Modern Minimalistic and Clear in Tel Aviv by Martin Kesel Architects


http://www.caandesign.com/modern-minimalistic-and-clear-in-tel-aviv-by-martin-kesel-architects/

Modern Minimalistic and Clear in Tel Aviv by Martin Kesel Architects

Architects: Martin Kesel Architects
Location: Tel Aviv, Israel
Year: 2015
Area: 2,153 ft²/ 200 m²
Photo courtesy: Gilad Radat
Description:

The house is situated in the peaceful and calm neighbourhood. The house is Characterized as a present day plan 200 m² (2,153 ft²) partitioned into 4 half levels.

Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-01

This is a family that needed to work there dream home. The children past the age where they are painting the dividers and making a wreck. So they chose to spoil themselves with a present day house with striking c and unpredictable Colors and materials. We utilized extraordinary carpentry points of interest and tweak compositional lighting that makes a novel configuration field.

Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-02

The engineering outline is portrayed by clean current lines that mull over the huge and great space. The keen utilization of carpentry points of interest and shrouded spaces make a great deal of storage room the blend between the materials on one hand icy, glass and press and on the other warm, materials and wood make the result we went for.

Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-03Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-04Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-05Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-06Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-07Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-08Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-09Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-10Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-11Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-12Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-13Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-14Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-15Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-16Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-17Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-18Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-19Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-20Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-21Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-22Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-23Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-24Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-25Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-26Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-27Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-28Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-29Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-30Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-31Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-32Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-33Modern-Minimalistic-and-Clear-in-Tel-Aviv-by-Martin-Kesel-Architects-34

Thank you for reading this article!

 

Seeking Inspiration? Source It In These 30 Yoga Sutras


http://www.yogajournal.com/slideshow/30-essential-yoga-sutras/#26

Seeking Inspiration? Source It In These 30 Yoga Sutras

There’s so much more to yoga than what happens on the mat. When you need a little push in the right direction or a fresh perspective, the Yoga Sutra is your guidebook for living with intention. We handpicked 30 essential sutras to return to again and again.

  • <i>Atha yoga anushasanam</i>

    Atha yoga anushasanam

    Now, the teachings of yoga.

    —Yoga Sutra I.1

  • <i>Yoga citta vritti nirodhah</i>

    Yoga citta vritti nirodhah

    Yoga is the ending of disturbances of the mind.

    —Yoga Sutra I.2

    See also Intro to Yoga Philosophy: Sutra School 1.2

  • <i>Tada drastuh svarupe avasthanam</i>

    Tada drastuh svarupe avasthanam

    As a result of yoga or sustained, focused attention, the Self, or Seer, is firmly established in its own form, and we act from a place from our own true, authentic Self.

    —Yoga Sutra I.3

    See also Sanskrit Top 40: Must-Learn Lingo for Yogis

  • <i>Vrttayah pancatayyah klistaklistah pramana viparyaya vikalpa nidra smrtayah</i>

    Vrttayah pancatayyah klistaklistah pramana viparyaya vikalpa nidra smrtayah

    There are five functions or activities of the mind, which can either cause us problems or not. They are: correct perception, misunderstanding, imagination, deep sleep, and memory.

    —Yoga Sutra I.5–6

    See also The Five States of Mind

  • <i>Abhyasa vairagyabhyam tat nirodhah</i>

    Abhyasa vairagyabhyam tat nirodhah

    In order to achieve a state of yoga, one must develop both practice and detachment.

    —Yoga Sutra I.12

    See also Make the Space for Your Practice

  • <i>Tatra sthitau yatnah abhyasa</i>

    Tatra sthitau yatnah abhyasa

    Effort toward steadiness of mind is practice.

    —Yoga Sutra I.13

    See also Patanjali Never Said Anything About Alignment

  • <i>Sa tu dirgha kala nairantarya satkara adara asevita drdha bhumih</i>

    Sa tu dirgha kala nairantarya satkara adara asevita drdha bhumih

    To achieve a strong foundation in our practice, we must practice over a long time, without interruption, believing 
in it and looking forward to it, with an attitude of service.

    —Yoga Sutra I.14

    See also Patanjali Never Said Practice Is Optional

  • <i>Vitarka vicara ananda asmitarupa anugamat samprajnatah</i>

    Vitarka vicara ananda asmitarupa anugamat samprajnatah

    In order to reach a state of complete understanding, we must go through a process that progresses from a superficial understanding to increasingly greater refinement and subtlety of comprehension, until our understanding becomes fully integrated and total.

    —Yoga Sutra I.17

    See also Slow Down + Take Time to Learn

  • <i>Shraddha virya smrti samadhi prajna purvakah itaresham</i>

    Shraddha virya smrti samadhi prajna purvakah itaresham

    For those of us who were not born into states of higher consciousness or knowing, we must cultivate self-confidence and conviction to help us maintain our persistence and strength, and to remember our direction so that we may attain our goal of a focused mind and clear perception.

    —Yoga Sutra I.20

    See also Consciousness in Motion: Vinyasa

  • <i>Isvara pranidhanat va</i>

    Isvara pranidhanat va

    [Samadhi is attained] through complete and total surrender to a higher power.

    —Yoga Sutra I.23

    See also Tap Your Higher Power

  • <i>Taj japas tad artha bhavanam</i>

    Taj japas tad artha bhavanam

    The recitation of that [syllable, OM] [leads to] the contemplation of its meaning.

    —Yoga Sutra I.28

    See also Intro to Chanting, Mantra, and Japa

  • <i>Tatah pratyakcetanadhigamah api antarayabhavas ca</i>

    Tatah pratyakcetanadhigamah api antarayabhavas ca

    Then, the inner consciousness is revealed, we come to know the true Self, and our obstacles are reduced.

    —Yoga Sutra I.29

    See also Master Your Mind to Come Closer to Your True Self

  • <i>Maitri karuna mudita upekshanam sukha duhkha punyapunya visayanam 
bhavanatah citta prasadanam</i>

    Maitri karuna mudita upekshanam sukha duhkha punyapunya visayanam 
bhavanatah citta prasadanam

    By cultivating attitudes of friendliness toward the happy, compassion for the unhappy, delight in the virtuous, and disregard toward the wicked, the mind-stuff retains its undisturbed calmness.

    —Yoga Sutra I.33

    See also 6 Steps To Channel Envy + Fulfill Your Greatest Potential

  • <i>Pracchardana vidharanabhyam va pranasya</i>

    Pracchardana vidharanabhyam va pranasya

    Or that calm is retained by the controlled exhalation and retention of the breath.

    —Yoga Sutra I.34

    See also Transform Your Practice With Better Breathing

  • <i>Visoka va jyotismati</i>

    Visoka va jyotismati

    Or, [by concentrating on] the light within, which is free from all suffering and sorrow.

    —Yoga Sutra I.36

    See also Connect with Your Inner Spark

  • <i>Anityasuci dhkhanatmasu nitya suci sukhatmakhyatir avidya</i>

    Anityasuci dhkhanatmasu nitya suci sukhatmakhyatir avidya

    Ignorance is regarding the impermanent as the permanent, the impure as pure, the painful as pleasant, and the non-Self as the Self.

    —Yoga Sutra II.5

    See also Understand Avidya To See Yourself As You Are

  • <i>Drgdarsana saktyoh ekatmata iva asmita</i>

    Drgdarsana saktyoh ekatmata iva asmita

    False identification is confusing the nature of the seer or Self with the nature of the instrument of perception. In other words, false identification happens when we mistake the mind, body, or senses for the true Self.

    —Yoga Sutra II.6

    See also How to See Your True Self

  • <i>Parinama tapa samskara duhkhaih guna vrtti virodhaccha duhkham evam sarvam vivekinah</i>

    Parinama tapa samskara duhkhaih guna vrtti virodhaccha duhkham evam sarvam vivekinah

    Change, longing, habits, and the activity of the gunas can all cause us suffering. In fact, even the wise suffer, for suffering is everywhere.

    —Yoga Sutra II.15

    See also Life Happens: The Yoga Sutra’s Take on Suffering

  • <i>Heyam duhkham anagatam</i>

    Heyam duhkham anagatam

    Prevent the suffering that is yet to come.

    —Yoga Sutra II.16

    See also Reduce Suffering: How Yoga Heals

  • <i>Drashtr drshyayoh samyogo heya hetuh</i>

    Drashtr drshyayoh samyogo heya hetuh

    The cause of our suffering is the inability to distinguish between what is the truth (what perceives) and what appears to be the truth (what is perceived).

    —Yoga Sutra II.17

    See also Stoke Your Spirit: 31 Images to Inspire Transcendence

  • <i>Sva svami saktyoh svarupa upalabdhi hetuh samyogah</i>

    Sva svami saktyoh svarupa upalabdhi hetuh samyogah

    The inability to discern between the temporary, fluctuating mind and our own true Self, which is ­eternal, is the cause of our suffering, yet this suffering provides us with the opportunity to make this distinction and to learn and grow from it, by understanding the true nature of each.

    —Yoga Sutra II.23

    See also The Yoga Sutra: Your Guide To Living Every Moment

  • <i>Vitarka badhane 
pratipaksha bhavanam</i>

    Vitarka badhane 
pratipaksha bhavanam

    When disturbed by negative thoughts, opposite ones should be thought of.

    —Yoga Sutra II.33

    See also Tantra Meditation: Explore Negative + Positive Mind Energy

  • <i>Samtosad anuttamah sukhalabha</i>

    Samtosad anuttamah sukhalabha

    From contentment, incomparable happiness is obtained.

    —Yoga Sutra II.42

    See also Path to Happiness: 9 Interpretations of the Yamas + Niyamas

  • <i>Sthira sukham asanam </i>

    Sthira sukham asanam

    Seated posture should be steady and comfortable.

    —Yoga Sutra II.46

    See also Meditation Sutra: Sthira Sukham Asanam

  • <i>Tato dvandvanabhighatah</i>

    Tato dvandvanabhighatah

    Thereafter [making a posture firm and comfortable], one is undisturbed by dualities.

    —Yoga Sutra II.48

    See also Everything You Need to Know About Meditation Posture

  • <i>Tatah ksiyate prakasavaranam</i>

    Tatah ksiyate prakasavaranam

    As its result, the veil over the inner Light is destroyed.

    —Yoga Sutra II.52

    See also Yoga Wisdom: How to Spark Your Inner Light + Share It

  • <i>Sarvarthataikagratayoh ksyayodayau cittasya samadhiparinamah</i>

    Sarvarthataikagratayoh ksyayodayau cittasya samadhiparinamah

    When there is a decline in distractedness and appearance of one-pointedness, then comes samadhi parinamah (development in samadhi).

    —Yoga Sutra III.11

    See also Stoke Your Spirit: 5 Ways to Move Toward Samadhi.

  • <i>Samskara saksat karanat purvajati jnanam</i>

    Samskara saksat karanat purvajati jnanam

    Through sustained focus and meditation on our patterns, habits, and conditioning, we gain knowledge and understanding of our past and of how we can change the patterns that aren’t serving us to live more freely and fully.

    —Yoga Sutra III.18

    See also Break Bad Habits Patanjali’s Way

  • <i>Hrdaye citta samvit</i>

    Hrdaye citta samvit

    By samyama on the heart, knowledge of the mind is obtained.

    —Yoga Sutra III.36

    See also Mandy Ingber’s Sequence to Heal Your Heart + Embrace Joy

  • <i>Vastu samye citta bhedat tayor vibhaktah panthah</i>

    Vastu samye citta bhedat tayor vibhaktah panthah

    Due to differences in various minds, perception of even the same object may vary.

    —Yoga Sutra IV.15

    See also Dharma Mittra’s Practice to Develop Mindful Perception

1 of 30
1 of 5

To learn more: Yoga Journal co-founder Judith Hanson Lasater, PhD, and her daughter, Lizzie Lasater, have partnered with YJ to bring you a six-week interactive online course on Patanjali’s Yoga Sutra. Through study of this fundamental text, the Lasaters, with more than 50 years of combined teaching experience, will support you in deepening your practice and broadening your understanding of yoga. Sign up now for a transformative journey to learn, practice, and live the Sutra.

 

【聯合國想想】同志平權的角力 | 想想論壇


只有當文明進步到一定的程度時,我們才能有足夠的智慧與能力,去兼顧每一顆玻璃心,包含少數族群、同志、反同團體、和社會上的任何人。話也可以反過來說,唯有我們願意設身處地去思考每一個人的處境,願意放下成見去接納改變,我們的文明也才能因此進步

【聯合國想想】同志平權的角力 | 想想論壇
http://www.thinkingtaiwan.com/content/5891

【聯合國想想】同志平權的角力

人氣指數: 161
友善列印版本

同志平權議題再掀爭議,不只台灣吵得不可開交,其實在國際場合裡,相關議案也往往成為國與國之間的角力場。不同國家可能基於宗教、文化、習俗等不同,而對於LGBTI+議題抱持不同看法,但也有更多,是礙於特定政治立場、某些利益與少數掌權團體的壓力,而不得不作出表態。曾有機會與來自阿拉伯國家的外交官S聊過此事,S是虔誠的伊斯蘭教徒,大學在倫敦唸國際關係,後回到自己的家鄉取得碩士與外交官資格。他無奈的表示,一點都不覺得同志與其他人有什麼不同,但他的宗教,和被少數人把持的意識形態…至少在公開場合,他被逼著不得不作出「反同」的主張。

「個人來說,當然會覺得衝突,但在國際外交場合,我是國家的傳聲筒,去爭取國家的利益。我很清楚的知道,我做的事不一定是正確的…」

聯合國會議(作者提供)

然而,聯合國的態度很明確,基於普世價值的保障,LGBTI+族群不應被差別待遇。現任秘書長潘基文就很堅定的表示過:「有人會拒絕改變,他們會以文化、傳統或宗教之名來維持現狀,我們應尊重文化、傳統和宗教,但這些永遠不可以用來否定基本人權。…我要對男女同性戀、雙性戀、跨性別者和其他任何人說,你們並不孤單,你們爭取終結歧視和暴力的抗爭也是我們的抗爭,對你們的攻擊,就是對我們捍衛聯合國普世價值觀的攻擊…」。

沒有人應該因為他的性取向而被歧視,如果你也贊同自由民主與人權的普世價值,你與認為社會會進步,舊的觀念需要修正,過去所奉行的行為與價值,若被質疑損害了其他人的權益時,他就應該被挑戰,而我們透過公民思辨,透過理性的論證與冷季和包容,去照顧每一顆易碎的玻璃心。

沒錯,只有當文明進步到一定的程度時,我們才能有足夠的智慧與能力,去兼顧每一顆玻璃心,包含少數族群、同志、反同團體、和社會上的任何人。話也可以反過來說,唯有我們願意設身處地去思考每一個人的處境,願意放下成見去接納改變,我們的文明也才能因此進步。

同志追求平權已有很長的歷史,國際社會中也不難看出趨勢的轉變。當然,你可以說這些被認為是歐美相對先進的思想,包裹著新帝國主義的毒藥,企圖干涉他國內政,或是在當地播下資本主義的種子…這是某些伊斯蘭國家的擔憂,筆者也認同在某些方面,西方列強確實在潛移默化植入對他們有利的價值觀,然而這絕對不是反對基本人權的理由。以及,更不能拿所謂的傳統文化、宗教教條,或甚至偏頗的個人觀感,去反對改變,反對少數族群爭取應有的權益。

在本月稍早,聯合國大會第三委員會上,也悄悄的上演了一場同志平權的爭奪戰,詳情筆者另有撰文發表在天下換日線,這邊簡單陳述:

11月初的大會上,反對方以伊斯蘭國家與非洲國家集團為主,希望聯合國延遲設立LGBTI+ 獨立專家(註一)一職 ,並就相關議題「需要更多時間來凝聚共識」。

反同派推舉波札那共和國(Botswana),向聯大提交A/C.3/71/L.46草案,第一段強調普世人權價值以及尊重人人平等的理念,然而話鋒一轉,第二段洋洋灑灑論述了「同志平權極具爭議」、「需要更多討論來達成共識」云云。

支持派以西方國家主的大部分國家,回應也很乾脆,針對該草案,推舉巴西為代表,也向聯大提出A/C.3/71/L.52修正案,只有簡單一句話:「刪去第二段」。

一言不合,交付大會表決,最終先通過了修正案(即確認刪除草案第二段),爾後也通過了草案(可是此時草案僅剩第一段無關緊要的官腔句子,通過與否已經無太大意義)。誠此,同志權益的保障在國際場域中再次成功推進一步。

台灣是亞洲進步的國家之一,我們的民主發展與對人權議題的重視,都是值得驕傲。同志平權不僅是國際主流價值,更是勢在必行的趨勢。同樣的,民主制度也保障每個人都有發表意見的權利,反同派的擔憂、考量與對和未傳統價值的想法,絕對都是決策過程中需要謹慎考量的部分,但若以不實資訊、宗教教義,或甚惡意謾罵的方式,去闡述己方觀點,或是動輒在論情、論法、論理皆居於下風時,主張自己「歧視同志的言論自由」被侵犯…這好像已經淪為小孩子吵架,而非理性的公民思辨了。

無論如何,差別待遇就是不正確。如果在民法的保障下,一般人可以享有的權利,沒有道裡去排除他人的適用。

想愛的兩人可以結婚,而他們的婚姻應受民法保障,就這麼簡單。

註一:Independent Expert,設立於人權理事會,其職掌全球LGBTI+議題,並可對涉嫌違反同志權益的事件,提出觀察報告並採取必要措施。目前該職指派Vitit Muntarbhorn教授擔任。詳見UN新聞: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=54385#.WD6hpLJ96Uk(link is external)

 

Luxury 100 Eleneth Avenue Penthouse in Manhattan


http://www.caandesign.com/luxury-100-eleneth-avenue-penthouse-in-manhattan/

Luxury 100 Eleneth Avenue Penthouse in Manhattan

Location: Manhattan, New York, USA
Area: 4,675 sqft
Price: $22 million
Photo courtesy: Douglas Elliman
Description:

This dynamite penthouse will blow your mind. WIth 360 degree perspectives of Manhattan and the Hudson River down to the Statue of Liberty, this is the gem in the crown that is Jean Nouvel’s famous artful culmination. Unmatched in high idea and format this home elements 14ft roofs, two chimneys, floor to roof wrap-around windows, an encased loggia patio, and a stunning 4400 square foot porch. This full floor penthouse is wonderful in everything about. WIth unparrelled plan this 4 room, 3.5 shower home has smooth terrazzo floors and a stand-out format intended for captivating!

Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-01Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-02Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-03Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-04-1Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-04Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-05-1Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-05Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-06Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-07Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-08Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-09Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-10Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-11Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-12Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-13Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-20Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-21Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-23Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-25Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-26Luxury-100-Eleneth-Avenue-Penthouse-in-Manhattan-31

Thank you for reading this article!

 

A Sequence to Stretch + Strengthen Outer Thighs and Hips


http://www.yogajournal.com/video/video/core-fusion-exercises-outer-thighs-hips/

A Sequence to Stretch + Strengthen Outer Thighs and Hips

0:00
/
7:33

Try this yoga video from Exhale Spa’s Core Fusion co-creators Elisabeth Halfpapp and Fred DeVito as they take you through a sequence that targets the core, outer thighs and hips with both strengthening exercises and stretches. Involves the use of a resistance band.

See also Flow + Tips to Strengthen Thighs and Hamstrings

Watch more yoga videos for expert tips on enhancing your practice.

 

51A Duplex Penthouse atop The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles


http://www.caandesign.com/51a-duplex-penthouse-atop-the-ritz-carlton-residences-in-los-angeles/

51A Duplex Penthouse atop The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles

Location: Los Angeles, California, USA
Year: 2010
Area: 6,590 sqft
Price: $15 million
Photo courtesy: The Agency
Description:

The crown jewel of Downtown Los Angeles, 51A is a duplex penthouse atop The Ritz-Carlton Residences at L.A. Live and was masterfully custom designed by Moore Ruble Yudell. With 6,590 sq. ft. of fully-furnished interiors, this remarkable residence in the sky affords you uninterrupted jetliner views of downtown and the Los Angeles skyline, access to The Ritz-Carlton’s gold standard of service and has you an elevator ride away from city’s premiere sports and entertainment attractions.

51A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles

The sleek, flush design is ideal for showcasing artwork and creates a dynamic visual experience throughout. A second level en-suite guest bedroom is joined by a master wing featuring a lounge room, spa-like bath, full bar and closets reminiscent of a high-end boutique. In addition to a world-class restaurant, residential sky lobby and private heated rooftop pool terrace, all residents can seek out the nearby STAPLES Center, Nokia Theatre, L.A. LIVE and The GRAMMY Museum.

51A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-02

51A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-0351A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-0451A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-0551A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-0651A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-0751A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-0851A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-0951A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-1051A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-1151A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-1251A Duplex Penthouse of The Ritz-Carlton Residences in Los Angeles-13Thank you for reading this article!

 

御風行


http://e-info.org.tw/node/201598?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=578da98387-%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B120161122&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-578da98387-84956681

御風行

 建立於 2016/12/05

採訪、撰稿:陳佳利;攝影:張光宗、陳慶鍾;剪輯:張光宗

風是有力量的,這份力量,可以轉變成電,可以改變台灣。想從海上迎風產電,怎麼走,能更順利?

每年,東北季風固定為台灣捎來冬天的消息,當這股強風,遇上台灣的中央山脈與福建的武夷山脈所形成的狹道地形,在海上,顯得更加強勁,根據國際離岸風場調查公司4C Offshore的報告,全球前18個最佳風場,台灣海峽就占了16個。

2025年,非核家園的目標,能源供應將調整為燃氣50%、燃煤30%、再生能源20%。當中,太陽能與離岸風力,是拉高再生能源高裝置容量的兩大主力。離岸風電分成三期,第一期示範風場開發、第二期潛力風場開發、第三期區塊開發。

太陽能與離岸風力是再生能源的兩大主力。攝影:張光宗、陳慶鍾。

第一步的示範期,在2012年,依再生能源發展條例,訂定示範離岸風力示範獎勵辦法,2013年選出三家廠商:海洋公司、福海公司與台電,預計2015年,設立四架示範風機,2020年完成三座示範風場。

2016年10月27日,苗栗外海的海洋公司示範案的兩座離岸風機,終於在龍鳳漁港外海,立了起來,比起計畫目標,晚了將近一年。而福海公司示範案的兩座風機,則是再展延,台電目前只完成一座測風塔。能源局長林全能表示,一開始完全沒有經驗,花很多時間在溝通。希望透過示範風場,找到問題,思考怎麼去強化與改善。

在離岸風機來到之前,海域是漁民的天地。苗栗竹南外海的海洋公司示範案,離岸較近,就位在專用漁業權區,當地漁民習慣使用流刺網。在龍鳳漁港出入的黃船長說,風機架在他們傳統漁場正中央,流刺網作業的漁民因而不能放網,影響很大。

海洋公司示範案的母公司上緯,與南龍區漁會談定3億500萬的補償金,區內325艘船,平均每艘領到90多萬。熟悉的海,將插上32座風機,運轉20年,對漁民來說,這筆金額難以彌補損失。黃船長說,從前捕烏魚和抓白鯧,一年差不多有400萬元,風機蓋起來,只能抓差不多100萬元,平均每艘船損失300萬元。

離岸風機產業與漁民的空間衝突,鄰近的日本有相似條件,日本學者松浦正浩表示,目前日本離岸風機大都設立在港口,為了避免衝突,沒有進入漁業權區。

台灣的風場沒有避開漁業權區。攝影:張光宗、陳慶鍾。

台灣的漁業法仿效日本,漁民擁有的漁業權等同於物權,但風場沒有避開漁業權區,苗栗竹南的補償,20多艘流刺網船船主,認為分配不公,拒領補償金,至今還在抗爭。中山大學海洋政策研究中心主任胡念祖表示,「國家沒有高位階的法律,可以授權任何一個主管機關,劃定一塊水域作特定目的使用。在專用漁業權區,漁民長期認為這個海域屬於他們的財產,就產生索賠行為,大量過度的索賠,會造成政府和業者的困擾。」

另一個示範風場福海,與漁民的溝通也不太順利。福海示範案與彰化漁會談定1.1億的補償金,根據雙方簽訂的備忘錄,福海公司動工前必須與彰化區漁會簽訂契約,並給付第一期2500萬元,但福海公司沒有獲得漁會同意就施工,失去互信基礎,演變成對簿公堂。一審判決彰化區漁會需歸還2500萬元及利息,全案還在上訴。

補償金的計算,農委會在2003年公告了漁業權補償基準,對專用漁業權區,有一套公式,依產能與受影響情形計算補償金額,但彰化外海屬於非專用漁業權區,沒有公式可循,導致談判糾紛。

離岸風場大多位在非專用漁業權區,為了建立機制,農委會委託海洋大學歐慶賢教授,針對離岸風電研擬一套新公式,在2016年11月30日公布。彰化漁會與福海公司初步協議,將示範風場與兩支示範風機切割,未來示範風場補償將依新公式來談。

在福海公司與彰化區漁會談妥風場補償前,另一個示範商台電,則是按兵不動。

彰化外海的大陸棚地形很適合設風機。攝影:張光宗、陳慶鍾。

彰化外海地理條件特殊,是傳統的好漁場,同時,由於大陸棚地形,平均深度50米,也很適合設風機,未來,漁民該如何面對布滿風機的海洋?彰化區漁會總幹事陳諸讚表示,漁民要改變捕撈方式,從事一支釣或觀光漁船,或以後有配套措施,風場需要運補維運的部分,能讓漁民來做。

平均500公尺左右設立一台的海上風機,讓漁民撒網不再方便,但根據國外經驗,基座會聚魚,也許是海洋的轉機。中研院生物多樣性研究中心榮譽及兼任研究員邵廣昭表示,基座會有人工魚礁的效果,希望有些風場能變成禁漁區,如果風場之內大家都不去抓魚,成為海洋保護區會是最好。

海上風機如果成為海洋保護區也許是海洋的轉機。攝影:張光宗、陳慶鍾。

不過,風機雖然沒有排放、沒有污染,還是有生態衝擊。海洋公司9月時在苗栗外海進行打樁的位置,正好是中華白海豚的重要熱點之一,引發環保團體擔憂。邵廣昭建議落實海上觀察員與增加減噪裝置來減輕。

示範風機的進度落後,除了漁業與生態衝突,還有其他原因。能源局長林全能表示,還有很多能量不足,例如海事工程。未來要因應數百隻離岸風機組裝需求的專用碼頭,目前也沒有。

然而,台灣的離岸風電還有一個抗颱抗震的挑戰。台電再生能源處處長陳一成表示,國內應該要有自己的產業來做這個區塊。

台灣的離岸風電還有抗颱抗震的挑戰。攝影:張光宗、陳慶鍾。

一方面發展本土產業,一方面向經驗豐富的廠商招手。2015年7月,能源局公布了36個潛力風場,進入開發期程的第二階段,風場開放申請,目前已經有七家廠商。

2016年7月,離岸風電通過政策環評,風場避開14項重要保護區域,規定風機必須距離白海豚重要棲息環境500公尺。彰化環盟總幹事施月英認為,「這是不足的,國外對瀕危族群,避開超過10公里以上。希望政府鼓勵業者從最遠的風場開始,再慢慢往內陸。」

離岸風機,政府,看見能源;廠商,看見收益;漁民,看見阻礙;海洋生物,看見未知。台灣離岸風電的下一步挑戰,是如何建立符合台灣特質的產業,並且保住漁民與生態的活路…

 

守嵩山


http://e-info.org.tw/node/201597?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=578da98387-%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B120161122&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-578da98387-84956681

守嵩山

 建立於 2016/12/05

採訪、撰稿:陳佳利;攝影:許中熹、鄭嘉明;剪輯:張光宗

深藏在新北市石門區,有座山谷,布滿幾何蜿蜒的田埂,成為北台灣面積最大的水梯田。田,很美,產量,卻很少,九成以上都休耕。「我不想以後這些地景,只有在課本上看得到。」當地居民陳國志,發願復耕。守,是保護、是堅持,也是依存。百年地景,遇上農民老化、休耕政策的考驗,僅剩的美好,如何守?

石門水梯田復耕。攝影:許中熹、鄭嘉明。

一窪窪水田,像是鑲在山坡上的鏡子,映著天空的顏色。居民稱這裡尖山湖,雖然叫做湖,卻沒有湖水,而是一片山谷,一百多年前,先民沿著等高線開墾,用這裡特有的火山岩,築起田埂,種起水稻。

不過,那已經是很久以前的記憶了,因為人口外流,良田大面積荒廢。居民陳國志說,原本梯田面積有160幾甲,目前有在種植稻米的,只剩3甲。

陳國志回鄉開啟復耕之路。攝影:許中熹、鄭嘉明。

從小在這長大的陳國志,中年回鄉才開始學務農。不只人回來,他也想把希望帶回來。第一步,讓水滋潤已經陸化的田,開啟復耕之路。堅持不用藥耕種,一些從前常見,現在稀有的生物,像是七星鱧、紅娘華等等,正在慢慢拼回來。

活跳跳的友善田,這幾年成為荒野保護協會,經常進行自然觀察的地方。因為常來,他們發現了一個問題。 尖山湖原本沒有福壽螺,直到今年,一位農友從外地買來一批筊白筍苗,意外帶進福壽螺,現在,已經有好幾塊田淪陷。

荒野保護協會帶著小朋友到田間除螺。攝影:許中熹、鄭嘉明。

荒野保護協會的親子團舉辦活動,帶著小朋友到田間除螺,希望能為老農分擔一些手撿螺的辛勞。用實際行動,表達對農村的支持。荒野保護協會會員莊育偉表示,來這邊跟農夫說,希望吃到無毒的菜,在地人發現可以持續下去,或許這個社區就能變成無毒農業區。

為老農分擔辛勞,希望吃到無毒的菜。攝影:許中熹、鄭嘉明。

有需求才有市場,有市場才能刺激供給,這會是衰老嵩山的回春良方嗎?年過50的陳國志,是社區裡最年輕的農夫,對梯田復耕著力最深,他期待社區能有更多田恢復生命力,最大阻力卻是農業政策,因為休耕補助,大部分農民選擇休耕撒田菁,他說,如果政策鼓勵水梯田復耕,或許就會有人願意做。

冬季的嵩山,濕濕冷冷,守護百年地景,一個人的力量絕對不夠,還需要凝聚社區,以友善農業為主幹,長出由內而外的強韌力量,才能逆轉頹敗,守住生命之光。

 

地牛翻身・熔岩四起 311後的日本社會運動風潮


http://e-info.org.tw/node/201610?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=578da98387-%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B120161122&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-578da98387-84956681

地牛翻身・熔岩四起 311後的日本社會運動風潮

 建立於 2016/12/05

作者: 陳威志(日本一橋大學社會學博士候選人)

東日本大地震之後,街頭遊行成了日本的「日常風景」,請願或倡議等各種公民行動也顯得熱絡。雖然日本人都說,兩百年來,唯一能促使這個國家改變的,就是天災和外敵;然而,311之後的變化並不是那麼理所當然,畢竟在這個核電大國,社會運動已經沉寂30年有餘。

311之後日本街頭湧現反核人潮。圖片來源:地球公民基金會

震災前反核電運動的輪廓與侷限

在美國艾森豪總統「原子能的和平利用」演說的影響下,日本在1954年首次編列核能預算,一路從依賴國外技術發展到擁有獨立建廠能力,至2011年,他們已成為擁有54座核電機組的核電大國。反對運動當然是有的,但為何無法構成有效的牽制作用呢?首先,運動缺乏政治機會與明確的政治代理人。自民黨的長期執政,限縮了在野力量介入政策制定的管道,且主要反對黨的共產黨和社民黨(前社會黨),對於核電的態度莫衷一是,其主張常依外在情勢而變動。

其次是「國策民營」。由民營電力公司站在第一線,國家在背後提供金錢、排除紛爭、意識灌輸等支援的核電推動方式,分散了反對力量的焦點。當反對者把矛頭指向中央時,總被以「此乃經過地方同意的結果」塘塞;反之,當矛頭對準電力公司時,又得到「我們也只是配合國家政策」的答案。亦即,直攻上位政策(對中央)與具體個案的控訴(對公司)無法合一,變得冤無頭債無主。

第三,電力公司的分區壟斷以及大眾傳媒過於細分,使得核電議題邊緣化,除了車諾堡事件等特定歷史時刻,核電的討論不易引起全國民眾的共鳴,總被輕忽為「地方的選擇」。

這些狀況使得日本的反核電運動被孤立在各個預定地周邊,難以達到全國性的串連。但在高木仁三郎等理工背景的知識份子的舉發下,核電的危險性被注意,且隨著實際運轉的例子增加,帶動地方經濟發展的實效也開始受質疑,電力公司不再那麼容易說服地方民眾。70年代初期,從正式跟地方政府提出興建計畫到完工運轉,平均只要九年;而到80年代初期則拉長為17年,於是既有電廠內的增設機組成為主流,而1980年浮出檯面的上關核電廠,則被稱為最後一個新設計畫,至今仍未正式施工。

東日本大地震的衝擊

新設電廠的停滯並未讓執政當局放棄,民主黨(現在的民進黨)政權於2010年還提出了2030年為止增設14個機組,讓核電佔總用電供應53%的政策目標。而就在這個當口,發生了東日本大地震。

從311到隔年6月,日本的街頭行動如熔岩噴發般,據統計,至少出現了1000場以上,原因主要有二:第一,福島核電廠的供電對象是東京,事故讓東京人不論是在道德或生活層面上都無法視而不見,這是東京為首的浪潮蔓延了全國各地的結果。第二,事故之初「不會馬上對健康產生影響」等避重就輕的政府發言,以及善後處理的緩慢,引發人們對體制的不滿;所謂的體制不是單指當時執政黨,它還更廣義地延伸到形塑戰後日本的政治經濟結構。

這波抗議行動的發起者或參加者,不論在年齡層或屬性上,都與以往有極大差別。2011年4月,一個二手商店聯合「組織」──素人之亂,以推特等網路社群,號召了1萬人走上街頭,參加者以40歲以下的「特立獨行」的年輕人居多,有別於「老反核」、「老左派」的刻板印象。由此即可看出,震災後這一波運動風潮超脫原來藩籬與框架的一面。同一時期,原本沒有專攻核電議題的環保團體GREEN PEACE日本分部,也在代代木公園號召了幾場遊行,吸引白領階級的家長帶著孩子參加。

在此期間,反對重啟核電廠的運動則意外地成為摳住各地聲浪的「桶箍」。2011年7月,菅直人總理表示定檢歲修後的機組,必須要通過新的管制標準才能重啟,但經產省大臣卻有不同意見,運動方意外地「發現」只要盯緊反對重啟動這條線,日本就可能快速地走向零核電社會。2012年5月,隨著泊核電廠進入歲修,日本正式進入50年來第一次沒有核電運轉的時刻,但一個月後,野田總理就以因應夏季用電高峰為由,急著破例重啟大飯核電廠三、四號機,此舉果然引起民眾大力反彈,首相官邸前接連好幾個禮拜五,都聚集了10萬人潮。

但這些較具對抗性的行動,只是讓社會運動的寒冬結束的一個面向。筆者所參與的研究調查之結果顯示,包括援助災區、重建、促進節能、住民投票、關心食安風險、輻射檢測等多樣的行動劇碼,降低了民眾進入核電問題討論的門檻,且各式各樣的活動與訴求營造出一種很多人質疑現狀的氛圍,幫助了擴大反核電的社會基礎。

總的來說,311之後的反核浪潮跳脫了左右的界線,連一向擁核的保守派與右派都開始以「維護我大好河山」為由,支持核電從日本撤退。而且它刺激了更多社會議題的討論以及行動,近年受矚目的學生反安保運動,其重要成員就是在每個禮拜五的首相官邸前行動中受到啟發的。

反核人群。圖片來源:地球公民通訊

反核,還是進行式

然而,現在仍然很難看出具體的改變。民主黨放棄了極具野心的核電計畫,提出2039年為止達到非核家園的藍圖,但在救災不力的罵名以及單一選區的影響下,還是無能阻擋強調恢復經濟榮光的自民黨重回執政。2012年上任的安倍總理積極地要重啟各地的核電廠,這使得包括首相官邸前的抗議活動等,都漸漸把目標指向打倒安倍政權,反核運動的強度是增強了,倒是,把運動目標與特定政權瓦解畫上等號這件事,台灣有深刻的痛楚與經驗。

社運與政治如何連結?市民力量要如何才能保溫,延續香火?這些都是未來的挑戰,而被認為有助於再生能源發展的電力自由化、發送電分離能否奏效,抑或製造出新的特權?一切還有待觀察。

※ 本文轉載自 地球公民通訊

 

A ‘sapphire rush’ has sent at least 45,000 miners into Madagascar’s protected rainforests


http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/a-sapphire-rush-has-sent-at-least-45000-miners-into-madagascar-s-protected-rainforests-a7431761.html

A ‘sapphire rush’ has sent at least 45,000 miners into Madagascar’s protected rainforests

The island’s latest mining boom threatens a critically endangered lemur – and puts human lives at risk

22

The ConversationThe rainforests of Didy in eastern Madagascar usually ring with the calls of the indri, the island’s largest lemur. But there is a different noise now: the chopping of trees, digging of gravel, and cheers of encouragement from the thousands of illegal miners who have flooded to these forests since sapphires were discovered in late September.

Bemainty, an area in the west of Didy, is experiencing a sapphire rush. Rosey Perkins, a gemologist, visited soon after the rush began in October. She estimated 45,000 people were already involved and that the mine was growing by 1,500 to 2,000 people a day. By now it may be significantly bigger.

She told me: “These gem deposits are found in the gravels of ancient river beds. Some are unusually large and have an attractive blue colour; there have been some phenomenal finds which are drawing in traders from as far away as Sri Lanka.”

Madagascar is one of the poorest countries in the world. People are desperate for any new income sources and will understandably travel to wherever they see an opportunity. The discovery of precious stones has led to rapid development in a number of parts of the country.

Particular challenges are raised when the stones are discovered in areas of importance for conservation, as with the latest find, which is in a protected area: the Corridor Ankeniheny Zahamena (or CAZ). Herintsitohaina Razakamanarivo, a professor of forestry and soil sciences at the University of Antananarivo, said: “These forests really matter for their world famous biodiversity, for their contribution to avoiding climate change and of course they also contribute to local livelihoods and are culturally important.”

Workers must walk for 12 hours to reach the mine, which is in a remote corner of Madagascar’s eastern forests.

The mining involves removing the trees so the gem-rich gravels can be dug up and sieved to find the precious stones. There are also concerns that the miners will increase bushmeat harvesting, which is already a growing threat to lemurs and other wildlife in much of Madagascar.

blue-sapphire.jpg
A blue sapphire found at the ‘rush’ site in October 2016 (Rosey Perkins)

However, the impact of a sudden influx of thousands of people is not simply a conservation issue. This is an example of how the agenda of conservationists and those of local people could be aligned.

I spoke to Tokihenintsoa Andrianjohaninarivo from Conservation International Madagascar, the NGO responsible for managing the protected area. She explained how previous sapphire rushes caused local people who live in these forests to suffer.

“Insecurity increases, the cost of living rises, and the education of a generation of kids may be damaged as schools close. Water becomes polluted as there are suddenly thousands of new people living in an area with no sanitation facilities.”

As the latest mine continues to grow, conditions appear to be getting worse. A friend from the area, who does not want to be named, told me about deaths from disease and violent conflict. There are also reports of rapes, including a shocking case which allegedly resulted in a girl’s death. (It should be noted that these claims are anecdotal and haven’t been verified.)

https://player.vimeo.com/video/192108090

Rosey Perkins’s visit to the mine, October 2016.

Artisanal mining in Madagascar is a significant industry and the country may be one of the largest producers of precious stones in the world. The vast majority of the trade is illegal, however, with no tax paid on the exports.

There have been repeated calls to bring this profitable business out of the shadows so it can contribute to national development. Many people from the region are seeing the benefits though – the mayor of Didy has been on local television to argue in favour of the mining. And rumours persist that powerful individuals profit from the illicit nature of the trade.

indri-lemur.jpg
These forests are the only home of the indri, a large and critically endangered lemur (Shutterstock)

Ms Andrianjohaninarivo told me the conservation managers of the site had a meeting with key officials from the government in November and that an action plan has been made. Professor Razakamanarivo emphasises the urgency of a response: “Much of the harm already caused by this sudden sapphire rush may well be irreversible. The miners need to leave the forest before more damage is done.”

The rush going on right now in Bemainty is only the last of a series that have occurred in protected areas in Madagascar in recent years. In 2012, thousands of miners invaded another part of the Didy forest but were eventually moved on by government agents. In 2015, a similar rush occurred in Zahamena National Park, slightly to the north.

Shiny stones have been buried under Madagascar’s incredible rainforests for millions of years. Miners and traders seeking to capitalise on the value of these gems are placing enormous pressure on the island’s landscape and wildlife, and it remains to be seen whether these areas can be protected in the longer term.

As a conservation scientist I am hugely concerned about the threat to the forest from this sapphire rush. But the most urgent need right now is to bring the area under control, before more people die.

This article first appeared on The Conversation (theconversation.com). Julia PG Jones is a professor of conservation science, at Bangor University.

 

馬達加斯加藍寶石熱 數萬人湧保護區淘寶


http://e-info.org.tw/node/201584?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=578da98387-%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B120161122&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-578da98387-84956681

馬達加斯加藍寶石熱 數萬人湧保護區淘寶

 建立於 2016/12/04

本報2016年12月5日綜合外電報導,姜唯編譯;蔡麗伶審校

今年9月底,馬達加斯加東部的Didy雨林發現藍寶石後,成千上萬非法採礦者蜂擁而入該地西部Bemainty地區淘寶。

《英國獨立報》報導,寶石學家帕金斯(Rosey Perkins)10月前往勘查。當時她估計大約有4萬5000人參與採藍寶石的活動,每天大約有1500到2000人加入。而現在的規模應該遠不止於此。帕金斯說,藍寶石是在古河床上的礫石中發現的。有些相當大,展現漂亮的藍色,甚至有斯里蘭卡貿易商不辭千里前往。

馬達加斯加人瘋採藍寶石。作者:Rosey Perkins。圖片來源:影片截圖。

砍樹採寶石 數萬人湧入雨林保護區

馬達加斯加是全世界最貧窮的國家之一。人們渴望任何的收入來源,為了錢哪裡都可以去。發現藍寶石後,當地許多地方快速發展起來。

最近發現的藍寶石礦區位在Ankeniheny Zahamena廊道(Corridor Ankeniheny Zahamena,CAZ)保護區內,引發保育界的擔憂。塔那那利佛大學森林土壤科學系教授Herintsitohaina Razakamanarivo說,「這些森林擁有世界級的生物多樣性,對於避免氣候變遷和當地居民生計而言非常重要。」

礦區位在馬達加斯加東部森林一處偏遠角落,採礦者必須徒步走12小時才能到達。

採礦前必須先砍樹,挖出含有寶石的礫石後進行篩選。保育界也擔憂採礦熱會增加獵捕獸肉的風險,馬達加斯加許多地方的狐猴和其他野生動物的生存壓力已經越來越高。

水源污染 嚴重影響當地居民生活

不過,一下子湧入成千上萬人,不只威脅野生物。

馬達加斯加保育國際組織(Conservation International Madagascar)成員Tokihenintsoa Andrianjohaninarivo指出,藍寶石熱已經嚴重影響森林當地居民生活,「治安變差、居住成本提高、學校關閉影響孩子受教育。當地衛生基礎設施無法承受短時間大量人潮湧入,水源遭到污染。」由此可見,保育和當地居民的生計其實是息息相關的議題。

隨著最新礦區持續擴張,情況越來越惡化。匿名消息來源指出,疾病和騷亂衝突已經造成死亡,甚至有聽聞強暴、導致少女死亡的案例(但這些消息尚未經證實)。

採藍寶石的過程造成水源污染。作者:Rosey Perkins。圖片來源:影片截圖。

學者:採礦者必須立刻離開雨林

人工採礦是馬達加斯加的重要產業,而馬達加斯加也是全世界最大的寶石產區之一。不過,大部分的貿易是非法的,出口商未被課稅。

不斷有人呼籲將寶石出口合法化,以貢獻國家發展。許多人看到其中利益,包括Didy行政首長也在電視上讚揚採礦活動。但同時,高官權貴因為非法貿易而獲利的傳言也甚囂塵上。

Andrianjohaninarivo說礦區的保育主管機關已經和政府討論好行動計畫。Razakamanarivo則強調必須盡快處理:「採礦熱造成的諸多影響可能是不可逆的。採礦者必須在造成更多傷害前立刻退出礦區。」

Bemainty地區只是近年馬達加斯加保護區淘寶熱的最新犧牲者。2012年,數千人入侵Didy雨林另一處採礦,只是最後被政府驅離。2015年北邊的Zahamena國家公園也發生類似事件。

寶石被埋藏在馬達加斯加雨林之下數百萬年。大舉入侵的採礦者和貿易商對當地地貌和野生物造成龐大壓力,保護區是否能繼續受到保護仍有待觀望。

作者

蔡麗伶(LiLing Barricman)

In my healing journey and learning to attain the breath awareness, I become aware of the reality that all the creatures of the world are breathing the same breath. Take action, here and now. From my physical being to the every corner of this out of balance’s planet.

姜唯

如果有一件事是重要的,如果能為孩子實現一個願望,那就是人類與大自然和諧共存。

 

「草地明珠」環頸雉退無可退 保育團體結護生合力「網」救


http://e-info.org.tw/node/201607?utm_source=%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B1&utm_campaign=578da98387-%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E8%B3%87%E8%A8%8A%E9%9B%BB%E5%AD%90%E5%A0%B120161122&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_f99f939cdc-578da98387-84956681

「草地明珠」環頸雉退無可退 保育團體結護生合力「網」救

 建立於 2016/12/05

本報2016年12月5日台北訊,特約記者廖靜蕙報導
※前言:近年來因宗教團體不當放生,造成動物無法適應新環境大量死亡,又因放錯地點衍生難題,使得放生一詞蒙塵。其實放生立意良善,歸根究底,放生者的慈悲少了知識與智慧是主要原因。
上週五(2日)由福智佛教基金會與行政院農委會林務局共同舉辦的「護生與環境永續論壇」,邀請12位講者,分享各種兼備保育、護生的實踐成果,其中「人雉平安」一講更提供解決飛安的多贏策略,本報導即依據其演講內容整理而成。

為了飛航安全,機場常以鳥網、擊斃飛鳥作為預防鳥擊的措施。今年1~10月共計157次鳥擊事件,其他遭到散彈槍擊斃或誤上鳥網死亡的野鳥更是不計其數,其中不乏族群數日益稀少的鳥種。僧伽基金會為了保育台灣僅存基因最純的環頸雉,與民間團體、軍方、政府,合作發展了一項兼顧保育、飛安的計畫,半年來解救77隻野鳥,為瀕絕環頸雉留存生機。

環頸雉
環頸雉。圖片來源:Hiyashi Haka。(CC BY-NC-SA 2.0)

瀕危草地明珠 棲身清泉崗

提到環頸雉,讓人聯想到農損,其實,環頸雉並不如想像中的多。台灣原生雉雞有三種,分別為分布於中高海拔的台灣帝雉Syrmaticus mikado、藍腹鷴Lophura swinhoii,兩者皆為台灣特有種;低海拔則為有「草地明珠」之稱的環頸雉Phasianus colchicus

環頸雉由於與人類生活空間重疊度高,干擾與衝突不斷,全台基因最純的族群棲身於由國防部管制的清泉崗機場,然而隨著機場擴建,恐怕得再搬家或消失。

南投林管處技正林國彰說明,環頸雉雖廣泛分布於溫帶亞洲到東南歐之間,但是分布在台灣的環頸雉屬於灰腰雉群中的特有亞種(P. c. formosanus),原屬於台灣生物多樣性重要資產,卻由於與引入的外來種高麗雉雜交,基因汙染十分普遍。

根據屏科大教授陳美惠2003年研究,全台最純的族群落在清泉崗機場。2006年林務局出版的書籍也強調其重要性;特有生物研究保育中心「台灣鳥類紅皮書」草案中,即將環頸雉和其他五種鳥類,列入和哺乳類動物白海豚同樣的「極度瀕臨絕種」(CR)等級。

大肚山原是環頸雉重要的棲息環境,卻因開發而支離破碎,過去穩定的族群棲地皆已消失,其中環頸雉族群數量最大之處,現為清水休息站。

清泉崗機場由於軍方管制,惠及這群逐漸稀少的環頸雉,目前推估族群數量約10~25對左右;卻又因飛安管制,因中網、槍擊或撞機死亡的環頸雉,每年以三~八隻的速度消失。

中網死亡的環頸雉。圖片來源:臺中市野生動物保育學會

桃機不爭氣 清泉崗要擴建

台中清泉崗機場原為軍用機場,近年來隨著園機場狀況百出,政府將民航任務轉向清泉崗,使得清泉崗機場的角色日益吃重。

今年3月動工的機場跑道擴建,再度限縮環頸雉族群,保育團體認為,若不提出有效的保育方案,有可能幾年內消失。

環頸雉貴為台灣生物多樣性的資產,然而飛航安全中,防制鳥擊帶來的風險,是交通部民航局的重點工作。依據《民用航空法第34條,或是《野生動物保育法第21條,對於危及飛航安全以及人身財產的野生動物,可合法宰殺。

今年1~10月最新資料顯示,台灣機場光是鳥擊就有157次,當飛機與飛鳥發生衝突,最後犧牲的都是鳥類生命。機場防護安全的對策是架設鳥網或以散彈槍擊斃飛鳥。密密麻麻的鳥網,形成野鳥經年累月24小時無休的陷阱。2014、2015年都曾發生環頸雉鳥擊,更曾因撞及空軍一號,而由軍方下達撲殺令。

撞機死亡的環頸雉。圖片來源:臺中市野生動物保育學會

「但是人的智慧只能停留在法律的規定嗎?能不能採取更有智慧的方式處理?」當他將這個故事說給僧伽醫護基金會的慧明師父聽,並提出這個問題時,獲得法師全力支持;隨後在基金會支持下,結合台中當地保育團體,發展這項計畫兼顧保育、生命權以及飛安的計畫。

軍方知道這項計畫之後,也從善如流予以支持。林國彰說,軍方以及民航局都是基於國家賦予的責任與義務,必須撲殺危及航安的野生動物,若有好的、兼顧多贏的方法,都非常樂於支持。

實踐放生真諦 環頸雉打開保護傘

林國彰說,這項計畫沒有高深的學問,一開始是調查環頸雉族群在哪裡,並以捕捉代替射殺,並將捕捉鳥隻拍照、測量紀錄後,上環,由研究人員擇定合適的棲地野放。

對於已經被捕捉、掛網的個體以最快的速度搶救下來,若不在第一時間現身搶救,可能因脫水死亡。只要有飛禽中鳥網,第一時間就去搶救,救一隻算一隻。

救下來之後進行移地野放,這與一般野生動物救傷後,選擇原地野放不同,但這裡的鳥類不適合,因此必須移地野放。

今年預定執行對契農的宣導,若在農忙期間發現環頸的窩、卵,經通知航務人員,並在專業人員鑑定確認為環頸雉蛋後,以每枚蛋200元獎勵通報保護環頸雉蛋的農民。這些確定為「正在孵蛋」的窩卵,將由特有生物保育研究中心帶回進行人工孵化與飼養。

這些獲救的鳥類野放前,由宗教團體進行祈福,期待野放後有機會茁壯,為野生族群貢獻力量。他們以此作為實踐積極護/救生、智慧放生的行動。

「只要能力可及,一定救援!」林國彰解釋,這項計畫雖以環頸雉為故事主角,然而,環頸雉有如扮演保護傘,一些伴隨著牠的鳥種及野生動物,也能獲得救援與保護。計畫啟動至今,不到半年時間,救援的77隻鳥類,包括七隻環頸雉,以及同為瀕危的草鴞、猛禽、其他貓頭鷹、過境的遷徙鳥類,即使是家鴿也一併解救。

林國彰說,這項計畫持續進行中,目的是期待降低威脅鳥種鳥擊的風險,又能保育瀕危物種環頸雉的目的,並共創飛安、保育與宗教放生合作三贏局面,或能成為宗教界積極救生、智慧放生的模式。

草地明珠解救大隊
主辦單位:財團法人佛教醫護僧伽基金會
執行單位:臺中市野生動物保育學會
協辦單位:交通部民用航空局、空軍第427聯隊
指導單位:行政院農業委員會林務局、臺中市政府

※ 本文與 行政院農業委員會 林務局  合作刊登

作者

廖靜蕙

環境記者/自由撰稿人。從事社工10餘年,認知到畢竟是人的社會,再弱勢的人都可以為自己發言,決定轉投生態保育,為無法以人類語言發聲的生命與土地寫報導。現居台北市,與貓先生、龜小姐,微曦中閱讀,斗室中寫作。個人粉專「小麻通訊」。

 

【◎心靈研磨坊 - 曼陀羅藏◎】

《心靈研磨坊 ─ 身心體能極限的突破,放慢步調,邁開腳步,輕鬆地悠遊著....》

%d 位部落客按了讚: