例來說,一年內第三次違反相同條款,則該次罰緩將是三倍。

各項交通工具的單次罰鍰的上限也提高,機車從6,000元增到18,000元、小型車從12,000元增到36,000、大型車從20,000增到60,000。

貨運、貨櫃業者紛紛叫苦,表示車輛老舊通常都是累犯,這樣罰下來會吃不消。空保處表示,罰鍰不是目的、最終是希望業者能加快汰換老舊車輛,在不能汰換前,也要加強車輛保養,寧可花錢維護而不是花錢繳罰鍰。

業者希望補助配套先上路 環署:金額過大、正在努力

業者表示,不是不願換車,但環保署也要提供配套補助。汽車貨車商業同業公會全聯會秘書長趙壽山表示,至目前為止,環保署已經推動二行程汰舊補助、小型車換新補助、電動車補助等,但是卻獨漏大車(貨車、貨櫃車、拖車、客車)補助,並不公平。

胡明輝表示,一台大型貨車300萬,補助太少沒有誘因、估計每台應補助30萬。現在有八萬台一、二期的老舊柴油車等待汰換,換算下來要240億經費,環保署已經在尋求相關經費與配套,如低利貸款等。環保署承諾,會盡量幫業者。

業者反映,希望這套標準不要太快上路,至少等汰換配套措施出來,讓業者有時間配合。

胡明輝說,這周末環保團體就要在高雄、台中舉辦空污大遊行,社會各界都認為空氣品質改善做的不夠好,要求做更多,希望大家能理解。環保署不會只有棒子、沒有蘿蔔、提高罰鍰是一部分、也會盡量提供汰換補助。

環保署已經訂下今年淘汰一萬輛一、二期的老舊柴油車的目標。胡明輝表示,聽取大眾意見並檢討修正後,這項罰鍰標準將盡快實施,至少年中以前上路。

20170215 環保署提高交通空污罰鍰公聽會
環保署擬提高交通空污罰鍰標準,15日辦理公聽會聽取各方意見。攝影:陳文姿。

※ 註:根據行政院環保署104年4月30日「加速淘汰老舊車輛,減少交通空氣污染」簡報資料:全國PM2.5排放占比,移動源占24%,柴油大客車、大貨車分占1.49%、9.52%,合計11.01%,移動源中有46%為柴油大客、貨車貢獻;柴油大客、貨車污染貢獻度(PM2.5)中1~3期柴油大客、貨車占95.47%。

 

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