9 Small Ways You Can Improve Your Fitness For The Year


http://womensrunning.competitor.com/2017/01/health-wellness/9-ways-improve-fitness_70822#FbzO3S0aBzWbRMCZ.97

9 Small Ways You Can Improve Your Fitness For The Year

Originally appeared on Competitor.com

Now that the “New Year, New You” buzz has quieted, it’s time to focus on realistic ways to make lasting, positive impacts to your fitness. Luckily, small changes make a big difference. And it all begins with being honest about what does and doesn’t work for your training style. But it’s also good to try new things! Choose one or two changes at a time and commit to them for at least a month to get an idea of what works for you.

Track workouts

Start by recording your workouts. Seeing your daily, weekly and monthly accomplishments in one place helps you to make sense of progress, or lack thereof, and can expose strengths and weaknesses. It may be as simple as logging miles in your daily calendar or as detailed as creating a spreadsheet to track workouts, sleep, resting heart rate, how you feel and more. The Believe Training Journal by Lauren Fleshman and Roisin McGettigan-Dumas includes plenty of space to track your sweat effort, with room to log weekly and monthly reflections and set goals.

Mix it up

When it comes to fitness, doing the same thing you’ve always done, doesn’t necessarily deliver the same results. In fact, your body is able to adapt to workouts after six to eight weeks, resulting in a training plateau. To keep your body primed, switch up your running routes, vary your pace, add speed drills, hit the track and be sure to treat recovery runs with the respect and slower pace they deserve.

Cross train

As important as it is to mix up your runs, the same applies to workouts. Yes, you love running, but have you considered how fun it would be to augment running with workouts that make you a more balanced athlete? Good options are cycling, swimming and pool running (no joint stress!), working out on an elliptical machine or an ElliptiGO, snowshoeing and Nordic skiing.

Add hills

A training staple for decades, striding it out on hills once or twice a week is an efficient way to improve strength and cardiovascular fitness. As important as they are if you are training for a hilly race, they are also key for helping you to become a more fit runner overall. Choose hill repeats (short runs of one to four minutes uphill, followed by a recovery walk/jog back down the hill), training runs on a route that includes rolling hills or even short, fast, hill sprint repeats to give your running a boost.

Stretch and roll

Stretching and mobility work is essential to staying flexible, which is the secret sauce for making runners less prone to injuries in the long term. The long-hold static stretching you used to do before workouts in high school is best done after your run or throughout the day. Although, if those stretches are still your favorite, a 2012 study review published in the Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine concluded that shorter holds (less than a minute) are fine before exercise. However, dynamic stretching—think high knees, butt kicks and high legs—gets your body warmed up before a run. Rolling is also a necessary evil. Make a post-run date with your foam roller; even five minutes of work will make a big difference. Hitting the yoga mat—for a class, not a nap—one or two times a week is another way to stay limber.

Improving your fitness by adding power to your stride and preventing injury can be as easy as incorporating one to two weight lifting sessions to your weekly training plan. You don’t have to become a dedicated body builder to experience the benefits. Instead focus on a couple quick sessions per week, with heavy weights and low reps to build the most transferable power, according to a 2008 study from the Journal of Applied Physiology.

Hire a coach

If your workouts have become stale, you’re training for a goal race or you aren’t seeing the improvements you think you should, it’s time to hire a coach. No, coaches aren’t just for elite athletes, they are for anyone who wants to get better in their sport—and that means you! Between apps, online coaching programs or meeting with a coach in person, you can tailor the experience to fit your budget and expectations. And if you think “coaching” means top-down mandates and yelling at you from the sidelines, think again. Coaches succeed by helping you succeed and reach your goals—which means lots of open communication, feedback and honesty. Sure, they may push you, but it’s for a reason!

Get a massage

For all you demand from your body, showing it some love is a smart idea. While a relaxing Swedish massage is nice, what you need to help with running fitness is a sports massage. It may not be relaxing, or even enjoyable, but think of it as preventative medicine for your body. “The net physiological effect of routine sports massage is an increase of function and performance, more consistently and on a higher level,” says Shawn Hadley, a cyclist, surfer, skier, hiker and soft tissue rehabilitation specialist based in Aspen, Colo. A skilled masseuse will use elements of active release therapy, stretching and deep tissue massage to identify tight areas and help correct misalignments. (Editor’s tip: wear clothes, ideally exercise clothes, for your appointment.)

Schedule workouts

Consistency is essential when you are striving for improvements in fitness. But when life gets in the way, exercise is often one of the first things to go. Instead of simply squeezing in workouts when you can, add them to your daily calendar, and treat them as a “can’t miss” appointment.

 

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Industrial building transformed into stylish contemporary loft in Shoreditch


http://www.caandesign.com/industrial-building-transformed-stylish-contemporary-loft-shoreditch/

Industrial building transformed into stylish contemporary loft in Shoreditch

Architects: Nomade Architettura Interior Design
Location: Shoreditch, London, England
Year: 2016
Photo courtesy: Simone Furiosi
Description:

“The apartment is the result of the conversion of an industrial building, the loft par excellence, in one of the most fashionable areas of the moment, Shoreditch.

The desire from the beginning was to create a home that let the flavor of the story that had been lived within those walls. An industrial flavor that does not conceal the past, indeed it kept it alive.

The living area occupies the lower part of the loft, with a kitchen, dining area and large double height living room, on which overlooks the sleeping area located on the mezzanine.

The colors and the materials are of a warm palette, enveloping.

A mix between industrial and residential, where the raw wax iron and the large windows play an important role as a binder between the past and the future of the property.

The bathrooms have a retro feel, with cement tiles that characterize the environment connoting a taste that ties in perfectly with the rest of the house.

The owners, a young Italian couple, brought with them memories of their trips, Sundays spent in vintage markets such as Portobello Road, so that the house becomes also a kind of travelogue, where every corner, every detail speaks of their history .

The basement of the house has been converted into a tavern for the parties, with a kitchen and a large dining table, built to host the whole family from Italy for special occasions! The TV area is surrounded by a large sofa, perfect for relaxed Sundays with friends!”

Thank you for reading this article!

 

I would believe only in a god that knows how to dance.


” I would believe only in a god that knows how to dance. ”
– Friedrich Nietzsche

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Rework the Taoist Idea of Yin and Yang for the 3 Tissues of Your Body


http://www.yogajournal.com/article/philosophy/taoist-idea-of-yin-and-yang-3-tissues-of-body/

Rework the Taoist Idea of Yin and Yang for the 3 Tissues of Your Body

Not all tissues are the same. Some receive the most benefit from active engagement, while others benefit more from passive elongation. Learn how to differentiate these tissues by understanding the Taoist idea of Yin and Yang so you can help your students open their bodies appropriately.

The first article in this series, Learning Yin and Yang, asked the question “How does my body move?” Before we could examine this question in any depth we needed to review the Taoist ideas of Yin and Yang. We are now going to shift to the question most relevant to hatha yoga practitioners: “Why doesn’t my body move the way I want it to?”

To answer this question, we will look at our joints. There are many tissues that form a joint: bone, muscle, tendon, ligament, synovial fluid, cartilage, fat, and sacks of fluid called bursae. Of all of these, three are most important for teaching and practicing yoga: muscle, connective tissue, and bone. Each of these tissues has different elastic qualities and each responds differently to the stresses placed upon them by yoga postures. By learning to feel the differences between these three tissues, yogis can save themselves a great deal of frustration and possible injury.

Each of the three tissues has a different quality and can be classified differently through the Taoist model. Muscle is soft; it is the most elastic and mobile. Because of that, it is the most Yang of the three. Bone is hard; it is the least elastic and pliable. It is, in fact, immobile. So bone is the most Yin. Connective tissue lies between the two extremes.

It is interesting to note that this classification of the three tissues remains the same when we examine them not by quality but by location. The muscles are the most external and exposed, making them Yang. The bones are the most internal, the least accessible, making them Yin. The connective tissue lies literally between the two.

Why bother with this analysis? Because Yang tissues should be exercised in a Yang way and Yin tissues should be exercised in Yin way. The characteristics of Yang exercise are rhythm and repetition. The characteristic of Yin exercise is prolonged stasis or stillness.

See also Two Fit Moms: 8 Poses for Active + Passive Stress Relief

Working with Yang: Rhythmic Exercise

We are all familiar with Yang exercises like running, swimming, and weight training. All of these activities are rhythmic. We alternate the contraction and relaxation of our muscles to run or swim or lift. It would be unproductive to just contract a muscle and hold it until it spasms. It would be equally unproductive to just let a muscle stay relaxed. Healthy muscle requires the rhythmic contraction and relaxation that Yang exercise provides. The rhythm is very important. Indeed, it could be said that it is rhythm that distinguishes exercise from simple manual labor.

Manual labor is rarely of the proper rhythm or of adequate repetition to make a person “feel good.” It is usually a haphazard mix of too much of some movements and not enough of others. This leaves us feeling sore and “kinked” at the end of our labors, not pleasantly perspired and relaxed. In cultures where long days of manual labor are unavoidable, human beings have responded by making up “Work Songs” and soldiers have invented an endless variety of “Marching Songs.” The purpose of these songs is to create a rhythm to work to. Labor is still labor, but it is made more palatable and less destructive by moving, singing, and breathing with a rhythm.

Yang exercise is easy to define and identify. It is what we are all familiar with. In contrast, Yin exercise seems a contradiction in terms. How can something that is gentle and static even be called “exercise”? In order to balance, heal, and open our bodies, we must expand our conception of exercise to be more inclusive. Yang exercise is not the only form of exercise.

The characteristic of Yin exercise is stasis or stillness for long periods of time. Yin exercise has a rhythm, but it is a much, much longer rhythm than Yang activities like running. A common misinterpretation of Yin stillness is as “passivity” or “inactiveness.” This misconception is due to our cultural bias toward muscular, Yang activities. But Yin activities have important effect. They stress the tissues of the body, particularly connective tissue.

The most common example of Yin exercise is traction. If someone’s leg were broken, it would not be beneficial to rhythmically pull on the injured area. But gentle, steady, continuous traction might be absolutely necessary for healthy recovery.

See also Get Unstuck: Yin Yoga to Reverse Winter Stagnation

Working with Yin: Prolonged Stasis

An even more common and less dramatic example of the Yin principle of prolonged stasis is orthodontia—braces on our teeth. Teeth are bone anchored in more bone and yet even they respond to the practice of Yin Yoga which we call “braces.” Bone is the ultimate Yin tissue of the body. Exercising our teeth in a Yang way would be disastrous.

Imagine an enthusiastic body builder taking what she learned from the gym and applying it to her mouth. If she had decided she was going to straighten her crooked teeth by rhythmically wiggling them back and forth in multiple sets, it would not be long before her teeth fell out. The lesson here is a simple anatomical one: Yang tissues should be exercised in a Yang way and Yin tissues should be exercised in a Yin way.

It’s important to keep in mind the Taoist conceptions of Yin and Yang. When we analyze things, we are comparing them to something else. There is no absolute Yin. There is no absolute Yang. If we recall the Tai Ji symbol of spiraling half circles of black and white, we must remember that there is a black dot within the white spiral and a white dot within the black. This is to remind us that when we use language such as “Yang is rhythmic, but Yin is not,” this is not absolutely true. Yin has a rhythm but it is much longer than Yang. Likewise, it is not absolutely correct to say “Yang is active but Yin is not.” There is activity in Yin, but it is of a different type. It can be tedious to be meticulously accurate in our speech. One of the great benefits of Yin/Yang terminology is that we can express ourselves in terse, memorable ways, but always with the understanding that this is not the final word. As with poetry, a deeper analysis might be necessary for different purposes, but the basics should suffice for most day to day communication.

This article is part 2 of the 2-part Taoist Analysis series. Read part 1: Learning Yin and Yang.


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If we truly want to change the world, we need more female leaders


Developing the leadership capacity of girls not only helps them to secure better livelihoods, but can also create a generation capable of delivering future change.

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/bridging-the-gender-gap-in-political-leadership?utm_content=buffere99b5&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

If we truly want to change the world, we need more female leaders

A woman talks on phone inside the Bank of China head office building in Beijing, China March 30, 2016. REUTERS/Damir Sagolj - RTSCSDS

The number of women in parliament has doubled in the last 20 years – but still languishes at 22% globally
Image: REUTERS/Damir Sagolj
Written by
Anne-Birgitte AlbrectsenCEO, Plan International
Published
Tuesday 31 January 2017
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The world could be a very different place if more women were in charge. You just need to look at what we did on International Day of the Girl last year to see what that world could look like. By persuading leading public figures, including the President of Nepal and the President of the National Assembly of Ecuador, to stand aside for the day, over 300 girls and young women in more than 50 countries were able step into their shoes and call on governments around the world to tear down the barriers that deny millions of them their rights.

I took part myself by supporting a 17 year old girl from Zambia to take my place for the day. It was a humbling experience, and I learned so much from Loveness about her life, her ambitions and about her potential. Across the world, the “takeovers” were a brief but powerful glimpse of the world we want to see. Our aim was to change perceptions about what is possible for young women and girls, and to inspire millions of them around the world to demand that their voices be heard. Our challenge now is to make a future in which every girl has the chance to take up positions of political leadership – for more than just one day.

It’s a big challenge. Things are improving, though progress is slow. The proportion of women in parliaments globally has more than doubled since 1995, but still stood at only 23% in 2016; and while only Haiti, Micronesia, Qatar and Vanuatu have yet to elect any female legislators, just three countries have achieved gender parity in their national parliaments.

Facts and figures: Leadership and political participation – UN Women
Image: United Nations

Last year saw examples of women entering high office – while Hillary Clinton narrowly missed out, Theresa May became the United Kingdom‘s second female prime minister, and Estonia, Taiwan and the Marshall Islands all elected their first female presidents. The cities of Tokyo, Rome and Bucharest elected their first female mayors. Yet these advances are against a low base. In March 2015, only 14 governments around the world were led by women, with representation at local level lower still: fewer than 5% of the world’s mayors are women.

Parity is only one indicator of progress, however. Unfortunately we know that female leaders are often treated more harshly in the media based on their looks; taken less seriously by their peers; and women in politics and in business must still navigate systems that were designed and maintained by men for centuries. Is it any wonder so few young women and girls consider putting themselves forward for leadership positions or elected office?

This matters. If we are serious about achieving the development goals we’ve set ourselves, we need to be serious about empowering women, and especially girls, to learn, lead, decide and thrive. Developing the leadership capacity of girls in particular not only helps them to secure better livelihoods and better health today, but can also create a generation capable of delivering future change. Women’s political participation is a crucial accelerator of progress. And we need to accelerate change if we are to safeguard development through better decision making.

Of course, democracy that excludes half the population from leadership positions will ultimately fail: reducing the gap is an essential part of creating the responsive and responsible leadership we need in a changing world. But a case can also be made that it is smart to invest in encouraging female leadership: when women have an equal footing in making choices, things change faster. For example, research on panchayats (local councils) in India found that the number of drinking water projects in areas with female-led councils was 62% higher than in those with male-led councils. Moreover, greater female participation not only increased the provision of public goods, but also reduced levels of corruption.

Of course, Plan International has a long track record of promoting the empowerment of girls and young women. Our Because I am a Girl movement is committed to working with and for girls, supporting them to safely speak up for themselves in every setting.

Investing in the leadership skills of girls is vitally important, but must sit alongside investment in economic, social and environmental improvement. It should not be seen as secondary. It is an essential part of the package. Closing the gender gap in the realm of political leadership will accelerate progress on narrowing the social and economic gap too.

We should not lose sight of the fact that girls have equal rights as boys to lead. We will continue to support them to speak up for themselves, to make decisions about their own lives and take the positions of power to which they are entitled. And we will continue to encourage men – fathers as much as male authority figures and leaders – to make space into which the world’s daughters can grow.

Through our successful girls’ takeover on last year’s International Day of the Girl, we showed what the leadership of girls and young women looks like. In 2017 we aim to mobilize even more young women and girls, ensuring their voices are heard like never before. In doing so we hope to inspire more support and investment in their right to lead and create a better world for all.

Written by

Anne-Birgitte Albrectsen, CEO, Plan International

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

We waste $2 trillion a year on corruption. Here are four better ways to spend that money


https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2017/01/we-waste-2-trillion-a-year-on-corruption-here-are-four-better-ways-to-spend-that-money?utm_content=buffer268a2&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

We waste $2 trillion a year on corruption. Here are four better ways to spend that money

Protesters hold a sign reading "More education less corruption" to protest against a plan by opposition lawmakers to oust Peru's Education Minister Jaime Saavedra in Lima, Peru, December 12, 2016

The $2 trillion wasted on corruption each year could help tackle important global challenges
Image: REUTERS/Guadalupe Pardo
Written by
Stéphanie ThomsonEditor, World Economic Forum
Published
Thursday 12 January 2017
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Every year, we waste $2 trillion on corruption. If that sounds like a lot of money, that’s because it is – and it’s just the tip of the iceberg.

In fact, this already gargantuan figure only takes into account money spent on bribes, and doesn’t include the more difficult to quantify economic consequences of graft – lost investments and a reduced tax base, for example.

Of course, when we start talking about billions and trillions, the numbers start getting a bit abstract. To help put the scale of the problem into some context, here are four global challenges we could tackle with that money – and still have some change left over.

$116 billion: wipe out hunger

From Yemen to Madagascar, conflict and natural disasters have led to devastating famines, and around the world nearly 800 million people don’t have enough food to eat.

But it doesn’t have to be that way. In 2015, the UN estimated that by investing $116 billion a year – a drop in the ocean compared to the trillions wasted on corruption – we could wipe out hunger in a little over a decade.

$8.5 billion: eradicate malaria

In 2015, 212 million people were infected with malaria, and 429,000 of them died. That same year, 34 nations committed to eradicating the disease over the next 15 years. To do so, researchers estimated it would take $8.5 billion in funding – starting at around $600 million a year through till 2022, dropping thereafter.

This figure has been described as “very conservative” in that it doesn’t take into account issues like drug resistance. “The target is constantly changing, so we may have to re-cost malaria elimination in a few years’ time,” one of the researchers warned.

Still, $600 million a year seems like small change when compared to the amount being frittered away on corruption.

$1 trillion: bridge the global infrastructure gap

Infrastructure – our roads, bridges, electricity grids – might not sound particularly alluring but it is literally what keeps our cities, countries and regions ticking over.

Despite its importance, we’re not investing the money required: while we should be spending $3.7 trillion each year, we’re falling short by $1 trillion.

This crumbling infrastructure is a huge drain on our economies – in the US, it could cost 2.5 million jobs and $4 trillion in lost GDP between now and 2025, according to researchers.

$26 billion: provide basic education to all children

Education might be the “great equalizer” but for many children around the world – 100 million, says the UN – it’s something they can’t access.

But according to 2014 research, if we were to invest just $26 billion each year into the problem, we could provide basic education to all children in 46 low and middle-income countries.

Not only is that a fraction of what we spend on corruption, it’s actually also an incredibly smart investment, according to UNICEF research: “Evidence shows that, on average, each additional year of education boosts a person’s income by 10% and increases a country’s GDP by 18%.”

Written by

Stéphanie Thomson, Editor, World Economic Forum

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

 

Bachelor apartment pleasantly modern but still casual enough for comfort in Budva, Montenegro


http://www.caandesign.com/bachelor-apartment-pleasantly-modern-still-casual-enough-comfort-budva-montenegro/

Bachelor apartment pleasantly modern but still casual enough for comfort in Budva, Montenegro

Architects: M3 Architectural&Construction group
Location: Budva, Montenegro
Photo courtesy: M3 Architectural&Construction group

Thank you for reading this article!

 

Wirra Willa Pavilion by Matthew Woodward Architecture


http://www.caandesign.com/wirra-willa-pavilion-by-matthew-woodward-architecture/

Wirra Willa Pavilion by Matthew Woodward Architecture

Architects: Matthew Woodward Architecture
Location: Somersby, Australia
Year: 2013
Area: 775 sqft
Photo courtesy: Murray Fredericks
Description:

The Wirra Willa Pavilion is a Miesian inspired glass pavilion situated in a vibrant and fertile, rural landscape setting not dissimilar to that seen in a Claude Monet painting.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-01

The aim was to create a multifunctional space that provided an experiential opportunity for the visitor so they could appreciate, to the full extent, the inherent beauty of the landscape. The specific site is situated remotely on a private property that totals 80 acres and was originally established as a stone and citrus fruit orchard. There are well established gardens intertwined throughout.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-02

The pavilion cantilevers over the natural spring fed dam to connect the inhabitant to a sublime environment that is pulsing with an abundance of life and natural beauty. It is essentially used as a private and remote spa house and guest retreat that compliments the existing residence on the property.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-03

Simplicity is essential to the success of the project. The approach was to maintain simplicity through each stage of the design process in order to create an elegant, unobtrusive incision into the landscape setting that allows for both prospect and refuge.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-04

The use of the pavilion is multifunctional. The design needed to be flexible and adaptable to accommodate for various uses during the changing seasons through out the year.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-05

Site selection was critical from an existential and sustainability perspective. The location was selected for it’s remoteness, opportunity for prospect, and orientation to the sun and prevailing winds.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-06

The orientation of the pavilion to the north-east captures the sun and responds to prevailing winds. In the warmer summer months the sliding glass panels can open up to allow for natural cross ventilation by inviting the prevailing breezes, while in the cooler winter, thermal mass of materials conduct heat from the sun to allow for a relatively constant internal climate.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-07

The materiality was selected for the inherent tellurian characteristics to harmonise the building to the natural setting. The geometry itself is simple. The building is essentially two bisecting rectangular prisms, one created from composite steel, concrete and glass, and the other a sandstone cladded core. The structural solution was derived from a rationalised ‘grid’ system.

Wirra-Willa-Pavilion-08

It is a special place that one can escape to find peace and solitude.

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Thank you for reading this article!

 

Luxurious Villa Belle in Koh Samui, Thailand


http://www.caandesign.com/luxurious-villa-belle-in-koh-samui-thailand/

Luxurious Villa Belle in Koh Samui, Thailand

Location: Choeng Mon Beach, Koh Samui, Thailand
Photo courtesy: Villa Belle
Description:

Villa Belle is a spacious and luxurious über styling 3 bedroom villa, set in lush tropical surroundings on a hillside overlooking the captivating bays of Choeng Mon and Plai Laem. Designed to encompass these wide panoramic vistas of the azure Gulf of Siam and neighboring islands, Villa Belle enjoys these exquisite backdrops from any platform, within this very special residence.

 

 

Villa-Belle-01

Located on the much sought after north coast, the villa is a short distance to the nearby golden sands of Choeng Mon beach, rated by many as one of the most beautiful beaches on Samui. The long curvaceous bay with tantalizing turquoise waters is the perfect swimming beach, dotted with rustic Thai restaurants or more upscale eateries, like The Sala Samui. This ideal locale is further enhanced by its tranquil setting away from it all, yet in only a few minutes drive, guests can enjoy funky shops, mouth-watering restaurants and the islands main lively entertainment areas.

Villa-Belle-02

Pure Unadulterated Island Luxury

Villa Belle’s stunning hillside location, surrounded by lush sloping tropical gardens with impressive feature slate walls and ornamental ponds fringed with traditional Asian carvings, leads guests to the uniquely designed wrought iron main entrance. Arranged over two levels including three spacious luxurious bedrooms, an open plan lavish living area including kitchen, banquet dining and sumptuous lounge, all enveloped in these kaleidoscopic sunrise and sunset sea views.

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Once inside, the impressive vaulted ceilings exude wow factor, in this uniquely designed open plan living space, flanked by floor to ceiling disappearing walls of glass, encompassing a fantastic chef-designed gourmet kitchen and breakfast bar, highly appointed with top of the range appliances and accessories.

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The large antique dining table has a commanding location drenched in views offering formal dining for up to 8. The marshmallow white sofas and oversized rocking chair ooze the essence of comfort ability with a state of the art LCD TV/DVD entertainment surround sound system encompassing a multi-channel satellite and an Apple TV system to download movies and series, all adding to that perfect holiday ambiance.

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Blurring the divisions between indoor and outdoor living, the wrap around expansive wood terrace unfolds to feature an 8 metres (26 feet) Balinese style infinity edge swimming pool, large outdoor lounge sofa seating, with BBQ deck for that ultimate alfresco dining experience.

Villa-Belle-06

Surround yourself with style

Exquisitely furnished throughout in an elegant contemporary Asian style, fused with antique accessories of the Orient, reflecting a luxury tropical island life style. Soft colours of white and cobalt blue blend with the beautiful coastal surroundings mingled with soft black accents creating an interior designers dream villa, with impeccable attention to design detail.

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Villa Belle is a style guru amongst the high-end villa set, offering cool and contemporary accommodation in a breathtaking location, for a taste of something truly special.

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Thank you for reading this article!

 

Old victorian town house is converted into modern home for a growing family


http://www.caandesign.com/old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family/

Old victorian town house is converted into modern home for a growing family

Architects: Russel Jones
Location: London, United Kingdom
Year: 2012
Area: 3.552 ft²/ 330 m²
Photo courtesy: Hélène Binet
Description:

“The initial brief for a largely unrefurbished Victorian house on the South Side of London’s Westbourne Grove, centred around establishing a new family home for two adults and their young children. During the course of the project the family expanded from two children to four. Behind the original façade, the buildings circulation, rear form and fenestration limited the development of a new section able to generate enough space for a growing family.

old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-01

The resulting project involved the complete demolition of all original accommodation behind the front façade, and substantial excavation to facilitate the new proposal.

old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-02

The original half landing and cross wall configuration was superseded by vertically stacked circulation over six levels, and more generously proportioned and planned spaces. The living and dining area, over two levels, are linked by a double height gallery and motorized door, which opens directly onto a rear courtyard. Family accommodation extends beyond the new lower ground level up to the Westbourne Grove pavement.

old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-03

Level 1 is dedicated to the Master suite, with the upper levels accommodating the 4 children. The carefully considered simple palette of materials have been chosen to absorb and reflect light and provide continuous surfaces for the clients substantial art collection. Florentine Pietra Serena limestone is used throughout the living spaces and bathrooms, and grey oiled Oak is the primary floor surface in all bedrooms.”

old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-04old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-05old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-06old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-07old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-08old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-09old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-10old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-11old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-12old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-13old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-14old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-15old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-16old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-17old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-18old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-19old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-20old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-21old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-22old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-23old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-24old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-25old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-26old-victorian-town-house-converted-modern-home-growing-family-27

Thank you for reading this article!

 

【越南想想】被低估的越共總書記阮富仲訪中行 台灣宜高度關注|想想論壇


越南對中國來說是相當的重要,和其他東南亞國家相比,它的特殊重要性包括:
首先,它目前仍是亞洲以至於世界少數幾個仍是由共產黨執政的國家。對中國來說,無論如何,和越南都必須維持一定的關係以免被外界譏嘲「社會主義國家本身難以團結,比資本主義國家更難以合作」。


【越南想想】被低估的越共總書記阮富仲訪中行 台灣宜高度關注|想想論壇
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/6003

【越南想想】被低估的越共總書記阮富仲訪中行 台灣宜高度關注

人氣指數: 180

在遼寧號高調繞台灣一圈之際,越共中央總書記阮富仲於同一時間訪問中國,和中國領導人進行高峰會議。這一消息在台灣沒有太多人注意,對亞太情勢卻有深遠影響。

來源:https://pixabay.com/photo-1697710/

這次訪問,阮富仲帶領了越南政府幾乎所有的重要成員,習近平也帶了大批人員會見越南代表團,雙方發表了共同聲明,也簽署了一系列的合作協議。但是值得注意的是習近平向阮富仲贈送了一項禮物——胡志明主席1942年手書漢語詩作《走路》的複製品。以往,習近平贈送給外賓的禮物,大多是工藝品和字畫等傳統文化特色的物件,而這次《走路》雖然是首漢語七言絕句,但出自越南領袖胡志明之手,顯然更為特別。

越南對中國來說是相當的重要,和其他東南亞國家相比,它的特殊重要性包括:

首先,它目前仍是亞洲以至於世界少數幾個仍是由共產黨執政的國家。對中國來說,無論如何,和越南都必須維持一定的關係以免被外界譏嘲「社會主義國家本身難以團結,比資本主義國家更難以合作」。贈送胡志明的詩作,正是凸顯中越共作為共產黨兄弟的特殊友誼和悠久歷史。這點和北韓有些類似。所以中國無論北韓的舉動再如何離譜,也很少正面譴責北韓。中越和中日一樣有海上領土糾紛,但比起批評日本的強度相比,中國很少批評越南,也不允許反越遊行,由此可見一斑。這次贈禮儀式,藉由紀念抗日抗法抗美的胡志明,中方明顯有意凸顯越南仍是和中國一樣的共產國家,也有向國際間,特別是極力拉攏越南的美日示威的意味在。

其次,越南雖然比中國小,但也是人口近億的國家。越南共產黨如何執政,政治路線如何改變,影響不僅限於越南國內。對此中共始終保持特殊的關注,這是一般民主國家不容易體會的。目前,越南共產黨已經有部分的黨內民主,最高領導人換屆時甚至有競爭意識出現,不再是純然由「本屆領導人選擇接班人」的態勢,如阮富仲的這一任總書記,原本外傳總理阮晉勇有意角逐,雖然最後阮晉勇沒有參加,但對中國來說已經是一大震撼。

第三,越南和中國接壤,雙方人民來往除了中越戰爭期間以外,向來相當密切。事實上越南可能是中國鄰邦中和中國雙邊來往最密切的(中俄邊境俄方人口不多),因此中越關係穩定與否對中國西南一帶穩定也有直接影響,特別是在少數民族地區。

另外,中國過去「援越抗美」歷史悠久,投入了相當大的人力物力及資源,這點和北韓又相同。如果和越南關係太過惡劣,在反感之餘容易引起中國人特別是知識分子對過去那段歷史的檢討和反思;在指責他國忘恩負義之餘,深入下去還是會檢討到中共自己頭上,到頭來對中共還是不利,因此多年來中方幾乎沒有大規模官式的紀念「邊界反擊戰」活動。

第五、越南由於地理位置,居中南半島樞紐,又居南中國海要衝,因此讓河內當局具備了在大國之間縱橫周旋的條件。越南和俄羅斯向來關係不錯,對美國逐步改善關係,在東協中地位更越來越重要,多次東協重要會議都在越南召開。對中國而言不能予以輕視。

最後,是政治路線問題。阮富仲和阮晉勇或張晉創相比,被認為改革色彩較淡,對傳統黨的控制更為強調,這點和習近平類似,可說是氣味相投。阮晉勇現年67歲,自2006年連續擔任兩屆越南政府總理,在南海主權爭議上敢於與中國對抗。他任內曾推動越南經濟改革及國際化,力主減少對中國依賴,結果越南經濟迅速增長,並成功融入全球貿易體系。阮晉勇亦主導越南加入TPP,並推動越南與歐盟、韓國等的自由貿易協定(FTA)。因此習近平高調歡迎阮富仲,也是向黨內外暗示自己的政治路線。

中越關係升溫之際,要推動南向政策的台灣,尤其應該對此保持高度關注,方能確保台灣的最大利益,單純將這些國家的關係簡化為合作或對抗,恐怕都不合宜。

 

減塑


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減塑

2016-09-21 20:20

塑膠微粒、塑膠垃圾佔領台灣海岸,怎麼清都清不完,不但衝擊海洋生態及漁業資源,也影響到食安。因此,響應9月的國際淨灘日,台灣環境資訊協會今(21日)召開記者會指出,要解決海廢問題,不能逃避,必須從源頭減量著手。 協會副秘書長孫秀如表示,過去舉…

2016-09-02 11:21

台灣人平均每天用掉2.14個塑膠袋,從取用至丟棄,平均僅12分鐘,但卻得花上200年才會分解。如今全世界都面臨「塑化危機」,塑膠垃圾除了佔領陸地,更流落至海洋裡,估計有5兆件塑膠垃圾,傷害著海洋生物與環境,最後更會威脅人類生存。 希望能以生…

2016-07-24 05:00

還記得今天起床到現在,丟了多少塑膠垃圾嗎?「生產-消費-丟棄」一般人眼中再自然不過的生活模式,有一個女孩卻不這麼認為。為了深度瞭解自己在生活中對環境造成的衝擊,她決定開始嘗試不丟垃圾的生活…… …

2016-07-15 10:48

摩洛哥7月1日起禁止生產和使用塑膠袋。不過環團表示,摩洛哥人可能還需要幾年的時間才能完全遵守新法令。 摩洛哥曾是世界第二大塑膠袋消耗國。圖片來源:Relation Presse Maroc & Communiqu&e…

2016-07-01 10:09

發揮創意、結合所學,大學生以具體行動減塑守護環境!33隊來自全國大專院校的團隊,經過為期三個多月的徵件與計畫執行,參與由主婦聯盟環境保護基金會台中分會主辦的「大專生減塑創意生活徵件競賽」,29日舉行決賽暨頒獎典禮。 進入決賽的十個隊伍中,透…

2016-06-26 06:00

還記得今天起床到現在,丟了多少塑膠垃圾嗎?「生產-消費-丟棄」一般人眼中再自然不過的生活模式,有一個女孩卻不這麼認為。為了深度瞭解自己在生活中對環境造成的衝擊,她決定開始嘗試不丟垃圾的生活…… 進入揮汗如雨的四月(暖化真的就在眼前),阿好…

2016-06-08 14:35

國內首創由環保單位舉辦的產業博覽會,今(8日)世界海洋日於空總TAF創新基地展演廳展開。荒野保護協會、塑膠工業技術發展中心與台灣好文化基金會攜手邀請國內20家友善海洋企業,篩選出近50個從源頭潔淨海洋的商品,頒發「2016潔淨海洋博覽會」參…

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※ 編按:有過這樣的時刻,點遍人力銀行網頁上的工作內容,仍無法做出讓自己願意付出人生光陰的最好選擇。輾轉多年,因著努力、還有些機緣巧合,才終於有了立足之地。但是,偶爾心中仍冒出迷惑,是不是還有其他可能?本月開始,綠色人物新單元將介紹多位從事…

2015-12-31 05:00

聞「塑」色變的滅塑年代來了!從擔憂個人健康塑化程度到自發行動倡議,今年特別在幾個動物受害事件得到驗證,公眾並因此能更警覺、意識到海陸同歸一體的臍帶性,塑膠垃圾害到生物,終將經食物鏈反作用回到人類身上。而積極促進立法方面,美國《禁用塑膠微粒…
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《 Travis – Why Does It Always Rain On Me?》


《 Travis – Why Does It Always Rain On Me?》

I can’t sleep tonight, ever body saying everything’s alright
Still I can’t close my eyes,
I’m seeing a tunnel at the end of all these lights
Sunny days, where have you gone?
I get the strangest feeling you belong
Why does it always rain on me?
Is it because I lied when I was seventeen?
Why does it always rain on me?
Even when the sun is shining, I can’t avoid the lightning
I can’t stand myself, I’m being held up by invisible men
Still life on a shelf when, I got my mind on something else
Sunny days, where have you gone?
I get the strangest feeling you belong
Why does it always rain on me?
Is it because I lied when I was seventeen?
Why does it always rain on me?
Even when the sun is shining, I can’t avoid the lightning
Oh, where did the blue skies go?
And why is it raining so? It’s so cold
I can’t sleep tonight, ever body saying everything’s alright
Still I can’t close my eyes,
I’m seeing a tunnel at the end of all these lights
Sunny days, where have you gone?
I get the strangest feeling you belong
Why does it always rain on me?
Is it because I lied when I was seventeen?
Why does it always rain on me?
Even when the sun is shining, I can’t avoid the lightning
Oh, where did the blue skies go?
And why is it raining so? It’s so cold
Why does it always rain on me
Is it because I lied when I was seventeen?
Why does it always rain on me?
Even when the sun is shining, I can’t avoid the lightning
Why does it always rain on me
Why does it always rain on
Songwriters
HEALY, FRANCIS
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

海洋垃圾


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海洋垃圾

2017-01-22 10:22

市面上的洗面乳商品琳琅滿目,尤其是含有柔珠成分,主打「抗痘」、「深層清潔」、「活力煥膚」、「無瑕透白」、「去油」……等訴求的產品,更是吸引了愛美少男少女們的目光。注視著代言明星的粉嫩光滑肌膚,誰都想只要青春不要痘、黑頭粉刺全部退散,趕緊追隨…

2017-01-09 17:26

一隻海龜,一天可排出多少垃圾?圖片來源:海洋生態暨保育研究室 以往,我們都會認為誤入定置網(非主動性漁法,屬於被動型式,等待海洋生物自行游入的捕魚方法)的海龜,皆屬於健康的海龜。甚至有許多人認為誤入定置網的海龜是可以直…

2016-12-12 10:03

今年香港海洋垃圾激增,連具重要生態價值的海岸公園和海岸保護區亦失守。漁護署公佈今年7月至10月在海岸公園和海岸保護區垃圾量,達到152.39噸,較去年同期122.56噸增加24%。當中海下灣垃圾問題最嚴重,4個月收集到37.81噸垃圾,較去…

2016-07-14 10:51

菸屁股是海洋中最常見的垃圾,每年約有5兆根丟棄在戶外。根據英國菸害防制期刊《Tobacco Control》的最新研究,隨地亂丟的菸屁股中所含的金屬污染物可能污染海洋,甚至進入食物鏈。 亂丟菸蒂可能造成意想不到的環境傷害。圖…

2016-07-07 11:11

塑膠製品密度小,進入海洋多隨著海流漂到各大洋的垃圾帶,科學家甚至發現,英國海域的塑膠垃圾兩年內就會漂流到北極,冰封在冰層中。科學家擔憂,全球暖化之下,融冰釋出的垃圾污染,恐怕會嚴重破壞當地脆弱環境。 挪威北部海岸,滿是被沖刷…

2016-01-21 10:43

愛倫.麥克阿瑟(Ellen MacArthur)基金會19日發表報告警告,就重量而言,到了2050年,全球海洋中的塑膠將比魚多。 目前海洋中的塑膠垃圾估計重1億5000萬公噸,約為魚類的1/5。 報告說,每年有800萬公噸塑膠進入海洋,…

2016-01-19 10:30

非營利組織Ocean Conservancy日前發佈最新調查報告,全球有大約六成的海洋垃圾來自中國、菲律賓、印尼、泰國、越南等五國。中國的海洋垃圾生產量則高居五國之冠。 海洋垃圾的主要來源其實是陸地垃圾,特別是塑膠類製品而非海上船隻。而上…

2016-01-04 09:57

2015年10月15日,星期四,在嘉義東石不到五米的淺水區,這是我第一次看見活生生的鯨魚,牠就離我不到五米距離,噴出來的氣體,彎成一抹小小彩虹… 嘉義東石淺水區有鯨魚擱淺。攝影:陳添寶、簡毓群、葉鎮中、陳慶鍾。圖片來源:我們的島…

2015-12-22 10:16

西班牙一家服裝公司聘請漁民收集海上垃圾,把回收的垃圾再製成纖維製作衣服、背包,相當受歡迎。    據報導,西班牙服裝公司Ecoalf聘僱巴倫西亞地區200艘漁船,請當地漁民幫忙收集海上垃圾,兩個月的時間就收集到兩公噸塑膠廢料和兩公噸其他類…

2015-11-09 10:03

擁有將近80次的鯨豚救援經驗,野柳海洋世界獸醫室主任陳德勤,以在野柳海洋世界26年的經驗,受邀成大海洋生物暨鯨豚保育中心與荒野保護協會台南分會合辦鯨豚保育志工培訓研習講師,分享鯨豚海岸擱淺現場醫療照護與後送。 鯨豚擱淺來求醫 病因竟是海洋垃…

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《 Santana – Put Your Light On 》


《 Santana – Put Your Light On 》

Hey now, all you sinners
Put your lights on, put your lights on
Hey now, all you lovers
Put your lights on, put your lights on
Hey now, all you killers
Put your lights on, put your lights on
Hey now, all you children
Leave your lights on, you better leave your lights on
‘Cause there’s a monster living under my bed
Whispering in my ear
There’s an angel, with a hand on my head
She say I’ve got nothing to fear
There’s a darkness deep in my soul
I still got a purpose to serve
So let your light shine, into my hole
God, don’t let me lose my nerve,don’t let me lose my nerve
Hey now, hey now, hey now, hey now
Wo oh hey now, hey now, hey now, hey now
Hey now, all you sinners
Put your lights on, put your lights on
Hey now, all you children
Leave your lights on, you better leave your lights on
‘Cause there’s a monster living under my bed
Whispering in my ear
There’s an angel, with a hand on my head
She say I’ve got nothing to fear
She say La ill aha ill allah
We all shine like stars
La ill aha ill allah
We all shine like stars
Then we fade away
Songwriters
ERIK SCHRODY
Published by
Lyrics © Warner/Chappell Music, Inc.

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

食物鏈新成員:無所不在的塑膠微粒


http://e-info.org.tw/node/100558?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=ac4280c860-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_01_27&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-ac4280c860-84956681

食物鏈新成員:無所不在的塑膠微粒

 建立於 2014/07/09

作者:馮加伶(中央研究院生物多樣性研究中心海洋環境微生物研究室研究助理)

塑膠,在各種商業行為、工業製程、醫療和市政管理系統中皆扮演相當重要的角色,就連最近讓大家瘋狂的世足賽也和塑膠息息相關。

就從足球談起吧!

在1950年代,足球是由18塊皮革手工縫製而成,但是當天氣潮濕時,皮革製成的足球容易吸附水氣,變得更重且不好操控。隨著科技和工藝設計的進步,塑膠足球在1986年的世界盃首次登場,由32片塑膠布料手工縫製的足球已經比1950年代的足球圓了許多,但還不夠完美。而今,世界盃的官方比賽球是由高品質的塑膠製成,加上熱黏合的專利技術,讓足球的表面完全無縫,使其觸感更好,吸水性更低,更能準確預測射程。

不僅足球是由塑膠製成,你我生活中所使用的各種物品幾乎都有塑膠。根據歐洲塑膠協會的資料,塑膠年產量從1950年代的1.7百萬噸,到了2012年,增加為288百萬噸。

雖然塑膠的種類繁多,但大部分的塑膠製品皆可透過回收系統,再製再利用。少部分的塑膠則因為人為意外或是任意丟棄,以失控的速度累積在自然環境中,再透過風力和河流的散播到了海岸。由於塑膠具有輕量和耐用等特性,迅速地成為海洋廢棄物中分布最廣泛的成員。

隨著塑膠產量和海洋廢棄物逐年增加,許多科學家都預估海洋中塑膠碎片的含量一定會持續上升。然而,最近一篇發表在美國國家科學院期刊(PNAS)的科學論文,卻有了不同的發現。

1公升海水 100顆塑膠微粒

Cózar等人組成的西班牙遠征船隊,在全球的開放海域中選取442個測站,共收集超過3千個海水樣本進行分析,發現大洋中漂浮性塑膠碎片的含量大約為7千至3萬5千公噸,含量最高的地區為北太平洋(如下圖),占了全球塑膠碎片總量的33% 至35%,其中又以1-5 mm大小的塑膠微粒(microplastics)特別多。根據美國海洋暨大氣總署(NOAA)的定義,塑膠微粒是指尺寸小於5mm的塑膠碎片,包括了初級和次級兩種來源:初級來源是原本就製作成微小尺寸的塑膠製品,而次級來源則是從較大的塑膠分解而來。

圖1.全球海洋表水塑膠廢棄物的濃度(圖片來源: Cózar et. al, 2014. Plastic debris in the open ocean)

過去80年間,這些微米、甚至是奈米等級的塑膠微粒,累積在世界各地的海洋和底泥中,甚至可達每立方公尺10萬顆粒,也就是說每1公升的海水裡面就含有100顆塑膠微粒。

海塑碎片新去向 藉食物鏈進入生物體內

Cózar等人發現塑膠微粒尺寸和數量的分布趨勢很奇特,2mm大小的微粒數量最多,小於1mm的微粒卻幾乎沒有,表示越小的塑膠微粒被分解或消失的速度越快。這種現象背後的原因有很多,可能是因為小塊的塑膠碎片受到陽光照射而分解的速率比大型塑膠廢棄物來得快,或是塑膠微粒上的微生物也參與了分解的過程,也可能是因為塑膠微粒上的附著物導致其正浮力減少而下沉,另一個可能原因則是這些塑膠微粒已經成為海洋生物的盤中飧。

會誤食塑膠微粒的生物五花八門,從大型的海洋生物鯨鯊、中深海層的小型魚類到沿岸底棲的海參、海星等棘皮動物,只要是濾食型的生物通通都有誤食的風險。被小型魚類誤食的塑膠微粒,再透過一連串的食物鏈加成作用,累積在食物鏈上層的動物體內,像是海狗、海獅等海洋哺乳類體內都發現有塑膠微粒。

酵素合成受阻 自由基增加

此外,這些塑膠微粒又容易吸附持久性有機汙染物(POPs),或是有些工業製程產生的微粒外層就直接包覆了一層矽、銀等離子,都會直接或間接影響到海洋生物的生殖能力和生理機能。

許多研究團隊開始在實驗室研究塑膠微粒對濾食性生物的影響。以地中海貽貝為例,許多不同材質的微粒被貽貝攝入後,會累積在消化管內,影響分解酵素的合成,並誘發血淋巴細胞產生氧化自由基和溶小體酵素等反應。

中央研究院湯森林副研究員實驗室的博士班學生楊姍樺,則利用美麗海葵當作刺絲胞生物的模式物種,觀察塑膠微粒在海葵體內累積的情形,發現海葵誤食塑膠微粒的傾向很高但有所偏好。若塑膠微粒大小同為5mm,立方體塑膠比扁平狀塑膠更容易被海葵誤食,但在攝入體內2個小時後就會被排出體外。若海葵誤食較小的塑膠微粒(9μm和100nm),則會累積在體內,散佈於觸手,中央體腔和底盤等各處(如下圖)。

海葵體內的塑膠微粒(透明圓球),其他紅棕色圓球為海葵體內的共生藻。(中央研究院湯森林副研究員實驗室 楊姍樺提供)

莫忘阿瑪拉定律

塑膠微粒,這個海洋食物鏈的新成員,會累積在海洋生物的體內多久?對海洋生物健康有何影響?會不會透過食物鏈回到人類體內? 許許多多的謎團,皆有待更多的研究才能窺見一斑。塑膠的好與壞,正好能套用阿瑪拉定律(Amara’s Law) :人們總是高估一項科技所帶來短期效益,卻又低估它的長期影響。這些種種,或許都是當初塑膠的發明者始料未及的。

【參考資料】

  • Plastics, the environment and human health: current consensus and future trends. Richard C. Thompson, Charles J. Moore, Frederick S. vom Saal and Shanna H. Swan. 2009. Philosophical Transactions B (364): 2153–2166.
  • The physical impacts of microplastics on marine organisms: A review. Stephanie L. Wright, Richard C. Thompson, Tamara S. Galloway. 2013. Environmental Pollution (178): 483-492.
  • Plastic debris in the open ocean. Andrés Cózar, Fidel Echevarría, J. Ignacio González-Gordillo, Xabier Irigoien, Bárbara Úbed, Santiago Hernández-León, Álvaro T. Palma, Sandra Navarro, Juan García-de-Lomas, Andrea Ruiz, María L. Fernández-de-Puelles, and Carlos M. Duarte. 2014. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1314705111 (Published online before print)
  • Life in the “plastisphere”: Microbial ommunities on plastic marine debris. Zettler ER, Mincer TJ, Amaral-Zettler LA. 2013. Environmental Science & Technology 47(13):7137–7146.
  • Fouling of floating plastic debris under Biscayne Bay exposure conditions. Andrady AL, Song Y. 1991. Marine Pollution Bulletin 22(12):117–122.
  • Biomarkers in Mytilus galloprovincialis exposed to suspensions of selected nanoparticles (Nano carbon black, C60 fullerene, Nano-TiO2, Nano-SiO2). L. Canesia, R. Fabbria, G. Galloa, D. Vallottob, A. Marcominib, G. Pojanab. 2010. Aquatic Toxicology 100: 168–177.

 

《 Splender – I Think God Can Explain 》


《 Splender – I Think God Can Explain 》

Advisory – the following lyrics contain explicit language:

 
There’s a lot of things I understand
And there’s a lot of things that
I don’t want to know
But you’re the only face I recognize
It’s so damn sweet of you
to look me in the eyes
It’s alright, I’m O.K.
I think God can explain
I believe I’m the same
I get caried away
It’s alright, I’m O.K.
I think God can explain
I’m relieved I’m relaxed
I’ll get over it yet
The scent of vasoline
in the summertime
The feel of an icecube
Melting overtime
The world seems bigger
Than both of us
Yet it seems so small
when I begin to cry
It’s alright I’m O.K.
I think God can explain
I believe I’m the same
I get carried away
It’s alright I’m O.K.
I think God can explain
I’m relieved I’m relaxed
I’ll get over it yet.
I’m so much better than you guessed
I’m so much bigger than you guessed
I’m so much brighter than you guessed
It’s alright I’m O.K.
I think God can explain
I believe I’m the same
I get carried away
It’s alright I’m O.K.
I think God can explain
I’m relieved I’m relaxed
I’ll get off of your back
I think God can explain
I think God can explain
I think God can explain
Songwriters
BOONE, WAYMON
Published by
Lyrics © EMI Music Publishing

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

讓塑膠垃圾絕跡 從減塑做起!


http://e-info.org.tw/node/109178?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=ac4280c860-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_01_27&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-ac4280c860-84956681

讓塑膠垃圾絕跡 從減塑做起!

 建立於 2015/08/03

作者:陳曼麗(主婦聯盟環保基金會常務監事、台灣環境資訊協會常務理事)

台灣是塑化王國,以致塑膠用品使用非常氾濫。由於塑膠製品便宜耐摔,我們在生活中最容易接觸到的塑膠袋、塑膠瓶罐、塑膠玩具、塑膠桌椅,逐漸取代玻璃和金屬製品。

塑膠製品佔領生活,塑膠垃圾也佔領了海岸。圖為東吉燈塔下方長年累積的海漂垃圾。圖片來源:海管處。

遊說減塑政策之演變

台灣經濟起飛,消費用品越來越多,垃圾快速增加,大街小巷都可看到塑膠袋滿天飛,下過大雨後,河川上漂浮著塑膠袋和塑膠瓶,甚至阻塞水流。

垃圾用塑膠袋包裝,造成塑膠袋不易腐爛,垃圾也不易腐爛,垃圾山越堆越高。1987年主婦聯盟成立,就以「垃圾減量」為目標,不希望台灣成為垃圾島。這群以家庭主婦為主的團體,開始向社區和學校展開宣導,請大家展開「垃圾分類和資源回收」的行動。同時開始向環保署的前身「衛生署環保局」要求台灣要有進步的垃圾政策。直到環保署1987年8月22日成立,主婦聯盟仍年年向環保署追蹤台灣的垃圾政策。

分析台灣的垃圾組成,可回收資源約占40%,廚餘約占35%,一般垃圾為25%。針對塑膠不易腐爛的特質,於是,主婦聯盟初期將塑膠源頭減量納入工作重點,呼籲自備購物袋,少拿塑膠袋,拒絕塑膠用品。自1987年環保署成立後,主婦聯盟結合其他環保團體共同進行塑膠業者的環保責任和社會責任的訴求,向環保署和立法院要求修改《廢棄物管理法》,並於2002年通過《資源回收再利用法》。

當時,很重要的環保理念是「污染者付費」。我們無法向消費者收費,但可以向這些製造商和進口商收費,因為他們所帶來的物質,經消費者使用後會造成環境汙染,統一向製造商和進口商收費,比較完備。有些廠商自行吸收,有些轉嫁到產品中,由各廠商自行處理。

環保署在環保團體壓力下,曾在2002年宣布「限塑政策」,可惜目標對象放在有店面的餐飲業和百貨業,對於使用量更大的菜市場和夜市,完全無法管理。限塑政策,也引起塑膠業者反彈,所以環保署說,可以使用較厚的塑膠袋,期望國人能夠重複使用塑膠袋,不要一下子就成為塑膠垃圾。此案,在署長換人之後,有些鬆散管理,「限塑」聊備一格。

推動塑膠減量教育工作

從生活中做環保,需要所有的民眾都有共識和行動,台灣才可以讓塑膠絕跡。在和普遍化的塑膠產品拔河,其實是一件艱辛的工作。

早期,主婦聯盟主要是以環境保護為訴求,帶民眾去看到塑膠產品造成台灣環境的危害。千百年不會腐爛的塑膠垃圾,造成台灣環境的危機,請大家一定要落實環保行動,不要使用塑膠產品。基本的行動:出門自備環保袋,少用塑膠袋;少喝塑膠容器的飲料,自備環保杯子;少吃塑膠容器的麵飯,自備環保提鍋;拒用一次性產品,它們幾乎都是塑膠製品。當然,儘量在家吃吃喝喝,使用家裡的碗盤杯具,一定可以減少塑膠量。透過使用量降低,可以讓環境不會受傷害。

後來主婦聯盟加入健康的訴求,少用塑膠餐具,尤其不能裝熱食。尤其在台灣實行垃圾焚化政策後,塑膠垃圾經燃燒後,可能產生戴奧辛,即環境賀爾蒙的一種,對環境傷害更大,對人體健康也有傷害。台灣曾經發生戴奧辛鴨蛋事件,即可證明,空氣的汙染物,循環到大地,農民的農作物,甚至水生魚貝,也會遭受汙染。

塑膠,是石化產物。台灣石化廠非常興盛,四輕、五輕、六輕、七輕,一家家蓋下去。賺錢的是產業,受害的是國人。2011年,環保團體曾經阻止國光石化廠在台灣彰化興建,可以視為台灣人民的覺醒。

使用塑膠產品是貪圖一時的方便性,唯其後所造成環境和健康的影響卻是長遠的。很多民間團體喜歡舉辦淨山淨灘的活動,撿出來的垃圾,幾乎都是塑膠!

塑化

2014年,中央研究院發表「塑化劑增加乳癌2.4倍」報告,更激發國人對塑膠產品和塑化劑食品的關切。最佳隔離方式:敬而遠之,才是王道。

談論減少塑膠,還是從健康觀點來談,從利己角度出發,比較能引起共鳴。畢竟每個人都希望身體健健康康,不要因為塑化劑而糟蹋自己。塑化劑,是環境賀爾蒙的一種,潛藏在食品的塑膠容器及塑膠玩具裡,這是每個人生活裡都會碰觸到的東西。提醒大家,常常洗手,尤其在觸摸過塑膠物品後,一定要洗手,再吃東西,減少塑化劑進入身體。

從利己到利他。因為塑膠用品減少使用,也會讓環境受益,減少塑化劑經沖洗流到河川,累積在河床底泥。環境生態是循環累積的,河中魚蝦累積的環境賀爾蒙,還是會循環到人的世界,最終,人類還是受害者。

主婦聯盟對於塑膠製品的危害,非常清楚。經常到學校、社區、機構、企業,宣揚如何遠離塑膠,保護環境,也保護自己的健康。我們知道我們的力量有限,還需要更多的人民一起共同努力,才可以達到「無塑」「禁塑」目標。

在「無塑」、「禁塑」之前,我們大力來「減塑」吧!

 

《 Moby – Natural Blues 》


《 Moby – Natural Blues 》

Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Went down the hill, the other day
Soul got happy and stayed all day
Went down the hill, the other day
Soul got happy and stayed all day
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Went in the room, didn’t stay long
Looked on the bed and brother was dead
Went in the room, didn’t stay long
Looked on the bed and brother was dead
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Oh Lordy, trouble so hard
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Don’t nobody know my troubles but God
Songwriters
Richard Melville Hall, Vera Hall, Alan Lomax
Published by
Lyrics © Kobalt Music Publishing Ltd., Warner/Chappell Music, Inc.

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

沒有垃圾的一年


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沒有垃圾的一年

踏出第一步,先幫自己準備適合帶出門的餐具啦~阿好的餐具組合:水壺、吸管、便當盒、餐具袋、生漆筷、湯匙、手帕。⋯⋯

poo-free幾個字完全吸引了我的注意力,從來沒想過的事情或許就是解答!poo-free是「shampoo-free」的縮寫,國外也有「no-poo」的說法,也就是不使用洗髮精洗頭。⋯⋯

衛生紙丟棄確實問題不大,真正問題出在生產及銷售端。台灣多數衛生紙採用100%原生紙漿,平均每分鐘就有4棵樹為了台灣人的屁屁而倒下。⋯⋯

長達一星期出門在外,不製造垃圾的難度瞬間加倍,因為要依賴別人生活的時間加長,常常會有意想不到的驚喜出現。⋯⋯

平常減少垃圾已經有點麻煩了,生病、看醫生的時候更是難避免塑膠啊!⋯⋯

坐下來想一分鐘,就會覺得前途茫然,根本就不可能!仔細來算算這一年的實驗會發生甚麼事情呢?⋯⋯

要能真正實踐無塑生活,最大關鍵點在於「完全不勉強自己」。實踐無塑生活不是要當苦行僧,我們要的是可以真正投入、沒有負擔的享樂過程。⋯⋯

2013年5月中,我開始展開一個生活小實驗:認識每天丟掉的垃圾。⋯⋯

「不逞強無塑運動」實踐者、人稱阿好的洪平珊,除了自己力行減塑生活,兩年前創業成立「小事生活」公司,推廣多種取代塑膠原料的生活用品給更多人認識。⋯⋯

 

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