Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease. It mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, and also the eyes. Leprosy is curable with multidrug therapy.



Fact sheet
Updated October 2016

Key facts

  • Leprosy is a chronic disease caused by a slow multiplying bacillus, Mycobacterium leprae.
  • M. leprae multiplies slowly and the incubation period of the disease is about 5 years. Symptoms can take as long as 20 years to appear.
  • The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, and also the eyes.
  • Leprosy is curable with multidrug therapy (MDT).
  • Although not highly infectious, leprosy is transmitted via droplets, from the nose and mouth, during close and frequent contacts with untreated cases.
  • Untreated, leprosy can cause progressive and permanent damage to the skin, nerves, limbs and eyes.
  • Official figures from 138 countries from 6 WHO regions show the global registered prevalence of leprosy to be at 176 176 cases at the end of 2015. During the same year, 211 973 new cases were reported.


Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, an acid-fast, rod-shaped bacillus. The disease mainly affects the skin, the peripheral nerves, mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, and the eyes.

Leprosy is curable and treatment provided in the early stages averts disability.

Multidrug therapy (MDT) treatment has been made available by WHO free of charge to all patients worldwide since 1995. It provides a simple yet highly effective cure for all types of leprosy.

Elimination of leprosy as public health problem (with a prevalence less than 1 case per 10 000 persons) was achieved globally in the year 2000. More than 16 million leprosy patients have been treated with MDT over the past 20 years.

Leprosy today

Leprosy control has improved significantly due to national and subnational campaigns in most endemic countries. Integration of basic leprosy services into general health services has made diagnosis and treatment of the disease more accessible.

Detection of all cases in a community and completion of MDT treatment were the basic tenets of the “Enhanced Global Strategy for Further Reducing Disease Burden Due to Leprosy” (2011–2015).

In 2016 WHO has launched a new global strategy – “The Global Leprosy Strategy 2016–2020: Accelerating towards a leprosy-free world” – which aims to reinvigorate efforts for leprosy control and to avoid disabilities, especially among children affected by the disease in endemic countries.

This strategy emphasizes the need to sustain expertise and increase the number of skilled leprosy staff, to improve the participation of affected persons in leprosy services, and to reduce visible deformities – also called grade-2 disabilities (G2D) – as well as stigma associated with the disease. The strategy also calls for renewed political commitment and enhanced coordination between partners, and highlights the importance of research and improved data collection and analysis.

According to official reports received from 138 countries from all WHO regions, the global registered prevalence of leprosy at the end of 2015 was 176 176 cases (0.2 cases per 10 000 people)1. The number of new cases reported globally in 2015 was 211 973 (2.9 new cases per 100 000 people). In 2014, 213 899 new cases were reported, and in 2013, 215 656 new cases.

The number of new cases indicates the degree of continued transmission of infection. Global statistics show that 199 992 (94%) of new leprosy cases were reported from 14 countries reporting more than 1000 new cases each and only 6% of new cases were reported from the rest of the world.

Pockets of high endemicity still remain in some areas of many countries, including countries reporting less than 1000 new cases. Some of these areas show very high notification rates for new cases and may still witness intense transmission.

Brief history of the disease and treatment

Leprosy was recognized in the ancient civilizations of China, Egypt and India. Throughout history, people afflicted have often been ostracized by their communities and families.

Although leprosy was managed differently in the past, the first breakthrough occurred in the 1940s with the development of the drug dapsone. The duration of the treatment was many years, often a lifetime, making it difficult for patients to adhere to it. In the 1960s, M. leprae started to develop resistance to dapsone, the world’s only known anti-leprosy drug at that time. In the early 1960s, rifampicin and clofazimin were discovered and subsequently added to the treatment regimen, which was later labelled as multidrug therapy (MDT).

In 1981, a WHO Study Group recommended MDT. MDT consists of 2 or 3 drugs: dapsone and rifampicin for all patients, with clofazimine added for multibacillary disease. This drug combination kills the pathogen and cures the patient.

Since 1995, WHO has provided free MDT for all leprosy patients in the world, initially through the drug fund provided by The Nippon Foundation, and since 2000 through a donation agreement with Novartis.

Elimination of leprosy as a public health problem

In 1991 the World Health Assembly passed a resolution to “eliminate” leprosy as a public health problem by the year 2000. Elimination of leprosy is defined as a registered prevalence rate of less than 1 case per 10 000 persons. The target was achieved on time.

The widespread use of MDT and the reduction in duration of treatment dramatically contributed to this reduction:

  • Over the past 20 years, more than 16 million leprosy patients have been treated.
  • The prevalence rate of the disease has dropped by 99%: from 21.1 per 10 000 in 1983 to persons to 0.24 per 10 000 in 2014.
  • A dramatic decrease has been achieved in the global disease burden: from 5.2 million people with leprosy in 1985 to 805 000 in 1995, 753 000 in 1999 and 175 554 people with leprosy at the end of 2014.
  • With the exception of few small countries (with populations of less than 1 million), leprosy has been eliminated from all countries.
  • So far, there has been no resistance to antileprosy treatment when used as MDT, even if sporadic cases of resistance to a single drug are observed. Vigilance is maintained though a global sentinel surveillance mechanism.
  • Efforts currently focus on promoting early detection of cases to reduce disease burden (in particular disabilities) and to interrupt transmission. This will ultimately contribute to eliminating leprosy at sub-national levels.

Actions and resources required

In order to reach all patients, leprosy treatment needs to be optimally integrated into general health services. Moreover, political commitment needs to be sustained in all countries even after reaching elimination. Partners in leprosy elimination also need to ensure that human and financial resources continue to be available.

The age-old stigma associated with the disease remains an obstacle to self-reporting and early treatment. The image of leprosy must be changed at the global, national and local levels. A new environment, in which patients will not hesitate to come forward for diagnosis and treatment at any health facility, must be created ensuring no discrimination and promoting inclusion.

WHO response

In order to reinvigorate efforts for leprosy control WHO has developed the “Global Leprosy Strategy 2016‒2020”, which is structured around the following 3 core pillars:

Pillar I: Strengthen government ownership, coordination and partnership

Key activities of Pillar I include:

  • Ensuring political commitment and adequate resources for leprosy programmes.
  • Contributing to universal health coverage with a special focus on children, women and underserved populations including migrants and displaced people.
  • Promoting partnerships with state and non-state actors and promote intersectoral collaboration and partnerships at the international level and within countries.
  • Facilitating and conducting basic and operational research in all aspects of leprosy and maximize the evidence base to inform policies, strategies and activities.
  • Strengthening surveillance and health information systems for programme monitoring and evaluation (including geographical information systems).
Pillar II: Stop leprosy and its complications

Key activities of Pillar II include:

  • Strengthening patient and community awareness of leprosy.
  • Promoting early case detection through active case-finding (such as campaigns) in areas of higher endemicity and contact management.
  • Ensuring prompt start of and adherence to treatment, including working towards improved treatment regimens.
  • Improving prevention and management of disabilities.
  • Strengthening surveillance for antimicrobial resistance including laboratory network.
  • Promoting innovative approaches for training, referrals and sustaining expertise in leprosy, such as e-health.
  • Promoting interventions for the prevention of infection and disease.
Pillar III: Stop discrimination and promote inclusion

Key activities of Pillar III include:

  • Promoting societal inclusion by addressing all forms of discrimination and stigma.
  • Empowering persons affected by leprosy and strengthening their capacity to participate actively in leprosy services.
  • Involving communities in action for improvement of leprosy services.
  • Promoting coalition-building among persons affected by leprosy and encouraging the integration of these coalitions and or their members with other community-based organizations.
  • Promoting access to social and financial support services, for example to facilitate income generation, for persons affected by leprosy and their families.
  • Supporting community-based rehabilitation for people with leprosy-related disabilities.
  • Working towards abolishing discriminatory laws and promoting policies facilitating inclusion of persons affected by leprosy.
Targets of the strategy

The targets of the new global strategy to be met by 2020 are:

  • Zero disabilities among new paediatric patients.
  • A grade-2 disability rate of less than 1 case per 1 million people.
  • Zero countries with legislation allowing discrimination on basis of leprosy.

Sustained and committed efforts by the national programmes along with continued support from national and international partners have led to a decline in the global burden of leprosy. Increased empowerment of people affected by the disease, together with their greater involvement in services and the community, will bring us closer to a world without leprosy.

1Based on population of countries that reported leprosy to WHO; not the total world population.


Google has set up a $4 million emergency fund to fight Trump’s immigration ban

“We’re concerned about the impact of this order and any proposals that could impose restrictions on Googlers and their families, or that could create barriers to bringing great talent to the US."


Google has set up a $4 million emergency fund to fight Trump’s immigration ban

Sundar PichaiGoogle CEO Sundar Pichai.Flickr/Maurizio Pesce

Google has created a $4 million (£3.2 million) emergency immigration fund to help employees affected by President Trump’s new immigration policy, USA Today reports.

The search-engine giant is pledging $2 million (£1.6 million) of its own money, while the remaining $2 million (£1.6 million) is expected to be made up in donations from Googlers.

On Friday, Trump signed an executive order for “extreme vetting" that halted the US refugee program and blocked citizens of a number of Muslim-majority countries from entering the United States for at least 90 days — even people who already have visas and legal permits to live in the United States. The countries affected are Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.

“We’re concerned about the impact of this order and any proposals that could impose restrictions on Googlers and their families, or that could create barriers to bringing great talent to the US," Google said in a statement seen by USA Today. “We’ll continue to make our views on these issues known to leaders in Washington and elsewhere."

The fund — reported to be Google’s largest crisis campaign ever — will be awarded to American Civil Liberties Union, Immigrant Legal Resource Center, International Rescue Committee and UNHCR.

The Google campaign was reportedly disclosed in a message sent by Google CEO Sundar Pichai. It was then confirmed by a Google spokeswoman late Sunday.

The announcement of the Google crisis fund came a day after Pichai slammed the effects of the directive on Google staff.

“We’re upset about the impact of this order and any proposals that could impose restrictions on Googlers and their families, or that could create barriers to bringing great talent to the US," he wrote.

“It’s painful to see the personal cost of this executive order on our colleagues."

The executive order affects at least 187 Google employees, according to Pichai.

Separately, Uber is creating a $3 million (£2.4 million) legal defence fund to help drivers on its platform with immigration issues.


Technology Could Destroy More Jobs for Women Than Men



Women's March in Berlin
A woman wearing a USA flag as a headscarf attends a protest for women’s rights and freedom in solidarity with the Women’s March on Washington in front of Brandenburger Tor on January 21, 2017 in Berlin, Germany. Steffi Loos/Getty Images

Technology Could Destroy More Jobs for Women Than Men

Jan 29, 2017

The global demonstrations last week for women’s rights that followed the U.S. presidential inauguration shone a spotlight on the many challenges that stand between women and true equality. For years, data indicated that while progress toward workplace equality was slow, it was moving in the right direction.

This past year, that progress not only halted, but we actually lost ground. This is the headline story from new data from Mercer’s “When Women Thrive, Businesses Thrive” study released at the World Economic Forum in Davos. This echoes findings from the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2016, which concluded that at the current rate of change, the economic gender gap will not close for another 170 years – 52 years longer than projected in the Forum’s 2015 report.

While conversation around workplace equality tends to focus on politics and policy, a major cause of this growing gap is technology. Women disproportionately hold jobs under the greatest threat of automation and displacement. Conversely, three of the five highest-growth fields – management, computer science and mathematics, and architecture and engineering – are plagued by low female representation and dim prospects for improvement.

While it is important to address these trends from the perspective of fairness and equality for women, we must also consider the damage that a growing equality gap would inflict on the global economy. Studies show that global GDP would jump by over $10 trillion if every country were to match the progress toward gender parity of its fastest-improving neighbor. Until we unleash the economic engine that gender parity ignites, we’re holding the world back.

Despite today’s gloomy picture, there is reason for hope. While the overall picture still indicates significant work ahead, many individual companies are tackling gender equality head-on and making impressive strides. For example, while I was in Davos, I sat on a panel discussion with Ann Finucane, vice chairperson of Bank of America, who reported that women now make up more than 50% of their workforce, including 38% of the executive team. She explained their employees mirror their customer base. And, she explained that she advocates more than mentorship but sponsorship. This being a champion throughout a younger woman’s career journey, not just at a particular moment in time.

On the same panel, Alan Jope, president of personal care products at Unilever, spoke about a new agnostic skills test they have developed that aims to determine the most qualified job candidates irrespective of gender or subjective interview biases. This solution hits at the heart of unconscious bias, one of the most detrimental and difficult problems to solve.

These examples demonstrate that major gains are possible, yet too many companies are still without a serious plan for addressing the issue. Business leaders must take the next step and convert their stated support for gender diversity into a concrete, measurable game plan. And there must be a process in place to level the playing field. Our study suggests a number of principles any organization can take, including:

Proof. As the saying goes, what gets measured gets managed. Only by knowing its numbers can a business manage for success – and this is true when it comes to achieving not only its financial performance goals, but also its talent and diversity goals.

Passion. Our research indicates a serious passion gap. Right now, just 57% of organizations report that their senior executives are engaged in diversity and inclusion activities, and just 39% of male employees are engaged. Advancing diversity in an age of profound upheaval in the workforce will depend not only on leaders who believe in the value of diversity, but on those that are passionate and willing to personally commit themselves to the cause.

Process. Passion is essential, but rethinking those specific processes and practices that are holding women back or that could be doing more to help women thrive is where the “rubber meets the road.” Clear and measurable processes are essential to both mitigate the risks and maximize the opportunities driven by technological disruption and the future of jobs.

Perseverance. The fact that gender diversity is actually on the decline after years of steady progress shows that gains are hard-won but easily lost. The organizations that will reap the benefits of a thriving female workforce are those that make sustained, year-over-year commitments. Organizations must bae willing to push for fundamental behavior change and a long-term outlook on creating a diverse talent pipeline.

With businesses already struggling to find the talent they need, management teams must step up and answer this call. And across all levels of business, we must ask ourselves, how can we help women thrive?

The future of the global economy may depend on how we answer that question.

Julio Portalatin is the President & CEO of Mercer.


Yoga + Weights: Challenge Your Strength in Goddess Pose


Yoga + Weights: Challenge Your Strength in Goddess Pose


Take Goddess Pose to the next level by incorporating weights. This pose will work your entire body with only a few reps. Here, Danielle Diamond of Xen Strength demos step-by-step how to up the ante in asana. Trying it? Share your practice #newyearnewyoga.

This pose works all the major muscle groups, especially your legs, hips, arms, and shoulders. Keep your back straight and pull your navel in and up, as you drop your tailbone. Stack your shoulders over your hips and externally rotate your thighs to keep your knees over your ankles. Contract your muscles on the extension and the flexion by pressing the weights up overhead and actively pushing them down toward the pelvis.

See also 10 Poses to Steal from Yoga Hybrids

Danielle Diamond stumbled upon yoga as a producer at MTV, and has been practicing and teaching for 20 years. After turning 40 she realized her regular practice wasn’t cutting it so she added light weights to her flow and Xen Strength was born. “I’m not promising enlightenment here, I meditate for that,” she says.

Danielle teaches at A-list wellness events hosted by Wellthily, Gurney’s Inn and Yoga Journal; and trains yogis around the world to teach Xen Strength through her teacher training. Danielle believes that living her yoga off the mat is the sole reason she’s overcome her biggest challenges, like her mother’s suicide, and can now focus on peace, happiness and teaching others to do the same.


work as if you didn’t need the money……

“Travaille comme si tu n’avais pas besoin d’argent. Aime comme si tu n’avais jamais souffert. Danse comme si personne ne te regardais" 

– Satchel Paige

" work as if you didn’t need the money. Love like you’ve never suffered. Dance like nobody’s watching you " 

– Satchel Paige

Photography – Gene Schiavone with Hailey Fairhurst



Smoking kills and costs the global economy more than USD $1 trillion annually in healthcare expenditures and lost productivity. 



Kathryn Budig’s Yoga Superhero for Smooth Digestion


Kathryn Budig’s Yoga Superhero for Smooth Digestion

Even yogis need a little help in the digestion department from time to time. Fortunately, Kathryn Budig says calling on the right pose at the right time can help.

I like to think of The Squatty Potty as the lazy person’s Malasana (Gina Caputo was the first person to suggest pulling your feet up onto the toilet seat like Malasana in times of need). This low squat is the digestive system’s hero. It puts everything into perfect alignment for easy elimination. Try holding this pose for a minute (or longer) first thing in the morning—or whenever you need some help—getting your system going.

See also Kathryn Budig Q+A with Yoga Teacher Gina Caputo

Kathryn Budig’s Digestion Rx: Malasana (Garland Pose)

Start standing with your feet slightly wider than your hips. Turn your heels in and toes out, pointing your knees point in the same direction as your toes. Drop down into a full squat. (If this is too intense on your knees, you can place a block under your hips.) Either place your hands on the floor for support or snuggle your triceps to the inside of your thighs and join your palms together in front of your heart. Press your palms together to fire your arms, which will give you a bonus hip opener.

See also 8 Poses for Better Digestion


Eat Wheat

Ayurveda 101: 5 Reasons Why You Should Be Eating Wheat
Did you give up wheat and grains amid the gluten-free craze? You may be cutting out one of your favorite food groups for no reason—and compromising your health while you’re at it, says John Douillard.
woman in supine twist yoga pose

5 Yoga Poses for Insomnia
Beat your holiday hangover with this relaxing practice to decompress before bed for a super-satisfying night’s sleep.


Why Sweden beats other countries at just about everything

From gender equality to low levels of corruption.


Why Sweden beats other countries at just about everything

Joggers run past sailboats on the Charles River on an early spring evening in Boston, Massachusetts April 3, 2014.   REUTERS/Brian Snyder  (UNITED STATES - Tags: SOCIETY ENVIRONMENT) - RTR3JV6P

In global rankings, Sweden frequently appears at or near the top
Image: REUTERS/Brian Snyder
Written by
Alex GrayFormative Content
Monday 30 January 2017
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If you’re Swedish, you should be feeling pretty proud of yourself right now. Here’s a few reasons why.

It’s easy to do business there

It’s really easy to do business in Sweden. So much so that it now ranks number one on the Forbes’ annual list of the Best Countries for Business. Compare that to economic powerhouse the US, which is in 23rd place.

Ten years ago, Sweden ranked no 17, but since then it has embarked upon a number of initiatives that have propelled it to the top. “Over the past two decades the country has undergone a transformation built on deregulation and budget self-restraint with cuts to Sweden’s welfare state,” says Forbes. It is also home to plenty of tech innovation and to “some of the most venerable, well-known brands in the world, including Volvo, Electrolux, Ericsson, IKEA and H&M.”

Forbes graded 139 countries on 11 factors including, innovation, taxes, technology, levels of bureaucracy and stock market performance.

It is globally competitive

The World Economic Forum publishes a Global Competitiveness Index every year, and this year it put Sweden in sixth place. “Growth has been robust, at 3.7 percent in 2016, and the country has managed to significantly decrease its deficit in 2015, jumping 30 places to 22nd on this indicator.

“The labour market functions reasonably well and Sweden has a high employment rate, with a high level of women’s participation in the workforce.”

Image: Global Competitiveness Index

It has good gender equality

Sweden is placed 4th on the World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Index2016, having closed more than 81% of its overall gender gap. It has recently seen an increase in female legislators, senior officials and managers, and has reached parity in the number of women in ministerial positions.

Members of Sweden's parliament

Image: Reuters

It has low levels of corruption

Sweden has a low level of corruption and ranks 4th in Transparency International’s latest Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the perceived levels of public sector corruption in 186 countries.

Image: Transparency International

It’s highly innovative

The European Commission’s European Innovation Scoreboard 2016 places Sweden in top place. Alongside Denmark, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden is an “Innovation Leader” with innovation performance well above that of the EU average, according to the study.

Innovation performance is measured by average performance on 25 indicators. Sweden leads in human resources – the availability of a high-skilled and educated workforce – and quality of academic research.


Image: European Commission

It has a powerful passport

The power of a passport is defined as how many countries the holder has unfettered access to. Germany and Sweden top the list, with only one country between them. This makes the Swedish passport the second most powerful in the world.

The ranking, compiled by Henley & Partners, a citizenship and planning firm, takes into account how many countries can be visited without applying for a visa. German passport holders can travel to 177, out of a possible 218, while Swedes can visit 176.

 Swedish passport map

Image: Henley and Partners

It’s a great place to grow old

Sweden ranks third overall in the Global AgeWatch Index 2015, which measures the quality of life for older people. Sweden’s strengths lie in the capability of its older generation – they have above average employment rates (73.6%) and levels of educational attainment (68.7%).

Older people are highly satisfied with safety (73%), civic freedom (94%) and public transport (65%). Sweden also ranks high on the income security domain (7), with 100% pension income coverage and an old age poverty rate (5.3%) that is 3% below the regional average.

Language skills

Swedes speak very good English, and are only beaten to the top by The Netherlands and Denmark. The ranking, which is compiled by language education company Education First, is the result of testing millions of people all over the world on their language skills.

English has been a compulsory subject throughout primary and secondary school in Sweden for the last four decades, and daily life in the region is characterized by constant exposure to English through non-dubbed English-language media, particularly on television.

It has the best reputation

It’s no surprise then, that Sweden tops the ranking this year (78.3 points), of the RepTrak reputation ranking. It’s a great place for families – it has 16 months of parental leave and free day care services – it invests in green living, has favourable economic growth, is a safe country for women, has transparency in the media and last, but by no means least – it’s a beautiful country.

Sweden Tops 2016 Country RepTrak® Reputation Ranking

 RepTrak rankings

Image: Country RepTrak® 2016, Reputation Institute

Written by

Alex Gray, Formative Content

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

Do not let your difficulties fill you with anxiety……

“Do not let your difficulties fill you with anxiety, after all it is only in the darkest nights that stars shine more brightly.” 

― Hazrat Ali Ibn Abu-Talib A.S


Pure White House by Susanna Cots


Pure White House by Susanna Cots

Architects: Susanna Cots
Location: Almuñécar, Andalusia, Spain
Year: 2011
Photo courtesy: Mauricio Fuertes

Immaculate white. This is the name we provided for this inside outline venture in which white was, obviously, the featuring shading. White as the whole of the considerable number of shades of light was the beginning stage of the undertaking: a house on the highest point of a bluff, before the ocean, completely attacked by common light.


The house is partitioned into five territories. The administration region can house five individuals and the improvement and furniture are all composed in white. The kid’s range, which incorporates the youngsters’ rooms and den, is the main piece of the house improved in hues.


The daytime range –dining room and lounge room is planned in a way that the outside appears to go into the house so when situated on the couch one can very nearly feel the ocean. The same happens in the kitchen.


The highest point of the building houses a block where the primary suite is found. The entire room is beautified in white with the exception of a dark cover that crosses the room and particular enlivening articles in silver as a mannequin and an edge over the boudoir.


At last, the visitor range on the ground floor, alongside the swimming pool, is cleared with the same material as the outside to coordinate both spaces of the house, all in one essence.


Thank you for reading this article!


《 Phil Collins – Long Long Way To Go 》

《 Phil Collins – Long Long Way To Go 》

While I sit here trying to think of things to say
Someone lies bleeding in a field somewhere
So it would seem we’ve still got a long long way to go
I’ve seen all I want to see today
While I sit here trying to move you anyway I can
Someone’s son lies dead in a gutter somewhere
And it would seem that we’ve got a long long way to go
But I can’t take it anymore
Turn it off if you want to
Switch it off it will go away
Turn it off if you want to
Switch it off or look away
While I sit and we talk and talk and we talk some more
Someone’s loved one’s heart stops beating in a street somewhere
So it would seem we’ve still got a long long way to go, I know
I’ve heard all I want to hear today
Turn it off if you want to (turn it off if you want to)
Switch it off it will go away (switch it off it will go away)
Turn it off if you want to (turn it off if you want to)
Switch it off or look away (switch it off or look away)
Switch it off
Turn it off



Published by
Lyrics © EMI Music Publishing, IMAGEM U.S. LLC

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

Color, Light, and Materiality: Mi Casita by KUBE Architecture


Color, Light, and Materiality: Mi Casita by KUBE Architecture

Architects: KUBE Architecture
Location: Washington DC, USA
Year: 2015
Photo courtesy: KUBE Architecture

Carmen grew up and experienced her developmental years in Puerto Rico. As a young lady she moved to the United States to seek after a vocation. After over 30 years of voyaging and living far from Puerto Rico, Carmen chose she needed her DC column house to be reminiscent of her island home.


The planners reacted with four key procedures: Color, Light, and Materiality.


Shading: Colors utilized are conventional to Puerto Rico, and the creation goes about as a 3-dimensional arrangement inside of the house. The east divider is lined with huge sculptural stockpiling components painted orange and yellow. Different components are nonpartisan dark to differentiate the rich hues. The west divider is lined with beautiful work of art from Carmen’s accumulation of neighborhood and island craftsmen.


LIGHT: Most of the inside dividers were evacuated and substantial windows put on both levels of the back veneer, emphasizing a twofold tallness space. A middle sky facing window was broadened and the stairs outlined w/open risers. Casement windows supplanted all the first twofold hung windows, and light hues highlight encompassing roofs and dividers.


MATERIALITY: The living space ground surface is white porcelain tile, while the second floor is a dim bamboo. The wood “mampara” screen at the stairs is a white-washed poplar, and is confined with darkened steel. The poplar returns on the second level and at the back “scaffold,” ending at the Juliette gallery. Pendant lights are created with bamboo and covered papers.


Thank you for reading this article!


《 Witchman – Restless 》

《 Witchman – Restless 》

Saw your head turn
A bit too far to the right now
Saw the eye go a little spark
When she walks by now
But if you wanna love
You wanna love another girl
I’ll leave it up to you
But I won’t be tested
(You feel restless now)
While you feel restless
Now I’m wondering every time
That you hold me
Well, should I question
Anything you have told me
But if you wanna love
You wanna love another girl
I’ll leave it up to you
But I won’t be tested
(You feel restless now)
While you feel restless, yeah
I remember when you and I were a nation
I could trust you in any dark situation
But if you wanna love
You wanna love another girl
I’ll leave it up to you
But I won’t be tested
(You feel restless now)
While you feel restless

Contemporary renovation of an late 19th century house but keeping the remarkable elements of the old home


Contemporary renovation of an late 19th century house but keeping the remarkable elements of the old home

Architects: 05AM Arquitectura
Location: Paris, France
Year: 2015
Area: 3.165 ft²/ 294 m²
Photo courtesy: Adrià Goula

“For the interior reform of this “Maison à Colombages” from the late 19th century, we selected the remarkable elements of the house so that the intervention can be adapted to them following the unity of the whole house to improve its functionality.

On the ground floor we removed part of the existing partition so we could connect the main living areas such as the living room, the dining room and the kitchen, achieving a concatenation of spaces until the garden. We also improve the functionality of the entry with the addition of a new built-in furniture that stores a wardrobe and a bathroom while separating the entrance from the kitchen.

On the first floor we followed the same criteria, identifying the characteristic elements that went overlooked over the past amendments, such as the magnificent existing alcoves, restoring their clarity and characteristic features. These two bedrooms will be renewed setting a contemporary renovation as well as improving its clearness and functionality.

In the main bedroom, we re-placed the alcove next to the bathing area that incorporates the shower and the bath in a volume made of marble. As for the children’s bedroom, the alcove follows the same symmetry of the original room, reaching the same definition on both bedrooms.

The renovation succeeded in revaluing the qualities of the original distribution, applying coherency as a whole and improving its clarity and functionality, as well as permitting flexibility and visual relationships between the spaces.”

Thank you for reading this article!


《 The Dream Academy – Life In A Northern Town 》

《 The Dream Academy – Life In A Northern Town 》

A Salvation Army Band played
And Children drunk lemonade
And the morning lasted all day,
All day
And through an open window came
Like Sinatra in a younger day,
Pushing the town away
Ah hey ma ma ma
Life in a northern town.
They sat on the stoney ground
And he took out a cigarette out
And everyone else came down
To listen.
He said “In winter 1963
It felt like the world would freeze
With John F. Kennedy
And The Beatles."
Ah hey ma ma ma
Life in a northern town.
Ah hey ma ma ma
All the work shut down.
The evening had turned to rain
Watch the water roll down the drain,
As we followed him down
To the station
And though he never would wave goodbye,
You could see it written in his eyes
As the train pulled out of sight
Ah hey ma ma ma
Life in a northern town.
Ah hey ma ma ma
Life in a northern town.
Published by
Lyrics © Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC, Warner/Chappell Music, Inc.

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

Contemporary Chalet Anzère by SeARCH


Contemporary Chalet Anzère by SeARCH

Architects: SeARCH
Location: Anzère, Switzerland
Year: 2015
Area: 5.382 ft²/ 500 m²
Photo courtesy: Ossip van Duivenbode

“A Dutch client, entrepreneur, hobby pianist and racing driver, was not entirely satisfied with the cluttered layout of the chalet design that was included purchasing the building plot, and asked our advice on adjustments.


SeARCH proposed to start from scratch and tailored the program more compact and site specific (the steep hillside).


The ‘traditional’ chalet, originating from ‘chahtelèt’ (shepherd’s hut) consists of a solid wooden house with shutters and gable roof, resting on a stone foundation. In the Swiss Alps, the chalet has gradually become a ‘multi-gabled’ pastiche as luxury ski-chalet or grew to mega proportions with a maximum of apartments for affordable tourism.


The most beautiful, historical examples are still the larger (farm) houses for several families, high up in the Alps, used only in summertime.


Inspired by the impressive ‘Grand Chalet Balthus’ in Rossinière (CH) with large roof overhangs, the 500 sqm program is designed within one clear volume.


The garage was moved from the back of the house with problematic access to the lower road. Through a hallway and elevator, carved into the mountain, it has a direct connection to all three levels of the house; the guesthouse downstairs, the main living areas in the middle and a private apartment in the attic. All floors give access to three-meter wide terraces, connected by stairs and a phenomenal view over the Dent Blanche Massif with 4000+ peaks of Matterhorn, Dent Blanche, Dufourspitze and Weisshorn.”


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《 Marilyn Manson – The Dope Show 》

《 Marilyn Manson – The Dope Show 》

T-The drugs say make us feel so hollow
We love in vain narcissistic and so shallow
The cops and queers to swim you have to swallow
Hate today, no love for tomorrow
We’re all stars now in the dope show
We’re all stars now in the dope show
There’s lots of pretty, pretty ones
Who want to get you high
But all the pretty, pretty ones
Will leave you low and blow your mind
We’re all stars now in the dope show
We’re all stars now in the dope show
They love you when you’re on all the covers
When you’re not then they love another
They love you when you’re on all the covers
When you’re not then they love another
The drugs they say are made in California
We love your face, we’d really like to sell you
The cops and queers make good looking models
I hate today, who will I wake up with tomorrow?
There’s lots of pretty, pretty ones
Who want to get you high
But all the pretty, pretty ones
Will leave you low and blow your mind
They love you when you’re on all the covers
When you’re not then they love another
They love you when you’re on all the covers
When you’re not then they love another
There’s lots of pretty, pretty ones
Who want to get you high
But all the pretty, pretty ones
Will leave you low and blow your mind
They’ll blow your mind
We’re all stars now in the dope show
We’re all stars now in the dope show
Brian Warner;Jeordie White
Published by

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

Ultramodern Masterpiece Home on Sunset Strip with Automated Wine Rack


Ultramodern Masterpiece Home on Sunset Strip with Automated Wine Rack

Location: Sunset Strip, Hollywood, California, USA
Year: 2015
Area: 13,820 sqft
Price: $22,900,000
Photo courtesy: The Agency

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《 The Tokens – Victim Of Gravity 》

《 The Tokens – Victim Of Gravity 》

Lyrics & Music by: Lynn Ahrens

Performed by: The Tokens
Down, down, down, down gravity
Helpin’wash the dishes
And I drop a cup.
Why does everything fall down
Instead of up?
Ridin’ up a hill I spill
And hit the ground.
Wish I could fall up instead of always failing down.
Down, de-down, down, down.
I’m a victim of gravity.
Everything keeps failin’ down on me.
No matter where I go
That force is there I know,
Just a pullin’ me down, down, down, down, down.
It’s all around town now,
It’s like a magnet deep inside the ground.
When I lift something up,
I can feel it pulling down.
It pulls me in the pool,
It pulls rain down on me.
I’m a victim of
Down, down, down, down, gravity, yeah.
Galileo, Galileo, Galliel-
He did experiments with a force he couldn’t see.
(Could not see, yeah.)
He found that all things fall to earth at the very same speed
(Very same speed, yeah.)
He didn’t know it yet, but that was due to gravity.
The moon goes’round the earth
And shines its silver light.
The earth goes ’round the sun
And makes the seasons right.
It isn’t love that makes the world go ’round, you see,
It’s the power of gravity,
But please don’t tell Mary Jean.
Down, de-down, down, down.
Without earth’s gravity
To keep us in our place,
We’d have no weight at all,
We’d be in outer space.
The sea would float away,
And so would fields and towns,
Nothin’pullin’us down, down, down, down, down, yeah.
Isaac Newton underneath the apple tree.
(Apple tree, yeah)
One hit him on the head,
He said, “That must be gravity."
Newton’s law of gravity says that every object in the
universe pulls on every other object. The bigger the
object, the stronger the Pull. But the greater the
distance between the objects, the weaker the pull becomes.
Come back, Mary Jean!
Don’t call me clumsy,
Don’t call me a fool.
When things fall down on me,
I’m following the rule;
The rule that says that what goes up, comes down, like me,
I’m a victim of down, down, down, down gravity.
Shoo-be doo, down, down, down.

Song Discussions is protected by U.S. Patent 9401941. Other patents pending.

15 Ways Stress Harms The Body Plus Top 10 Foods To Reduce Stress


15 Ways Stress Harms The Body Plus Top 10 Foods To Reduce Stress

Not only is stress a horrible emotional sensation, but it can also really damage your body. If you are a sufferer from stress, look out for these symptoms and eat these 10 foods that reduce stress.

Yes, that’s right. But it is okay, don’t stress about it! Below I’m going to list 20 ways that stress harms your body. I also included 10 foods that are known to reduce stress. If you suffer from stress constantly, it is crucial for your health that you see a mental health physician. Having too much stress can be seriously horrible for your body. If you are a stressed out person and you also suffer from health issues, your stress might be causing them.

Stress symptoms may be affecting your health, even though you might not realize it. Stress symptoms can affect your body, your thoughts and feelings, and your behavior. Being able to recognize common stress symptoms can give you a jump on managing them. Stress that’s left unchecked can contribute to many health problems, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, obesity and diabetes.

Central Nervous System – Your central nervous system (CNS) is in charge of your “fight or flight” response. The CNS instantly tells the rest of your body what to do, marshaling all resources to the cause. In the brain, the hypothalamus gets the ball rolling, telling your adrenal glands to release adrenaline and cortisol. Stress can seriously damage your central nervous system. You may suffer from headaches or insomnia. Chronic stress is a factor in some behaviors like overeating or not eating enough, alcohol or drug abuse, or social withdrawal.

15 Ways Stress Harms The Body Plus Top 10 Foods To Reduce Stress

Cardiovascular Health – Stress can also seriously damage your cardiovascular health. Too much stress can even lead to a heart attack! When you’re stressed, your heart pumps at a really fast rate. This puts a major strain on not only the heart, but the arteries and capillaries all throughout the body too. Frequent or chronic stress makes your heart work too hard for too long, raising your risk of hypertension and problems with your blood vessels and heart. You’re at higher risk of having a stroke or heart attack.

Digestive System – Under stress, your liver produces extra blood sugar (glucose) to give you a boost of energy. Unused blood sugar is reabsorbed by the body. If you’re under chronic stress, your body may not be able to keep up with this extra glucose surge, and you may be at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Muscles – Your muscles tense up to protect themselves from injury when you are stressed out. Tight muscles cause headaches, back and shoulder pain, and body aches. Over time, you may stop exercising and turn to pain medication, setting off an unhealthy cycle.

Reproductive Health – For women, stress can affect the menstrual cycle. You might have irregular or no menstruation, or heavier and more painful periods. The physical symptoms of menopause may be magnified under chronic stress. If stress continues for a long time, a man’s testosterone levels begin to drop. That can interfere with sperm production and cause erectile dysfunction or impotence. Chronic stress may make the urethra, prostate, and testes more prone to infection.Immune

Health – Stress stimulates the immune system. In the short term, that’s a bonus. It helps you stave off infection and heal wounds. Over time, cortisol compromises your immune system, inhibiting histamine secretion and inflammatory response to foreign invaders. People under chronic stress are more susceptible to viral illnesses like influenza and the common cold.

Emotions – A 2013 study by neuroscientists found that even mild levels of stress can impair our ability to control our emotions. In the study, researchers taught subjects stress control techniques. But after participants were put under mild stress — by having their hands dunked in icy water — they could not easily calm themselves down when shown pictures of snakes or spiders. “Our results suggest that even mild stress, such as that encountered in daily life, may impair the ability to use cognitive techniques known to control fear and anxiety,” lead author Candace Raio, Ph.D., said in a press release.

Disease – Some people are more prone to certain diseases, and chronic stress can give these conditions the green light. Stress has been linked to illnesses that include cancer, lung disease, fatal accidents, suicide, and cirrhosis of the liver.Love Life – A 1984 study found that stress can affect a man’s body weight, testosterone levels, and sexual desire. Numerous studies have shown that stress — especially performance anxiety — can lead to impotence.

Teeth and Gum Health – Some people respond to stressful situations through nervous tics or by grinding their teeth. While people often grind their teeth unconsciously or when they sleep, it can do lasting damage to your jaw and wear your teeth thin. A multi-university study in 2012 also linked stress to gum disease.

Weight Gain – Researchers at the University of Miami found that when people find themselves in stressful situations, they are likely to consume 40 percent more food than normal. Those scientists recommended turning off the nightly newscast before eating dinner, to keep bad news — and overeating — at bay.

Long Term Disabilities – The potential dangers created by even mild stress should not be underestimated. They can lead to long-term disability serious enough to render you unable to work. One in four study subjects in the Stockholm area who had mild stress were awarded disability benefits for physical conditions like angina, high blood pressure, and stroke. Nearly two-thirds drew benefits for a mental illness.

Musculoskeletal Problems – Muscle tension may eventually lead to muscular atrophy and other stress-related musculoskeletal problems. Memory – Exposure to chronic stress accelerates memory deterioration and aging. Drug addiction. Stress can cause changes in the brain similar to those caused by drugs, which makes stressed-out people more vulnerable to drug relapse.

Menopause – Stress causes the symptoms of menopause to intensify, especially hot flashes, anxiety, and mood swings.Heartburn – Stress, exhaustion, and increased use of alcohol and tobacco may result in heartburn.

Skin Health – Chronic stress worsens psoriasis, rosacea, and eczema. It may also cause hives, rashes, and fever blisters.

Thankfully, there are natural ingredients out there that are great for reducing stress. Several fruits and veggies have shown to significantly reduce stress levels. These foods can also reduce or eliminate the bad effects stress has had on your body!

Try these 10 foods if you are a stress sufferer.

Green and Leafy Veggies – Dark leafy greens like spinach are rich in folate, which helps your body produce mood-regulating neurotransmitters, including serotonin and dopamine. One 2012 study found people who consumed the most folate had a lower risk of depression than those who ate the least.

Fermented Foods – The secret to improving your mental health is in your gut, as unhealthy gut flora can have a detrimental impact your brain health, leading to issues like anxiety and depression. Beneficial bacteria have a direct effect on brain chemistry, transmitting mood- and behavior-regulating signals to your brain via your vagus nerve. Women who regularly ate yogurt containing beneficial bacteria had improved brain function compared to those who did not consume probiotics.10 Specifically, they had decreased activity in two brain regions that control central processing of emotion and sensation.

Salmon – Found in salmon, sardines, and anchovies, or supplement forms, such as krill oil, the animal-based omega-3 fats EPA and DHA play a role in your emotional well-being. There are a number of vendors, like Vital Choice, that have documented radiation free salmon.

Blueberries – Anthocyanins are the pigments that give berries like blueberries and blackberries their deep color. These antioxidants aid your brain in the production of dopamine, a chemical that is critical to coordination, memory function, and your mood. Also, as TIME reported, “”Research has also shown that blueberry eaters experience a boost in natural killer cells, ‘a type of white blood cell that plays a vital role in immunity, critical for countering stress,’ says Cynthia Sass, MPH, RD, Health’s contributing nutrition editor.”

Pistachios – One study found eating two servings of pistachios a day lowered vascular constriction during stress, which means the load on your heart is reduced since your arteries are more dilated.13 Not to mention, you might find the rhythmic act of shelling pistachios therapeutic, as doing a repetitive activity can help quiet racing thoughts in your head.

Dark chocolate – Chocolate has even been referred to as “the new anti-anxiety drug.” One study in the Journal of Psychopharmacology also revealed that drinking an antioxidant-rich chocolate drink equal to about 1.5 ounces of dark chocolate daily felt calmer than those who did not.

Seeds – Magnesium, which acts as a precursor for neurotransmitters like serotonin, is well-known for its role in helping to regulate your emotions and enhance well-being. Dr. Carolyn Dean, a medical and naturopathic doctor, has studied and written about magnesium for more than 15 years. The latest edition of her book, The Magnesium Miracle, details 22 medical areas that magnesium deficiency triggers, including anxiety, panic attacks, and depression.

Avocado – Avocados provide close to 20 essential health-boosting nutrients, including potassium, vitamin E, B vitamins, and folate, and, according to research published in the Nutrition Journal, eating just one-half of a fresh avocado with lunch may satiate you if you’re overweight, which will help prevent unnecessary snacking later.

Asparagus – I know, these slender stalks are known to make your urine smell funny. But they are high in folate, which is essential for keeping your cool. I like them steamed, then added to salads. I also love them broiled until crisp. Go ahead and eat as many as you’d like!

Cashews – Cashews are an especially good source of zinc—a 1-ounce serving has 11 percent of your RDA. Low levels of zinc have been linked to both anxiety and depression. Since our bodies have no way of storing zinc, it’s important to get some every day. Trade cashews for other nuts on the plan when you’re in the mood. Coarsely chop a handful and toss them into a chicken stir-fry.


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