Maibara House by ALTS Design Office


http://www.caandesign.com/maibara-house-by-alts-design-office/

Maibara House by ALTS Design Office

Architects: ALTS Design Office
Location: Shiga Prefecture, Japan
Year: 2015
Area: 124 sqm
Photo courtesy: Yuta Yamada
Description:

We made two open spaces of diverse sort in a site on this undertaking. The customer trusted an open space required security and a typical territory of the house. Anybody trust the two structures of diverse sort.

Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-01

The first is a security minded house. We fabricated a two-story house and gave weight the prosperity of the family just. At that point second one has open perspectives quite recently like a recreation center where anybody can pop in.

Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-02

It’s a level building as a get together corridor. Every building has a totally distinctive nature, however they associate one another tenderly in inner space.

Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-03

We didn’t put two unique trusts in one space in light of the fact that it could well vanish every nature. Be that as it may, we isolated off two spaces daringly and exploited every nature maximally and could make an alluring spaces.

Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-04Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-05Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-06Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-07Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-08Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-09Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-10Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-11Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-12Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-13Maibara-House-by-ALTS-Design-Office-14

Thank you for reading this article!

 

There are situations of course that leave you utterly speechless


“There are situations of course that leave you utterly speechless. All you can do is hint at things. Words, too, can’t do more than just evoke things. That’s where dance comes in again.” 

– Pina Bausch


Photography: jayna photography with Tate McRae

20161218-d-014-photography-jayna-photography-with-tate-mcrae

Casa Brutale by OPA


http://www.caandesign.com/casa-brutale-by-opa/

Casa Brutale by OPA

Architects: OPA (Open Platform for Architecture)
Location: Greece
Year: 2015
Photo courtesy: OPA Works
Description:

Casa Brutale is a geometrical translation of the landscape. It is an unclad statement on the simplicity and harmony of contemporary architecture. It is a chameleonic living space, created to serve its owner and respect the environment. It is the inverted reference to Casa Malaparte, encased and protected by the tender earth that has hosted the human civilization for millennia. It is a complete study of aesthetics, structure, function and engineering, which thoroughly detailed, awaits solely its realisation.

Casa Brutale by OPA-01

Casa Brutale is OPA’s challenging vision of innovative architecture, where innovation refers to long forgotten terms such as ambience and materiality. Its subtle form allows for the magnificent view and the game of light and shadow to take center stage. The residence is constructed with simple materials: wood, glass and concrete, the convergence of the surrounding earth and water. The landscape is integral to the underlying concept, since elements penetrate and prevail over the construction. The roof of Casa Brutale, a glazed bottom swimming pool, is a continuation of the poetic Aegean Sea and in perfect communication with the vast blue of the Greek sky.

Casa Brutale by OPA-02

In essential simplicity, Casa Brutale is defined by three thick concrete slabs with all the installations preformed. The crystalline pool, made by reinforced glass, is set between the walls to smoothen the hard materials and let the abundant natural light through, illuminating the residence. The enormous glass façade frames and extracts the beauty of the Aegean. And small details of black-coated steel and brown/red aged wood complete the composition.

Casa Brutale by OPA-03In literal groundbreaking integration, Casa Brutale penetrates the landscape. The underground building benefits from a perfect homeostatic mechanism with thermal insulation from the surrounding ground, and the cooling properties of the swimming pool. The optical impact of the building on the landscape is minimal, with only one façade on the cliff side and no volume extruding from the ground level.Casa Brutale by OPA-04

Light penetrates the transparent or semi-transparent surfaces of Casa Brutale, bringing it to life. The dynamic light patterns caress the bare concrete with refractions and shadows. Bare concrete, or beton brut, is the finishing technique that gave the name to both brutalism and Casa Brutale. Raw, unpretentious, monolithic, marked by the wooden planks used to mold the casting.

Casa Brutale by OPA-05

After descending 50 stairs to the Aegean, under the shadows of epic concrete beams, you reach the entrance (also accessible by elevator). The tall, rotating door of aged wood (with the axis at ¾ lengths) opens to a breathtaking sea view, through the glass façade. The remaining space is bare, pure and simple; minimalism at its best. A concrete cast dining table is combined with concrete benches, clad with warm wood. Smooth curves sculpture the fireplace on the wall next to the bench. Behind the dining table, the guest room is formed under an old-fashioned Zoellner slab with a glass corner. Next to the guest room, there is a small passage to the utility rooms (storage room, bathroom and WC).

Casa Brutale by OPA-06

An inner staircase consists of thin, steel steps that allow the optical continuity from the kitchen to the glass façade. The staircase leads you to the mezzanine floor, where the master bedroom is exposed to the same overpowering vision of the Aegean. The bed is cast of concrete with wood finishing, while the walls are covered with mirror to enhance the play between light and shadows.

Casa Brutale by OPA-07

Casa Brutale redefines the harmonious coexistence of human and nature in a poetic homage to pure Brutalism.

Casa Brutale by OPA-08Casa Brutale by OPA-09Casa Brutale by OPA-10Casa Brutale by OPA-11Casa Brutale by OPA-12Casa Brutale by OPA-13Casa Brutale by OPA-14 C:UsersLAERTISDesktopCliff House29_06_2015_2D Drawings Model (1) C:UsersLAERTISDesktopCliff House29_06_2015_2D Drawings Model (1)

Thank you for reading this article!

 

Two economists have developed a new measure that could be an improvement on GDP


https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/09/two-economists-have-developed-a-new-measure-that-could-be-an-improvement-on-gdp?utm_content=buffer34118&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Two economists have developed a new measure that could be an improvement on GDP

This article is published in collaboration with the Washington Center for Equitable Growth.
Pedestrians cast shadows on the crosswalk near the headquarters of the Bank of Japan in Tokyo December 19, 2014. The Bank of Japan maintained its massive monetary stimulus on Friday and offered a brighter view of the economy, clinging to hope that joint efforts with Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to revitalise the economy will prod companies into boosting wages and investment.

The results show that standards of living measured by welfare have grown much quicker than standards based on income growth.
Image: REUTERS/Issei Kato
Written by
Published
Friday 2 September 2016
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Gross domestic product often gets confused for a measure of economic well-being. That’s understandable given how often GDP or GDP growth rates gets held up as the key measure of economic health. But should policymakers really care about how much an economy produces every year in and of itself? Economists (and many other people) would agree that increasing economic output is good in so much that it allows people to consume things, live longer, and have some leisure time. GDP, which is simply the value of all final goods and services produced in a country in one year, doesn’t fully capture those conditions. A new paper takes a stab at creating a measure of economic welfare.

The paper, by economists Charles Jones and Peter Klenow of Stanford University, was published in the latest issue of American Economic Review. The two economists try to move beyond GDP and build a measure of economic welfare that uses data on consumption, leisure, any inequality evident in those two variables, and life expectancy in a country. Why those data? In Jones and Klenow’s model, a person’s welfare is based on how much they can actually consume and how much time they can actually take off. If overall consumption is a small percent of income or worker hours are long, then economic welfare will be lower for a given level of economic output. The same goes for consumption or leisure inequality—if they are high (consumption and leisure are concentrated among a few people) or if life expectancy is low (a person might not be around long enough to enjoy consumption or leisure) then the average economic welfare will be lower than income alone would suggest.

Before digging into the specific results from the paper, let’s be clear that the measure of well-being developed by Jones and Klenow is dependent upon the assumptions of their model. The economists run the model with a number of other assumptions as a check on their results and they hold up. But the model-based nature of the results should be noted.

 Welfare and income are highly correlated at 0.96

Image: Jones and Klenow

The results end up being quite interesting. While there is a very strong correlation between the two authors’ measure of welfare and GDP per person, comparisons between countries are different than if we used GDP per person. If policymakers were to compare the United States to France by average consumption, for instance, then France’s living standard is only 60 percent of the U.S. level. But using a measure that includes France’s lower inequality, lower mortality rate, and more leisure, France’s welfare-based living standard is about 92 percent of the U.S. level, with inequality, mortality, and leisure all boosting the relative standard equally.

All Western European countries in the data set developed by Jones and Klenow end up looking closer to the United States based on this measures. Lower-income countries, however, appear further away from the high-income countries due to much lower life expectancy and high rates of inequality.

Jones and Klenow’s measure also can be used to make comparisons over time. Their results show that standards of living measured by welfare have grown much quicker than standards based on income growth. The difference—3 percent per year versus 2 percent per year from the 1980s to the mid-2000s—might not seem large, but it’s the difference between standards of living doubling every 24 years instead of in 36 years.

The new paper by Jones and Klenow makes for very interesting reading, but it’s only the beginning of a new effort. The two economists point out that with more and better data they could loosen some of their assumptions in the model and that there are other applications of their model for building measure of welfare. Hopefully, they and others looking at how to better capture trends in living standards will continue to work hard on these questions. But maybe, for their welfare’s sake, not too hard.

Written by

Nick Bunker,

This article is published in collaboration with the Washington Center for Equitable Growth.

The views expressed in this article are those of the author alone and not the World Economic Forum.

 

Watch + Learn: Warrior I Pose


http://www.yogajournal.com/video/video/warrior-i-pose/

Watch + Learn: Warrior I Pose

0:00
/
1:24

Virabhadrasana I may look simple, but this fierce pose, named after a warrior born from a lock of Lord Shiva’s hair, requires some serious multitasking.

The Yoga for Back Care DVD by Annie Carpenter is an essential guide to soothing and strengthening your whole back.

To learn more about this pose, read the article.

 

Check out this exercises and share it among your friends ;)


インフル・肺炎・がんに効く 世界で発見!驚異のネギパワーSP


http://www9.nhk.or.jp/gatten/articles/20161214/index.html

インフル・肺炎・がんに効く 世界で発見!驚異のネギパワーSP
健康

インフル・肺炎・がんに効く 世界で発見!驚異のネギパワーSP

2016年12月14日(水)午後7時30分
2016年12月20日(火)午前0時10分

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NHKオンデマンドでご覧いただけます番組内容を印刷する

昔から風邪に効くと言われてきた「ネギ」に朗報!
なんとインフルエンザや肺炎、がんの予防にまで効果が期待できる健康成分が見つかりました。それは、ネギの青い部分に含まれる「ヌル」と呼ばれる粘液にありました。実はここ、料理人も大注目の食材で、ほのかに甘くておいしいんです!その調理法をご紹介。

さらにネギの香りにもすごいパワーが!この香りをたっぷりと味わっていたのが中国の「ネギの里」。なんと新型肺炎SARSが大流行したときにも感染者が1人も出なかったそうなんです。風邪を寄せ付けないその使い方もお伝え!

この冬をおいしく、しかも健康に過ごせる知恵が「ネギ」にはいっぱい!世界中を総力取材した最新情報が満載です!

今回のお役立ち情報
01

ビックリ!病気を寄せ付けない“ネギの香りパワー”

2003年、中国を発端に猛威をふるった新型肺炎『SARS』、その被害をほとんど受けなかった町があります。中国有数のネギの産地・山東省章丘、人口100万ほどの地方都市です。住民の健康の秘訣は、“ネギの生かじり”にありました。

ネギは切ると細胞が壊れ、香り成分『アリシン』が発生します。このちょっと刺激のある香りには、血管拡張・血流アップの効果があり、抵抗力も高めてくれるんです。章丘の人たちは丸かじりすることで、口の中にたくさんのアリシンを発生させ、それを逃すことなく体に取り込んでいました。こうして抵抗力を高めていたことが、SARS撃退につながったと考えられるんです。

香り成分アリシンの血流UP効果を高めるには“生”であることが大事!実は加熱するとアリシンは生まれないんです。また、アリシンをたくさん生み出すためには、“たくさん刻むこと”も重要。 薬味を食べる際、いつもよりちょっとかむ回数を増やしてみてはいかが?

02

風邪予防に!ガッテン流“ネギの首巻き”の作り方

“風邪を引いたらネギを首に巻きなさい” ― 迷信のように言われてきた『ネギの首巻き』、実はこれも「アリシン」による血流促進効果だと考えられています。風邪予防にオススメの首巻きの作り方はこちら。

1. 生の白ネギに切り込みを入れていく。たくさん切れば、『アリシン』もより多く生まれます。

2. 手ぬぐいやタオルで包み、首に巻けば完成!汁で肌がかぶれないようにしっかりと包んで下さい。香りが強い場合は、ネギの表面をちょっと加熱すれば和らげることも出来ます。お好みで調整を!

03

ネギ研究の新発見!免疫力UPの“ヌル”

最新研究によって、体の「免疫力」を直接上げてくれる、新たな健康物質が見つかりました。その正体はネギの青い部分に含まれる粘液、通称・ヌルです。このヌルを摂取すると、免疫系が活性化し、がん予防まで期待できるというから驚き!ヌルは青ネギはもちろんのこと、一見入っていないようにみえる白ネギの青い部分にも含まれています。実は乾燥しているだけだったんです。つまり、青い部分を丸ごと食べれば免疫力アップ!その効果は、加熱しても冷凍しても失われませんので、様々な調理法で楽しんで下さい!

04

青ネギウェルシュレアビット

青ネギウェルシュレアビット

せっかく健康物質ヌルが含まれているのに、硬くて捨てられがちな白ネギの青い部分。そこで、世界中からかき集めてきたネギ料理をアレンジした、『極上青ネギレシピ』をご紹介します。

青ネギウェルシュレアビット (ウェールズの伝統料理『ウェルシュレアビット』をアレンジ)

[材料]

(3人前)

  • 食パン 3枚
  • ネギの青と白の部分  200g
  • バター 10g
  • 小麦粉 大さじ1
  • 牛乳 100ml
  • ピザ用チーズ 100g
  • 塩 小さじ1/4
  • こしょう 少々

[作り方]

  1. ネギの青と白の部分を小口切りに。
  2. しなっとするまでバターで炒める。
  3. 小麦粉を入れ、粉っぽくならないようにしっかりと炒める。
  4. 牛乳を3回程度に分けて入れ、だまが出来ないように注意しながら混ぜる
  5. 弱火にして、ピザ用チーズを投入。   塩、こしょうで味を整えながら混ぜ合わせます。
  6. パンに塗り、トースターで4~5分、きつね色になるまで焼けば出来上がり。

レシピ関連キーワード :

野菜

05

青ネギ巻き

青ネギ巻き

青ネギ巻き(中国・山東省の『ネギ巻き』をアレンジ)

[材料]

(2人前)

  • ネギの青い部分  3本分
  • 粗みじんの白ネギ  50g
  • 豚ひき肉 100g
  • 塩 小さじ1/2
  • こしょう 少々
  • 揚げ油 適宜

【衣】

  • 小麦粉 大さじ4
  • 片栗粉 大さじ2
  • 水 大さじ10

[作り方]

  1. ネギの青い部分を4センチ程度の長さに切る
  2. 粗みじんの白ネギ、豚ひき肉、塩、こしょうをポリ袋に入れ混ぜ合わせる
  3. ポリ袋の角を切り、ネギの青い部分に絞り入れる
  4. 小麦粉をまぶし、衣(片栗粉と小麦粉を水で溶いたもの)をつける。
  5. 180℃の油でカラッと揚げればできあがり。

レシピ関連キーワード :

野菜

06

青ネギみそ

青ネギみそ

青ネギみそ(青森県南部町)

[材料]

  • ネギ 適量
  • みそ 適量

[作り方]

  1. ネギの青い部分を細かく刻む
  2. すり鉢などですり潰す
  3. 同量のみそとしっかり混ぜ合わせれば、 シャキシャキ食感の青ネギみそのできあがり。

レシピ関連キーワード :

野菜

07

青ネギマヨネーズ

青ネギマヨネーズ

青ネギマヨネーズ(イタリアンシェフ 奥田政行さん考案)

[材料]

  • ネギの青い部分 100g
  • 卵黄 1個
  • 酢 大さじ1
  • サラダ油 大さじ6
  • 塩 小さじ1
  • こしょう 少々

[作り方]

  1. ネギの青い部分を細かく刻む
  2. ネギ、酢、卵黄をフードプロセッサーに入れて混ぜる
  3. サラダ油を3回程度に分けて加えながら、更にかき混ぜていく。
  4. 塩・こしょうで味を整えればできあがり。

レシピ関連キーワード :

野菜

 

Yoga Anatomy: Use Yoga to Ease Neck Tension from Slouching


http://www.yogajournal.com/article/office-yoga/yoga-anatomy-yoga-release-neck-tension/

Yoga Anatomy: Use Yoga to Ease Neck Tension from Slouching

Take a moment to sit in Dandasana (Staff Pose): Come to a seated position on the floor with your legs extended in front of you; or sit in a chair, with your spine stacked over your hips and your knees bent, feet flat on the floor. Now, place both hands next to your hips, press your palms down into the ground or chair, take a deep inhale, and notice how you feel. Then, let your shoulders cave in toward your chest, and allow your head to come forward and chest to collapse. How do you feel now?

When I ask my patients to do this simple exercise, 
they report a marked difference in their mood when comparing sitting upright (they use adjectives like “alert,” “happy,” and “bright”) versus hunched over (which prompts reactions like “sad,” “tired,” and “negative”). It’s clear this kind of slumping can lead 
to energetic problems, but it can also cause biomechanical issues that trigger pain. And the worst part is, the vast majority of us tend to adopt this shoulders-hunched, neck-craned-forward posture regularly throughout our day thanks to our desk-bound jobs and affinity for mobile electronic devices.

See also Too Much Desk Time? Here’s How Yoga Helps Muscular Imbalances

The Anatomy Behind Slouched Posture

First, it’s important to look at the muscular imbalances this posture creates. In this position, 
the muscles that round your shoulders and internally rotate your upper arm bones (subscapularis, teres major, and anterior deltoids) shorten, causing a feeling of tightness. What’s more, 
the pectoralis major and minor (chest muscles that draw your arms and shoulders forward and together) as well as the levator scapulae, scalenes, sternocleidomastoid, and upper trapezius (muscles in the back and side of your neck that hold your head forward) get overworked, which also leads to tightness. And then there are the muscles that get turned “off” and weaken: the ones that externally rotate the upper arm bones (infraspinatus, teres minor, and posterior deltoids); those that stabilize the shoulder blades and draw them down the back (serratus anterior, rhomboids, middle and lower trapezius); and the cervical or deep neck flexors (longus capitis and longus colli).

This simultaneous over- and under-working of muscle groups leads to imbalances that affect 
the shoulder girdle. Over time, chronic slumping can cause rotator cuff problems, such as rotator cuff syndrome (in which the muscles and tendons of the shoulder get pinched and inflamed, causing pain), and possibly even a rotator cuff tear thanks to chronic irritation. Neck pain is another common side effect. Think about it: When your head juts forward as you stare at a screen, your neck muscles—
specifically the levator scapulae and upper trapezius—have to contract to hold it up. As a result, the cervical flexors under the neck become tired and weak, causing yet another pain-inducing imbalance.

See also The Yoga of Smartphones: How to Avoid “Tech Neck”

3 Ways to Use Yoga to Release Neck Tension

Whatever the root cause of your slumping, your yoga practice can help 
alleviate any resulting pain or dips in mood by bringing more balance to the muscles 
in your chest, upper back, and neck.

1. These poses are a great place to start: 4 Yoga Poses for Better Posture, Less Neck Pain

2. I’m a big fan of holding Staff Pose: Sit upright with your palms pressing into the ground beside your hips. Draw your shoulders toward your midline and then slightly down your back; press your palms firmly into the ground and attempt to drag them away from each other isometrically. By doing so, you engage the weakened lower and middle trapezius and rhomboids, and you stretch the tight pectorals.

3. Here’s one more simple exercise for relaxing neck and chest tightness: Interlace the fingers of both hands and place them palm-down on the top of your head, right in the center. Press your head up into your hands as you gently press your hands down into your head. Hold this dual-pressing action for a few seconds, release for a few seconds, and then repeat once. You should feel a straightening of the spine and a lightness that may make you smile.

As I’ve learned, the best way to find the most brightness and to counter the inevitable muscular imbalances that arise as we move through our lives is to take the time 
to understand the biomechanics of these imbalances. We do so by using our body and studying the energetic shifts the imbalances cause, which in turn helps us more readily and predictably access the proper corrective yoga postures. It’s my opinion that this is what yoga is really for.

See also A Healing Yoga Sequence to Ease Neck + Shoulder Pain

About Our Writer
Teacher Ray Long, MD, is 
an orthopedic surgeon in Detroit and the founder of Bandha Yoga, a website and book series dedicated to the anatomy and biomechanics of yoga.


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號外!號外!義美純豬肉鬆製程大公開!!


在台灣,大概能讓我放心去買去吃的食品就是「義美」了!

早上吃的燕麥片再加點核桃,堅果類及葡萄乾營養又可口。
果醬天然不含防腐劑無香料色素,個人喜蔓越莓口味。😘

豆漿豆腐非基改黃豆製成,肉鬆讓人放心食用,辣椒醬成份只有5種,沒有一堆的化學成份讓人看了頭昏眼花,最近買了紅蔥酥油醬成份只有4種,簡單明瞭,拿來燙青菜攪拌是非常好吃的喲~還有日常要用到的醬油是非基改黃豆製成,無防腐劑無焦糖色素,有2款,一種是滷用,一種是平常沾醬使用,很👍
其它讓我最痛苦的是點心糕餅類,因為太好吃都得控制食用,免得發胖~😭

太多了,無法一一簡介,大概每次去都得裝箱回家。😂

買食品時,會讓我花很多時間的就是看成份,現在大概只要看一堆化學成份的加工食品,再怎麼好吃,我都會忍痛放下。
沒辦法控制不去吃,但我們能選擇吃或不吃,因為只要花點心思即能選擇更好的。🤗

P.S. 待會兒準備去跟他們收點廣告費…

<iframe src="https://www.facebook.com/plugins/video.php?href=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.facebook.com%2Fimeifoods%2Fvideos%2F10154464136421997%2F&show_text=1&width=560″ width="560″ height="450″ style="border:none;overflow:hidden" scrolling="no" frameborder="0″ allowTransparency="true">

 

Help Improve Workshop Access for Central Americans


http://ranchomastatal.com/blognewsletter/2016/12/15/continuing-adult-education-workshop-access-for-low-income-central-americans

Help Improve Workshop Access for Central Americans

permacultura beca

By Tim O’Hara

Workshops, one of many forms of education, are expensive to organize, risky to run, and an immense amount of work to pull off and host well. They can also be transformational and inspirational for the participants and provide them with an amazing educational experience. We have been offering life-changing courses and classes in a vast array of areas related to sustainability for over 15 years. During this time our core team has reflected on how to assure that our offerings are accessible to as many people as possible, especially low-income and future leaders in our region, without running our business into the red. It’s been a fine line to walk and one that we’ve commonly fallen on the wrong side of.

In 2015 we began a discussion about how to provide Central Americans with options to apply for economic assistance to attend permaculture, natural building and other sustainability related courses in our region. It is not uncommon for regional workshops to cost working Central Americans months of pay or more. Moreover, workshop students commonly lose income and make other sacrifices while away from their obligations at home. It’s a difficult situation that leaves these opportunities out of reach to the majority of people that are interested in them. From our observations, there are a growing number of people in our area that have a strong desire to participate in courses which will expand their horizons, expose them to valuable networking opportunities, and provide them with hard skills that they can take back to their communities. With all of this in mind, the idea of a scholarship fund began to emerge and make increasing sense.

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Mastate Charitable Foundation (MCF), a small non-profit under the umbrella of the Marion Institute, achieved some important fundraising successes in 2015-16 that allowed them to create a Central American Scholarship Fund Program that provided seven partial scholarships to our Permaculture Design and Wilderness First Responder Certification courses and 2017 Apprenticeship in Sustainable Living.

Based on these favorable developments and the associated positive experiences participants had, we have been encouraged to look for ways to expand this program so as to meet the growing demand for these types of opportunities in the future.

Rancho Mastatal has already received over 20 scholarship applications for classes taking place in 2017. We believe that there are few better investments than supporting meaningful and empowering education for leaders rooted in their communities. In too many cases, populations worldwide have suffered the degradation of their communal structures from years of neglect and shrinking budgets, brain drain, worsening economic situations, and environmental atrocities that make living in certain areas of the world less viable. To rebuild will require courageous leadership, hard work and resources.

If you or someone you know would like to sponsor one or more scholarships during the upcoming calendar year please learn more about MCFs charitable work here. Tax deductible donations for the Central American Scholarship Fund can be made here.  General donations can also be made on the MCF website here. The opportunities provided by your assistance can change the trajectory of not only a scholarship recipient but of their entire community. Help us to support a more sustainable future for Central America.

NEWS FROM AROUND THE PERMACULTURE COMMUNITY

We love food preservation at the Ranch, usually by means of fermentation. One of our challenges is finding good supplies, e.g. food grade, appropriate scale, etc., here in Costa Rica. But for you all in the States, you might check out Pantry Paratus for a great selection of supplies.

As our team at the Ranch looks toward the future, we’ve found much inspiration in the recent writings on commoning by David Bollier. We highly recommend the article Commoning as a Transformative Social Paradigm.   You may also want to check out the workshop Reinventing the Commons:  Social Ecosystems for Local Stewardship & Planetary Survival.

Abrazos,

The Ranch Crew

 

核一除役展開二階範疇界定 核廢送德州成選項


http://e-info.org.tw/node/201895?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=cf560a4d43-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-cf560a4d43-84956681

核一除役展開二階範疇界定 核廢送德州成選項

 建立於 2016/12/16

本報2016年12月16日台北訊,賴品瑀報導

16日下午環署展開核一廠除役計畫二階環評範疇界定會議。雖然政府已經定調核一除役,地方居民也相當期待除役,但核廢料問題仍是糾結人心,貯存方式會是露天或是室內?最終處置會留在原地還是送向外縣市、甚至美國德州?仍是尷尬的最難問題。

核一廠除役計畫環評在2015年起跑,一度因不確定的部分太多而遭擱置,今年5月初台電主動要求進入二階,相較於當時仍未確定是否除役,目前已經政策上已經定調。今次展開範疇界定,為的是確認後續在二階環評必須嚴審哪些項目。

核一廠除役進入二階環評範疇界定會議,核廢料仍難解。資料照。圖片來源:我們的島。

避免核一淪核廢最終貯存場  環委建議原地建綠電設施

在上次(297次大會)結論中,要求要審慎評估廢水、水域生態與對核廢處理與貯存設施提出替代方案。此次台電報告中,除了提出在廠區西南側進行室外貯存的原方案外,又提了三個替代方案,包括在廠區西南側室內貯存、在廠內器渦輪廠房及日用油槽區以室內或室外方式貯存。

會議中也確認,因應除役所需設置的高階核廢料乾式貯存場及低階核廢倉庫,兩者都必須採室內貯存。

至於核電廠所在地北海岸居民及新北市政府所擔心,除役後核廢就放在核一廠不移走,讓核一廠此後成為核廢最終處置場,也要求評估將貯存設施設置在廠區外的替代方案。環評委員劉希平便主張台電應該另外訂出核廢最終處置場址的時間和進行方式,不需在核一廠原址建造,以免未來核一廠原廠址直接成為核廢料貯存場。更進一步建議,應該在原廠址建設綠能發電設施,以作為除役典範。

而因為核一必定要除役,此案沒有零方案,也未見任何民間團體爭取不開發的零方案,也是與眾多二階環評範疇界定會議不同之處。

核廢料沒人愛  送往美國德州「永久儲存」成選項

由於北海岸居民不希望成為核廢料最終處置,其他曾遭鎖定的地區也不願意,北海岸反核行動聯盟執行長郭慶霖與鹽寮反核自救會總幹事楊木火,一度因為需不需要寫明廠區外是「國外」而鋒相對。

楊木火更提出建議,指出美國德州已有區域願意作為用過燃料棒集中地,這些向美國購得的核廢料,也應該「回娘家」,順勢送回美國。對此,台電則回應可列為選項之一。

楊木火表示,早在1980年代核一廠曾送回一批污染銅管請美國處理、核研所也有一批核燃料「六氟化鈾」,協調已運回美國,如今有德州也有一區表示願意成為用過燃料棒集中地,台電應該去洽談作為解決之道。楊木火強調,送到德州是永久貯放,跟先前台電打算送往法國「再處理」,花了大批金錢但最後來要送回台灣並不一樣。

據原能會資料,有意願收送核廢料的是德州洛文郡(Loving County, Texas),當地幅員遼闊,1,753平方公里的居民人口卻僅93人,鄰近又已有WIPP廢料處置先導場與URENCO燃料廠,也方便取得技術支援,可望在2025年做為美國核廢集中貯存場。

作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

劃設傳統領域排除私有地 原民憂「部落一定會被掏空」


http://e-info.org.tw/node/201893?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=cf560a4d43-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-cf560a4d43-84956681

劃設傳統領域排除私有地 原民憂「部落一定會被掏空」

 建立於 2016/12/16

本報2016年12月16日台北訊,賴品瑀報導

總統蔡英文競選時承諾原民轉型正義,更在今年8月1日代表政府向原民道歉,宣布開始推動轉型正義與歷史正義委員會,也重啟《原基法》推動會。不過,近日浮出檯面的「原住民族傳統領域劃設辦法」最新草案,卻驚見排除了「私有土地」,決策過程也缺乏部落參與,讓各地原民團體相當跳腳,認為此舉反讓傳統領域破碎化,更等於無法討回杉原棕櫚度假村等遭私人開發的土地。

16日,30多個原民團體集結於行政院外,要政委張景森出來面對。原民團體直指,原民會提出的劃設辦法,在進入行政院部會協商後,排除了私有土地,也曲解了傳統領域及原住民土地的內涵,更由公產機關來干預傳統領域的劃設,是不尊重部落主體性,而這一切的主導者就是政委張景森。

DSC_6306
原民團體戳爛台灣地圖,批評排除了私有土地的傳統領域劃設辦法,將使部落傳統領域破壞、文化走向死亡。攝影:賴品瑀。

原民會、行政院:草案未定,會納入部落參與

雖然張景森未出面,但原民會土管處副處長謝亞杰澄清,傳統領域劃設辦法未定案,仍有討論空間,且並未排除私有土地。在制訂辦法與將來劃設的過程,都會納入民族議會與部落參與。

族人質疑,原民會講得很漂亮,也的確提出了可接受的草案,但部會協商時,會不會再遭張景森作梗翻盤?謝亞杰強調,傳統領域劃設辦法將來是由原民會負責公告,張景森僅是提醒可能有爭議之處。行政院諮議也表示,行政院已授權原民會辦理。但面對原民團體要求行政院表態,是否完全接受謝亞杰所說不排除私有土地、部落參與制訂等,卻無法當場承諾。

原民會更承諾團體,將來劃設小組會以部落為主體,民間所建議的以雙軌劃設方式加入民族議會角色、將研議劃設小組及劃設商議小組成員組成中,納入當地部落或民族推派代表、民族議會代表、專家學者可參與協助劃設及審議等意見,原民會都將採行,以制定符合族人期待的法案,來落實轉型正義。

排除私有地大開方便之門? 原民憂開發掏空部落

原民團體質疑,若排除私有土地,恐導致類似台東杉原棕櫚度假村等眾多開發案,讓鄰近部落再也無法主張《原基法》21條明定的「知情同意權」。例如杉原棕櫚開發案中有六成以上是私有土地,但全境皆屬阿美族或卑南族的傳統領域,過去曾是阿美族重要的放牧採集地,但若依照此一劃設辦法,將不被承認為傳統領域範圍,鄰近部落即無法主張知情同意權。

「大開開發大門!」Pangcah阿美族守護聯盟Namoh Nofu Pacidal細數東海岸開發案,遠雄海洋公園、寶盛水族生態遊樂區、滿地富遊樂區、旭塔觀光飯店、娜路彎大酒店、棕櫚濱海渡假村、都蘭灣黃金海休閒渡假村、台東渡假村、杉原遊艇……等相關歷年開發案,私有地佔54%到100%不等,排除私有地管制的劃設辦法,等同不須經過部落知情同意權。

目前面臨「孔雀園」BOT開發的邵族民族議會代表Malihan指出,目前全部落已有共識不接受開發,但縣政府與業者卻開說明會要談「回饋」,他們大動作反彈,卻換來「這土地是傳統領域嗎?」的冷言反問,讓他們焦急。

花蓮瑞祥部落青年林高捷則表示,當地因為瑞穗溫泉而遭開發業者瞄準,目前至少有八個開發案,加上政府因此相關的公園、停車場、道路、污水處理場等建設,總計畫上達270公頃。林高捷擔憂,業者已經取得土地,若私有地不能劃為傳統領域,當開發計畫一來,「部落一定會被掏空」。

關於這些爭議開發案,原民會則解釋,只要當地部落完成傳統領域的劃設公告作業,即可依法要求業者向部落踐行原基法第21條賦予的諮商同意程序,保障原住民族自然土地權利。

學者批:傳統領域若排除私有地,等於走回欺壓原民老路

東華大學原住民民族學院教授施正鋒批,若排除了私有地,等於只是談公有地解編,退後成「公地放領」,更是「傳統領域原保地化」的退步。蠻野心足生態協會秘書長謝孟羽分析法律,表示《原基法》母法所指涉的原住民土地,並無公私土地之分,但原保地卻只是私有概念,反而凌駕了母法。

施正鋒認為,傳統領域上的既有私有產權,正是政府應面對的轉型正義重要工作之一,而非一味排除了事。這些傳統領域遭私有化的過程,正是嚴重的歷史不正義。過去政府以土地收歸國有的名義,大量侵占原民土地,在國營企業民營化及公地放領等過程中,又讓這些土地淪落到私人手中。

因此,如果傳統領域的劃設排除了私有土地,等於是把壓迫原住民族的歷史正當化,不但否定了傳統領域、更否定了原住民族的主權,也就是殺死原住民族的存在。

DSC_6293
不滿「原住民族傳統領域劃設辦法」的最新草案,數十原民團體出面反對。攝影:賴品瑀。

積極捍衛部落主權  原青:傳統領域是族群命脈

原住民族青年陣線Savungaz Valincinan更指出,原民對土地的概念與政府並不同,對他們而言,傳統領域談的是主權而非產權。對原住民族來說,土地是生命、是族群的命脈、是文化得以成長的根基。原住民族傳統領域是先於國家法規而存在的自然主權,完全沒有公有私有的問題。

目前也不少部落中壯年正在積極發起返回舊部落的行動,對於傳統領域的劃設規定相當關注。勒俄腊部落重返祖居地發起人翡束寶給表示,他們的傳統領域位在霞喀羅步道附近,目前遭劃為國有林班地。

達魯瑪克部落青年Ciamalre則表示,自己雖然從小在都會長大,但近年積極參與部落,也已獲得認可,但令他憂心的是,已有部分遺跡因為遭私有而失去了,看見這樣的危機,他表示非常不希望文化變成「死的」、只能在教科書上看到,「我們只能哀悼文化的死亡。」

作者

賴品瑀

新店溪下游人,曾在成大中文與南藝紀錄所練功打怪撿裝備,留下《我們迷獅子》、《我是阿布》兩部紀錄片作品。現為人類觀察員,並每日鍛鍊肌肉與腦內啡,同時為環境資訊電子報專任記者,為大家搭起友誼的橋樑。

 

憂台化訴願翻盤復工 彰化縣民北上要求旁聽遭拒


老妖雜唸:心中有鬼的旁聽會~~~

http://e-info.org.tw/node/201892?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=cf560a4d43-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2016_12_16&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-cf560a4d43-84956681

憂台化訴願翻盤復工 彰化縣民北上要求旁聽遭拒

 建立於 2016/12/16

本報2016年12月16日台北訊,陳文姿報導

台化彰化廠因生煤許可證到期導致關廠,向環保署提起訴願。16日上午環署訴願委員會請彰化縣與台化雙方進行言詞辯論。擔心環保署長李應元向台化靠攏,影響訴願會結果,彰化縣民特地北上力挺縣府,要求進入旁聽,最後被拒。

環保署主秘謝燕儒出面重申訴願會的獨立運作,對於民眾要求環署立即打電話給訴願會,確認可否開放旁聽,謝燕儒認為此舉將干擾訴願會。他也表示,依慣例言詞辯論後不會立即做出決定。

1216-6
喚醒彰化青年聯盟成員楊子賢(持麥克風者)要求開放民眾進訴願會表達意見。 攝影:陳文姿

擔心李應元影響訴願審查  彰化縣民要求開放旁聽

台化彰化廠M16、M17、 M22鍋爐燃燒的生煤許可證9月28日到期,經36次送件申請展延,但彰化縣府都以未合審查標準而退回申請。三座鍋爐因此停止,也造成台化停工,台化隨即對環署提起訴願。

今早,環署訴願委員會召開言詞辯論,彰化環保團體、公民團體、市民與聲援民眾特地趕在會議之前,到環署前抗議。他們直指李應元是「空污門神」,拿著「李應元黑手伸進訴願會?台化將死灰復燃?」海報,高聲大喊「開放旁聽、公開透明」,希望派代表入訴願會陳述意見。

喚醒彰化青年聯盟成員楊子賢以環署10月8日發出的新聞稿內容,指出李應元已預設立場,將放行M16、M17,恐影響訴願會的裁決,要求到場陳述意見。

環署:不應干擾訴願會獨立性  環團:要求公開並不衝突

對於民眾抗議,謝燕儒出面解釋,訴願會是獨立運作,「環保署完全尊重訴願會,包括我自己,不管白手、黑手,全部伸不進去。」

楊子賢要求謝燕儒馬上打電話給訴願會,確定是否讓民眾進去,遭謝燕儒反對,認為此時打電話將干擾訴願會的獨立運作。但抗議群眾認為,公開透明跟獨立運作並不衝突。雙方談話並無交集。

1216-3
環保署主秘謝燕儒(左)出面與群眾對話。 攝影:陳文姿

環署表示,根據行政院環境保護署訴願案件言詞辯論作業要點,已有規定言詞辯論與會者,並沒有旁聽。但彰化環團認為,訴願法第63、64條也指出,受理訴願機關必要時得通知利害關係人陳述意見,彰化民眾都是利害關係人。

彰化縣府委任律師陳建良會後表示,雖然彰化縣法制處處長黃耀南曾提出開放民眾旁聽,但主席裁示「於法無據」。

陳建良說明,會中僅是陳述意見,並未說什麼時候會做出決定。

1216-4
民眾向環保署主秘謝燕儒(左)要求開放訴願會旁聽。 攝影:陳文姿

彰化居民重申:沒有台化,空氣變好了

抗議群眾包括喚醒彰化青年聯盟、台灣健康空氣行動聯盟、彰化縣環境保護聯盟、要健康婆婆媽媽團彰化團、彰化縣市居民等,另也有台北民眾帶著小朋友來聲援。

特地帶著五歲小孩北上,家住台化對面的曾宜螢說,過去五年,台化伴著小孩成長,聞到台化的酸臭味,內心很不安。在台化煙囪停止燃燒期間,鬆了一口氣,希望這個願望可以持續下去。

國小四年級的楊同學說,平日表現良好,家長才同意他來環保署。想來的原因是想跟環保署長講:「可以讓人民去旁聽,不然用個網站,就可以看到即時的畫面。」

20151216 台化訴願會審查
台化停工,空氣真的變好了。彰化民眾特地北上,支持縣府拒絕台化許可證延期的決定。 攝影:陳文姿
20151216 台化訴願會審查
不少台北民眾也帶小孩來聲援彰化民眾反空污。攝影:陳文姿

作者

陳文姿

理工科系畢業的打字人~

 

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